Catholic Answers

M

Mabinogion
A collection of medieval Welsh tales in prose
Macarius
The name of two celebrated contemporary Nitrian monks of the fourth century
Macarius Magnes
A Christian apologist of the end of the fourth century
Macarius of Antioch
Patriarch, deposed in 681
Macarius, Saint
Bishop of Jerusalem (212-34)
Mace
Short staff or club used in certain ecclesiastical situations
Machabees, The
Priestly family in the Holy Land prominent before the beginning of Roman rule
Machabees, The Books of
Treatment of two books of Scripture
Machpelah
The burial-place in the vicinity of ancient Hebron which Abraham bought
Machutus, Saint
B. about the year 520, companion of St. Brendan
Macri
A titular see in Mauretania Sitifiensis
Macrina
The name of two saints, grandmother and granddaughter
Mactaris
A titular see of the Byzantine Empire
Madagascar
Treatment of the island
Madaurus
A titular see of Numidia
Madeleine de La Peltrie
French noblewoman, and foundress, b. at Caen, 1603; d. at Quebec, November 18, 1671
Madeleine-Sophie Barat, Venerable
Foundress of the Society of the Sacred Heart (1779-1865)
Madianites
An Arabian tribe mentioned in Scripture
Madura Mission
Jesuit mission in India
Maedoc, Saint
First Bishop of Ferns, in Wexford, b. about 558; d. January 31, 626
Maelbrighte O'Hussey
Known also as Giolla-Brigid and as Bonaventura Hussey, a Franciscan Friar, b. in the Diocese of Clogher, Ulster. Little is known of his life.
Maelruan, Saint
Founder and first Abbot of Tamlacht
Maelrubha, Saint
Abbot and martyr, founder of Abercrossan, b. 642; d. April 21, 722
Maestro di Camera del Papa
The pope's chief chamberlain, whose authority extends over all matters concerning the daily personal service of His Holiness
Maffeo Vegio
Churchman, humanist, poet, and educator, b. at Lodi, Italy, 1406; d. at Rome, 1458
Magdala
Town mentioned in Scripture
Magdalens
The members of certain religious communities of penitent women
Magdeburg
Capital of the Prussian Province of Saxony
Mageddo
Canaanite city in Israel
Magi
The wise men from the East who came to adore Jesus in Bethlehem
Magin Catalá
B. at Montblanch, Catalonia, Spain, 29 or January 30, 1761; d. at Santa Clara, California, Nov. 22; 1830
Magna Carta
The charter of liberties granted by King John of England in 1215
Magnesia
A titular see in Lydia
Magnificat
The title commonly given to the Latin text and vernacular translation of the Canticle of Mary in Luke 1
Magnoald Ziegelbauer
Historian, b. at Ellwangen, Swabia, 1689; d. at Olmutz, Jan. 14, 1750. He took vows at the Abbey of Zwiefalten Nov. 21, 1707, was ordained priest, March 21, 1713, and became professor of theology at his monastery
Magnus Felix Ennodius
Rhetorician and bishop, b. probably at Arles, in Southern Gaul, in 474; d. at Pavia, Italy, July 17, 521
Magnus, Saint
Apostle of the Algau, d. about.750 (655?)
Magydus
A titular see of Pamphylia Secunda
Mailla, Joseph-Anna-Marie de Moyria de
Jesuit missionary; b. Dec. 16 1669; d. June 28, 1748
Maina Indians
Group of tribes in Latin America
Maine
Treatment of the American state
Mainz
German town and bishopric in Hesse
Maipure Indians
Group of tribes in Latin America
Majordomo
Chief steward of the house-hold of the pope
Majority
The state of a person or thing greater, or superior, in relation to another
Malabar
Region in India
Malabar Rites
Customs or practices of the natives of South India, which the Jesuit missionaries allowed their neophytes to retain after conversion
Malachias
One of the twelve minor prophets
Malachias O'Queely
Archbishop of Tuam, Ireland, b. in Thomond, date unknown; d. at Ballipodare, October 27, 1645
Malachy, Saint
B. in Armagh in 1094; d. 1148
Malchus
Name of a servant whose ear was struck off by St. Peter
Malediction
Treatment of curses in Scripture
Maliseet Indians
Group of Indians in Canada
Malling Abbey
An abbey of Benedictine nuns, at West Mailing in the County of Kent, England
Mallus
A titular see of Cilicia Prima
Malmesbury
A small decayed market town in Wiltshire, England
Malta
Treatment of the island
Malvern
A district in England
Mameluco
Term applied in South America to designate the mixed European-Indian race
Mamertine Prison
Location in Rome
Mamertus, Saint
Bishop of Vienne, date of birth unknown; d. shortly after 475
Mammon
Term used in the Gospels
Man
Treatment of the nature, origin, and destiny of man
Manahem
King over Israel
Manahen, Saint
A member of the Church of Antioch mentioned in the book of Acts
Manasses
The name of seven persons of the Bible, a tribe of Israel, and one of the apocryphal writings
Manchuria
Treatment of the region in Asia
Mandan Indians
A formerly important tribe on the Fort Berthold reservation
Manharter
A politico-religious sect which arose in Tyrol in the first half of the nineteenth century
Manichaeism
Religion founded by the Persian Mani in the latter half of the third century
Manifestation of Conscience
Practice in many religious orders and congregations, by which subjects manifest the state of their conscience to the superior
Manila Observatory
Founded by Father Frederic Faura, S.J., in 1865
Maniple
Ornamental vestment in the form of a band placed on the left arm
Manitoba
Treatment of the Canadian province
Manius Acilius Glabrio
Consul at Rome, A.D. 91, with Trajan
Manna
The food miraculously sent to the Israelites during their forty years' sojourn in the desert
Manoel Alvarez
Educator (1526-1582)
Manoel de Sa
Portuguese theologian and exegete, b. at Villa do Conde (Province Entre-Minhoe-Douro), 1530; d. at Arona (Italy), Dec. 30, 1596
Mansard
The name of two French architects
Mantelletta
An outer vestment reaching to the knees, open in front, with slits instead of sleeves on the sides
Manuel Chysoloras
Teacher of Greek in Italy, born at Constantinople about the middle of the fourteenth century; died at Constance, Germany, and was buried there, April 15, 1415
Manuel de Mendiburu
Author of a monumental work that relates the principal achievements of those who did good service to Peru, b. at Lima, October 29, 1805; d. January 21, 1885
Manuscripts
Books written by hand on flexible material
Manuscripts of the Bible
Handwritten versions of the Bible or parts of it
Manuterge
The name given to the towel used by the priest when engaged liturgically
Maphrian
Term of ecclesiastical dignity among Jacobite Syrians
Marash
An Armenian Catholic Diocese
Marbodius
Bishop of Rennes, ecclesiastical writer and hymnologist, b. about 1035 at Angers, France, d. there September 11, 1123
Marc Lescarbot
French lawyer, writer, and historian, b. at Vervins, between 1565 and 1570; d. about 1629
Marc' Antonio Franceschini
Italian painter; b. at Bologna, 1648; d. there c. 1729
Marc-Antoine Muret
French humanist, b. at Muret, near Limoges, in 1526; d. at Rome, in 1585
Marcantonio Raimondi
Engraver, b. at Bologna, 1475 (1480?); d. there, 1530 (1534?)
