Catholic Answers

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Nabo
Town mentioned in several passages of the Old Testament
Nabor and Felix, Saints
Martyrs during the persecution of Diocletian (303)
Nabuchodonosor
Description of two kings of this name who are known to have ruled over Babylon
Nacolia
Titular metropolitan see in Phrygia Salutaris
Nahanes
Tribe of the great Deng family of American Indians
Nahum
One of the Prophets of the Old Testament, the seventh in the traditional list of the twelve Minor Prophets
Naim
City where Christ raised to life the widow's son (Luke, vii, 11-17)
Naples
Capital of a province in Campania, southern Italy
Napoleon I
Emperor of the French, b. at Ajaccio, in Corsica, August 15, 1769; d. on the Island of St. Helena? May 5? 1821
Napoleon III
Originally known as Louis-Napoleon-Bonaparte, Emperor of the French; b. at Paris, April 20, 1808; d. at Chiselhurst, England, January 6, 1873
Narcisco Duran
Franciscan missionary, b. Dec. 16, 1776, d. June 1, 1846
Narthex
In early Christian architecture a portion of the church at the west end, separated from the nave by a low wall or screen and reserved for the catechumens, energumens, and penitents who were not admitted amongst the congregation
Nasoraeans
Pagan Gnostics who shortly before the rise of Christianity, formed a sect which flourished in Mesopotamia and Babylonia
Natal
Brief history of the vicariate apostolic in South Africa
Natal Day
Used by the Romans to denote what we call a birthday, i.e. the anniversary of the day when a man was born
Nathan
Name of several Israelites mentioned in the Old Testament
Nathanael
One of the first disciples of Jesus, to whom he was brought by his friend Philip
Nathaniel Bacon
Jesuit priest and bibliographer (1598-1676)
Nathinites
Inferior class of Temple servants
National Synods
Legitimate assemblage of the episcopate of a nation, the decisions of which are valid for an entire national Church
Natural Law
Frequently employed as equivalent to the laws of nature, meaning the order which governs the activities of the material universe
Naturalism
Looking upon nature as the one original and fundamental source of all that exists
Nature
Has reference to the production of things, and hence generally includes in its connotation the ideas of energy and activity
Naturism
Term proposed by Réville to designate the worship of nature
Navajo Indians
Constitute the largest group of Indians belonging to the Athapaskan or Déné stock
Navarre
Territory formerly known as Navarre now belongs to two nations, Spain and France
Nave
Architecturally the central, open space of a church, west of the choir or chancel, and separated there from by a low wall or screen
Nazarene
Name applied to Christ, occurs only once in the Douai Version, viz. in Matt., ii, 23
Nazareth
Town of Galilee where the Blessed Virgin dwelt when the Archangel announced to her the Incarnation of the Word, and where Christ lived until the age of thirty years
Nazarite
Name given by the Hebrews to a person set apart and especially consecrated to the Lord
Nazarius and Celsus, Saints
Martyrs; The only historical information which we possess regarding these two saints is the discovery of their bodies by St. Ambrose.
