Catholic Answers


La Grande Chartreuse
Motherhouse of the Carthusian Order
La Salette
Blessed Virgin appeared to two little shepherds in the commune and parish of La Salette-Fallavaux, France
La Trappe
Celebrated abbey of the Order of Reformed Cistercians
La Verna
An isolated mountain hallowed by association with St. Francis of Assisi, situated in the center of the Tuscan Appenines, and rising about 4000 feet above the valley of the Casentino
Pietist sect founded by Jean de Labadie (seventeenth and eighteenth centuries)
Brother of Rebekah, uncle of Jacob
Christian military standard adopted by Constantine the Great
Labor Unions
Moral aspects
Labour and Labour Legislation (Labor)
Work done by mind or body either partly or wholly for the purpose of producing utilities
Pulpit orator (1802-1861)
Ladislaus, Saint
King of Hungary, one of Hungary's national Christian heroes
Lady Elizabeth Herbert of Lea
Authoress, and philanthropist. b. in 1822: d. in London Oct. 30. 1911. Lady Herbert was the daughter of General Charles A'Court, who was a member of Parliament as well as a soldier
Lady Georgiana Charlotte Fullerton
Novelist, b. September 23, 1812, in Staffordshire; d. January 19, 1885
Laetare Sunday
Fourth Sunday of Lent
Titular see in Galatia Prima, town mentioned by Ptolemy, V, i, 14
Signifies the aggregation of those Christians who do not form part of the clergy
Body of the faithful, outside of the ranks of the clergy
Lajos Haynald
Cardinal, Archbishop of Kalocsa-Bacs in Hungary; b. at Szecseny, October 3, 1816; d. at Kalocsa, July 3, 1891
Lake Indians
Small tribe of Salishan stock, originally ranging along Columbia River in northeast Washington
Symbol dating from the first century of the Good Shepherd carrying on His shoulders a lamb or a sheep, with two other sheep at His side
Lambert Le Begue
Twelfth century priest and reformer, probably parish-priest of St-Christophe at Liege, d. 1177
Lambert of Hersfeld
Medieval historian; b. in Franconia or Thuringia, c. 1024; d. after 1077
Lambert of St. Bertin
Benedictine chronicler and abbot, b. about 1060; d. June 22, 1125, at St-Bertin, France
Lambert, Saint
Martyr, Bishop of Maestricht, b. at Maestricht between 633 and 638; d. at Liege, between 698 and 701
Lamoral, Count of Egmont
Prince of Gavre, beheaded for not following the Prince of Orange into exile, b. Nov. 18, 1522; d. June 5, 1568
Lamp and Lampadarii
How lamps were used in the early Church, in the liturgy, and before objects of devotion
Titular see in Crete, suffragan of Gortyna
German priest and poet of the twelfth century, of whom practically nothing personal is known
Titular see of Hellespont, suffragan of Cyzicus
Name of a king mentioned in Prov., xxxi, 1 and 4, but otherwise unknown.
Titular see of Isauria, suffragan of Seleucia
Lamy, François
Ascetical and apologetic writer of the Congregation of St-Maur, b. in 1636, d. April 11, 1711
Lancelot Politi
In religion Ambrosius Catharinus, b. at Siena, 1483; d. at Naples, 1553
Land of Genezareth
A district of Palestine bordering on the Sea of Galilee
Land Tenure in the Christian Era
Way in which such ownership or tenure was not only legally arranged, but ethically regarded
Archbishop of Canterbury, b. at Pavia, 1005; d. at Canterbury, May 24, 1089
Celebrated Cistercian abbey ituated in Upper Franconia (Bavaria)
Carthusian monk and ascetical writer, b. at Landsberg in Bavaria, 1489; d. at Cologne, Aug. 11, 1539
Small structure on the top of a dome, for the purpose of admitting light, for promoting ventilation, and for ornament
Titular see, of Asia Minor, metropolis of Phrygia Pacatiana
Vicariate Apostolic, separated from the Vicariate Apostolic of Siam by decree of May 4, 1899
Lapland and Lapps
Most northerly regions of Europe, from the Atlantic ocean to the White Sea, occupied by people of Mongolian race, usually designated as Lapps
Regular designation in the third century for Christians who relapsed into heathenism, especially for those who displayed weakness in the face of torture, and denied the Faith by sacrificing to the heathen gods or by other acts
Titular see of Isauria
Formerly a titular archiepiscopal see in pro-consular Africa
Larino Diocese of
In the province of Campobasso, Southern Italy
Seat of a titular archbishopric of Thessaly
Larue, Charles de
Benedictine, b. July 29, 1685 (some say July 12, 1684) in France; d. Oct. 5, 1739
Last Supper, The
The meal held by Christ and His disciples on the eve of His Passion at which He instituted the Holy Eucharist
Lateran Councils
Name of several councils, including 5 general and several particular, held at the Lateran complex in Rome
Latin Archdiocese of Smyrna
Located in Asia Minor
Latin Church
Used to express the vast portion of the Catholic body which obeys the Latin patriarch, which submits to the pope, not only in papal, but also in patriarchal matters
Supreme honour due to God alone, in contradistinction to the inferior honour due to His servants, the angels and saints
Lauda Sion