Marcelino Menendez y Pelayo
Poet, historian and literary critic, b. at Santander, Spain, in 1856; d. at Santander in 1912
Marcellina, Saint
Only sister of St. Ambrose of Milan, b. about 330-335; d. about 398
Marcellinus Comes
Latin chronicler of the sixth century
Marcellinus of Civezza
Franciscan author, born May 29, 1822; d. March 27, 1906
Marcello Malpighi
Founder of comparative physiology, b. at Crevalcore, March 10, 1628; d. at Rome, Sept. 29, 1694
Marcellus of Ancyra
One of the bishops present at the Councils of Ancyra and of Nicaea, d. c. 374
Marchese Francesco Scipione Maffei
Italian litterateur and archaeologist, b. at Verona, June 1, 1675; d. there, Feb. 11, 1755
Marcian
Roman Emperor at Constantinople, b. about 390; d. January, 457
Marciane
A titular see of Lycia
Marcianopolis
A titular see in Lower Moesia
Marcin Bielski
Polish chronicler (1495-1575)
Marcionites
Heretical sect founded in A.D. 144 at Rome by Marcion
Marco Antonio de Dominis
Dalmatian ecclesiastic, apostate, and man of science, b. 1566; d. September, 1624
Marco Battaglini
Historian of the councils (1645-1717)
Marco D'Oggione
Milanese painter, b. at Oggionno near Milan about 1470; d. probably in Milan, 1549
Marco Girolamo Vida
Italian Humanist, b. at Cremona about 1490; d. in 1566
Marco Polo
Traveller; b. at Venice in 1251; d. there in 1324
Marcopolis
A titular see of Asia Minor
Marcosians
A sect of Valentinian Gnostics, founded by Marcus
Marcus
The name of three leading Gnostics
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus
Roman Emperor (121-180)
Marcus Aurelius Maxentius
Roman Emperor 306-12
Marcus Aurelius Probus
Roman Emperor, 276-82, raised to the throne by the army in Syria to succeed Tacitus
Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus
Roman Emperor, was adopted by Diocletian and named his co-regent in 285
Marcus Diadochus
Obscure writer of the fourth century
Marcus Eremita
Theologian and ascetic writer of some importance in the fifth century
Marcus Salvius Otho
Roman emperor, successor, after Galba, of Nero, b. in Rome, of an ancient Etruscan family settled at Ferentinum, April 28, A.D. 32; d. at Brixellum on the Po, April 15, 69
Mardin
Name of several bishoprics in the Middle East
Marenco
Name of two Italian literary figures
Margaret Beaufort
Countess of Richmond and Derby, b. 1441; d, 1509
Margaret Clitherow, Venerable
Martyr (1556-1586)
Margaret Colonna
Poor Clare, b. in Rome, date uncertain; d. there, September 20, 1284
Margaret Hallahan
Foundress of the Dominican Congregation of St. Catherine of Siena (third order); b. in London, January 23, 1803; d. May 10, 1868
Margaret Haughery
B. about 1814; d. February 9, 1882.
Margaret Mary Alacoque
Religious of the Visitation Order, Apostle of the Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, b. July 22, 1647; d. Oct. 17, 1690
Margaret of Cortona, Saint
A penitent of the Third Order of St. Francis, b. 1247; d. February 22, 1297
Margaret of Hungary
Born 1242; died Jan. 18, 1271
Margaret of Lorraine
Duchess d'Alencon, religious of the order of Poor Clares, born in 1463 ; November 2, 1521
Margaret of Savoy
Marchioness of Montferrat, born in 1382; died November 23, 1464
Margaret of Scotland, Saint
B. about 1045, d. Nov. 16, 1093
Margaret of the Blessed Sacrament
Carmelite nun, b. in Paris, March 6, 1590; d. there May 24, 1660
Margaret Pole
Countess of Salisbury, martyr; b. August 14, 1473; martyred May 28, 1541
Margaret Ward, Venerable
Martyr, born at Congleton, Cheshire; executed at Tyburn, London, Aug. 30, 1588
Margaret, Saint
Virgin and martyr
Margaritae
Medieval collections intended to help memorize canon law
Marguerin de la Bigne
French theologian, patrologist (ca. 1546 - ca. 1595)
Maria Alphonse Ratisbonne
A converted Jew, b. at Strasburg on May 1, 1814; d. at Ain Karim near Jerusalem, on May 6, 1884
Maria Anne Fitzherbert
Wife of King George IV; b. July 26, 1756 (place uncertain); d. at Brighton, England, March 29, 1837
Maria Antonio of Vicenza
Reformed Minorite (1834-1884)
Maria Cosway
Miniature-painter, b. in Florence, Italy, 1759; d. at Lodi, January 5, 1838
Maria de Agreda
Discalced Franciscan nun, b. 1602; d. 24 May, 1665
Maria De' Medici
Queen of France; b. at Florence, April 26, 1573; d. at Cologne, July 3, 1642
Maria Gaetana Agnesi
Member of the Blue Nuns; b. at Milan, 16 May. 1718; d. at Milan, 9 January, 1799
Maria Luigi Carlo Zenobio Salvatore Cherubini
Composer (1760-1842)
Maria Theodor Ratisbonne
A distinguished preacher and writer, and director of the Archconfraternity of Christian Mothers, b. of Jewish parentage at Strasburg, Dec. 28, 1802; d. in Paris, Jan. 10, 1884
Maria Theresa
Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, Roman-German Empress, born 1717; died 1780
Maria-Laach
A Benedictine abbey in Germany
Marian Dobmayer
A distinguished Benedictine theologian, b. 24 Oct., 1753, at Schwandorf, Bavaria; d. 21 Dec., 1805, at Amberg, Bavaria
Marian Priests
English priests who being ordained in or before the reign of Queen Mary (1553-1558)
Marian Wolfgang Koller
Scientist and educator (1792-1866)
Mariano Armellino
Benedictine historian (1657-1737)
Mariano Payeras
Franciscan; b. Oct. 10, 1769, at Inca, Island of Majorca; d. April 28, 1823
Marianus of Florence
Friar Minor and historian, b.about the middle of the fifteenth century; d. July 20, 1523
Marianus Scotus
Name of two Irish scholars in the eleventh century
Marie Antoinette
Queen of France, b. at Vienna, November 2, 1755; executed in Paris, October 16, 1793
Marie Christine of Savoy
B. at Cagliari, Sardinia, November 14, 1812; d. at Naples, January 31, 1836
Marie de France
A French poetess of the twelfth century
Marie de l'Incarnation
Foundress of the French Carmel, b. in Paris, February 1, 1566; d. at Pontoise, April, 1618
Marie de l'Incarnation, Venerable
First superior of the Ursulines of Quebec, b. at Tours, France, Oct. 28, 1599; d. at Quebec, Canada, April 30, 1672
Marie de Rabutin-Chantal Sevigne
Writer, b. at Paris, Feb. 6, 1626; d. at Grignan, April 18, 1696
Marie Dominique Bouix
French canonist (1808-1870)
Marie Josephine Goetz
Second superior-general of the Society of the Sacred Heart
Marie Lataste
Visionary, b. at Mimbaste near Dax, France, February 21, 1822; d. at Munich, June 14, 1594
Marie Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne La Fayette
Author of memoirs and novels (1634 - ca. 1696)
Marie-Dominique-Auguste Sibour
Priest, preacher, b. at Saint-Paul-Trois-Chateaux, August 4, 1792; d. in Paris, January 3, 1857
Marie-Edme-Patrice-Maurice de MacMahon
Duc de Magenta, Marshal of France, President of the French Republic; b. July 13, 1808; d. October 16, 1893
Marie-Marguerite D'Youville
Nee Dufrost de Lajemmerais, foundress of the Gray Nuns, or Sisters of Charity, b. at Varennes, near Montreal, Oct. 15, 1701, of Christophe-D. de L. and Renee de Varennes, the sister of Laverendrye, discoverer of the Rocky Mountains; d. Dec. 23, 1771
Marie-Marthe-Baptistine Tamisier
Initiator of international Eucharistic congresses, b. Nov. 1, 1834; d. June 20, 1910
Marienberg
Benedictine abbey in Tyrol
Marin Mersenne
French theologian, philosopher, and mathematician; b. September 8, 1588; d. September 1, 1648
Marina de Escobar, Venerable
Mystic and foundress of a modified branch of the Brigittine Order b. at Valladolid, Spain, Feb. 8, 1554; d. there June 9,
Marini
Name of an ancient and noble family of the Republic of Genoa
Mario di Calasio
Friar Minor and lexicographer, b. at Calasio in the Kingdom of Naples about 1550; d. at Rome, February 1, 1620
Mario Pagano
Jurisconsult and man of letters, b. in Brienza, Province of Salerno, Dec. 8, 1748; d. at Naples, Oct. 29, 1799
Maris, Martha, Audifax, and Abachum, Saints
Group martyred at Rome in 270
Marius Aventicus, Saint
Bishop of Avenches (Switzerland) and chronicler, b. about 530; d. at Lausanne, December 31, 594
Marius Mercator
Ecclesiastical writer, b. about 390; d. shortly after 451
Mark Aloysius Tierney
B. Sept., 1795; d. Feb. 19, 1862