Nazarius and Companions, Saints
Four Roman martyrs, Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius, who suffered death under Diocletian
Nazarius, Saint
Fourteenth abbot of the monastery of Lerins
Nazianzus
Titular metropolitan see of Cappadocia Tertia
Nebraska
The state
Necessity
In a general way denotes a strict connection between different beings, or the different elements of a being, or between a being and its existence
Necrologies
The registers in which religious communities were accustomed to enter the names of the dead
Necromancy
A special mode of divination (q.v.) by the evocation of the dead
Nectarius
Patriarch of Constantinople, (381-397), d. Sept. 27, 397, eleventh bishop of that city since Metrophanes, and may be counted its first patriarch
Negligence
The condition of not heeding
Negro Race
The term negro, derived from the Spanish and the Latin words meaning
Nemrod
The name of a descendant of Chus (Cush), son of Cham (Ham), represented in Gen., x, 8-12, as the founder of the Babylonian empire and as a mighty hunter before the Lord
Neo-Platonism
A system of idealistic, spiritualistic philosophy, tending towards mysticism, which flourished in the pagan world of Greece and Rome during the first centuries of the Christian era
Neo-Pythagorean Philosophy
Ethico-religious society founded by Pythagoras
Neo-Scholasticism
The development of the Scholasticism of the Middle Ages during the latter half of the nineteenth century
Neocaesarea (Antioch)
A titular see, suffragan of Hierapplis in the Patriarchate of Antioch
Neocaesarea (titular see of Pontus Polemoniacus)
A titular see of Pontus Polemoniacus
Neophyte
A term applied in theology to all those who have lately entered upon a new and higher state or condition of life, e.g. those who have begun the ecclesiastical life, or have joined a religious order
Nephtali
Sixth son of Jacob and Bala (Gen., xxx, 8)
Nepi and Sutri
United sees of the province of Rome, central Italy, in the Ciminian region
Nereus and Achilleus, Domitilla and Pancratius, Saints
Four Roman saints and martyrs
Nero
The last Roman emperor (54-68) of the Julian-Claudian line
Nerses I-IV
Armenian patriarchs
Nerses of Lambron
Archbishop of Tarsus; b. 1153 at Lambron, Cilicia; d. 1198
Nestorius and Nestorianism
Nestorius, who gave his name to the Nestorian heresy, was b. at Germanicia, in Syria Euphoratensis (date unknown); d. in the Thebaid, Egypt, c. 451
Netherlands, The
Low Countries, as organized by Charles V, under whom the Burgundian era ended, comprised practically the territory now included in Holland and Belgium, thenceforth known as the Spanish Netherlands
Neum
Term in medieval music theory
Nevada
The state
Neve
Titular see of Arabia, suffragan of Bostra
New Abbey
Abbey of Sweetheart, named New Abbey Pow, or New Abbey, in order to distinguish it from Dundrennan in the same county
New Guinea
The second largest island and one of the least known countries of the world, lies immediately north of Australia
New Hampshire
The state
New Jersey
The state
New Mexico
The state
New Norcia
A Benedictine abbey in Western Australia, founded on March 1, 1846, by a Spanish Benedictine, Rudesindus Salvado, for the christianizing of the Australian aborigines
New Testament
Inspired Scriptures written after the time of Christ
New Year's Day
Starting-point in the circle of the year
New York
The state
New Zealand
Formerly described as a colony, has, since September, 1907, by royal proclamation, been granted the style and designation of 'Dominion', the territory remaining, of course, as before under British sovereignty
Newbattle
The second of the six Cistercian Monasteries established by St. David, King of Scotland
Newfoundland
British colony of North America
Nicaea
Titular see of Bithynia Secunda, situated on Lake Ascanius, in a fertile plain, but very unhealthful in summer
