Catholic Answers

H

Habacuc
The eighth of the Minor Prophets, who probably flourished towards the end of the seventh century B.C.
Habit
An effect of repeated acts and an aptitude to reproduce them, and may be defined as 'a quality difficult to change, whereby an agent whose nature it is to work one way or another indeterminately, is disposed easily and readily at will to follow this or th
Habor
A river of Mesopotamia in Asiatic Turkey
Haceldama
The name given by the people to the potter's field, purchased with the price of the treason of Judas
Hadewych, Blessed
Prioress of the Premonstratensian convent of Mehre (Meer), near Buderich, in Rhenish Prussia; b. about 1150; d. April 14, about the year 1200
Hadrian
Martyr, d. about the year 306
Hadrumetum
A titular see of Byzacena
Haggith
One of David's wives (II Kings, iii, 4)
Hagiography
The name given to that branch of learning which has the saints and their worship for its object
Hague, The
Capital and seat of Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as of the (civil) Province of South Holland
Hail Mary
The most familiar of all the prayers used by the Universal Church in honour of our Blessed Lady
Hair
The subject of this article is so extensive that there can be no attempt to describe the types of head-dress successively or simultaneously in use in the Catholic Church
Hairshirt
A garment of rough cloth made from goats' hair and worn in the form of a shirt or as a girdle around the loins, by way of mortification and penance
Haiti
An island of the Greater Antilles
Haito
Bishop of Basle; b. in 763, of a noble family of Swabia; d. March 17, 836, in the Abbey of Reichenau, on an island in the Lake of Constance
Hakon the Good
King of Norway, 935 (936) to 960 (961)
Halicarnassus
A titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis
Hamatha
A titular see of Syria Secunda, suffragan of Apamea
Hamburg
A city supposed to be identical with the Marionis of Ptolemy, was founded by a colony of fishermen from Lower Saxony
Hammurabi
Hammurabi
Hanover
The former Kingdom of Hanover has been a province of the Prussian monarchy since September 20, 1866
Hans Baldung
Distinguished painter, engraver, and draughtsman on wood (1476-1545)
Hans Burckmair
Painter of the Swabian school, b. at Augsburg in 1473; d. in 1531
Hans Decker
German sculptor of the middle of the fifteenth century
Hans Holbein
A German painter; b. at Augsburg about 1460; d. at Isenheim, Alsace, in 1524
Hans Leonhard Schaufelin
German wood engraver, pupil of Durer, b. at Nuremburg in 1490; d. there in 1540
Hans Memling
Flemish painter, b. about 1430, d. at Bruges August 11, 1494
Hans Niessenberger
An architect of the latter part of the Middle Ages, whose name is mentioned with comparative frequency in contemporaneous literature
Happiness
The primary meaning of this term in all the leading European languages seems to involve the notion of good fortune, good chance, good happening; but from a very early date in the history of Greek philosophy the conception became the center of keen specula
Hare Indians
A Dene tribe which shares with the Loucheux the distinction of being the northernmost Redskins in America, their habitat being immediately south of that of the Eskimos
Harmony
Concord of sounds, several tones of different pitch sounded as a chord; among the Greeks, the general term for music
Harney
(1) William Selby, soldier, convert; b. near Haysboro, Tennessee, U.S.A., August 27, 1800; d. at St. Louis, Missouri, May 9, 1889; (2) (2) John Milton, brother of foregoing, b. in Delaware, March 9, 1789; d. at Somerset, Kentucky, January 15, 1825
Harold Bluetooth
B. 911; d. November 1, 985 or 986; son of King Gorm the Old of Denmark and of Thyra, daughter of a nobleman of Schleswig
Harpasa
A titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis
Harrowing of Hell
Term for the triumphant descent of Christ into hell (or Hades) between the time of His Crucifixion and His Resurrection,
Hartmann Schedel
German Humanist and historian, b. at Nuremberg, February 13, 1440; d. there on November 28, 1514
Hartmann von Aue
A Middle High German epic poet and minnesinger; d. between 1210 and 1220
Hatred
A vehement aversion entertained by one person for another, or for something more or less identified with that other
Hatto
Archbishop of Mainz; b. of a noble Swabian family, c. 850; d. May 15, 913
Hauara
A titular see of Palestina Tertia, suffragan of Petra
Haudriettes
A religious congregation founded in Paris early in the fourteenth century by Jeanne, wife of Etienne Haudry, a private secretary of St. Louis, King of France
