Catholic Answers

S

Saba and Sabeans
Lies in the Southern Arabian Jof, Sabeans are mentioned in the Bible as a distant people, famous traders
Sabaoth
Used almost exclusively in conjunction with the Divine name as a title of majesty
Sabbas, Saint
Hermit, b. at Mutalaska near Caesarea in Cappadocia, 439; d. Dec. 5, 532
Sabbatarianism Sabbatarians
Denotes those individuals or parties who are distinguished by some peculiar opinion or practice in regard to the observance of the Sabbath or day of rest
Sabbath
Seventh day of the week among the Hebrews, the day being counted from sunset to sunset, that is, from Friday evening to Saturday evening
Sabbatical Year
Seventh year, devoted to cessation of agriculture
Sabbatine Privilege
Sabbatine Privilege is derived from the apocryphal Bull Sacratissimo uti culmine of John XXII, March 3, 1322
Sabina
Suburbicarian diocese, with residence in Magliano Sabino
Sabina, Saint
Widow of Valentinus, suffered martyrdom about 126
Sabrata
Titular see in Tripolitana
Sacra Jam Splendent
Opening words of the hymn for Matins of the Feast of the Holy Family
Sacra Romana Rota
Tribunal that is assigned all contentious cases that must come before the Holy See and require a judicial investigation with proof, except the so-called major cases
Sacrament of Marriage
Theological treatment of marriage between Christians
Sacramentals
Object of which is to manifest the respect due to the sacrament and to secure the sanctification of the faithful.
Sacraments
Outward signs of inward grace, instituted by Christ for our sanctification
Sacred Congregation of Propaganda
The department of the pontifical administration charged with the spread of Catholicism and with the regulation of ecclesiastical affairs in non-Catholic countries
Sacrifice
Detailed article on Pagan, Jewish, and Christian sacrifice, including the theory of sacrfice
Sacrifice of the Mass
Theological treatment f the Mass as sacrifice
Sacrilege
Violation or injurious treatment of a sacred object
Sacris Solemniis
Opening words of the hymn for Matins of Corpus Christi and of the Votive Office of the Most Blessed Sacrament, composed by St. Thomas Aquinas
Sacristan
Officer who is charged with the care of the sacristy, the church, and their contents
Sacristy
Room in the church or attached thereto, where the vestments, church furnishings and the like, sacred vessels, and other treasures are kept,
Sadducees
Politico-religious sect of the Jews during the late post-Exilic and New-Testament period
Sagalassus
Titular see in Pisidia, suffragan of Antioch
Sahaptin Indians
Prominent tribe formerly holding a considerable territory in Western Idaho and adjacent portions of Oregon and Washington
Saint Bartholomew's Day
Massacre of which Protestants were the victims occurred in Paris on August 24, 1572 on the feast of St. Bartholomew
Saint Francis Mission
Noted Catholic Indian mission village under Jesuit control near Pierreville, Yamaska district, Province of Quebec, Canada
Saint Joseph's Society for Colored Missions
American mission society
Saint Joseph's Society for Foreign Missions
Society of priests and laymen for the conversion of foreign countries
Saint Louis (Missouri)
Discusses Archdiocese and University of same name
Saint Petersburg
Imperial residence and second capital of Russia
Saint Zita's Home for Friendless Women
Founded at 158 East 24th Street, New York, by Ellen O'Keefe (Mother Zita) in 1890
Saint-Simon and Saint-Simonism
Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, belonged to the family of the author of the Memoirs, b. in Paris, Oct. 17, 1760; d. there, May 19, 1825
Sainte Anne D'auray
Village three miles from the town of Auray, in French Brittany, famous for its sanctuary and for its pilgrimages, or pardons, in honor of St. Anne
Sainte Anne de Beaupre
Canadian parish
Salamanca (Spain)
Discusses Diocese and University of same name
Salaminius Hermias Sozomen
One of the famous historians of the early Church, b. at Bethelia, a small town near Gaza in Palestine, in the last quarter of the fourth century; d. probably in 447 or 448
Salamis
Titular see in Cyprus
Salazar Francisco Cervantes
B. at Toledo, Spain, probably in 1513 or 1514, went to Mexico in 1550, died there in 1575
Salem
Noted as the richest and most beautiful monastery in Germany, being particularly renowned for its hospitality
Salesian Society
Founded by Venerable Don Bosco, takes its distinctive name from its patron, Saint Francis de Sales
Salimbene degli Adami
Chronicler, b. at Parma, Oct. 9, 1221; d. probably at Montefalcone about 1288
Saliva Indians
Principal of a small group of tribes constituting a distinct linguistic stock (the Salivan), centering in the eighteenth century in Venezuela
Salmanticenses and Complutenses
Names designate the authors of the courses of Scholastic philosophy and theology, and of moral theology published by the lecturers of the philosophical college of the Discalced Carmelites
Salmas
Chaldean see, included in the ancient Archdiocese of Adhorbigan, or Adherbaidjan
Salome
Daughter of Herod Philip and Herodias at whose request John the Baptist was beheaded
Salt
Always used for the seasoning of food and for the preservation of things from corruption, had from very early days a sacred and religious character
Salvation
Article covers the salvation of the human race, and then salvation as it is verified in the individual man
Salvator Tongiorgi
Philosopher, b. Dec. 25, 1820; d. Nov. 12, 1865
Salvatore Rosa
Neapolitan artist, b. at Renella, a little village near Naples, 1615; d. at Rome March 15, 1673
Salve Mundi Salutare
Poem in honor of the various members of Christ on the Cross
Salve Regina
Opening words (used as a title) of the most celebrated of the four Breviary anthems of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Salvete Christi Vulnera
Roman Breviary hymn at Lauds of the feast of the Most Precious Blood
Salvianus
Latin writer of Gaul, who lived in the fifth century
Samar and Leyte
Names of two civil provinces in the Visayan group of the Philippines
Samaria
Titular see, suffragan of Caesarea in Palestina Prima
Samaritan Language and Literature
Original language of the Samaritans was the vernacular of Palestine, that is Hebrew
Samoa
Group of islands situated in the South Pacific
Samos
Titular see, suffragan of Rhodes in the Cyclades
Samosata
Titular see in Augusta Euphratensis, suffragan of Hierapolis
Sampson Erdeswicke
Antiquarian, date of birth unknown; d. 1603
Samson (Abbot of St. Edmunds)
Abbot of St. Edmunds, b. at Tottington, near Thetford, in 1135; d. 1211
Samson (in Old Testament)
Last and most famous of the Judges of Israel
Samson, Saint
Bishop and confessor, b. in South Wales; d. July 28, 565 (?)