Nicastro
A city of the Province of Catanzaro, in Calabria, southern Italy
Niccola Pisano
Architect and sculptor, b. at Pisa about 1205-07; d. there, 1278
Niccolo Alamanni
Roman antiquary of Greek origin, b. at Ancona, 12 January, 1583; d. in Rome, 1626
Niccolo Albergati
Cardinal and Bishop of Bologna, b. at Bologna in 1357; d. at Sienna, 9 May, 1443
Niccolo Alunno
Notable Umbrian painter in distemper (1430-1502)
Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli
Composer, b. at Naples, April 4, 1752; d. at Torre del Greco, May 5, 1837
Niccolo Orlandini
Jesuit b. at Florence, 1554; d. 1606 at Rome, May 17
Nicene and Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed
The profession of the Christian Faith common to the Catholic Church, to all the Eastern Churches separated from Rome, and to most of the Protestant denominations
Nicephorus Blemmida
Eastern monk and writer (ca. 1198-1272)
Nicephorus, Saint
Patriarch of Constantinople, 806-815, b. about 758; d. June 2, 829
Nicetius, Saint
Bishop of Trier, b. in the latter part of the fifth century, exact date unknown; d. in 563 or more probably 566
Niche
A recess for the reception of a statue, so designed as to give it emphasis, frame it effectively, and afford some measure of protection
Nicholas Abram
Jesuit theologian, b. in 1589, at Xaronval, in Lorraine; d. 7 September, 1655
Nicholas Adam
Linguist and writer, b. in Paris, 1716; d.1792
Nicholas Atkinson
Priest and martyr (d. 1610)
Nicholas Boileau-Despreaux
French poet (1636-1711)
Nicholas Bonet
Franciscan theologian and missionary (d. 1360)
Nicholas Devereux
B. near Enniscorthy, Ireland, June 7, 1791; d. at Utica, New York, Dec. 29, 1855, was the youngest brother of John C. Devereux
Nicholas French
Bishop of Ferns, Ireland, b. at Ballytory, Co. Wexford, in 1604, his parents being John French and Christina Rosseter; d. at Ghent, Aug. 23, 1678
Nicholas Garlick, Venerable
Priest and martyr, b. at Dinting, Derbyshire, c. 1555; d. at Derby, July 24, 1588
Nicholas Halma
French mathematician; b. at Sedan, December 31, 1755; d. at Paris, June 4, 1828
Nicholas Heath
Archbishop of York; b. in London, 1501 (?); d. in the Tower of London, December, 1578 (not 1579, as generally stated)
Nicholas Horner
Layman and martyr, born at Grantley, Yorkshire, England, date of birth unknown; died at Smithfield, March 4, 1590
Nicholas Justiniani, Blessed
Date of birth unknown, became monk in the Benedictine monastery of San Niccolo del Lido at Venice in 1153
Nicholas of Cusa
German cardinal, philosopher, and administrator, b. at Cues on the Moselle, in the Archdiocese of Trier, 1400 or 1401; d. at Todi, in Umbria, August 11, 1464
Nicholas of Flue, Blessed
B. March 21, 1417, on the Flueli, a fertile plateau near Sachseln, Canton Obwalden, Switzerland; d. March 21, 1487, as a recluse in a neighboring ravine, called Ranft
Nicholas of Gorran
Medieval preacher, and scriptural commentator; b. in 1232 at Gorron, France; d. about 1295
Nicholas of Lyra
Exegete, b. at Lyra in Normandy, 1270; d. at Paris, 1340
Nicholas of Myra, Saint
Bishop of concordances. Hereupon he declares his intention Myra in Lycia. d. December 6, 345 or 352
Nicholas of Osimo
Celebrated preacher and author, b. at Osimo, Italy, in the second half of the fourteenth century; d. at Rome, 1453
Nicholas of Strasburg
Mystic, flourished early in the fourteenth century. Educated at Paris, he was later on lector at the Dominican convent, Cologne
Nicholas of Tolentino, Saint
B. at Sant' Angelo, near Fermo, in the March of Ancona, about 1246; d. September 10, 1306
Nicholas Owen
A Jesuit lay-brother, martyred in 1606
Nicholas Papini
Historian, b. at San Giovanni Valdarno, between Florence and Arezzo, about 1751; d. at Terni, Umbria, Dec. 16, 1834
Nicholas Patrick Wiseman
Cardinal, first Archbishop of Westminster; b. at Seville, Aug. 2 1802; d. in London, Feb. 15, 1865