Opening words of the sequence composed by St. Thomas Aquinas for the Mass of Corpus Christi
Designates an office composed of psalms and canticles, usually recited after Matins
Greek word employed by fifth-century writers to distinguish the monasteries of Palestine of the semi-eremitical type
Laurence Humphreys
Layman and martyr, born in Hampshire, England, 1571; died at Winchester, 1591
Laurence Vaux
Canon regular, author of a catechism, martyr in prison, b. at Blackrod, Lancashire, 1519; d. in the Clink, 1585
Laurent Benard
Founder, Maurist Benedictines (1573-1620)
Laurentius Surius
Hagiologist, b. at the Hanseatic city of Lubeck, 1522; d. at Cologne, May 23, 1578
Laurenz Forer
Controversialist, b. at Lucerne, 1580; d. at Ratisbon, January 7, 1659
Laus et Honor Gloria
A hymn composed by St. Theodulph of Orleans in 810
First word spoken by the celebrant at Mass while he washes his hands after the Offertory
Laval University of Quebec
Founded in 1852 by the Seminary of Quebec
Austrian bishopric in the southern part of Styria, suffragan of Salzburg
Laverdière, Charles-Honoré
French-Canadian historian, b. at Chateau-Richer, Province of Quebec, 1826; d. at Quebec, 1873
Exact guide, rule, or authoritative standard by which a being is moved to action or held back from it
Law of Guarantees
Law passed by the senate and chamber of the Italian parliament, May 13, 1871, concerning the prerogatives of the Holy See, and the relations between State and Church
Law of the Conservation of Energy
Article addresses the philosophical aspects of this law
Law of the Seal of Confession
Priest is bound to keep secret a confession
Law, Civil (Influence of the Church on)
Influence of the Church on civil law
Lawrence Arthur Faunt
Jesuit theologian; b. 1554; d. at Wilna, Poland, February 28, 1590-91
Lawrence Beyerlinck
Belgian theologian and ecclesiastical writer (1578-1627)
Lawrence Hengler
Catholic priest and the inventor of the horizontal pendulum, b. at Reichenhofen, Wurtemberg, Feb. 3, 1806; d. at Tigerfeld, 1858
Lawrence Justinian, Saint
Bishop and first Patriarch of Venice, b. in 1381, and d. January 8, 1456
Lawrence O'Toole, Saint
Confessor, b. about 1128 d.Nov. 14, 1180
Lawrence, Saint (Archbishop of Canterbury)
Second Archbishop of Canterbury, d.Feb. 2, 619
Lawrence, Saint (martyr)
Deacon and martyr; d. August 10, 258
Laws of Manu, The
Compendium of ancient sacred laws and customs held in the highest reverence by the orthodox adherents of Brahma
Lay Abbot
Name used to designate a layman on whom a king or someone in authority bestowed an abbey as a reward for services rendered
Lay Brothers
Religious occupied solely with manual labor and with the secular affairs of a monastery or friary
Lay Communion
Discipline of the Church for certain crimes according as they were committed by laymen or clerics
Lay Confession
Confession made to laymen, for the purpose of obtaining the remission of sins by God
Lay Tithes
Ecclesiastical tithes, which in the course of time became alienated from the Church to lay proprietors
Name of two persons in the N. T.; a character in one of Christ's parables, and the brother of Martha and Mary of Bethania.
Lazarus of Bethany, Saint
Reputed first Bishop of Marseilles, d. in the second half of the first century
Lazzaro Spallanzani
Distinguished eighteenth-century scientist, b. at Scandiano in Modena, Italy, January 10, 1729; d. at Pavia, February 12, 1799
Le Coz, Claude
French bishop, b. at Plouevez-Parzay (Finistere), 1740; d. at Villevieux (Jura), 1815
Le Moyne
One of the most illustrious families of the New World, whose deeds adorn the pages of Canadian history
Religious rising of the people in defense of the Church
League of the Cross
Catholic total abstinence confraternity founded in London in 1873
Leander of Seville, Saint
Bishop of that city, b. at Carthage about 534, of a Roman family established in that city; d. at Seville, March 13, 600 or 601
Leandro Alberti
Historian, b. at Bologna in 1479 d. same place, probably in 1552
Leandro Fernandez de Moratin
Spanish poet and playwright, b. at Madrid, March 10, 1760; d. at Paris, June 21, 1828
Geologic information on Lebanon
Titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Ephesus
Lebrecht Blucher Dreves
Poet, b. at Hamburg, Germany, September 12, 1816; d. at Feldkirch, Dec. 19, 1870
Lebwin, Saint
Apostle of the Frisians and patron of Deventer, b. in England of Anglo-Saxon parents at an unknown date; d. at Deventer, Holland, about 770
Lecoy de La Marche
French historian; b. at Nemours, 1839; d. at Paris, 1897
Support for a book, reading desk, or bookstand
Any liturgical volume containing passages to be read aloud in the services of the Church
Someone who reads the Sacred Books publicly
Ledochowski, Miecislas Halka
Count, cardinal, Archbishop of Gnesen-Posen, b. at Gorki near Sandomir in Russian Poland, October 29, 1822; d. at Rome, July 22, 1902
Assigning, by a last will, of a particular thing forming part of an estate, to a church or an ecclesiastical institution.