Mark and Marcellian, Saints
Martyred at Rome under Diocletian towards the end of the third century
Mark Barkworth, Venerable
Priest and martyr (1572-1601)
Mark of Lisbon
Friar minor, historian, and Bishop of Oporto in Portugal; d. in 1591
Mark, Gospel of Saint
Treatment of the second gospel
Mark, Saint
Author of the Gospel of Mark
Markos Musuros
Learned Greek humanist, b. 1470 at Retimo, Crete; d. 1517 at Rome
Markus Hansiz
Historian, b. at Volkermarkt, Carinthia, Austria, April 25, 1683; d. at Vienna, September 5, 1766. He was only fifteen when he entered the Society of Jesus at Eberndorf
Marmaduke Stone
Jesuit, b. Nov. 28, 1748; d. Aug. 21, 1834
Maronia
A titular see in the province of Rhodopis
Maronites
Eastern Christians in communion with the Catholic Church
Marquard Herrgott
A Benedictine historian and diplomat; b. October 9, 1694; d. October 9, 1762
Marquess of Ripon
Convert, Earl de Grey, Earl of Ripon, Viscount Goderich, Baron Grantham, and baronet; b. at the prime minister's residence, 10 Downing Street, London, Oct. 24, 1827; d. July 9, 1909
Marquette League
A society founded in New York, in May, 1904
Marsilio Ficino
Philosopher, philologist, physician; b. at Florence, Oct. 19, 1433; d. at Correggio, Oct. 1, 1499
Marsilius of Padua
Physician and theologian, b. at Padua about 1270; d. about 1342
Martha, Saint
Sister of Mary and Lazarus of Bethany
Martial, Saint
Bishop of Limoges in the third century
Martianus Capella
Roman writer of Africa who flourished in the fifth century
Martin
Benedictine Abbot of the Schottenkloster at Vienna, b. about 1400; d. 28 July, 1464 (July 29 1470)
Martin Alonso Pinzon
Spanish navigator and companion of Columbus on his first voyage to the New World, b. at Palos de Moguer, 1441; d. there at the convent of La Rabida, 1493
Martin Anton Delrio
Scholar, statesman, Jesuit theologian, b. at Antwerp, May 17, 1551; d. at Louvain, October 19, 1608
Martin Aspilcueta
Spanish canonist and moral theologian (1491-1586)
Martin Becan
Controversialist, b. January 6, 1563; d. January 24, 1624
Martin Behaim
German cartographer and navigator (1459-1507)
Martin Bouquet
Benedictine (1685-1754)
Martin Bucer
A leader in the South German Reformation movement, b. November 11, 1491, at Schlettstadt, Alsace; d. February 28, 1551, at Cambridge, England
Martin de Barcos
French theologian of the Jansenist School (1600-1678)
Martin de Bervanger
French priest, founder (1795-1865)
Martin del Barco Centenera
Secular priest, writer, and archdeacon of the church of Paraguay (1535-1602)
Martin Deutinger
Philosopher and religious writer, b. in Langenpreising, Bavaria, March 24, 1815; d. at Pfafers, Switzerland, Sept. 9, 1864
Martin Dobrizhoffer
Missionary, b. in Graz, Styria, 7 Sept., 1717; d. in Vienna, July 17, 1791
Martin Eisengrein
Learned Catholic theologian and polemical writer; b. December 28, 1535; d. May 4, 1578
Martin Ferdinand Morris
Lawyer and jurist, b. December 3, 1834, at Washington, D. C.; d. September 12, 1909
Martin Fernandez de Enciso
Navigator and geographer, b. 1470; d. 1528
Martin Fernandez de Navarrete
Spanish navigator and writer, b. at Avalos (Logroño), November 8, 1765; d. at Madrid, October 8, 1844
Martin Gerbert
Prince-Abbot of Saint-Blaise, liturgist and musical writer; b. 1720; d. 1793
Martin Ignatius Joseph Griffin
Journalist, historian, b. at Philadelphia, Oct. 23, 1842; d. there, Nov. 10, 1911
Martin John Spalding
Seventh Archbishop of Baltimore, b. Bardstown, Kentucky, May 23, 1810; d., at Baltimore, Feb. 7, 1872
Martin Kromer
Polish bishop and historian (1512-1589)
Martin Luther
Founder of Protestantism, b. at Eisleben, November 10, 1483; d. at Eisleben, February 18, 1546
Martin of Braga, Saint
Bishop and ecclesiastical writer; b. about 520 in Pannonia; d. in 580
Martin of Cochem
German theologian, preacher and ascetic writer (1630-1712)
Martin of Leon, Saint
A priest and canon regular of the Augustinians; b. before 1150; d. January 12, 1203
Martin of Tours, Saint
Bishop; b. about 316; d. 397
Martin of Troppau
Chronicler, date of birth unknown; d. 1278
Martin of Valencia
B. about the middle of the fifteenth century; d. August 31, 1534
Martin Schongauer
German painter and engraver, b. at Colmar between 1445 and 1450; d. probably in 1491, it is believed at Breisach
Martin Sherson
English priest and confessor, b. 1563; d. 1588
Martin Szentivanyi
B. October 20, 1633; d. March 5, 1708
Martin Thomas McMahon
Soldier, jurist; b. at Laprairie, Canada, March 21, 1838; d. in New York, April 21, 1906
Martin Van Cleef
Flemish painter (1520-1570)
Martin von Dunin
Archbishop of Gnesen and Posen, b. Nov. 11, 1774, d. Dec. 26, 1842
Martin Waldseemuller
Learned Humanist and celebrated cartographer, b. at Wolfenweiler near Fribourg, or in Fribourg itself, about 1475; d. as a canon of St-Die in Lorraine, probably at the beginning of 1522
Martina, Saint
Roman virgin, martyred in 228
Martino Martini
Austrian Jesuit missionary to the Chinese, in the seventeenth century
Martinsberg
Benedictine abbey in Hungary
Martyr
Someone who is a witnessed or who has been killed for the faith
Martyrology
A catalogue of martyrs and saints arranged according to the order of their feasts
Martyrology of Usuard
Usuard was a Benedictine monk of the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Pres, Paris
Martyropolis
A titular see in Mesopotamia
Martyrs in China
Historical treatment of the martyrs in China
Martyrs of Cuncolim
Village of Cuncolim in India was the scene of the martyrdom of five religious of the Society of Jesus (July 25, 1583)
Martyrs of Gorkum, The
1572 Catholic martyrs
Martyrs of Scillium
Six second-century Christians were condemned to death by the sword, in the town of Scillium, by Vigellius Saturninus, Proconsul of Africa
Martyrs of the Paris Commune
Secular priests and religious who were murdered in Paris, in May, 1871, on account of their sacred calling
Maruthas, Saint
Bishop of Tagrit or Maypherkat in Mesopotamia, friend of St. John Chrysostom, d. before 420
Mary Agnes Tincker
Novelist, b. July 18, 1833; d. Dec. 4, 1907
Mary Aikenhead
Foundress of the Irish Sisters of Charity, b. in Cork, 19 January, 1787; d. in Dublin, 22 July, 1858
Mary Aloysia Hardey
Of the Society of the Sacred Heart, who established all the convents of her order, up to the year 1883, in the eastern part of the United States, Canada, and Cuba; b. at Piscataway, Maryland, 1809; d. at Paris, France, June 17, 1886
Mary Anne de Paredes
B. at Quito, Ecuador, Oct. 31, 1618; d. at Quito, May 26, 1645
Mary Anne Madden Sadlier
Author, b. at Cootehill, Co. Cavan, Ireland, Dec. 30, 1820; d. at Montreal, Canada
Mary de Cervellione, Saint
B. about 1230 at Barcelona; d. there September 19, 1290
Mary de Sales Chappuis
B. June 16, 1793; d. October 6, 1875
Mary Frances of the Five Wounds of Jesus, Saint
Of the Third Order of St. Francis, b. at Naples, March 25, 1715; d. there, October 6, 1791
Mary Francis Xavier Warde
B. at Belbrook House, Mountrath, Queen's County, Ireland, 1810; d. at Manchester, N. H., Sept. 17, 1884
Mary Howard
Poor Clare, b. 28 Dec 1653; d. at Rouen, March 21, 1735
Mary Jean Stone
B. in 1853; d. May 3, 1908
Mary Joseph Butler
Irish Abbess, b. at Callan, County Kilkenny, Ireland, in Dec., 1641; d. at Ypres, 22 Dec., 1723
Mary Juliana Hardman
Known in religion as Sister Mary; b. April 26, 1813; d. March 24, 1884
Mary Magdalen
Treatment of the New Testament figure
Mary Magdalen De' Pazzi, Saint
Carmelite Virgin, b. April 2, 1566; d. May 25, 1607
Mary of Cleophas
The name of several personages in the New Testament
Mary of Egypt, Saint
B. probably about 344; d. about 421
Mary Queen of Scots
Mary Queen of Scots
Mary Tudor
Queen of England from 1553 to 1558; b. Feb. 18, 1516; d. November 17, 1558
Mary Ward
Foundress, b. Jan. 23, 1585; d. Jan. 23, 1645
Mary, Devotion to the Blessed Virgin
Devotion to Our Blessed Lady in its ultimate analysis must be regarded as a practical application of the doctrine of the Communion of Saints.