Nicholas Pieck, Saint
Friar Minor and martyr, b. at Gorkum, Holland, August 29, 1534; d. at Briel, Holland, July 9, 1572
Nicholas Postgate, Venerable
English martyr, b. at Kirkdale House, Egton, Yorkshire, in 1596 or 1597; d. at York, August 7, 1679
Nicholas Psaume
Bishop of Verdun, b. at Chaumont-sur-Aire in 1518; d. August 10, 1575
Nicholas Riccardi
Theologian, writer and preacher; b. at Genoa, 1585; d. at Rome, May 30, 1639
Nicholas Rigby
Priest, b. 1800 at Walton near Preston, Lancashire; d. at Ugthorpe, September 7, 1886
Nicholas Sander
Priest, writer, b. at Charlwood, Surrey, in 1530; d. in Ireland, 1581
Nicholas Tacitus Zegers
Famous exegete, b. either at Diest or Brussels during the latter half of the fifteenth century; d. at Louvain, August 25, 1559
Nicholas Tichborne
Martyr, suffered at Tyburn, London, Aug. 24, 1601
Nicholas Trivet
Or Trevet as he himself wrote it, b. about 1258; d. 1328
Nicholas Tuite MacCarthy
Called the Abbe de Levignac, b. in Dublin on May 19, 1769; d. at Annecy, Savoy, May 3, 1833
Nicodemus
A prominent Jew of the time of Christ, mentioned only in the Fourth Gospel
Nicola Arrighetti
Mathematician, philosopher (d. 1639)
Nicola Avancini
Ascetical writer (1612-1686)
Nicola Coleti
Priest and historian (1680-1765)
Nicola Giacomo Mittarelli
Monastic historian, b. September 2, 1707, at Venice; d. August 4, 1777
Nicola Spedalieri
Priest, theologian, and philosopher, b. at Bronte in the Province of Catania, Sicily, December 6, 1740; d. at Rome, November 26, 1795
Nicolaites
A sect mentioned in the Apocalypse (2:6, 15) as existing in Ephesus, Pergamus, and other cities of Asia Minor, about the character and existence of which there is little certainty
Nicolas Barat
French Orientalist (d. 1706)
Nicolas Baudeau
Regular Canon and economist (1730-1792)
Nicolas Bobadilla
Philosopher (1511-1590)
Nicolas Caussin
A famous Jesuit preacher and moralist; b. at Troyes in France, in 1583; d. at Paris, July 2, 1651
Nicolas Coeffeteau
Preacher and controversialist (1574-1623)
Nicolas Cornet
French theologian, b. at Amiens, 1572; d. at Paris, 1663
Nicolas Coustou
French sculptor, b. at Lyons, January 9, 1658; d. at Paris, May 1, 1733
Nicolas D'Orbellis
Franciscan theologian and philosopher, Scotist; b. about 1400; d. at Rome, 1475
Nicolas de Bralion
French Oratorian and ecclesiastical writer (1600-1672)
Nicolas de Thou
Bishop of Chartres, uncle of the historian Jacques-Auguste de Thou, b. 1528; d. Nov. 5, 1598
Nicolas Deschamps
Polemical writer, born at Villefranche (Rhone), France, 1797; died at Aix-en-Provence, 1872
Nicolas Eymeric
Dominican theologian and inquisitor, b. at Gerona, in Catalonia, Spain, c. 1320; d. there Jan. 4, 1399
Nicolas Gedoyn
French translator and literary critic; b. at Orleans, June 17, 1667; d. August 10, 1744, at Port-Pertuis, near Beaugency.
Nicolas Letourneux
French preacher and ascetical writer of Jansenistic tendencies, b. at Rouen, April 30, 1640; d. at Paris, November 28, 1686
Nicolas Malebranche
Philosopher and theologian, priest, b. at Paris, Aug. 6, 1638; d. Oct. 13, 1715
Nicolas Pavillon
Bishop of Alet, b. at Paris, 1597; d. at Alet, 1677
Nicolas Poussin
French painter, b. at Les Andelys near Rouen in 1594; d. at Rome, November 19, 1666
Nicolas Talon
French Jesuit, historian, and ascetical writer, b. August 31, 1605; d. March 29, 1691
Nicolas Viel
D. 1625, the first victim of apostolic zeal on the shores of the St. Lawrence
Nicolas Ysambert
Theologian, b. at Orleans in 1565 or 1569; d. at Paris, May 14, 1642
Nicolas-Hugues Menard
Congregation of St. Maur, b. in Paris, 1585; d. Jan. 21, 1644
Nicolas-Joseph Laforet
Belgian philosopher and theologian, born at Graide, January 23, 1823; died at Louvain, January 26, 1872
Nicolas-Joseph-Laurent Gilbert
Poet, b. at Fontenoy-le-Château, 1751; d. at Paris, 12 November, 1780.