Person who is sent by another for some representative office
Legend of Abgar, The
A tradition concerning a correspondence that took place between Our Lord and the local potentate at Edessa
Legends of the Saints
Popular stories about the saints that include both truth and fiction
Legends, Literary or Profane
Detailied article on how history and legend are inextricably mingled
Titular see of Palestina Secunda, suffragan of Scythopolis
Teachers of civil or Roman law
Canonical term for the act by which the irregularity contracted by being born out of lawful wedlock is removed
Chief town in the Kingdom of Saxony
Seat of a Latin, a Uniat Ruthenian, and a Uniat Armenian archbishopric
Denotes the forty days' fast preceding Easter
Leo Allatius
Learned Greek of the seventeenth century, b. on the island of Chios in 1586, and d. at Rome, 19 January, 1669
Leo Diaconus
Byzantine historian, deacon, b. about the year 950; the year of his death is unknown.
Leo Thun-Hohenstein
Austrian statesman, b. April 7, 1811; d. December 17, 1888
Leocadia, Saint
Virgin and martyr, d. December 9, probably 304, in the Diocletian persecution
Leodegar, Saint
Bishop of Autun, b. about 615; d. a martyr in 678, at Sarcing, Somme
Leon Abel Provancher
Naturalist, b. March 10, 1820, in the parish of Becancourt, Nicolet county, Province of Quebec; d. at Cap Rouge, P. Q., March 23, 1892
Leon Menard
Writer, b. at Tarrascon, Sept. 12, 1706; d. in Paris, Oct. 1, 1767
Leon Olle-Prune
French Catholic philosopher, b. in 1839; d. at Paris, Feb. 19, 1898
Leonard Alea
French polemical writer of the early years of the nineteenth century, b. in Paris, date unknown; d. 1812
Leonard Goffine
German Norbertine, b. 1648; d. 1719.
Leonard Lessius
Flemish Jesuit and a theologian of high reputation, b. at Brecht, in the province of Antwerp, October 1, 1554; d. at Louvain, January 15, 1623
Leonard Neale
Second Archbishop of Baltimore, b. near Port Tobacco, Charles County, Maryland, Oct. 15, 1746; d. at Georgetown, D. C., June 18, 1817
Leonard of Chios
Dominican, Bishop of Mytilene, b. at an uncertain date on the Island of Chios, d. in Chios or in Italy, 1482.
Leonard of Limousin, Saint
Nothing absolutely certain is known of his history
Leonard of Port Maurice, Saint
Preacher and ascetic writer, b. Dec. 20, 1676, d. at the monastery of S. Bonaventura, Rome, Nov. 26, 1751
Leonardo Bruni
Italian humanist, b. of poor and humble parents at Arezzo, the birth-place of Petrarch, in 1369; d. at Florence, March 9, 1444
Leonardo di Ser Piero da Vinci
Florentine painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scholar, and one of the greatest minds of the Renaissance; b. at Vinci, near Florence, in 1452; d. at Cloux, near Amboise, France, May 2, 1519
Leone Battista Alberti
Florentine ecclesiastic and artist, b. 18 February, 1404; d. April, 1472
Leonidas, Saint
Roman Martyrology records several feast days of martyrs of this name in different countries
Leontius Byzantinus
Theologian of the sixth century, died after 553
Leontius, Saint
Bishop of Frejus, in Provence, France, b. end of the fourth century; d. in his episcopal town between 433-448
Titular archiepiscopal see of Augustamnica Secunda
Leopold Ackermann
A Catholic professor of exegesis, b. in Vienna, 17 November, 1771; d. in the same city, 9 September, 1831
Leopold Auenbrugger
Austrian physician, inventor of percussion in physical diagnosis (1722-1807)
Leopold Janauschek
Cistercian priest (1827-1898)
Leopoldine Society, The
Established at Vienna for the purpose of aiding the Catholic missions in North America
Leopoldo Marco Antonio Caldani
Anatomist and physiologist, b. at Bologna, Nov. 21, 1725; d. at Padua, Dec. 20, 1813
Titular metropolitan see of ancient Epirus, celebrated for the victory which the combined papal, Spanish, Venetian, and Genoese fleets, under Don John of Austria, gained over the Turkish fleet on Oct. 7, 1571
Chronic infectious disease characterized by growths in the skin, producing various deformities and mutilations of the human body, and usually terminating in death
Leptis Magna
Titular see of Tripolitana, founded by the Sidonians
Titular see of the Cyclades, suffragan of Rhodes
Titular see in Mauretania Sitifensis, suffragan of Sitifis, or Setif, in Algeria
Lessons in the Liturgy
Reading of lessons from the Bible, Acts of Martyrs, or approved Fathers of the Church
Titular see of Macedonia
Lettice Mary Tredway
B. 1595; d. Oct., 1677; daughter of Sir Walter Tredway, of Buckley Park, Northamptonshire; her mother was Elizabeth Weyman
Celebrated ancient Cistercian abbey in the Prussian Province of Silesia
Titular see of Thrace
Levi Silliman Ives
American Catholic convert (1797-1867)
Subordinate ministers appointed in the Mosaic Law for the service of the Tabernacle and of the Temple
The third book of the Pentateuch
Article is a treatment of certain expressions beginning with the word lex or leges