Samuco Indians
Collective name of a group of tribes in south-western Bolivia
Samuel de Champlain
Founder of Quebec and Father of New France (1570-1635)
Samuel Eccleston
Fifth Archbishop of Baltimore, U.S.A., b. June 27, 1801; d. April 22, 1851
Samuel Fritz
A Jesuit missionary of the eighteenth century noted for his exploration of the Amazon River and its basin; b. at Trautenau, Bohemia, in 1654; d. March 20, 1728
Samuel Webbe
English composer, b. in England in 1742; d. in London, May 29, 1816
San Gallo
Celebrated family of architects, sculptors, painters, and engravers
San Marino
Independent republic lying between the Italian Provinces of Forli, Pesaro, and Urbino
San Martino al Cimino
Prelature nullius in the territory of the Diocese of Viterbo, Province of Rome
San Miniato
City and diocese in the Province of Florence, Central Italy
San Salvador
Name given by Columbus to his first discovery in the New World
Sancho de Avila
Known for his saintliness, his vast knowledge, and his success as a preacher (1546-1625)
Sanction
Signifies primarily the authoritative act whereby the legislator sanctions a law, i.e. gives it value and binding force for its subjects
Sanctity
Mark of the Church; Commentary on how the term sanctity is employed in somewhat different senses in relation to God, to individual men, and to a corporate body
Sanctorum Meritis
Hymn at First and Second Vespers in the Common of the Martyrs in the Roman Breviary
Sanctuary (part of a church)
Space in the church for the high altar and the clergy
Sanctuary (right of refuge)
Consecrated place giving protection to those fleeing from justice or persecution; or, the privilege of taking refuge in such consecrated place
Sanctus
Last part of the Preface in the Mass, sung in practically every rite by the people (or choir)
Sandemanians
English form of the Scottish sect of Glassites
Sandor Kisfaludy
Hungarian poet (1772-1844)
Sandro Botticelli
Florentine painter (1447-1510)
Sanetch Indians
Sub-tribe of the Songish Indians
Sanhedrin
Supreme council and court of justice among the Jews
Santa Casa di Loreto
Numbered among the most famous shrines of Italy
Santa Maria de Monserrato
Abbey Nullius, founded in 1589 in Brazil
Santes Pagnino
Dominican, b. 1470 at Lucca, Tuscany; d. Aug. 24, 1541, at Lyons, one of the leading philologists and Biblicists of his day
Santiago de Chile
Discusses the Archdiocese and Catholic University in Chile
Sara
Wife of Abraham and also his stepsister
Sarabaites
A class of monks widely spread before the time of St. Benedict
Saragossa (Spain)
Discusses Diocese and University of same name
Sarah Atkinson
Philanthropist and biographer (1823-1893)
Sarah Peter
Philanthropist, b. at Chillicothe, Ohio, U.S.A., May 10, 1800; d. at Cincinnati, Feb. 6, 1877
Sarayacu Mission
Chief Franciscan mission of the Ucayali river country, Department of Loreto, north-east Peru
Sardes
Titular see of Lydia, in Asia Minor
Sardica
Titular metropolitan see of Dacia Mediterranea
Sardinia
Second largest Italian island in the Mediterranean
Sarepta
Titular see in Phoenicia Prima, suffragan of Tyre
Sarum Rite
Manner of regulating the details of the Roman Liturgy
Sasima
Titular see in Cappadocia. Sasima
Saskatchewan and Alberta
Twin provinces of the Canadian West
Satala
Titular see in Armenia Prima, suffragan of Sabastia
Saturninus, Saint
One of the most illustrious martyrs France has given to the Church
Sauatra
Titular see of Lycaonia, suffragan of Iconium
Saul
First King of Israel, the son of Cis of the tribe of Benjamin
Savaric
Bishop of Bath and Glastonbury, date of birth unknown; d. at Rome, 1205
Savary
Noble French family of the seventeenth century especially devoted to trade and to the publication of works on commercial matters
Savoy
District in the southeastern part of France
Saxe Weimar-Eisenach
Grand duchy in Thuringia, also known in recent times as the Grand duchy of Saxony
Saxe-Altenburg
One of the Saxon duchies in the east of Thuringia; situated on the west frontier of the Kingdom of Saxony
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
One of the Saxon-Thuringian duchies
Saxe-Meiningen
Saxon-Thuringian duchy
Saxo Grammaticus
Thirteenth-century Danish historian and author
Saxony
Details on the Saxon tribe
Scala Sancta
Also known as Holy Stairs; consisting of twenty-eight white marble steps, at Rome, near the Lateran
Scalimoli
Theologian, better known by his religious name, Andrea di Castellania
Scandal
This article will treat: Notion of scandal, its divisions, its malice, cases in which the sin of scandal occurs, and the notion of scandal
Scapular
Scapular forms a part, and now the most important part, of the habit of the monastic order
Scepticism
Systematic denial of the capacity of the human intellect to know anything whatsoever with certainty
Schaftlarn
Formerly a Premonstratensian, now a Benedictine, abbey, situated on the Isar not far from Munich in Upper Bavaria
Schaumburg-Lippe
German principality, surrounded by the Prussian province of Westphalia, Hanover, and an exclave of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau
Schenute
Coptic abbot, exact date of birth and death is unknown
Schism
Rupture of ecclesiastical union and unity
Schleswig
Part of the Prussian Province of Schleswig-Holstein
Schola Cantorum
Place for the teaching and practice of ecclesiastical chant, or a body of singers banded together for the purpose of rendering the music in church
Scholasticism
Term used to designate both a method and a system. It is applied to theology as well as to philosophy
Schonborn
Name of a German noble family, many members of which were prelates of the Church
Schoningh
Publishing house founded by Ferdinand Friedrich Joseph Schoningh
School of Armagh, The
Oldest and one of the most celebrated of the ancient schools of Ireland
School of Clonard
Was situated on the beautiful river Boyne, just beside the boundary line of the northern and southern halves of Ireland
School of Cork
Monastic school in Ireland
School of Derry
The first foundation of St. Columba, the great Apostle of Scotland, and one of the three patron saints of Ireland
School of Durrow
Noted for the useful and admirable practice of copying manuscripts, especially of the Sacred Scriptures
School of Iona
Ancient monastery
School of Kells
Chief of the Irish Columban monasteries
School of Kildare
A monastic city in Ireland
School of Lismore
School is most celebrated in the South of Ireland, founded in 635 by St. Carthach the Younger
School of Mayo
School in County Mayo, Ireland
School of Ross
Monastic school, famous for its study of Sacred Scripture, and the attention given to all the branches of a liberal education
School of Tuam
Founded by St. Jarlath (q.v.), and even during his life (d. c. 540) became a renowned school of piety and sacred learning
Schools
Details on the history and development of Catholic schools
Schottenkloster
Name applied to the monastic foundations of Irish and Scotch missionaries on the European continent
Schwarzburg
Two small principalities of Central Germany, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Schwenckfeldians
Name of a Protestant sect founded by the nobleman Caspar von Schwenckfeld
Science and the Church
Detailed article on the relationship between science and the Church
Scillium
Titular see in Africa Proconsularis, suffragan of Carthage
Scotism and Scotists
Philosophical and theological system or school named after John Duns Scotus
Scotland
Scotland
Scoto-Hibernian Monasteries
Convenient term under which to include the monastic institutions which were founded during the sixth century in the country now known as Scotland
Scots College
Clement VIII gave Scotland its college at Rome
Scribes
Scribes were the professional interpreters of the Law in the Jewish synagogues
Scriptorium