Nicolas-Sylvestre Bergier
French theologian (1715-1790)
Nicolaus Copernicus
Founder of the heliocentric planetary theory (1473-1543)
Nicolaus Ferber
Friar Minor and controversialist, b. at Herborn, Germany, in 1485; d. at Toulouse, April 15, 1534
Nicolaus Germanus
Fifteenth-century cartographer, place of birth, and date of birth and death unknown
Nicolaus Olah
Archbishop of Gran and Primate of Hungary, a distinguished prelate, b. January 10, 1493, at Nagyszeben (Hermanstadt); d. at Nagyszombat, Jan. 15, 1568
Nicolaus Steno
Eminent Danish anatomist and geologist, convert and saintly bishop, b. at Copenhagen, Jan. 1, 1638; d. at Schwerin in Germany, Nov. 25, 1686
Nicolaus Van Esch
Famous mystical theologian, b. in Oisterwijk near Hertogenbosch (Boisle-Duc), Holland, in 1507; d. July 19, 1578
Nicolaus von Weis
Bishop of Speyer, b. at Rimlingen, Lorraine, March 8, 1796; d. at Speyer, Dec. 13, 1869
Nicole Oresme
Philosopher, economist, mathematician, and physicist, one of the principal founders of modern science; b. in Normandy, in the Diocese of Bayeux; d. at Lisieux, July 11, 1382
Nicolo Albertini
Medieval statesman, b. at Prato in Italy, c. 1250; d. at Avignon, 27 April, 1321
Nicolo Arrighetti
Professor of natural philosophy (1709-1767)
Nicolo de' Tudeschi
Benedictine canonist, b. at Catania, Sicily, in 1386; d. at Palermo, February 24, 1445
Nicolo Machiavelli
Historian and statesman, b. at Florence, May 3, 1469; d. there, June 22, 1527
Nicolo Tartaglia
Italian mathematician, b. around 1500; d. December 13, 1557
Nicomedes, Saint
Martyr of unknown era
Nicomedia
Titular see of Bithynia Prima
Nicopolis (Armenia)
A titular see, suffragan of Sebasteia, in Armenia Prima
Nicopolis (Epirus)
A titular see and metropolis in ancient Epirus
Nicosia
A city of the Province of Catania, in Sicily
Nigel Wireker
Satirist, lived about 1190
Nihilism
One who bows to no authority and accepts no doctrine, however widespread, that is not supported by proof
Nikolaus Nilles
B. June 21, 1828, of a wealthy peasant family of Rippweiler, Luxemburg; d. January 31, 1907
Nikolaus von Dinkelsbuhl
Theologian, B. C. 1360, at Dinkelsbuhl; d. March 17, 1433, at Mariazell in Styria
Nikon
Patriarch of Moscow (1652-1658; d. 1681)
Nilopolis
A titular see and a suffragan of Oxyrynchos, in Egypt
Nilus the Younger
Of Rossano, in Calabria; b. in 910; d. December 27, 1005
Nilus, Saint
The elder, of Sinai (d. c. 430), was one of the many disciples and fervent defenders of St. John Chrysostom
Nimbus
In art and archaeology signifies a shining light implying great dignity
Ninian Winzet
Benedictine abbot and controversial writer, b. at Renfrew, Scotland, 1518; d, at Ratisbon, Sept. 21, 1592
Ninian, Saint
Bishop and confessor, date of birth unknown; d. about 432; the first Apostle of Christianity in Scotland
Nisibis
Titular Archdiocese of Mesopotamia
Nithard
Frankish historian, son of Angilbert and Bertha, daughter of Charlemagne; d. about 843 or 844 in the wars against the Normans
Nocturns
A very old term applied to night Offices
Noe (Noah)
The ninth patriarch of the Sethite line, grandson of Mathusala and son of Lamech
Noel Chabanel
Jesuit missionary among the Huron Indians (1613-1649)
Nominalism, Realism, Conceptualism
The theories that have been proposed as solutions of one of the most important questions in philosophy, often referred to as the problem of universals
Nomination
The designation of a person for an ecclesiastical benefice or office made by the competent civil authority and conferring on the person named the right to be canonically instituted by the ecclesiastical superior
Nomocanon
A collection of ecclesiastical law, the elements of which are borrowed from secular and canon law
Non Expedit
Words with which the Holy See enjoined upon Italian Catholics the policy of abstention from the polls in parliamentary elections
Non-Jurors
The name given to the Anglican Churchmen who in 1689 refused to take the oath of allegiance to William and Mary, and their successors under the Protestant Succession Act of that year
Nonantola