Malicious publication by writing, printing, picture, effigy, sign, or otherwise than by mere speech, which exposes any living person, or the memory of any person deceased, to hatred, contempt, ridicule, or obloquy
Libelli and Libellatici
Certificates issued to Christians of the third century
Liber Diurnus Romanorum Pontificum
Miscellaneous collection of ecclesiastical formularies used in the papal chancery until the eleventh century
Liber Pontificalis
History of the popes, beginning with St. Peter and continued down to the fifteenth century, in the form of biographies
Liber Septimus
Three canonical collections of quite different value from a legal standpoint are known by this title
Liber Sextus Decretalium
Title of the canonical collection of the five books of the Decretals of Gregory IX compiled under order of Boniface VIII
Libera Me
Responsory sung at funerals
Libera Nos
First words of the Embolism of the Lord's Prayer in the Roman Rite
Free way of thinking and acting in private and public life
Liberatus of Carthage
Sixth-century archdeacon, author of an important history of the Nestorian and Monophysite troubles
Republic on the west coast of Africa
Collections of books accumulated and made accessible for public or private use
Library at Alexandria
Important center of learning in the ancient world
Lidwina, Saint
From her fifteenth to her fifty-third year, she suffered every imaginable pain, died in the odor of great sanctity, b. at Schiedam, Holland, April 18, 1380; d. April 14, 1433
Liebermann, Bruno Franz Leopold
Catholic theologian, b., at Molsheim in Alsace Oct. 12, 1759; d. at Strasburg, Nov. 11, 1844
Former noted Benedictine Abbey in Westphalia, Germany, founded in 815; suppressed in 1803
Eighth-century French Benedictine monastery
Article addresses questions on the origin and nature of life
Existing marriage tie which constitutes in canon law a public impediment to the contracting of a second marriage
Concerns the liturgical use of lights, and with the charge against Catholicism of adopting ceremonial practices of the pagan world
Cistercian Abbey founded in 1202 in Lower Austria
Ancient capital of Flanders, now the chief town of the Departement du Nord in France
Lillooet Indians
Important tribe of Salishan linguistic stock, in southern British Columbia
Temporary place or state of the souls of the just who, although purified from sin, were excluded from the beatific vision until Christ's triumphant ascension into heaven
Titular see of Lycia, was a small city on the southern coast of Lycia
Titular see of Bithynia Secunda, suffragan of Nimes
Lionel Albert Anderson
English Dominican (1620-1710)
Lionel Pigot Johnson
B. at Broadstairs on the Kentish coast, Mar. 15, 1867; d. Oct. 4, 1902
One of the Confederate States of the German Empire
Little box containing the relics, which is placed inside the reliquary
Form of responsive petition, used in public liturgical services, in private devotions, and for common necessities of the Church
Litany of Loreto
Composed on a fixed plan common to several Marian litanies already in existence during the second half of the fifteenth century
Litany of the Holy Name
Old and popular form of prayer in honour of the Name of Jesus
Litany of the Saints
Model of all other litanies
Ancient grand-duchy united with Poland in the fourteenth century
Lithuanians in the United States
A people of Russia
Noble Milanese family which gave two distinguished cardinals to the Church
Little Brothers of Mary
Religious teaching order commonly known as the Marists
Little Office of Our Lady
Liturgical devotion to the Blessed Virgin, in imitation of, and in addition to, the Divine Office
Little Sisters of the Assumption
Congregation whose work is the nursing of the sick poor in their own homes
Little Sisters of the Poor
Congregation of lay brothers of the Third Order of St. Francis, instituted for charitable work among orphan boys and for educating the youth of the poorer classes
Liturgical Books
All the books, published by the authority of any church, that contain the text and directions for her official (liturgical) services
Liturgical Chant
Melody executed by the human voice, whether in the form of plain or harmonized singing
Liturgical Colors
The color of liturgical vestments and drapery used in the decoration of the altar corresponding to that which is prescribed for the Office of the day
Liturgical Use of Bread
In the Christian liturgy bread is used principally as one of the elements of the Eucharistic sacrifice
Liturgical Use of Fire
One of the most expressive and most ancient of liturgical symbols
Liturgical Use of Water
Water has its recognized place in the ritual of every Mass and in a certain number of pontifical and extraordinary offices which include some form of washing
Liturgical Week
The week as a measure of time is a sufficiently obvious division of the lunar month, and the discussion carried on with much learning as to whether this seven days' period is ultimately of Babylonian origin has no great importance.