Mary, The Blessed Virgin
The name of the mother of Jesus Christ, the mother of God
Mary, The Name of
Treatment of the New Testament names commonly translated 'Mary'
Maryland
Treatment of the American state
Masaccio
Italian painter, b. about 1402; d., in 1429
Mascoutens Indians
A Wisconsin tribe of Algonquian stock, of missionary importance in the seventeenth century
Masolino da Panicale
B. 1383; d. c. 1440
Masonry
Treatment of Freemasonry and its opposition to the Church
Maspha
Name of several places in the Bible.
Massa Candida
Group of Martyrs
Massachusetts
Treament of the American state
Masses of Requiem
I. Origin; II. Formulary; III. Color of the Ornaments; IV. Conditions for celebrating; V. Rite; VI. Solemn Funeral Mass; VII. Mass in Commemoration of All the Dead; VIII. Mass Post Acceptum Mortis Nuncium; IX. Solemn Mass on the Third, Seventh, and Thirti
Massorah
The textual tradition of the Hebrew Bible, an official registration of its words, consonants, vowels and accents
Master of Arts
Academic degree higher than that of Bachelor
Master of Liesborn
Westphalian painter, who in 1465 executed an altarpiece of note in the Benedictine monastery of Liesborn, founded by Charlemagne.
Master of the Sacred Palace
Office that may briefly be described as being that of the pope's theologian
Mataco Indians
A group of tribes in Latin America
Mateo Aimerich
Philologist, b. at Bordil, in Spain, 1715; d. at Ferrara, 1799
Mater
A titular bishopric in the province of Byzantium
Materialism
Philosophical system which regards matter as the only reality in the world
Mathathias
The name of ten persons of the Bible
Mathew Carey
Author and publisher, b. in Dublin, Ireland, January 28, 1760; d. in Philadelphia, U.S.A., September 15, 1839
Mathias Casimir Sarbiewski
Horace of Poland, Jesuit, teacher, b. near Plonsk, in the Duchy of Masovia, February 24, 1595; d. April 2, 1649
Mathias Chardon
French Benedictine of the Congregation of Saint-Vannes (1695-1771)
Mathias Hauzeur
Franciscan theologian, b. at Verviers, 1589; d. at Liege, November 12, 1676, for many years professor of theology
Mathieu-Nicolas Poillevillain de Clemanges
French Humanist and theologian (1360-died between 1434 and 1440)
Mathieu-Richard-Auguste Henrion
Baron, French magistrate, historian, and journalist; b. at Metz, June 19, 1805; d. at Aix, September, 1862
Mathusala
One of the Hebrew patriarchs mentioned in the book of Genesis
Matilda of Canossa
Countess of Tuscany, b. 1046; d. July 24, 1114
Matilda, Saint
Queen of Germany, wife of King Henry I (The Fowler), b. about 895; d. March 14, 968
Matins
Period in the Liturgy of the Hours
Matricula
A term applied to the catalogue or roll of the clergy of a particular church or a list of poor pensioners
Matteo Bandello
Bishop of Agen, France, and writer (1480-1565)
Matteo da Siena
Painter, b. around 1435; d. 1495
Matteo Liberatore
Philosopher, theologian, and writer, b. at Salerno, Italy, August 14, 1810; d. at Rome, October 18, 1892
Matteo Maria Boiardo
Italian poet (ca. 1434-1494)
Matteo of Aquasparta
A celebrated Italian Franciscan, b. about 1235; d. October 29, 1302
Matteo Realdo Colombo
Italian anatomist and discoverer of the pulmonary circulation (1516-1559)
Matteo Ricci
Founder of the Catholic missions of China, b. at Macerata in the Papal States, Oct. 6, 15521 d. at Peking, May 11, 1610
Matter
Treatment of the philosophical concept
Matthaeus Schinner
Bishop, cardinal, and statesman, b. at Muhlbach in the Canton of Valais, Switzerland, about 1470; d. of the plague at Rome, October 1, 1522
Mattheus Pinna da Encarnaçao
Writer and theologian, b. at Rio de Janeiro, Aug. 23, 1687; d. there, Dec. 18, 1764
Matthew Blastares
Monk (fourteenth century)
Matthew Flathers, Venerable
English priest and martyr; b. probably c. 1580 at Weston, Yorkshire, England; d. at York, March 21, 1607
Matthew Lang
Cardinal, Bishop of Gurk and Archbishop of Salzburg, b. at Augsburg in 1468; d. at Salzburg, March 30, 1540
Matthew Locke
Composer; b. at Exeter, in 1629; d. August, 1677
Matthew of Bassi
Founder and first Superior-General of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchins (1495-1552)
Matthew of Cracow
Scholar and preacher of the fourteenth century, b. 1335; d. March 5, 1410
Matthew of Janow
The Elder, Scriptural exegete (1510-1576)
Matthew of Westminster
The name given to the supposed author of a well-known English chronicle, the 'Flores Historiarum'
Matthew Paris
Benedictine monk and chronicler, b. about 1200; d. 1259
Matthew Rader
Philologist and historian, b. at Innichen in the Tyrol in 1561; d. at Munich, December 22, 1634
Matthew, Apostle, Saint
Apostle and author of the first gospel
Matthew, Gospel of Saint
Canonical Gospel attributed to St. Matthew
Matthew, Gospel of Saint (Biblical Commission)
Treatment of the first gospel
Matthias Corvinus
King of Hungary, Feb. 23, 1440; d. April 6, 1490
Matthias Doring
Historian and theologian, b. between 1390 and 1400, at Kyritz, in Brandenburg; d. there July 24, 1469
Matthias Eberhard
Bishop of Trier, b. Nov. 15, 1815, at Trier (Germany), d. there May 30, 1876
Matthias Faber
Writer and preacher, b. at Altomunster, Germany, Feb. 24, 1586; d. at Tyrnau, April 26, 1653
Matthias Joseph Scheeben
Theological writer of acknowledged merit, b. at Meckenheim near Bonn, March 1, 1835; d. at Cologne, July 21, 1888
Matthias Kessels
Sculptor (1784-1836)
Matthias of Neuburg
Chronicler, b. towards the close of the thirteenth century; d. between 1364 and 1370
Matthias Tanner
B. at Pilsen in Bohemia, Feb. 28, 1630; d. at Prague, Feb. 8, 1692
Matthias von Schoenberg
Author, b. at Ehingen, in the Diocese of Constance, Nov. 9, 1732; d. at Munich, Apr. 20, 1792. Of his early life little is known; he entered the Society of Jesus on Sept. 15, 1750
Matthias, Apostle, Saint
One of the seventy disciples of Jesus; elected to replace the traitor Judas in the Apostolate
Matthieu Ory
Dominican inquisitor and theologian, b. at La Caune, 1492; d. at Paris, 1557
Matthieu Petit-Didier
Benedictine theologian and ecclesiastical historian, b. at Saint-Nicolas-du-Port in Lorraine, December 18, 1659; d. at Senones, July 15 (June?), 1728
Maundy Thursday
Olemnly commemorating the institution of the Eucharist
Maurice
Roman Emperor, b. in 539; d. in Nov., 602
Maurice Chauncy
Prior of the English Carthusians at Bruges (d. 1581)
Maurice Clenock
Frequently referred to as Dr. Morrice (d. about 1580)
Maurice de Sully
Bishop of Paris, b. at the beginning of the twelfth century; d. Sept. 11, 1196
Maurice Eustace
Martyred for the Faith, Nov. 1581
Maurice O'Fihely
Archbishop of Tuam, b. about 1460; d. at Galway, 1513
Maurice, Saint
Leader of the Theban Legion, massacred at Agaunum, about 287
Maurice-Jean de Broglie
French (1766-1821)
Maurists
A congregation of Benedictine monks in France