Commonly a large room set apart in a monastery for the use of the scribes or copyists of the community
Scriptural Glosses
Etymology and principal meanings
Scriptural Tropology
The theory and practice of interpreting the figurative meaning of Holy Writ
Scripture
One of the several names denoting the inspired writings which make up the Old and New Testament
Scruple
Unfounded apprehension and consequently unwarranted fear that something is a sin which, as a matter of fact, is not
Scrutiny
Examples of how this term is used in canon law
Sculpture
Sculpture
Scythopolis
Titular metropolitan see of Palaestina Secunda
Sea of Tiberias
Otherwise known as the sea of Galilee
Seal
Used as a means of authentication; use of a seal by men of wealth and position was common before the Christian era
Sebaste
Titular see in Phrygia Pacatiana, suffragan of Laodicea
Sebastia Armenian Catholic Diocese of
City existed perhaps under another name in pre-Roman times, was called Sebastia and enlarged by Augustus
Sebastian Brant
German humanist and poet (ca. 1457-1521)
Sebastian Brunner
Versatile and voluminous writer, b. in Vienna, December 10, 1814; d. there, November 27, 1893
Sebastian Del Piombo
More correctly known as Sebastian Luciani, Venetian portrait painter, b. at Venice, 1485; d. in Rome, 1547
Sebastian Kneipp
Bavarian priest, hydro-therapeutist (1821-1897)
Sebastian Newdigate, Blessed
Monk, executed at Tyburn, June 19, 1535
Sebastian Rale
Missionary, b. at Pontarlier, Diocese of Besancon, France, Jan. 20, 1654(?); shot by the English force attacking Norridgewock Mission, Maine, August 23, 1724
Sebastian Redford
Jesuit; b. April 27, 1701; d. January 2, 1763
Sebastian von Rostock
Bishop of Breslau, b. at Grottkau, Silesia, Aug. 24, 1607; d. at Breslau, June 9, 1671
Sebastian Westcott
English organist, b. about 1524, was a chorister, under Redford, at St. Paul's Cathedral, London, and in 1550 became organist, almoner, and master of the boys of that cathedral
Sebastian, Saint
Roman martyr; little more than the fact of his martyrdom can be proved about St. Sebastian
Sebastiano de Herrera Barnuevo
Painter, architect, sculptor and etcher; b. in Madrid, 1611 or 1619; d. there, 1671
Sebastiao Barradas
Portuguese exegete and preacher (1543-1558)
Sebastio Jos De Carvalho E Mello, Marquis De Pombal
The son of a country gentleman of modest means, b. in Lisbon, May 13, 1699; d. August 8, 1782
Sebastopolis
Titular see in Armenia Prima, suffragan of Sebastia
Sechelt Indians
Small tribe in south-western British Columbia
Sechnall, Saint
Bishop and confessor, b. 372 or 373; d. at Dunshaughlin, Nov. 27, 457
Secret
Article enumerates three kinds: the natural secret, the secret by promise, and the secret of trust
Secret (in Liturgy of the Mass)
Prayer said in a low voice by the celebrant at the end of the Offertory in the Roman Liturgy
Secret Societies
Those organizations that have secrets, having a ritual demanding an oath of allegiance and secrecy, prescribing ceremonies of a religious character, such as the use of the Bible, either by extracts there from, or by its being placed on an altar within a l
Sect and Sects. Etymology and Meaning
Detailed article on the history, cause, and remedy of sectarianism
Secular Clergy
Secular cleric makes no profession and follows no religious rule, he possesses his own property like laymen, he owes to his bishop canonical obedience, not the renunciation of his own will
Secularism
That which seeks the development of the physical, moral, and intellectual nature of man to the highest possible point, as the immediate duty of life
Secularization
Authorization given to religious with solemn vows and by extension to those with simple vows to live for a time or permanently in the world
Sedia Gestatoria
Italian name of the portable papal throne used on certain solemn occasions in the pontifical ceremonies
Sedilia
Name given to seats on the south side of the sanctuary, used by the officiating clergy during the liturgy
Seduction
Inducing of a previously virtuous woman to engage in unlawful sexual intercourse
Sedulius
Christian poet of the fifth century
Sedulius Scotus
Irish teacher, grammarian, and Scriptural commentator, who lived in the ninth century
See of Beirut
Titular Latin see, residential see of several prelates of Oriental rites
See of Benda
Titular see of Albania
See of Berenice
Titular see in Egypt
See of Berissa
Titular see in Asia Minor
See of Tinin
Diocese in Dalmatia
Seekers
Obscure Puritan sect which arose in England in the middle of the seventeenth century
Seerth
Chaldean see
Sees of Belgrade and Smederevo
Titular sees of Serbia
Segni
Located in the Province of Rome
Sekanais
Tribe whose habitat is on both sides of the Rockies
Seleucia Pieria
Titular metropolis of Syria Prima
Seleucia Trachaea
Titular metropolis of Syria Prima
Seleucians
Gnostic sect who are said to have flourished in Galatia
Seleucids
Name given to the Macedonian dynasty
Self-Defense
Right of a private person to employ force against any one who unjustly attacks his life or person, his property or good name
Selge
Titular see in Pamphylia Prima, suffragan of Side
Selinus
Titular see in Isauria, near the Gulf of Adalia
Selymbria
Ttitular see in Thracia Prima, suffragan of Heraclea
Sem
Son of Noe; according to Gen., x, 21, the eldest
Semiarians and Semiarianism
Name frequently given to the conservative majority in the East in the fourth century as opposed to the strict Arians
Semipelagianism
Doctrine of grace advocated by monks of Southern Gaul at and around Marseilles after 428. It aimed at a compromise between the two extremes of Pelagianism and Augustinism, and was condemned as heresy at the Council of Orange in 529
Semites
Applied to a group of peoples closely related in language, whose habitat is Asia and partly Africa
Semitic Epigraphy
New science devoted to the research of epigraphical monuments
Sena Balthasar
Indian missionary and philologist, b. at Barcelona, Spain, about 1590; d. at Guarambare, Paraguay, July 19, 1614
Senan, Saint
Bishop and confessor, b. at Magh Lacha, Cirrus, Co. Clare, c. 488; d. March 1, 560
Senanque
Cistercian monastery and cradle of the modern Cistercians of the Immaculate Conception
Seneca Indians
Westernmost and largest of the five tribes of the celebrated Iroquois Confederacy of central and western New York
Sentence
In canon law the decision of the court upon any issue brought before it
Septimius Severus
Founder of the African dynasty of Roman emperors, b. at Leptis Magna in Africa, April 11, 146; d. at York, England, February 4, 211
Septuagesima
Ninth Sunday before Easter, the third before Lent
Septuagint Version
First translation of the Hebrew Old Testament, made into popular Greek before the Christian era
Serafino Porrecta
Dominican; family name Capponi, called a Porrecta from the place of birth, theologian, b. 1536; d. at Bologna, Jan. 2, 1614
Seraphim
Hebrew masculine plural form, designates a special class of heavenly attendants of Yahweh's court
Seraphin of Montegranaro, Saint
Gifted with reading the secrets of hearts, and with that of miracles and prophecy, b. at Montegranaro, 1540; d. at Ascoli, Oct. 12, 1604
Seraphina Sforza, Blessed
Abbess of the monastery at Pesaro, b. at Urbino about 1434; d. at Pesaro, Sept. 8, 1478
Serapion
Bishop of Antioch, known principally through his theological writings
Serapion, Saint
Bishop of Thmuis in Lower Egypt, date of birth unknown; d. after 362
Sergiopolis
Titular see in Augusta Euphratensis, suffragan of Hierapolis
Sergius and Bacchus
Military officers, martyrs, d. in the Diocletian persecution in Coele-Syria about 303
Serrae
Titular metropolitan see in Macedonia
Servants of Mary
Order commonly known as the Servites
Servia
European kingdom in the north-western part of the Balkan peninsula.