Means rite; public official service of the Church in certain set forms
Liturgy of Addeus and Maris
Oriental liturgy, sometimes assigned to the Syrian group
Liturgy of Jerusalem
The Rite of Jerusalem is that of Antioch
Liturgy of Saint Basil
Several Oriental liturgies, or at least several anaphoras attributed to the great St. Basil, Bishop of Caesarea
Liturgy of the Mass
Treatment of the liturgy of the Eucharist
Liutprand of Cremona
Bishop and historian, b. at the beginning of the tenth century d. after 970
Titular see in Palestina Prima, suffragan of Caesarea
College and monastery founded apparently about the middle of the fifth century in Wales
Llanthony Priory
Monastery of Augustinian Canons, situated amongst the Black Mountains of South Wales
Vicariate Apostolic, formerly included in the great Kingdom of Congo, Loango
Loaves of Proposition
Taken from the Latin Vulgate translation of panes propositionis
Cistercian abbey in the Diocese of Minden, founded by Count Wilbrand von Hallerrnund in 1163
Lake in Kinrossshire, Scotland, was the seat of a religious community for seven hundred years
Loci Theologici
Common topics of discussion in theology
Lodovico Mazzolini
Italian painter, b. in Ferrara in 1480; d., according to one account, in 1528, and to another, in 1530
Logia Jesu
Sayings of Jesus, found partly in the Inspired Books of the New Testament, partly in uninspired writings
Science and art which so directs the mind in the process of reasoning and subsidiary processes as to enable it to attain clearness, consistency, and validity in those processes
Term by which Christian theology In the Greek language designates the Word of God, or Second Person of the Blessed Trinity
Name given to the followers of John Wyclif, an heretical body numerous in England in the latter part of the fourteenth and the first half of the fifteenth century
Loman, Saint
Bishop of Trim in Ireland, nephew of St. Patrick,
One of the thirteen regions into which Italy is divided and it contains eight provinces
Capital of England and chief city of the British Empire
Lopez de Barrientos
Spanish Dominican bishop, patriot, and diplomat (1382-1469)
Lord's Prayer
Prayer that Jesus taught his disciples, also known as the Pater noster
Titular see in the province of Arabia, suffragan of Bostra
Lorenz Grassel
Coadjutor-elect of Baltimore; b. 1753; d. 1793
Lorenz Kellner
Educationist (1811-1892)
Lorenz Leopold Haschka
The poet-author of the Austrian national anthem; b. at Vienna, Sept. 1, 1749; d. there, Aug. 3, 1827; was in his youth a member of the Society of Jesus
Lorenzetti, Pietro and Ambrogio
Sienese painters. The time of their birth and death is not known
Lorenzo Boturini Benaducci
Anthropologist of New World natives (eighteenth century)
Lorenzo Campeggio
Cardinal, an eminent canonist, ecclesiastical diplomat, and reformer, b. 1472 (1474) at Bologna; d. at Rome, July 25, 1539
Lorenzo Costa
Ferrarese painter, b. at Ferrara in 1460; d. at Mantua in 1535
Lorenzo Cozza
Friar Minor, cardinal, and theologian, b. at San Lorenzo near Bolsena, March 31, 1654; d. at Rome, January 18, 1729
Lorenzo da Brindisi, Saint
Capuchin, orator, Doctor of the Church, b. at Brindisi in 1559; d. at Lisbon on July 22, 1619
Lorenzo da Ponte
Poet, b. at Ceneda, Italy, 1749; d. in New York, Aug. 17, 1838
Lorenzo di Cione Ghiberti
Florentine sculptor; b. 1381; d. 1455
Lorenzo di Credi
Florentine painter, b. at Florence, 1459; d. there, 1537
Lorenzo di Pietro Vecchietta
Painter, sculptor, goldsmith, and architect, b. at Castiglione di Val d'Orcia, 1412; d. there, 1480
Lorenzo Hervas y Panduro
A Spanish Jesuit and famous philologist; b. at Horcajo, May 1, 1735; d. at Rome, Aug. 24, 1809
Lorenzo Lotto
Italian portrait painter, b. at Venice, 1480; d. at Loreto, 1556
Lorenzo Respighi
B. at Cortemaggiore, Province of Piacenza, October 7, 1824; d. at Rome, December 10, 1889
Lorenzo Ricci
General of the Society of Jesus, b. at Florence, Aug. 2, 1703; d. at the Castle of Sant' Angelo, Rome, Nov. 24, 1775.
Lorenzo Valla
Humanist and philosopher, b. at Rome, 1405; d. there, Aug. 1, 1457
Indian village occupied by the principal remnant of the ancient Huron tribe
History of the territory of Lorraine
Lorsch Abbey
One of the most renowned monasteries of the old Franco-German Empire
Titular see of Caria, small fortified town and harbour on the coast of Caria
Los Hermanos Penitentes
A society of flagellants existing among the Spanish of New Mexico and Colorado
Lon of Abraham's brother Aran
Distribution of prizes by lot or by chance
Aggregate of closely related tribes found in Canada and Alaska
Louis A. Lambert
Priest and journalist, b. at Charleroi, Pennsylvania, April 13, 1835; d. at Newfoundland, New Jersey, Sept. 25, 1910
Louis Abelly
1603-91, was Vicar-General of Bayonne
Louis Allemand, Blessed
Cardinal, Archbishop of Arles, b. 1380 or 1381 d. September 16, 1450