Maurus Corker
English Benedictine (1636-1715)
Maurus Dantine
Benedictine of the Congregation of Saint-Maur,chronologist, b. Belgium, April 1, 1688: d. Paris, November 3, 1746
Maurus Magnentius Rabanus, Blessed
Abbot of Fulda, Archbishop of Mainz, celebrated theological and pedagogical writer of the ninth century, b. at Mainz about 776 (784?); d. at Winkel (Vinicellum) near Mainz on February 4, 856
Maurus von Schenkl
Benedictine theologian and canonist, b. at Auerbach in Bavaria, January 4, 1749; d. at Amberg, June 14, 1816
Maurus, Saint
Deacon, d. 584
Max von Gagern
B. at Weilburg (in Nassau), Germany, March 25, 1810; d. at Vienna, October 17, 1889
Maximianopolis
A titular see of Palestina Secunda
Maximilian
The name of several martyrs
Maximilian Hell
Astronomer, b. at Schemnitz in Hungary, May 15, 1720; d. at Vienna, April 14, 1792
Maximilian I
Duke of Bavaria, 1598-1622
Maximilian Van Der Sandt
B. at Amsterdam, April 17, 1578; d. at Cologne, June 21, 1656
Maximinus, Saint
Bishop of Trier, d. May 29, 352 or Sept. 12, 349
Maximopolis
A titular see of Arabia
Maximus of Constantinople, Saint
B. at Constantinople about 580; d. in exile August 13, 662
Maximus of Turin, Saint
Bishop and theological writer, b. probably in Rhmtia, about 380; d. shortly after 465
Maximus von Imhof
German physicist; b. July 26, 1758, at Rissbach, in Bavaria; d. April 11, 1817, at Munich
Maya Indians
Cultured native peoples of North America
Maynooth College
The National College of Saint Patrick, at Maynooth in County Kildare, Ireland
Mayo Indians
An important tribe in southern Sonora and northern Sinaloa, Mexico
Mayoruna Indians
Group of Indians in Latin America
Mazatec Indians
Group of Indians in Latin America
Mbaya Indians
Group of Indians in Latin America
Meaux
A Cistercian abbey about four miles east of Beverley in the East Riding of Yorkshire
Mecca
The capital of Arabia and the sacred city of the Mohammedans
Mechanism
Treatment of the philosophical concept
Mechitar
Name taken by Peter Manuk, founder of the religious order of Mechitarists
Mechitarists
Armenian Benedictines, founded by Mechitar in 1712
Mechtild of Magdeburg
Medieval mystic, b. about 1210; d. around 1285
Mechtilde, Saint
Benedictine; b. in 1240 or 1241; d. Nov. 19, 1298
Mecklenburg
A division of the German Empire
Medal of Saint Benedict
One side of the medal bears an image of St. Benedict, holding a cross in the right hand and the Holy Rule in the left
Medardus, Saint
Bishop of Noyon, b. about 456; d. June 8, about 545
Medea
A titular see of Thrace
Media and Medes
An ancient country of Asia and the inhabitants thereof
Mediator (Christ As)
Treatment of the Mediatorship of Christ
Medicine and Canon Law
Treatment of canon laws pertaining to the practice of medicine by clerics and laymen
Megara
Titular see, suffragan to Corinth, in Achaia
Megarians
One of the imperfectly Socratic Schools, so called because they developed in a one-sided way the doctrines of Socrates
Mehrerau
Cistercian Abbey in Austria, founded by St. Columbanus
Meinwerk, Blessed
Tenth Bishop of Paderborn, d. 1036. Meinwerk
Meissen
Former see of north-east Germany
Melania, Saint
Founded a nunnery, built a cloister for men and a church, b. at Rome, about 383; d. in Jerusalem, December 31, 439
Melchior Cano
Dominican bishop and theologian, b. 1 Jan., 1509, at Tarancon, Province of Cuenca, Spain; d. 30 Sept., 1560, at Toledo
Melchior Carneiro
Missionary bishop; b. of a noble family at Coimbra, in Portugal; d. at Macao, August 19, 1583
Melchior de Polignac
Cardinal, diplomatist, and writer, b. of an ancient family of Auvergne, at Le Puy, France, October 11, 1661; d. in Paris, April 3, 1742
Melchior Diepenbrock
Cardinal and Prince-Bishop of Breslau, b. January 6, 1798, at Bocholt in Westphalia; d. at the castle of Johannisberg in Upper Silesia, January 20, 1853
Melchior Hittorp
Theologian and liturgical writer, b. about 1525, at Cologne; d. there in 1584
Melchior Klesl
Cardinal, Austrian statesman (1552-1630)
Melchior Lussy
Swiss statesman, b. 1529; d. Nov. 14, 1606
Melchisedech
King of Salem mentioned in Genesis 14:18-20
Melchisedechians
Branch of the Monarchians, founded by Theodotus the banker
Melchites
People in Syria, Palestine, and Egypt who remained faithful to the Council of Chalcedon (451) when the greater part turned Monophysite
Meletius of Antioch
Bishop, b. in Melitene, Lesser Armenia; d. at Antioch, 381
Meletius of Lycopolis
Bishop of Lycopolis in Egypt, gave his name to a schism of short duration, uncertainty as to the dates of his birth, his death, and his episcopate
Melissus of Samos
Greek philosopher, of the Eleatic School, b. at Samos about 470 B.C.
Melitene
Residence of an Armenian Catholic see, also a titulary archbishopric
Melito, Saint
Bishop of Sardis, prominent ecclesiastical writer in the latter half of the second century. Few details of his life are known.
Melleray
Situated in Brittany, Diocese of Nantes, founded about the year 1134
Mellitus, Saint
Bishop of London and third Archbishop of Canterbury, d. April 24, 624
Melos
Titular see, suffragan of Naxos in the Cyclades
Melozzo da Forli
Italian painter of the Umbrian School, b. at Forli, 1438; d. there 1494
Memberton
Principal chief of the Micmac Indians of Nova Scotia
Memorial Brasses
Memorial markers
Memory
Capability of the mind, to store up conscious processes, and reproduce them later with some degree of fidelity
Memphis
Ancient capital of Egypt; diocese of the province of Arcadia or Heptanomos, suffragan of Oxyrynchus
Men of Understanding
Name assumed by a heretical sect which in 1410-11 was cited before the Inquisition at Brussels
Menaion
Name of the twelve books, one for every month, that contain the offices for immovable feasts in the Byzantine rite
Menas, Saint
Martyr under Diocletian, about 295
Mencius
Philosopher, disciple of the grandson of Confucius, b. 371 or 372 B.C.
Mendel, Mendelism
Also known as Gregor Johann Mendel, teacher of of physics, b. July 22, 1822 d. January 6, 1884
Mendicant Friars
Members of those religious orders which, originally, by vow of poverty renounced all proprietorship not only individually but also in common, relying for support on their own work and on the charity of the faithful
Mennas
Patriarch of Constantinople from 536 to 552
Mennonites
Protestant denomination of Europe and America which arose in Switzerland in the sixteenth century
Menologium
Means month-set, a book arranged according to the months
Menominee Indians
Considerable tribe of Algonquian linguistic stock
Mensal Revenue Mensa
Portion of the property of a church which is appropriated to defraying the expenses either of the prelate or of the community
Mental Pathology
The normal mechanism of the cerebral cortex may be impaired in a variety of ways.