Servus servorum Dei
Servant of the Servants of God; title given by the popes to themselves in documents of note
Setebo Indians
Considerable tribe of Panoan linguistic stock in north-eastern Peru
Seven Deacons
Seven men elected by the whole company of the original Christian community at Jerusalem and ordained by the Apostles, their office being chiefly to look after the poor and the common agape
Seven Liberal Arts
Branches of knowledge used during Middle Ages
Seven Robbers
Martyrs on the Island of Corcyra (Corfu) in the second century
Seven Sleepers of Ephesus
Legend about a man who falls asleep and years after wakes up to find the world changed
Seven-Branch Candlestick
One of the three chief furnishings of the Holy of the Tabernacle and the Temple
Severian
Bishop of Gabala in Syria, flourished in the fourth and fifth centuries
Severin Binius
Historian and critic (1573-1641)
Severus Sanctus Endelechus
Christian rhetorican and poet of the fourth century
Sexagesima
Eighth Sunday before Easter and the second before Lent
Sexburga, Saint
Foundress of the Abbey of Minster in Sheppe, d. about 699
Sext
Article on the meaning, symbolism, and origin of the hour of Sext
Sexton
One who guards the church edifice, its treasures, vestments, etc., and as an inferior minister attends to burials, bell ringings and similar offices about a church
Shamanism
Designates not a specific religion but a form of savage magic or science, by which physical nature was believed to be brought under the control of man
Shammai
Famous Jewish scribe who together with Hillel made up the last of the pairs, or, as they are sometimes erroneously named, presidents and vice-presidents of the Sanhedrim
Sherborne Abbey
Founded in 998 in Dorsetshire, England
Shi-Koku
One of the four great islands of Japan
Shrine of Guadalupe
Marian shrine in Mexico
Shrine of Oostacker
A miraculous shrine of the Blessed Virgin, and place of pilgrimage from Belgium, Holland, and Northern France
Shrines of Our Lady and the Saints in Great Britain and Ireland
Detailed information on various sanctuaries and shrines
Shrovetide
English equivalent of what is known in the greater part of Southern Europe as the Carnival, which marked the beginning of Lent
Shuswap Indians
Tribe of Salishan linguistic stock, the most important of that group in British Columbia,
Siberia
Russian possession in Asia, Siberian Catholics belong to the Archdiocese of Mohileff
Sibylline Oracles
Name given to certain collections of supposed prophecies, emanating from the sibyls or divinely inspired seeresses, which were widely circulated in antiquity
Sicca Veneria
Titular see in Africa Proconsularis, suffragan of Carthage
Sichem
Israelite city in the tribe of Ephraim, the first capital of the Kingdom of Israel
Sicilian Vespers
The traditional name given to the insurrection which broke out at Palermo on Easter Tuesday, March 31, 1282, against the domination of Charles of Anjou
Sicily
Largest island in the Mediterranean
Sidon (Maronite see in Syria)
Seat of a Melchite and a Maronite see in Syria
Sidon (titular metropolis of Pamphylia Prima)
Titular metropolis of Pamphylia Prima
Sidonius Apollinaris
Christian author and Bishop of Clermont, b. at Lyons, November 5, about 430; d. at Clermont, about August, 480
Sidron de Hossche
Poet and priest; born at Mercken, West Flanders, in 1596; died at Tongres in 1653
Sidyma
Titular see in Lycia, suffragan of Myra
Siena
Located in Tuscany, Central Italy
Sigebert of Gembloux
Benedictine historian, b. near Gembloux which is now in the Province of Namur, Belgium, about 1035; d. at the same place, November 5, 1112
Sigebert, Saint
King and martyr, date of birth unknown; d. about 637
Siger of Brabant
Indisputably the leader of Latin Averroism during the sixth and seventh decades of the thirteenth century
Sigismond Thalberg
Musical composer and pianist, b. at Geneva, 1812; d. at Posilipo, Italy, April 27, 1871
Sigismund
King of Germany and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, b. February 15, 1361, at Nuremberg; d. at Znaim, Bohemia, December 9, 1437
Sigismund Albicus
Archbishop of Prague, a Moravian, b. at Mahrisch-Neustadt in 1347; d. in Hungary, 1427
Sign of the Cross
Term applied to various manual acts, liturgical or devotional in character, which have this at least in common that by the gesture of tracing two lines intersecting at right angles they indicate symbolically the figure of Christ's cross
Siguenza
Diocese and University; located in Spain
Sikhism
Religion of a warlike sect of India, having its origin in the Punjab
Silandus
Titular see in Lydia Silandus
Silence
Viewed as an aid to the practice of good, as a preventative of evil, and as a wholesome penance
Silesia
Largest province of Prussia
Siletz Indians
Collective designation for the rapidly dwindling remnant of some thirty small tribes in Oregon
Siloe
Pool in the Tyropcean Valley, just outside the south wall of Jerusalem, where Jesus Christ gave sight to the man born blind
Silvester Jenks
Theologian, born in Shropshire about 1656; died early in December, 1714
Silvia, Saint
Mother of Pope St. Gregory the Great, b. about 515 (525?); d. about 592
Silvio Pellico
Italian author and patriot, b. at Saluzzio, Italy, June 24, 1788; d. at Turin, Jan. 31, 1854
Simeon
Second son of Jacob by Lia and patronymic ancestor of the Jewish tribe bearing that name
Simeon of Durham
Chronicler, d. Oct. 14, between 1130 and 1138
Simeon Stylites the Elder, Saint
First and probably the most famous of the long succession of stylitcs, or pillar-hermits, who acquired a great reputation for holiness throughout eastern Christendom
Simeon Stylites the Younger, Saint
Deacon, an ascetic, b. at Antioch in 521, d. at the same place May 24, 597
Simon Brute de Remur
First Bishop of Vincennes, Indiana, U.S.A. (now Indianapolis), b. at Rennes, France, March 20, 1779; d. at Vincennes, June 26, 1839
Simon de Montfort
Earl of Leicester, date of birth unknown, d. at Toulouse, June 25, 1218
Simon Islip
Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1366)
Simon Langham
Cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury and Chancellor of England, b. at Langham in Rutland; d. at Avignon, France, July 22, 1376
Simon Le Moyne
Jesuit missionary, b. at Beauvais, 1604; d. in 1665 at Cap de la Madeleine, near Three Rivers. He joined the Society in 1622, and reached Canada in 1638
Simon Magus
According to Acts 8:9-29, he offered Apostles Peter and John money to grant him magical power so that he also by the laying on of hands could bestow the Holy Ghost
Simon of Cascia, Blessed
Italian preacher and ascetical writer, b. at Cascia, Italy; d. at Florence, February 2, 1348
Simon of Cramaud