Louis Bancel
Dominican priest, teacher and lector of philosophy (1628-1685)
Louis Baunard
Educator (1828-1877)
Louis Bertrand, Saint
Dominican missionary, known as the Apostle of South America, b. at Valencia, Spain, Jan. 1, 1526; d. Oct. 9, 1581
Louis Braille
French educator and inventor (1809-1852)
Louis Buglio
Missionary in China, mathematician, and theologian, b. at Mineo, Sicily, January 26, 1606; d. at Peking, October 7, 1682
Louis de Carrieres
B. in the chateau de la Plesse in Avrille, Angers, France, September 1, 1662; d. at Paris, June 11, 1717
Louis de Rouvroy Saint-Simon
Author of the celebrated Memoirs, a history of the reign of Louis XIV, b. January 16, 1675; d. in Paris, March 2, 1755
Louis De Sabran
Jesuit; b. in Paris, March 1, 1652; d. at Rome, Jan. 22, 1732
Louis Feuillet
Geographer, b. at Mane near Forcalquier, France, in 1660; d. at Marseilles in 1732
Louis Gallait
Flemish painter; born at Tournai, May 10, 1810; died in Brussels, Nov. 20, 1887
Louis Gaston de Seger
Prelate and French apologist, b. April 15, 1820, in Paris; d. June 9, 1881, in the same city
Louis Hennepin
Explorer in the wilds of North America, b. in or about the year 1640; d. probably at Rome, soon after 1701
Louis IX, Saint
King of France, lover of the poor, b. at Poissy, April 25, 1215; d. near Tunis, August 25, 1270
Louis Joliet
Explorer (1645-1700)
Louis Jouin
Linguist, philosopher, author (1818-1899)
Louis Lallemant
French Jesuit, b. at Chalonssur-Marne, 1588; d. at Bourges, April 5, 1635
Louis Lambillotte
Belgian Jesuit, composer and paleographer of Church music; born at La Hamaide, near Charleroi, Belgium, March 27, 1796; died at Paris, February 27, 1855
Louis Legrand
French theologian and noted doctor of the Sorbonne, b. in Burgundy at Lusigny-sur-Ouche, June 12, 1711, d. at Issy (Paris), July 21, 1780
Louis Levau
Chief architect of the first decade of Louis XIV's independent reign
Louis Maimbourg
French church historian, b. at Nancy, January 10, 1610; d. at Paris August 13, 1686
Louis Moreri
Encyclopaedist, b. at Bargemont, in the Diocese of Frejus, France, March 25, 1643; d. at Paris, July 10, 1680
Louis of Casoria, Venerable
Friar Minor and founder of the Frati Bigi; b. at Casoria, near Naples, March 11, 1814; d. at Pausilippo, March 30, 1885
Louis of Granada, Venerable
Theologian, writer, and preacher; b. Granada, Spain, 1505; d. at Lisbon, December 31, 1588
Louis of Toulouse, Saint
Bishop of Toulouse, b. at Brignoles, Provence, Feb., 1274; d. there, Aug. 19, 1297
Louis Pasteur
Chemist, founder of physio-chemistry, father of bacteriology, inventor of bio-therapeuties; b. at Dole, Jura, France, Dec. 27, 1822; d. near Sevres, Sept. 28, 1895
Louis Sebastien le Nain de Tillemont
French historian and priest, b. November 30, 1637; d. January 10, 1698
Louis Thomassin
Theologian and French Oratorian, b. Aug. 28, 1619; d. Dec. 24, 1695
Louis Veuillot
Journalist and writer, b. at Boynes, Loiret, Oct. 11, 1813; d. in Paris, April 7, 1883
Louis XI
Eldest son of Charles VII and Marie of Anjou, b. at Bourges July 3, 1423; d. at Plessis-les-Tours, August 30, 1483
Louis XIV
King of France, b. at Saint-Germainen-Laye, September 16, 1638; d. at Versailles, September 1, 1715
Louis-Adolphe Thiers
French statesman and historian, b. April 16, 1797; d. Sept. 3, 1877
Louis-Antoine de Noailles
Cardinal and bishop, b. at the Chateau of Teyssiere in Auvergne, France, May 27, 1651; d. at Paris, May 4, 1729
Louis-Charles Couturier
Abbot; President of the French Congregation of Benedictines; b. May 12, 1817, at Chemille-sur-Dome; d. October 29, 1890, at Solesmes
Louis-Christophe-Leon Juchault de La Moriciere
French general and commander-in-chief of the papal army, b. at Nantes, February 5, 1806; d. at the chateau of Prouzel, near Amiens, September 11, 1865
Louis-Edouard-desire Pie
Cardinal, b. at Pontgouin, Diocese of Chartres, 1815; d. at Angouleme 1880
Louis-Ellies Dupin
Theologian, b. June 17, 1657, d. June 6, 1719
Louis-Eugene-Marie Bautain
Philosopher and theologian (1796-1867)
Louis-Francois de Bausset
French cardinal, writer, and statesman (1748-1824)
Louis-Francois Richer Lafleche
French-Canadian bishop, b. Sept. 4, 1818, d. July 14, 1898
Louis-Francois-Michel-Reymond Wolowski
Economist, b. at Warsaw, Aug. 31, 1810; d. at Gisors, Eure, Aug. 15, 1876
Louis-frederic Brugere
Professor of apologetics and church history, b. at Orleans, October 8, 1823; d. at Issy, April 11, 1888
Louis-Guillaume-Valentin Dubourg
Second Bishop of Louisiana and the Floridas, of Montauban, Archbishop of Besancon, b. February 16, 1766; d. December 12, 1833
Louis-Hector de Callieres
Thirteenth Governor of New France; b. at Cherbourg, France, 1646; d. May 26, 1705
Louis-Henri de Lestrange
Priest, master of the novices in the celebrated monastery of La Trappe
Louis-Honore Frechette