A former Benedictine monastery and prelature nullius, six miles north-east of Modena, founded in 752 by St. Anselm, Duke of Friuli, and richly endowed by Aistulph, King of the Longobards
Nonconformists
A name which, in its most general acceptation, denotes those refusing to conform with the authorized formularies and rites of the Established Church of England
None
I. Origin of None; II. None from the Fourth to the Seventh Century; III. None in the Roman and Other Liturgies from the Seventh Century; IV. Meaning and Symbolism of None
Nonnus
Of Panopolis in Upper Egypt (c. 400), the reputed author of two poems in hexameters; one, dionusiaka, about the mysteries of Bacchus, and the other the 'Paraphrase of the Fourth Gospel'
Norbert, Saint
B. at Xanten on the left bank of the Rhine, near Wesel, c. 1080; d. at Magdeburg, June 6, 1134
Normandy
Ancient French province
North Carolina
The state
North Dakota
The state
Northmen
The Scandinavians who, in the ninth and tenth centuries, first ravaged the coasts of Western Europe and its islands and then turned from raiders into settlers
Norway
Comprising the smaller division of the Scandinavian peninsula
Notaries
Persons appointed by competent authority to draw up official or authentic documents
Notburga, Saint
Patroness of servants and peasants, B. C. 1265 at Rattenberg on the Inn; d. c. September 16, 1313
Notitia Dignitatum
The official handbook of the civil and military officials in the later Roman Empire
Notitia Provinciarum et Civitatum Africae
A list of the bishops and their sees in the Latin provinces of North Africa
Notitiae Episcopatuum
The name given to official documents that furnish for Eastern countries the list and hierarchical rank of the metropolitan and suffragan bishoprics of a Church
Notker
Various monks of St. Gall who bore this name
Notorious Notoriety
The quality or the state of things that are notorious; whatever is so fully or officially proved, that it may and ought to be held as certain without further investigation, is notorious
Notre Dame des Anges (Our Lady of the Angels)
Miraculous shrine near Lurs, France
Notre Dame des Ardilliers
Statue, fountain, and Church of Our Lady at Saumur, France
Notre-Dame de Lourdes
Pilgrimage of Lourdes is founded on the apparitions of the Blessed Virgin
Notre-Dame de Molesme
Celebrated Benedictine monastery in a village of the same name
Notre-dame de Saint-lieu Sept-fons
Monastery, located in the Diocese of Moulins in France
Nova Scotia
One of the maritime provinces of Canada
Novatian and Novatianism
Novatian was a schismatic of the third century, and founder of the sect of the Novatians
Novatus, Saint
The son of St. Pudens and Claudia Rufina, and the brother of Sts. Pudentiana and Praxedes
Novena
A nine days' private or public devotion in the Catholic Church to obtain special graces
Novice
The canonical Latin name of those who, having been regularly admitted into a religious order and ordinarily already confirmed in their higher vocation by a certain period of probation as postulants, are prepared by a series of exercises and tests for the
Nubia
In North-Eastern Africa, extending from Sennar south to beyond Khartoum and including the Egyptian Sudan
Nuestra Senora Del Pilar
Celebrated church and shrine, at Saragossa, Spain, containing a miraculous image of the Blessed Virgin, which is the object of very special devotion throughout the kingdom
Numismatics
The science of coins and of medals
Nunc Dimittis
Found in St. Luke's Gospel (ii, 29-32), is the last in historical sequence of the three great Canticles of the New Testament
Nuncio
An ordinary and permanent representative of the pope
Nuns
The institution of nuns and sisters, who devote themselves in various religious orders to the practice of a life of perfection, dates from the first ages of the Church, and women may claim with a certain pride that they were the first to embrace the relig
Nuptial Mass
Mass celebrated at weddings
Nuremberg
Second largest city in Bavaria, situated in a plain on both sides of the river Pegnitz
Nyssa
A titular see in Cappadocia Prima, suffragan of Caesarea
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Last updated: June 18 2009.