Cardinal, b. near Rochechouart in the Diocese of Limoges before 1360; d. at Poitiers Dec. 14, 1422
Simon of Cremona
Theological writer and celebrated preacher belonging to the Order of St. Augustine, date of birth unknown; d. at Padua, 1390
Simon of Sudbury
Archbishop of Canterbury, b. at Sudbury, Suffolk, England, of middle class parents, date of birth unknown; d. at London, June 14, 1381
Simon of Tournai
Professor in the University of Paris at the beginning of the thirteenth century, dates of birth and death unknown
Simon Starowolski
Writer, b. at Stara Wola, near Cracow, 1585; d. at Cracow, 1656
Simon Stevin
B. in 1548; d. in 1620
Simon Stock, Saint
Chief privilege and entire history of the Carmelite scapular is connected to him, b. in the County of Kent, England, about 1165; d. in the Carmelite monastery at Bordeaux, France, May 16, 1265
Simon Szymonowicz
B. at Lemberg, 1558; d. 1629
Simon Tunsted
English Minorite, b. at Norwich, year unknown; d. at Bruisyard, Suffolk, 1369
Simon Vigor
French bishop and controversialist, b. at Evreux, Normandy, about 1515; d. at Carcassonne, Nov. 1, 1575
Simon, Apostle, Saint
Name of Simon occurs in all the passages of the Gospel and Acts, in which a list of the Apostles is given. To distinguish him from St. Peter he is called Kananaiosor, and Zelotes
Simone da Orsenigo
Lombard architect and builder of the fourteenth century whose memory is chiefly connected with the cathedral of Milan in the course of its erection
Simone de Magistris
B. in 1728; d. October 6, 1802
Simone Martini
Sienese painter, b. 1283; d. in 1344 or 1349
Simonians
Gnostic, Antinomian sect of the second century which regarded Simon Magus as its founder and which traced its doctrines back to him
Simony
Exchange of spiritual things for temporal things
Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice
Two brothers and their sister, martyrs at Rome during the Diocletian persecution (302 or 303)
Sin
Subject is treated under these heads: I. Nature of Sin; II. Division; III. Mortal Sin; IV. Venial Sin; V. Permission and Remedies; VI. The Sense of Sin
Sinai
Mountain on which the Mosaic Law was given
Sinis
Titular see in Armenia Secunda, suffragan of Melitene
Sinope
Titular see in Asia minor, suffragan of Amasea in Helenopontus
Sion
Titular see in Asia Minor, suffragan of Ephesus
Sioux Indians
Largest and most important Indian tribe north of Mexico, with the single exception of the Ojibwa (Chippewa)
Sipibo Indians
Numerous tribe of Panoan linguistic stock in Peru
Sir Ambrose Shea
Governor of the Bahama Islands, b. in Newfoundland, Sept. 17, 1815; d. in London, July 30, 1905
Sir Anthony Fitzherbert
Judge, b. in 1470; d. May 27, 1538
Sir Caryll Molyneux
Baronet of Sefton, and third Viscount Molyneux of Maryborough in Ireland, b. 1624; d. 1699
Sir Charles Gavan Duffy
Politician and author, b. April 12, 1816; d. Feb. 9, 1903
Sir Dominic Corrigan
Physician (1802-1880)
Sir Everard Digby
B. May 16, 1578; d. 30 Jan., 1606
Sir George Bowyer
Baronet, an eminent English writer on jurisprudence (1811-1883)
Sir Henry Charles Englefield
Antiquary and scientist, b. 1752; d. March 21, 1822
Sir Henry Hawkins
Raised to the peerage as Lord Brampton, eminent English lawyer and judge, b. at Hitchin, Hertfordshire, September 14, 1817; d. at London, October 12, 1907
Sir John Charles Day
Jurist, b. near Bath, England, 1826; d. June 13, 1908, at Newbury
Sir John Thomas Gilbert
Irish archivist and historian
Sir Kenelm Digby
Physicist, naval commander, and diplomatist, b. at Gayhurst (Goathurst), Buckinghamshire, England, July 11, 1603; d. in Covent Garden, Westminster, June 11, 1665
Sir Patrick Alfred Jennings
Australian statesman, b. at Newry, Ireland, 1831; d. July, 1897.
Sir Patrick Alphonsus Buckley
Soldier, lawyer, statesman, judge, b. near Castletownsend, Co. Cork, Ireland, in 1841; d. at Lower Hutt, New Zealand, May 18, 1896
Sir Richard Bulstrode
Soldier, diplomatist, and author, b. 1610; d. 1711
Sir Thomas Dingley, Venerable
Martyr, prior of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, found guilty of high treason April 28, 1539, and beheaded on Tower Hill, July 9, together with the Blessed Sir Adrian Fortescue
Sir Thomas Malory
Author of a major work of Arthurian literature
Sir Thomas Metham
Knight, confessor of the Faith, d. in York Castle, 1573
Sir Thomas Tresham
Knight Bachelor (in or before 1524), Grand Prior of England in the Order of Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem (1557); date of birth unknown; d. March 8, 1558-9
Sir Tobie Matthew
English priest, b. at Salisbury, Oct. 3, 1577; died at Ghent, Oct. 13, 1655
Sir William D'Avenant
Poet and dramatist, b. Feb., 1605-6, at Oxford, England; d. in London, April 7, 1668
Sister Irene
Catherine FitzGibbon (1823-1896)
Sister Louise
Educator and organizer, b. at Bergen-op-Zoom, Holland, Nov. 14, 1813; d. at Cincinnati, Ohio, Dec. 3, 1886
Sisters Marianites of Holy Cross
Congregation founded in 1841
Sisters of Charity
Sisters of Charity
Sisters of Charity of Cincinnati Ohio
Community was incorporated under the laws of Ohio in 1854, they taught in parochial schools, and tended the sick
Sisters of Charity of Nazareth
Founded Dec., 1812, by the Rev. B. J. M. David
Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word
Congregation founded by Rt. Rev. C. M. Dubuis, Bishop of Galveston
Sisters of Christian Charity
Institute for teaching poor schools and for the care of the blind, founded in Germany, 1849, by Pauline von Mallinckrodt
Sisters of Divine Providence
Several religious orders
Sisters of Loretto at the Foot of the Cross
Founded in Kentucky, in 1812, by Father Charles Nerinckx
Sisters of Mercy
Congregation of women founded in Ireland by Catherine Elizabeth McAuley
Sisters of Mercy of St. Charles Borromeo
Religious community in the service of the sick and other charitable institutions
Sisters of Our Lady of Charity of the Refuge
Founded (1641) by the Venerable Pere Eudes, at Caen, Normandy, under the title of Our Lady of Refuge
Sisters of Our Lady of Perpetual Help
A congregation founded in the parish of St. Damien, Bellechasse, P. Q., Canada, August 28, 1892, by Abbe J. O. Brousseau
Sisters of Saint Elizabeth
Known as the Grey Nuns, they tended the sick in their own homes without compensation
Sisters of Saint Joseph
Religious congregation founded by Jesuit Jean-Paul Medaille
Sisters of the Assumption
Congregation of French nuns devoted to the teaching of young girls
Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament
American religious congregation founded by Saint Katharine Drexel
Sisters of the Good Samaritan
A congregation of Tertiaries Regular of St. Benedict, established February 2, 1857, at Sydney, Australia.