Mental Reservation
Name applied to a doctrine which has grown out of the common Catholic teaching about lying
Mercedarians
Order of Our Lady of Mercy, congregation of men founded in 1218 by St. Peter Nolasco
Merit
Purpose of the article is to vindicate the Catholic doctrine of the meritoriousness of good works
Merneptah I
Fourth king of the nineteenth Egyptian dynasty and the supposed Pharaoh of the Exodus
Mesa
King of Moab in the ninth century B.C., whose history is given in IV Kings, iii
Mesopotamia, Kurdistan, and Armenia
Apostolic Delegation to these regions was created by Gregory XVI, Dec. 17, 1832. Mgr. Trioche, Archbishop of Bagdad, became its first titular
Mesrob
One of the greatest figures in Armenian history, b. about 361 at Hassik in the Province of Taron; d. at Valarsabad, 441
Messalians
Heretical sect which originated in Mesopotamia about 360 and survived in the East until the ninth century
Messene
Titular see, suffragan to Corinth, in Achaia
Messias
Transliteration of the Hebrew 'the anointed', detailed article on its meaning
Metal Work
Metal Work
Metaphysics
Portion of philosophy which treats of the most general and fundamental principles underlying all reality and all knowledge
Metellopolis
Titular see of Phrygia Pacatiana, in Asia Minor
Metempsychosis
Teaches that the same soul inhabits in succession the bodies of different beings, both men and animals
Methodism
Religious movement which was originated in 1739 by John Wesley in the Anglican Church
Methodius I
Patriarch of Constantinople (842-846), defender of images during the second Iconoclast persecution, b. towards the end of the eighth century; d. June 14, 846
Methodius of Olympus, Saint
Bishop and ecclesiastical author, date of birth unknown; d. a martyr, probably in 311
Methods of Abbreviation
The use of abbreviations is due, in part, to exigencies arising from the nature of the materials employed in the making of records
Methymna
Titular see in the island of Lesbos
Metrophanes of Smyrna
Leader of the faithful Ignatian bishops at the time of the Photian schism (867)
Metropolis
Titular episcopal see and suffragan of Ephesus
Metropolitan
Ecclesiastical language for whatever relates to the metropolis, the principal city, or see, of an ecclesiastical province
Metz
Town and bishopric in Lorraine
Mexico
Republic of Mexico is situated at the extreme point of the North American continent
Mezger (Joseph, Francis, and Paul)
Three brothers, learned Benedictines of the monastery of St. Peter in Salzburg, and professors at the University of Salzburg
Miami Indians
Important tribe of Algonquian stock
Michael Alford
Jesuit missionary in England during the persecution, b. in London in 1587; d. at St. Omers, 11 August, 1652
Michael and Nicetas Akominatos
Famous thirteenth-century Greeks
Michael Attaliates
Byzantine statesman and historian
Michael Augustine Corrigan
Third Archbishop of New York (1839-1902)
Michael Caerularius
Patriarch of Constantinople (1043-58), author of the second and final schism of the Byzantine Church, date of birth unknown; d. 1058
Michael Corcoran
Soldier (1827-1863)
Michael de Sanctis, Saint
Priest and twice elected superior of the monastery at Valladolid, b. at Vich in Catalonia, September 29, 1591; d. at Valladolid, April 10, 1625
Michael Egan
First Bishop of Philadelphia, U.S.A., b. in Ireland, in 1761; d. at Philadelphia, July 22, 1814
Michael George Mulhall
Statistician, b. in Dublin, September 29, 1829; d. there Dec. 13, 1900
Michael John Brenan
Ecclesiastical historian (1780-1847)
Michael Joseph Quin
Originator of the 'Dublin Review', b. at Thurles, Co. Tipperary, Ireland, 1796; d. at Boulogne-sur-Mer, Feb. 19, 1843
Michael Levadoux
Sulpician who founded St. Mary's Seminary in Baltimore, b. April 1, 1746; d. Jan. 13, 1815
Michael Moore
Priest, preacher, and professor, b. at Dublin, Ireland, 1640; d. at Paris, Aug. 22, 1726
Michael O'Loghlen
B. at Ennis, Co. Clare, Ireland, in 1789; d. 1846
Michael of Cesena
Friar Minor, Minister General of the Franciscan Order, and theologian, b. in Italy 1270; d. at Munich, Nov. 29, 1342
Michael Psellus
Byzantine statesman, scholar, and author, b. apparently at Constantinople, 1018; d. probably 1078
Michael Scotus
Thirteenth-century mathematician, philosopher, and scholar, b. 1175
Michael Sigismund Frank
Catholic artist and rediscoverer of the lost art of glass-painting; b. June 1, 1770, at Nuremberg; d. at Munich, January 16, 1847
Michael the Archangel, Saint
One of the principal angels; his name was the war-cry of the good angels in the battle fought in heaven against Satan and his followers
Michael Vehe
Dominican, b. at Bieberach near Wimpfen; d. at Halle, April, 1559
Michael Wadding
Mystical theologian, b. at Waterford, Ireland, in 1591; d. in Mexico, Dec., 1644
Michael Wolgemut
Painter and engraver, b. at Nuremberg, 1434; d. there, 1519
Micheas (Micah)
Article discusses three bearers of this name
Michel Baius
Theologian and author of a system known as Baianism
Michel Baudouin
Jesuit priest, Indian missionary (1692-1768)
Michel Benoit
Jesuit scientist and missionary (1715-1774)
Michel Corneille
French painter, etcher, and engraver (1601-1664)
Michel Corneille (the elder)
French painter, etcher and engraver (1642-1708)
Michel de L'Hospital
Chancellor, b. at Aigueperse, about 1504; d. at Courdimanche, March 13, 1573
Michel Le Quien
French historian and theologian, b. Oct. 8, 1661; d. at Paris, March 12, 1733
Michel Le Tellier
B. April 19, 1603; d. Oct. 30, 1685
Michel Le Tellier, S.J.
Jesuit, opposed Jansenism, b. October 16, 1643, d. September 2, 1719
Michel-Eugene Chevreul
Chemist, physicist, and philosopher (1786-1889)
Michel-Eyquen de Montaigne
Writer, b. at the chateau of Montaigne, in Perigord, France, on Feb. 28, 1533; d. there, Sept. 13, 1592
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Italian sculptor, painter, and architect, b. at Caprese in the valley of the upper Arno, March 6, 1475; d. at Rome, February 18, 1564
Michelangelo Morigi
Milanese painter, b. at Caravaggio in 1569; d. at Porto d'Ercole in 1609
Michelangelo Tamburini
Fourteenth General of the Society of Jesus, b. Sept. 27, 1648; d. Feb. 28, 1730
Michelians
German Protestant sect which derives its name from Michel the popular designation of its founder Johann Michael Hahn
Michelozzo di Bartolommeo
Architect and sculptor, b. at Florence c. 1391; d. 1472
Michiel Coxcie
Flemish painter, imitator of Raphael, known as the Flemish Raphael; b. at Mechlin, 1499; d. there 1592
Michigan
Geography and history of the state of Michigan
Micmacs
Easternmost of the Algonquin tribes and probably the first visited by a white man
Micrologus
Either a synopsis or a short explanation, and in the Middle Ages used as an equivalent for Manual
Middle Ages
Term commonly used to designate that period of European history between the Fall of the Roman Empire and about the middle of the fifteenth century
Midrashim
Term commonly designates ancient rabbinical commentaries on the Hebrew Scripture
Midwives
The office under canon law, with regards to baptism and matrimony
Migration
Movement of populations from place to place is one of the earliest social phenomena history records
Miguel Cabello de Balboa
Sixteenth-century secular priest
Miguel De Cervantes Saavedra
Spanish author, b. at Alcala, de Henares, Spain, in 1547; d. at Madrid, April 23, 1616
Miguel de Medina
Theologian, b. at Belalcazar, Spain, 1489; d. at Toledo, May 1, 1578
Miguel de Molinos
Founder of Quietism, b. at Muniesa, Spain, Dec. 21, 1640; d. at Rome, Dec. 28, 1696
Miguel Hidalgo
B. on the ranch of San Vicente in the district of Guanajuato, May 8, 1753; executed at Chihuahua, July 30, 1811
Miles Gerald Keon
Journalist, novelist, lecturer (1821-1875)
Miles Gerard
Venerable, martyr; b. about 1550; d. 1590
Miletopolis
Titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Cyzicus
Miletus
Titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Aphrodisias, in Caria
Milevum
Titular see of Numidia
Military Order of Alcantara
Town on the Tagus
Military Order of Calatrava
Founded in Castile, in the twelfth century, as a military branch of the great Cistercian family
Military Order of Montesa
Order was established in the Kingdom of Aragon to take the place of the Order of the Temple, of which it was in a certain sense the continuation
Military Orders
Includes every kind of brotherhood of knights, secular as well as religious
Military Orders of Saint Hubert
Name of two military orders
Military Orders of Saint Michael
Bavarian order, founded in 1721 by Elector Joseph Clemens of Cologne, Duke of Bavaria
Millennium and Millenarianism
Article explains the fundamental idea of millenarianism, as understood by Christian writers,
Milo Crispin
Monk, and cantor of the Benedictine Abbey of Bee
Milopotamos
Titular see of Crete, suffragan of Candia
Mind
Article discusses the different usages of the word in relation to consciousness, matter, and mechanism
Minimi
Members of the religious order founded by St. Francis of Paula
Minister
Term has long been appropriated in a distinctive way to the clergy
Minnesota
One of the North Central States of the American Union
Mino di Giovanni
Called Da Fiesole, b. 1431; d. 1484
Minor
That which is less, or inferior in comparison with another, the term being employed as well of things as of persons
Minor Orders
Lower degrees of the hierarchy are designated by the name of minor orders, in opposition to the
Minucius Felix
Christian apologist, flourished between 160 and 300; the exact date is not known.