B. at Notre-Dame de Levis, P. Q., Canada, November 16, 1839; d. May 30, 1908
Louis-Honore Mercier
French Canadian statesman, b. October 15, 1840, d. October 30, 1894
Louis-Jacques Thenard
Chemist, b. May 4, 1777; d. June 21, 1857
Louis-Jacques-Maurice de Bonald
Cardinal (1787-1870)
Louis-Joseph Le Loutre
Missionary to the Micmac Indians and Vicar-General of Acadia under the Bishop of Quebec, b. in France about 1690; d. there about 1770
Louis-Joseph Montcalm-Gozon
French general, b. Feb. 28, 1712, at Candiac, of Louis-Daniel and Marie-Therese de Lauris; d. at Quebec Sept. 14, 1759
Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort, Saint
Missionary, founder of two congregations, b. at Montfort, January 31, 1673; d. at Saint-Laurent-sur-Sevre, April 28, 1716
Louis-Mathias Count de Barral
Archbishop of Tours, France (1746-1816)
Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin
B. at Saint-Andre d'Hebertot, Normandy, May 16, 1763; d. Nov. 14, 1829
Louis-Philippe Mariauchau D'Esglis
Eighth Bishop of Quebec, Canada; b. Quebec, April 24, 1710; d. June 4, 1788
Louis-Pierre Anquetil
Priest, French historian (1723-1806)
Louis-Rene Tulasne
A noted botanist, b. at Az ay-le-Rideau, Dept. of Indre-et-Loire, France, Sept. 12, 1815; d. at Hyeres in southern France Dec. 22, 1885
Louis-Rene Villerme
French economist, b. at Paris, March 10, 1782; d. there, Nov. 16, 1863
Louis-Siffren-Joseph Salamon
Bishop of Saint-Flour; b. at Carpentras, Oct. 22, 1759; d. at Saint-Flour, June 11, 1829
Louis-Victor-Emile Bougaud
Bishop of Laval, France (1823-1888)
Louise de Marillac Le Gras, Venerable
Foundress of the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, b. at Paris, August 12, 1591, d. there, March 15, 1660
History of Louisiana
Theological virtue of the third and greatest of the Divine virtues enumerated by St. Paul
Low Church
Name given to one of the three parties or doctrinal tendencies that prevail in the Established Church of England and its daughter Churches
Low Sunday
First Sunday after Easter
Lower California
Includes the territory of that name in Mexico (Sp. Baja or Vida California)
Free imperial state in the German Empire
Luca Cambiaso
Genoese painter, b. at Moneglia near Genoa, in 1527; d. in the Escorial, Madrid, 1585
Luca di Simone Della Robbia
Sculptor, b. at Florence, 1400; d. 1481
Luca Giordano
Neapolitan painter. b. 1632; d. 1705
Luca Marenzio
Musical composer, b. in 1550; d. at Rome 1599
Luca Signorelli
Italian painter, b. at Cortona, about 1441; d. there in 1523
Lucas Alaman
Mexican statesman and historian, b. at Guanajuato in Mexico, of Spanish parents, 18 October, 1792; d. in the city of Mexico, 2 June, 1853
Lucas D'Achery
French Benedictine (Maurist), b. 1609 at Saint Quentin in Picardy; d. in the monastery of St. Germain des Pres at Paris, 29 April, 1685
Lucas Holstenius
German philologist, b. at Hamburg, 1596; d. at Rome, February 2, 1661
Lucas Pacioli
Mathematician, b. at Borgo San Sepolco, Tuscany, towards the middle of the fifteenth century; died probably soon after 1509
Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon
Spanish discoverer of Chesapeake Bay
Chief town of the Canton of Lucerne in Switzerland
Lucian of Antioch
A priest of the Church of Antioch who suffered martyrdom (January 7, 312)
History of the term
Lucifer of Cagliari
Bishop, d. in 371
Lucius Cecilius Firmianus Lactantius
Christian apologist (fourth century)
Lucius Ferraris
Eighteenth-century canonist of the Franciscan Order
Lucius Perpetuus Aurelianus Marius Maximus
Roman historian, lived c. 165-230
Lucius Vitellius
Proclaimed Roman Emperor by the soldiers at Cologne during the civil war of A.D. 69; d. at Rome, Dec. 21, 69
Lucy, Saint
A virgin and martyr of Syracuse in Sicily
Ludger Duvernay
French-Canadian journalist and patriot, b. Jan. 22, 1799; d. Nov. 28, 1852
Ludger, Saint
Missionary among the Frisians and Saxons, first Bishop of Minster in Westphalia, b. about 744; d. March 26, 809
Ludmilla, Saint
Wife of Boriwoi, the first Christian Duke of Bohemia, b. at Mielnik, c. 860; d. at Tetin, September 15, 921
Ludolph of Saxony
Ecclesiastical writer of the fourteenth century, d. April 13, 1378
Ludovico Ariosto
Governor of Reggio and Daria Malaguzzi (1474-1533)
Ludovico Zacconi
Musical theorist, b. at Pesaro about 1550; d. at Venice, after 1623
Ludovicus a S. Carolo
Carmelite writer, b. at Chalons-sur-Marne, Aug. 20, 1608; d. at Paris March 10, 1670
Ludwig Babenstuber
German philosopher and theologian; vice-chancellor of the University of Salzburg (1660-1726)
Ludwig Engel
Canonist, b. April 22, 1674
Ludwig Van Beethoven
B. at Bonn, probably on Dec. 16, 1770; d. at Vienna, March 26, 1827
Ludwig von Schwanthaler
Founder of the modern Romantic school of sculpture, b. at Munich in 1802; d. there, 1848
Ludwig Windthorst
B. near Osnabruck, January 17, 1812; d. March 14, 1891