Sisters of the Holy Childhood of Jesus and Mary
Religious congregation founded for the education of girls and the care of the sick
Sisters of the Holy Faith
Group of religious devoted to the care of Catholic orphans
Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary
Religious congregation for the Christian education of young girls
Sisters of the Little Company of Mary
Congregation founded in 1877 in England to honour in a particular manner the maternal Heart of the Blessed Virgin, especially in the mystery of Calvary
Sisters of the Perpetual Adoration
An institute of nuns devoted to perpetual adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and to the education of orphan children
Sisters of the Poor Child Jesus
Congregation founded at Aachen in 1844 for the support and education of poor, orphan, and destitute children, especially girls; approved by Pius IX in 1862 and 1869, and by Leo XIII in 1881 and 1888
Sisters of the Poor of Saint Francis
A Congregation, founded by the Venerable Mother Frances Schervier at Aachen in the year 1845
Sisters of the Temple
Full title 'Sisters of the Finding of Jesus in the Temple'; a pre-Reformation foundation
Sistine Choir
With the building by Sixtus IV of the church for the celebration of all papal functions since known as the Sistine Chapel, the original schola cantorum, becomes the capella sistina, or Sistine Choir, whose golden era takes its beginning
Siunia
Titular see, suffragan of Sebastia in Armenia Prima
Slander
Attributing to another of a fault of which one knows him to be innocent
Slavery
Article shows what Christianity has done for slaves and against slavery, first in the Roman world, next in that society which was the result of the barbarian invasions, and lastly in the modern world
Slaves
Tribe of the great Dene family of American Indians
Slavonic Language and Liturgy
Detailed article on the history of the Slavonic language and its use in the liturgy
Slavs
Customary name for all the Slavonic races
Slavs in America
History of the Slavic immigration to the United States
Sloth
One of the seven capital sins, in general it means disinclination to labor or exertion
Smalkaldic League
Politico-religious alliance formally concluded on Feb. 27, 1531, at Smalkalden in Hesse-Nassau, among German Protestant princes and cities for their mutual defense
Snorri Sturluson
Historian, b. at Hvammr, 1178; d. 1241
Sobaipura Indians
Once an important tribe of the Piman branch of the great Shoshonean linguistic stock
Socialism
System of social and economic organization that would substitute state monopoly for private ownership of the sources of production and means of distribution, and would concentrate under the control of the secular governing authority the chief activities o
Socialistic Communities
Those societies which maintain common ownership of the means of production and distribution, e.g., land, factories, and stores, and also those which further extend the practice of common ownership to consumable goods, e.g., houses and food
Society
Implies fellowship, company, and has always been conceived as signifying a human relation
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge
Greatest and most important society within the Church of England
Society for the Propagation of the Faith, The
An international association for the assistance by prayers and alms of Catholic missionary priests, brothers, and nuns engaged in preaching the Gospel in heathen and non-Catholic countries
Society of Divine Charity
Founded at Maria-Martental near Kaisersesch, in 1903, by Joseph Tillmanns for the solution of the social question through the pursuit of agriculture and trades (printing, etc.) as well as by means of intellectual pursuits
Society of Foreign Missions of Paris
Evangelization of pagan countries, by founding churches and training up a native clergy under the jurisdiction of the bishops
Society of Friends
The official designation of an Anglo-American religious sect
Society of Jesus
Religious order founded by Saint Ignatius Loyola
Society of Mary
Founded in 1817 by Very Reverend William Joseph Chaminade at Bordeaux, France
Society of Mary (Marist Fathers)
Priestly order known as the Marist Fathers
Society of Saint Vincent de Paul
International association of Catholic laymen engaging systematically in personal service of the poor
Society of Saint-Sulpice
Founded at Paris by M. Olier, for the purpose of providing directors for the seminaries established by him
Society of St. Charles Borromeo
German Catholic literary association
Society of the Blessed Sacrament
Congregation of priests founded by Venerable Pierre-Julien Eymard in Paris who devote themselves exclusively to the worship of the Holy Eucharist
Society of the Divine Savior
Founded at Rome, 8 Dec., 1881, by Johann Baptist Jordan
Society of the Divine Word
The first German Catholic missionary society established
Society of the Faithful Companions of Jesus
A religious institute of women founded by the Viscountess de Bonnault d'Houet in 1820 at Amiens, France. It was solemnly approved by Gregory XVI, Aug. 5, 1837
Society of the Helpers of the Holy Souls
A religious order of women founded in Paris, France, 1856
Society of the Holy Child Jesus
Religious society founded in England
Society of the Holy Name
Confraternity originating in the thirteenth century
Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Institution of religious women, taking perpetual vows and devoted to the work of education
Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Paccanarists)
Founded by two young seminarists of Saint-Sulpice who had emigrated to Belgium during the French Revolution
Society of the Sisters of Saint Ursula of the Blessed Virgin
Religious congregation of women founded in 1606 at Dole (then a Spanish possession), France, by the Venerable Anne de Xainctonge (1587-1612)
Socinianism
Body of doctrine held by one of the numerous Antitrinitarian sects to which the Reformation gave birth
Sociology
Discussion of the aims, problems and methods of this science
Socrates (historian of the early Church)
Historian of the Early Church, b. at Constantinople towards the end of the fourth century
Socrates (philosopher)
Greek philosopher and educational reformer of the fifth century, b. at Athens, 469, d. there, 399 B. C.
Sodality
Pious associations and are included among the confraternities and arch confraternities
Sodom and Gomorrha
City of Pentapolis, destroyed by brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven
Sodoma
Also known as Giovanni Antonio Bazzi, or De'Bazzi, Piedmontese and Florentine painter, b. at Vercelli in Piedmont, 1477; d. at Siena, 1549
Solari
Family of Milanese artists, closely connected with the cathedral and with the Certosa near Pavia
Solemnity
Yearly celebration, used to denote the amount of intrinsic or extrinsic pomp with which a feast is celebrated
Soli
Titular see in Cyprus, suffragan of Salamis
Solicitation
Technically in canon law the crime of making use of the Sacrament of Penance, directly or indirectly, for the purpose of drawing others into sins of lust
Solimoes Superiore
Prefecture Apostolic in the State of Amazonas, Brazil
Solomon
Second son of David by his wife, Bathsheba, and the acknowledged favorite of his father
Somaliland
Triangular-shaped territory in the north-eastern extremity of Africa, projecting into the ocean towards the Island of Socotra; its apex is Cape Guardafui
Somaschi
Name of a charitable religious congregation of regular clerics, founded in the sixteenth century by St. Jerome Emiliani
Son of God
Discussion of how this expression is used in the Old and New Testaments
Son of Man
Discussion of how this expression is used in the Old and New Testaments
Songish Indians
Tribe of some importance formerly holding the south coast of Vancouver Island, B.C.
Sophene
Titular see, suffragan of Melitene in Armenia Secunda
Sophie Rostopchine Segur
Writer, b. 1797; d. 1874
Sophie-Jeanne Soymonof Swetchine
Writer, b. at Moscow, Nov. 22, 1782; d. in Paris, Sept. 10, 1857
Sophists
Group of Greek teachers who flourished at the end of the fifth century B.C.
Sophonias
Ninth of the twelve Minor Prophets of the Canon of the Old Testament, preached and wrote in the second half of the seventh century B.C.
Sophronius
Bishop of Constantine or Tella in Osrhoene
Sophronius, Saint
Patriarch of Jerusalem and Greek ecclesiastical writer, b. about 560 at Damascus of noble parentage; d. probably March 11, 638, at Jerusalem
Sora
Titular see in Paphlagonia, suffragan of Gangra
Sorbonne
Celebrated theological college of the French capital
Soul
Ultimate internal principle by which we think, feel, and will, and by which our bodies are animated.