Mirabilia Urbis Romæ
Title of a medieval Latin description of the city of Rome, dating from about 1150
Miracle
Wonders performed by supernatural power as signs of some special mission or gift and explicitly ascribed to God
Miracle Plays and Mysteries
Designate the religious drama which developed among Christian nations at the end of the Middle Ages
Miserere
First word of the Vulgate text of Psalm 1
Misocco and Calanca
Prefecture Apostolic, located in the canton of Grisons, Switzerland
Missal
Missal
Missal of Arbuthnott
Manuscript Scottish missal or mass book, written in 1491 by James Sibbald, priest of Arbuthnott, in Scotland, for use in that church
Mission Indians
Official term to designate descendants of those tribes of California evangelized by the Franciscans in the latter part of the eighteenth and early part of the nineteenth centuries
Mission of San Xavier Del Bac
One of the eight missions founded by the Spanish Padres between 1687 and 1720 in the Pimeria Alta, within the present limits of the State of Arizona
Missionaries of La Salette
Founded in 1852, at the shrine of Our Lady of La Salette
Missionaries of St. Francis de Sales of Annecy
Institute was formed in 1830 for foreign missions
Missionaries of the Company of Mary
Group founded by Louis de Montfort
Missionaries of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Religious congregation of priests and lay brothers with the object of promoting the knowledge and practice of devotion to the Heart of Jesus
Missionaries, Language, and Literature of Tibet
Asian country
Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Religious congregation having its general motherhouse at Rome, founded in 1880 by Mother Francis Xavier Cabrini
Missionary Society of St. Paul the Apostle
Otherwise known as the Paulist Fathers, a community of priests for giving missions and doing other Apostolic works, especially for making converts to the Catholic Faith
Missions Among the Abipones
The Abipones are an Indian tribe in Argentina
Mississippi
One of the United States of America, takes its name from the Mississippi River
Missouri Test Oath
Oath required by the 1865 Missouri Constitution, later ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court
Mithraism
Pagan religion consisting mainly of the cult of the ancient Indo-Iranian Sun god Mithra
Mitre
Kind of folding-cap
Mitylene
Titulary archbishopric in the island of Lesbos
Mixe Indians
Mountain tribe in southern Mexico
Mixed Marriage
Marriages between Catholics and non-Catholics, when the latter have been baptized in some Christian sect
Mixed Marriage (supplement)
Supplemental information from the Index volume
Mixteca Indians
One of the most important civilized tribes of southern Mexico
Moab and Moabites
Word designates a son of Lot, the people descended from him, and the territory occupied by them
Mocissus
Titular metropolitan see of Cappadocia
Mocovi Indians
Warlike and predatory tribe of Guaycuran stock of northern Argentina
Modernism
Alters the source, the manner of promulgation, the object, the stability, and the truth of dogma
Modeste Demers
Apostle of the Pacific Coast of North America, and the first Catholic missionary among most of the Indian tribes of Oregon, Washing-ton, and British Columbia; b. at St. Nicholas, Quebec, Oct. 11, 1809; d. at Victoria, B.C., July 21, 1871
Modesto Lafuente y Zamalloa
Spanish critic and historian, b. at Ravanal de los Caballeros, May 1, 1806; d. at Madrid, October 25, 1866
Modra
Titular see of Bithynia Secunda, suffragan of Nicxa
Mohammed and Mohammedanism
Prophet of Islam and the founder of Mohammedanism, was born at Mecca (August 20 ?) A.D. 570
Mohammedan Confraternities
Mohammedan secret religious associations, which are also political, and which may prove troublesome at some future time
Molinism
Name used to denote one of the systems which purpose to reconcile grace and free will
Molitor Wilhelm
Poet, novelist, canonist and publicist, b. at Zweibruecken in the Rhine Palatinate, August 24, 1819; d. at Speyer, January 11, 1880
Moloch
Name of a divinity worshipped by the idolatrous Israelites
Molokai
Island, one of the North Pacific group formerly known as the Sandwich Islands, or as the Kingdom of Hawaii
Monad
Ultimate, indivisible unit, used by the neo-Platonists to signify the One; for instance, in the letters of the Christian Platonist Synesius, God is described as the Monad of Monads
Monarchia Sicula
Describes a right, claimed on the ground of a papal privilege, exercised by the secular rulers of Sicily, according to which they had final jurisdiction in purely religious matters, independent of the Holy See
Monarchians
Heretics of the second and third centuries
Monastery of Corbie
Benedictine abbey in Picardy, in the Diocese of Amiens, dedicated to Sts. Peter and Paul
Monastery of Obazine
Diocese of Tulle, founded by St. Stephen of Obazine about 1134
Monastery of Saint Catherine
Situated on Mount Sinai, at an altitude of 4854 feet
Monastery of Saint Lucius
Located in Chur, Switzerland, Church of St. Lucius was built over the grave of this saint
Monastery of Tallaght
Irish monastery
Monastery of Weissenau
A suppressed Premonstratensian house near Ravensburg in Wurtemberg, founded in 1145 by Gebizo of Ravensburg
Monastic School of Aran, The
Remote school of the West
Monasticism
Denotes the mode of life pertaining to persons living in seclusion from the world, under religious vows and subject to a fixed rule, as monks, friars, nuns, or in general as religious
Mondino
Anatomist, b. probably at Bologna, about 1275; d. there, about 1327
Moneta
Theologian, b. at Cremona, Italy, date unknown; d. at Bologna, 1240
Mongolia
Name used to designate an immense uneven plateau, part of the Chinese Empire, extending, roughly speaking, from the Tarbagatai to the great K'ingan chains
Monica, Saint
Widow; mother of St. Augustine, b. at Tagaste, N. Africa, in 333; died at Ostia, near Rome, in 387
Monism
Philosophical term which, in its various meanings, is opposed to Dualism or Pluralism
Monita Secreta
Code of instructions alleged to be addressed by Acquaviva, the fifth general of the Society, to its various superiors, and laying down the methods to be adopted for the increase of its power and influence
Monk
Defined as a member of a community of men, leading a contemplative life apart from the world, under the vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, according to a rule characteristic of the particular to which he belongs
Monk of Heilsbronn
Unknown author of some small mystical treatises, written about the beginning of the fourteenth century
Monk of Malmesbury, The
Supposed author of a chronicle among the Cottonian Manuscripts
Monogram of Christ
Abbreviation of Christ's name formed by combining the first two letters of the Greek form Christos
Monomotapa
Denotes the paramount chief of the Makaranga, a powerful South African tribe dwelling between the Zambesi and Limpopo rivers and extending westward from the Indian Ocean
Monophysites and Monophysitism
Sect of early heretics, Monophysitism was condemned by the Council of Chalcedon in 451
Monotheism
Designates a belief in a God of conscious freedom, distinct from the physical world
Monothelitism and Monothelites
Heresy of the seventh century, condemned in the Sixth General Council
Monseigneur
French honorific appellation, etymologically corresponding to the English my lord, and the Italian monsignore
Monsignor
As early as the fourteenth century it was the custom to address persons high in rank or power with the title Monseigneur or Monsignore
Mont St-Michel
Benedictine Abbey, in the Diocese of Avranches, Normandy, France
Montagnais Indians
French for Mountaineers, the collective designation of a number of bands speaking dialects of a common language of Algonquian stock
Montagnais Indians (Chippewayans)
Name given in error to the Chippewayans, owing to a fancied resemblance to the Montagnais Indians
Montana
History and geography of the third largest state of the United States of America
Montanists
Schismatics of the second century, first known as Phrygians
Monte Vergine
Abbey in the province of Naples, Italy, near the town of Avellino
Montenegro
Kingdom in the Balkan Peninsula, on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea
Montes Pietatis
Charitable institutions of credit that lend money at low rates of interest, or without interest at all, upon the security of objects left in pawn
Montford Scott, Venerable
English martyr, b. in Norfolk, England; martyred at Fleet Street, London, July 2, 1591
Montreuil
Charterhouse of Notre-Dame-des-Pres, at Montreuil, in the Diocese of Arras
Montreuil Abbey
Former convent of Cistercian nuns in the Diocese of Laon, now Soissons, France
Mopsuestia
Titular see of Cilicia Secunda in Asia Minor and suffragan of Anazarbus
Moral and Canonical Aspect of Marriage
Marriage is that individual union through which man and woman by their reciprocal rights form one principle of generation. It is effected by their mutual consent to give and accept each other for the purpo
Moral aspect of Bankruptcy
Explores the moral point of view of bankruptcy
Moral Aspect of Vivisection
Defined literally the word vivisection signifies the dissection of living creatures; ordinarily it means any scientific experiment on animals involving the use of the scalpel
Moral Aspects of Monopoly
Signifies exclusive sale, or exclusive privilege of selling, its morality is determined by the prices that it establishes, and the methods that it employs toward actual or potential competitors.