Luigi Antonio Muratori
Librarian in Modena, one of the greatest scholars of his time, b. Oct. 21, 1672; d. Jan. 23, 1750
Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli
Italian geographer and naturalist, b. July 10, 1658; d. Nov. 1, 1730
Luigi Gaetano Marini
Natural philosopher, jurist, historian, archeologist, b. Dec. 18, 1742; d. May 7, 1815
Luigi Galvani
Physician, b. at Bologna, Italy, September 9, 1737; d. there, December 4, 1798
Luigi Lambruschini
Cardinal, b. at Sestri Levante, near Genoa, March 6, 1776; d. at Rome, May 12, 1854
Luigi Lanzi
Jesuit, Italian archaeologist, b. at Mont Olmo, near Macerata, in 1732; d. at Florence in 1810
Luigi Lippomano
Cardinal, hagiographer, b. in 1500; d. August 15, 1559
Luigi Mozzi
Controversialist, b. at Bergamo, May 26, 1746; d. near Milan, June 24, 1813
Luigi Palmieri
Physicist and meteorologist, b. at Faicchio, Benevento, Italy, April 22, 1807; d. in Naples, Sept. 9, 1896
Luigi Pulci
Italian poet, b. at Florence, Aug. 15, 1432; d. at Padua in 1484
Luigi Tosti
Benedictine historian, b. at Naples, Feb. 13, 1811; d. at Monte Cassino, Sept. 24, 1897
Luis Antonio Arguello
Governor of California 1822-1825 (1784-1830)
Luis Cancer de Barbastro
One of the first Dominicans who followed Las Casas to Guatemala, b. in Aragon, Spain, date uncertain; d. at Tampa Bay, Florida, U.S.A., c. 1549
Luis de Carvajal
Friar Minor and Tridentine theologian, b. about 1500; the time of his death is uncertain
Luis De Lapuente
Jesuit, eminent master of asceticism, b. November 11, 1554; d. February 16, 1624
Luis de Leon
Spanish poet and theologian, b. at Belmonte, Aragon, in 1528; d. at Madrigal, August 23, 1591
Luis de Lossada
Philosopher, b. at Quiroga, Asturias, Spain, in 1681; d. at Salamanca, in 1748. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1698
Luis De Molina
One of the most learned and renowned theologians of the Society of Jesus, b. of noble parentage at Cuenca, New Castile, Spain, in 1535; d. at Madrid, October 12, 1600
Luis de Montesinos
Spanish theologian, date and place of birth unknown; d. Oct. 7, 1621
Luis de Morales
Spanish painter, b. at Badajoz in Estremadura about 1509; d. at Badajoz, 1586
Luis de Vargas
Painter, b. at Seville, in 1502; d. there in 1568
Luis Ignatius Penalver y Cardenas
Bishop of New Orleans, Archbishop of Guatemala, son of a wealthy and noble family, b. at Havana, April 3, 1749; d. there, July 17, 1810
Luis Martin y Garcia
Twenty-fourth General of the Society of Jesus; b. August 19, 1846; d. April 18, 1906
Luis Vaz de Camoes
B. In 1524 or 1525; d. June 10, 1580
Luisa de Carvajal
B. 2 Jan., 1568, at Jaraizejo, Spain; d. 2 Jan., 1614, at London
Luise Hensel
Poetess and convert; b. at Linum, March 30, 1798; d. at Paderborn, December 18, 1876
Luiz de Azevedo
Ethiopic missionary and scholar (1573-1634)
Luke Joseph Hooke
B. at Dublin in 1716; d. at St. Cloud, Paris, April 16, 1796
Luke Rivington
Devoted to preaching, hearing confessions, and writing, b. in London, May, 1838; d. in London, May 30, 1899
Luke Wadding
Historian and theologian, b. at Waterford, Ireland, Oct. 16, 1585; d. at St. Isidore's College, Rome, Nov. 18, 1657
Luke, Gospel of Saint
The subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Biography of Saint Luke; II. Authenticity of the Gospel; III. Integrity of the Gospel; IV. Purpose and Contents; V. Sources of the Gospel; Synoptic Problem; VI. Saint
Luke, Gospel of Saint (Biblical Commission)
Answers to questions about this Gospel
Lule Indians
Name applied to two groups of Indians in Argentina
Lully, Jean-Baptiste
Composer, b. near Florence in 1633; d. at Paris, March 22, 1687
Lumen Christi
Versicle chanted by the deacon on Holy Saturday as he lights the triple candle
Name applied to the shafts with which we find the roof of the passages and chambers of the Catacombs occasionally pierced for the admission of light and air
Lummi Indians
Group of Indians in the American Northwest
Lumper, Gottfried
Benedictine patristic writer, b. Feb. 6, 1747, at Fussen in Bavaria; d. March 8, 1800 (Hefele says 1801)
Crescent-shaped clip made of gold or of silver-gilt which is used for holding the Host in an upright position when exposed in the monstrance
Abbot of Ferrieres, French Benedictine writer, b. about 805; d. about 862
The inordinate craving for, or indulgence of, the carnal pleasure which is experienced in the human organs of generation
Oldest Protestant group, founded by and based on the teachings of Martin Luther
Treatment of the country
A titular see in Thebais Prima
A titular see of Palestina Prima
Treatment of the moral concept
Lyrba (supplement)
Titular see in Pamphylia Prima
Lyrba (titular see of Pamphylia Prima)
Titular see of Pamphylia Prima
A titular see of Phrygia Salutaris
A titular see in the Province of Lycaonia
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