South American College, The
College in Rome for Latin countries
South Carolina
One of the thirteen original colonies of the United States
South Dakota
Thirty-ninth state, admitted to the Union on November 2, 1889
Sozopolis
Titular see in the Balkans, suffragan of Adrianopolis
Sozusa
Titular see of Palestina Prima, suffragan of Caesarea
Space
Empty extension occupied by bodies, and in which local motion takes place
Spain
Detailed article on the geographical boundaries, statistics, and history of Spain
Spanish Armada, The
Fleet intended to invade England and to put an end to the long series of English aggressions against the colonies and possessions of the Spanish Crown
Spanish Bull-fight
Popular diversion of the Spaniards
Spanish Language and Literature
Romance language that is one of the modern spoken forms of Latin
Spanish-American Literature
Literature produced by the Spanish-speaking peoples of Mexico, Central America, Cuba and adjacent islands, and of South America with the notable exceptions of Brazil
Sparta
Celebrated town of the Peloponnesus, mentioned several times under this name or under that of Laceda'mon in the Bible
Special Devotions for Months
Entire months of the year were given over to special devotions, article lists the more common devotions with the indulgences attached
Species
Necessary determinant of every cognitive process
Speculation
Term used with reference to business transactions to signify the investing of money at a risk of loss on the chance of unusual gain
Spire
Tapering construction, in plan conical, or pyramidal, or octagonal, or hexagonal, crowning a steeple or tower, or surmounting a building, and usually developed from the cornice
Spirit
Article shows how the word spirit is used in several different but allied senses
Spiritism
Name properly given to the belief that the living can and do communicate with the spirits of the departed, and to the various practices by which such communication is attempted
Spiritual Direction
In the technical sense of the term, spiritual direction is that function of the sacred ministry by which the Church guides the faithful to the attainment of eternal happiness
Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius
Short work composed by St. Ignatius of Loyola and written originally in Spanish
Spiritualism
Denotes the belief in the possibility of communication with disembodied spirits, and the various devices employed to realize this belief in practice
Spirituals
General term denoting several groups of Friars Minor, existing in the second half of the thirteenth and the beginning of the fourteenth centuries, who, in opposition to the main body of the order, pretended to observe the Rule of St. Francis in its primit
Spokan Indians
Important tribe of Salishan linguistic stock
Squamish Indians
Considerable tribe of Salishan linguistic stock in South-western British Columbia
St. Clair Augustine Mulholland
Soldier, b. at Lisburn, Co. Antrim, Ireland, April 1, 1839; d. at Philadelphia, Feb. 17, 1910
St. George Jackson Mivart
Distinguished biologist, b. in London, November 30, 1827, d. there, April 1, 1900
St. Patrick's Purgatory
Lough Derg, Ireland
Stabat Mater
Opening words of two companion hymns, one of which is in liturgical use, while the other is not
Stained Glass
Popular name for the glass used in the making of colored windows
Stalls
Seats in a choir, wholly or partly enclosed on the back and sides, are mentioned from the eleventh century
Stanbrook Abbey
Abbey of Benedictine nuns, midway between Malvern and Worcester, England
Stanislas Du Lac
Jesuit educationist and social worker (1835-1909)
Stanislas Kostka, Saint
Jesuit, b. at Rostkovo near Prasnysz, Poland, about October 28, 1550; d. at Rome during the night of 14-August 15, 1568
Stanislaus and John Kozmian
Two brothers who took part in the Polish insurrection of 1831
Stanislaus Hosius
Cardinal and Prince-Bishop of Ermland; b. of German parents at Cracow, May 5, 1504; d. at Capranica, near Rome, August 5, 1579
Stanislaus Konarski
Reformer of Polish schools (1700-1773)
Stanislaus of Cracow, Saint
Bishop and martyr, b. July 26, 1030; d. at Cracow, May 8, 1079
Stanislaus Zolkiewski
Chancellor of Poland, b. in Turynka (Red Russia), 1547; d. at Cecora, Oct. 6, 1620
Stanislaw Karnkowski
Archbishop of Gnesen, Primate of Poland (ca. 1526-1603)
Stanza
Italian word signifying room, chamber, apartment
State and Church
Article covers the following: I. The basis of their respective rights; II. The range of their respective jurisdictions; III. Their mutual corporate relation; IV. The union of Church and State; V. Counter theories
State of Missouri
Carved out of the Louisiana Territory, and derives its name from the principal river flowing through its center
State of Texas
Treatment of the American state
State or Way
Article discusses the classification of the degrees or stages of Christian perfection, or the classification of the degrees or stages of Christian perfection, or the advancement of souls in the supernatural life of grace during their sojourn in the world
States of the Church
States of the Church
Station Days
Days on which in the early Church fast was observed
Statistics of Religions
Concerns itself with religious bodies, the number of their members, and their distribution over various countries
Statute of Provisory
The English statute usually so designated is the 25th of Edward III
Stauropolis
Titular metropolitan see of the Province of Caria
Stedingers
Tribe of Frisian peasants in Northern Germany who revolted against their lord, the Archbishop of Bremen, and had to be subdued by arms
Stefano Antonio Morcelli
Italian Jesuit and learned epigraphist; b. January 17, 1737, at Chiari near Brescia; d. there January 1, 1822
Stefano Borgia
Cardinal (1731-1804)
Stefano infessura
; b. at Rome about 1435; d. about 1500
Stefano Maderno
Sculptor b. 1576; d. 1636
Stephan Jakob Neher
Church historian; b. at Ebnat, July 24, 1829; d. at Nordhausen, Oct. 7, 1902
Stephan Ladislaus Endlicher
Austrian botanist, linguist, and historian, b. at Pressburg, Hungary, June 24, 1804; d. at Vienna, March 28, 1849
Stephan Lochner
Painter, b. at Meersburg, on the Lake of Constance, date of birth unknown; d. at Cologne, 1452
Stephan Szanto
B. in the Diocese of Raab, Hungary, 1541; d. at Olmutz, 1612
Stephan Wiest
Member of the Order of Cistercians, b. at Teisbach in Lower Bavaria, March 7 1748; d. at Aldersbad, April 10, 1797
Stephen Brinkley
Confessor of the Faith (ca. 1550 - ca. 1585)
Stephen Doutreleau
Missionary, b. in France, Oct. 11, 1693; date of death uncertain
Stephen Gardiner
Bishop of Winchester; b. at Bury St. Edmund's between 1483 and 1490; d. at Whitehall, London, Nov. 12, 1555
Stephen Goffe
Oratorian; b. 1605; d. 1681
Stephen Harding, Saint
Confessor, the third Abbot of Citeaux, was born about the middle of the eleventh century; d. March 28, 1134
Stephen Hawes
Poet; b. in Suffolk about 1474; d. about 1523. Very little is known of his life
Stephen Joseph Perry
Jesuit; b. in London, August 26, 1833; d. Dec. 27, 1889
Stephen Langton
Cardinal and Archbishop of Canterbury, b. in the latter half of the twelfth century; d. at Slindon Manor, Sussex, July 9, 1228
Stephen Martyr, Saint
One of the first deacons and the first Christian martyr; feast on December 26
Stephen Moylan
American patriot and merchant, b. in Ireland in 1734; d. at Philadelphia, 11. April, 1811
Stephen of Autun
Bishop, liturgical writer, d. 1139 or early in 1140
Stephen of Bourbon
Writer and preacher, especially noted as a historian of medieval heresies, b. towards the end of the twelfth century; d. in 1261
Stephen of Muret, Saint
B. 1045; d. at Muret, February 8, 1124
Stephen of Tournai
Canonist, b. at Orleans,1128; d. at Tournai, September, 1203
Stephen Rowsham
Native of Oxfordshire, entered Oriel College, Oxford, in 1572
Stephen Russell Mallory