Moralities
Also known as moral plays, an offshoot of the Miracle Plays and together with these form the greater part of Medieval drama
Morality
Morality is antecedent to ethics: it denotes those concrete activities of which ethics is the science
Moravia
Austrian crown land east of Bohemia
Moritz Gudenus
A German convert to the Catholic faith from the Protestant ministry; b. April 11, 1596; d. February, 1680
Moritz Hohenbaum Van Der Meer
A Benedictine historian; b. June 25, 1718; d. December 18, 1795
Moritz von Aberle
Catholic theologian, b. at Rottum, near Biberach, in Swabia, 25 April, 1819; d. at Tubingen, 3 November, 1875
Moritz von Schwind
Painter, b. at Vienna, 1804; d.at Munich, 1871
Moriz Lieber
Politician and publicist, b. Oct. 1, 1790; d. Dec. 29, 1860
Mormons
Joseph Smith was the founder and first president of this sect during the early part of the nineteenth century
Morocco
Morocco forms the northwest corner of the Continent of Africa
Morse
Rectangular ornamented piece of material attached to the two front edges of the cope near the breast to prevent the vestment from slipping from the shoulders
Mortification
One of the methods which Christian asceticism employs in training the soul to virtuous and holy living
Mortmain
Means dead hand, or the possession of land or tenements by any corporation
Mosaic Legislation
Body of juridical, moral, and ceremonial institutions, laws, and decisions comprised in the last four books of the Pentateuch, and ascribed by Christian and Hebrew tradition to Moses
Mosaics
History and techiniques of mosaic art
Moscow
Ancient capital of Russia and the chief city of the government (province) of Moscow, situated in almost the center of European Russia
Moses
Moses
Moses bar Cephas
Syriac bishop and writer, b. at Balad about 813; d. Feb. 12, 903
Moses Bar-Kepha
Noted Jacobite bishop and writer (813-903)
Moses Maimonides, Teaching of
Jewish commentator and philosopher, was born of Spanish Jewish parents at Cordova in 1135
Moses of Chorene
Writer, poet, or hymn writer, and a grammarian, b. date of his birth is unknown, d. end of the fifth century
Mossul
Seat of a Chaldean archdiocese, a Syrian diocese, and an Apostolic Mission
Mosynoupolis
Titular see, suffragan of Trajanopolis in Rhodope
Motet
Short piece of music set to Latin words, and sung instead of, or immediately after, the Offertorium, or as a detached number in extra-liturgical functions
Mother Frances Mary Teresa Ball
Foundress of the Irish Branch of the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary (1794-1861)
Motu Proprio
Words signify that the provisions of certain papal rescripts were decided on by the pope personally
Mount Athos
Mythological and religious history of Mount Athos
Mount Calvary
The place of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ
Mount Carmel
A well-known mountain ridge in Palestine
Mount Nebo
A mountain of the Abarim (q.v.) range east of Jordan and the Dead Sea, from which Moses surveyed the Promised Land (Deut., xxxii, 49), and where he died (ibid., xxxiv, 1, 5)
Mount of Beatitudes
Name is given to the place where Our Savior delivered the Beatitudes
Mount Olivet
Occurring also in the English Bibles as the Mount of Olives (Mons Olivarum), is the name applied to 'the hill that is over against Jerusalem' (III Kings, xi, 7), that is, 'on the east side of the city' (Ezech., xi, 23), beyond the torrent Cedron (II Kings
Mount St. Mary's College
Second oldest among the Catholic collegiate institutions in the United States, located near Emmitsburg, Maryland
Mount Thabor
Mountain in Israel, sometimes held to be the site of the Transfiguration
Moxos Indians
History of this group of tribes famous in the mission annals of South America
Mozambique
Name given to the Portuguese possessions on the eastern coast of Africa
Mozarabic Rite
Detailed article about the history, the liturgical year, the Divine Office, and the Mass of this rite
Mozetena Indians
Group of some half dozen tribes in northwestern Bolivia
Mozzetta
Short, cape shaped garment
Mrs. Augustus Craven
B. April 12, 1808, in London; d. in Paris, April 1, 1891
Munster
Diocese of in the Prussian Province of Westphalia, suffragan of Cologne
Mura, Saint
Abbot of Fahan by St. Columba, b. in Co. Donegal, Ireland, about 550, d. about 645
Muratorian Canon
Oldest known canon or list of books of the New Testament
Muri
Abbey of monks of the Order of S. Benedict
Mush
Armenian Catholic see, comprising the sanjaks of Mush and Seert, in the vilayet of Bitlis
Music of the Mass
Treatment of the texts of the Mass which receive musical settings
Music of Vespers
The texts (e.g. antiphons, psalms, hymn) sung in Vespers vary according to the feast or the season of the church year; and in churches where it is obligatory to recite publicly the Canonical Hours of the Divine Office the Vespers must follow the direction
Musical Instruments in Church Services
History of the use of instruments in churches.
Musti
Titular see of Proconsular Africa, suffragan of Carthage
Muzio Vitelleschi
Jesuit b. at Rome Dec. 2, 1563; d. there Feb. 9, 1645
Mylasa
Titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Aphrodisias, or Stauropolis, in Caria
Myles William Patrick O'Reilly
Soldier, publicist, litterateur, b. near Balbriggan, Co. Dublin, Ireland, March 13, 1825; d. at Dublin, Feb. 6, 1880
Myndus
Titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis
Myra
Titular see of Lycia in Asia Minor
Myrina
Titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Ephesus
Myriophytum
Titular see of Thracia Prima and suffragan of Heraclea
Mystery
Term signifies in general that which is unknowable, or valuable knowledge that is kept secret
Mystical Body of the Church
Its members being guided and directed by Christ the head and bound together by a supernatural life communicated to them by Christ through the sacraments
Mystical Marriage
Term used in two different senses referring to union with God
Mystical Stigmata
Treatment of the mytical phenomena of stigmata
Mysticism
Brief historical sketch of Mysticism and its influence on philosophy, and present a criticism of it
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Last updated: June 18 2009.