American statesman; b. in the Island of Trinidad, W. I., 1813; d. at Pensacola, Florida, United States, Nov. 9, 1873
Stephen Theodore Badin
First Catholic priest ordained within the limits of the original thirteen States of the Union, and pioneer missionary of Kentucky (1768-1853)
Stephen White
Antiquarian and polyhistor; b. at Clonmel, Ireland, in 1574; d. in Galway, 1646
Stephen, Saint (King of Hungary)
First King of Hungary, b. at Gran, 975; d. August 15, 1038
Stipend
A fixed pay, salary; retribution for work done; the income of an ecclesiastieal living
Stockholm
The capital of the Kingdom of Sweden
Stoics and Stoic Philosophy
Treatment of the philosophical system
Stole
A liturgical vestment composed of a strip of material from two to four inches wide and about eighty inches long
Stoning in Scripture
The practice of stoning as used for execution and other purposes
Stonyhurst College
Stonyhurst College
Stradivari
Cremona (Italy) family, most famous for its violin-maker son, Antonio
Stratonicea
A titular see in Caria (Asia Minor)
Striking of the Breast
Liturgical act prescribed in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass during the Confiteor
Studion
The most important monastery at Constantinople
Stylites
Solitaries who practiced asceticism by taking up their abode upon the top of a pillar
Styria
A duchy and Austrian crownland
Subdeacon
Lowest of the sacred or major orders in the Latin Church
Subiaco
A city in the Province of Rome
Subreption
In canon law the concealment or suppression of statements or facts that according to law or usage should be expressed in an application or petition for a rescript
Substance
Treatment of the philosophical concept
Suburbicarian Diocese of Ostia and Velletri
Near Rome, central Italy
Suburbicarian Dioceses
A name applied to the dioceses nearest Rome
Sufetula
A titular see of North Africa
Suger
Abbot of St-Denis, statesman and historian, b. about 1081; d. Jan. 13, 1151
Suicide
Treatment of the sin of suicide
Suidas
Author of, perhaps, the most important Greek lexicon or encyclopedia
Suitbert Baeumer
Historian of the Breviary and a scholarly patrologist (1845-1894)
Suitbert, Saint
Apostle of the Frisians, b. in the seventh century; d. March 1, 713
Sulpicians in the United States
Treatment of members of the Sulpicians in America
Sulpicius Severus
An ecclesiastical writer, b. about 360; d. about 420-25
Sulpitius
Name of two bishops of Bourges
Summae
Compendiums of theology, philosophy, and canon law which were used both as textbooks in the schools and as books of reference during the Middle Ages
Sunday
History of the day of the week
Supernatural Adoption
Gratuitous taking by God of a human as his child and heir
Supernatural Gift
Something conferred on nature that is above all the powers (vires) of created nature.
Supernatural Order
The ensemble of effects exceeding the powers of the created universe and gratuitously produced by God for the purpose of raising the rational creature above its native sphere to a God-like life and destiny
Superstition
Treatment of the sin of superstition
Suppression of Monasteries
Details on suppressions of religious houses (whether monastic in the strict sense or houses of the mendicant orders) since the Reformation
Supremi disciplinae
Motu Proprio of Pius X, promulgated July 2, 1911, relating to Holy Days of obligation
Sura
Titular see in Augusta Euphratensis
Surplice
A large-sleeved tunic of half length, made of fine linen or cotton, and worn by all the clergy
Susa
The capital of the Kingdom of Elam
Suspension
In canon law, is usually defined as a censure by which a cleric is deprived, entirely or partially, of the use of the power of orders, office, or benefice
Sweden
Treatment of the Scandinavian country
Swedenborgians
The believers in the religious doctrines taught by Emanuel Swedenborg
Swinomish Indians
Group of Indians in North America
Swithin Wells, Venerable
English martyr, b. at Brambridge, Hampshire, about 1536; hanged at Gray's Inn Lane, London, opposite his own house, December 10, 1591
Swithin, Saint
Bishop of Winchester; d. July 2, 862
Switzerland
A confederation in the central part of Western Europe
Sydney Hodgson
Layman and martyr; date and place of birth unknown; d: at Tyburn, Dec. 10, 1591
Syene
A titular see in Thebais Secunda
Syllabus
Name given to two series of propostions containing modern religious errors condemned respectively by Pius IX (1864) and Pius X (1907).
Sylvester Gozzolini, Saint
Founder of the Sylvestrines, b. 1177; d. Nov. 26, 1267
Sylvester Joseph Hunter
English Jesuit priest and educator; b. at Bath, Sept. 13, 1829; d. at Stonyhurst, June 20, 1896
Sylvester Maurus
Writer on philosophy and theology, b. Dec. 31, 1619; d. Jan. 13, 1687
Sylvester Mazzolini
Theologian, b. at Priero, Piedmont, 1460; d. at Rome, 1523
Sylvester Norris
Controversial writer and English missionary priest; b. 1570 or 1572 in Somersetshire; d. March 16, 1630
Sylvestrines
A minor monastic order or, strictly speaking, congregation following in general the Rule of St. Benedict
Symbolism
The investing of outward things or actions with an inner meaning
Symbolism of the Fish
Among the symbols employed by the primitive Christians that of the fish ranks probably first in importance.
Symeon Metaphrastes
Principal compiler of the legends of saints in the Menologia of the Byzantine Church
Symmachus the Ebionite
Author of one of the Greek versions of the Old Testament included by Origen in his Hexapla
Symphorosa, Saint
Martyred with her seven sons at Tibur (Tivoli) towards the end of the reign of Emperor Hadrian (117-138)
Synagogue
The place of assemblage of Jewsish people for worship
Synaus
A titular see in Phrygia Pacatiana
Synaxarion
The name of a liturgical book of the Byzantine Church
Synaxis
Term meaning gathering, assembly, reunion
Syncelli
Name which in the early Church was given to those monks or clerics who lived in the same room with their bishops
Syncretism
Treatment of the concept
Synderesis
Term used by the Scholastic theologians to signify the habitual knowledge of the universal practical principles of moral action
Syndicalism
Industrial or trade unionism
Synesius of Cyrene
Bishop of Ptolomais, neo-Platonist, date of birth uncertain; d. about 414
Synnada
Titular metropolis in Phrygia Salutaris
Synod
General term for ecclesiastical gatherings under hierarchical authority
Synod of Pistoia
Held 18 to September 28, 1786, by Scipio de' Ricci, Bishop of Pistoia and Prato
Synod of Whitby
Conference took place in the Monastery of St. Hilda at Whitby or Streanoeshalch
Synodal Examiners
Chosen in a diocesan synod to conduct competitive examinations or concursus
Synods of Arles, The
Church councils
Synods of Augsburg
Details of synods held in Augsburg
Synods of Reims
The first synod said to have been held at Reims by Archbishop Sonnatius between 624 and 630 is probably identical with that held at Clichy (Clippiacum) in 626 or 627
Synods of Rouen
Description of various synods held in Rouen
Synoptics
The name given to the first three canonical Gospels
Synoptics (Biblical Commission)
First three Gospels
Syntagma Canonum
A canonical collection made in 1335 by Blastares, a Greek monk
Syon Monastery
Monastery in England
Syria
Treatment of the country
Syriac Hymnody
Treatment of hymn-like poetic homilies and discourses in the Syriac language
Syriac Language and Literature
Most important branch of the group of Semitic languages known as Aramaic
System of Leibniz
Study of his life and philosophy d. Nov. 14, 1716
Systems of the Universe
Universe (or world) is here taken in the astronomical sense, in its narrower or wider meanings, from our terrestrial planet to the stellar universe. The term 'systems' restricts the view to the general structure and motions of the heavenly bodies, but com
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Last updated: June 18 2009.