Hautecombe
A Cistercian monastery near Aix-les-Bains in Savoy, Diocese of Chambery (formerly Geneva)
Hauteserre
(1) Antoine Dadin D'; b. 1602, d. 1682; (2) Flavius, younger brother of the above, died about 1670
Hauy
(1) Rene-Just, mineralogist; b. at Saint-Just (Oise), Feb. 28, 1743; d. at Paris, June 3, 1822; (2) Valentin Hauy, founder of the first school for the blind, and known under the endearing name of 'Father and Apostle of the Blind'; b. at Saint-Just, in the
Hay, Edmund and John
(1) Edmund, Jesuit, and envoy to Mary Queen of Scots, b. 1540?; d. at Rome, Nov. 4, 1591; (2) John Hay, kinsman and contemporary of Edmund, of the family of Hay of Dalgetty; b. 1546; d. at Pont-a-Mousson, 1608
Haymo
A Benedictine bishop of the ninth century; d. March 26, 853
Haymo of Faversham
English Franciscan and schoolman, b. at Faversham, Kent; d. at Anagni, Italy, in 1243, according to the most probable opinion; Wadding gives 1244
Heaven
(I) Name and Place of Heaven; (II) Existence of Heaven; (III) Supernatural Character of Heaven and the Beatific Vision; (IV) Eternity of Heaven and Impeccability of the Blessed; (V) Essential Beatitude; (VI) Accidental Beatitude; (VII) Attributes of Beati
Heber MacMahon
Bishop of Clogher, Ireland, and patriotic leader, born at Farney, County Monaghan, 1600; executed at Enniskillen in 1650
Hebrew Bible
As compared with the Latin Vulgate, the Hebrew Bible includes the entire Old Testament with the exception of the seven deuterocanonical books
Hebrew Language and Literature
Hebrew was the language spoken by the ancient Israelites, and in which were composed nearly all of the books of the Old Testament
Hebrew Names
Detailed article on the history and significance of Hebrew names
Hebrew Poetry of the Old Testament
Since the Bible is divinely inspired, and thus becomes the 'written word' of God, many devout souls are averse from handling it as literature.
Hebron
An ancient royal city of Chanaan, famous in biblical history, especially at the time of the patriarchs and under David
Hector Berlioz
French composer (1803-1869)
Hector Boece
Chronicler, co-founder of University of Aberdeen (ca. 1465-1536)
Hector St. John de Crevecoeur
A French agriculturist, b. at Caen, France, 1731; d. at Sarcelles, near Paris, 1813
Hedonism
The name given to the group of ethical systems that hold, with various modifications, that feelings of pleasure or happiness are the highest and final aim of conduct; that, consequently, those actions which increase the sum of pleasure are thereby constit
Hedwig, Saint
Duchess of Silesia, b. about 1174, at the castle of Andechs; d. at Trebnitz, 12 or October 15, 1243
Heeremann von Zuydwyk
Catholic statesman and writer on art, b. Aug. 26, 1832, at Surenburg near Riesenbeck, Westphalia; d. March 23, 1903, at Berlin
Heeswijk
A village in the Diocese of Hertogenbosch (Bois-le-Duc), Holland, in which the dispersed religious of the confiscated Norbertine Abbey of Berne have created a new abbey and college
Hegelianism
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born at Stuttgart in 1770; died at Berlin in 1831
Hegesippus, Saint
A writer of the second century, known to us almost exclusively from Eusebius, who tells us that he wrote in five books in the simplest style the true tradition of the Apostolic preaching
Heiligenkreuz
An existing Cistercian monastery in the Wienerwald, eight miles north-west of Baden in Lower Austria
Heilsbronn
Formerly a Cistercian monastery in the Diocese of Eichstatt in Middle Franconia
Heinrich Bernhard Freiherr von Andlaw
Famous Catholic statesman (1802-1871)
Heinrich Birnbaum
Carthusian monk (1403-1473)
Heinrich Blyssen
Jesuit theologian and missionary (1526-1586)
Heinrich Brewer
German historian (1640 - ca. 1713)
Heinrich Bruck
Ecclesiastical historian and bishop, b. at Bingen, October 25, 1831; d. November 4, 1903
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa of Nettesheim
B. 14 September, 1486, at Cologne; d. at Grenoble or Lyons in 1534 or 1535
Heinrich der Glichezare
A Middle High German poet
Heinrich Freiherr von Ferstel
Architect; with Hansen and Schmidt, the creator of modern Vienna; b. July 7, 1828, at Vienna; d. at Grinzing, near Vienna, July 14, 1883
Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger
One of the leading theologians of the modern Catholic German school and author of the 'Enchiridion' universally used, b. Oct. 10, 1819, at Liege; d. June 19, 1883, at Wurzburg
Heinrich Joseph Wetzer
Learned Orientalist, b. at Anzefahr in Hesse-Cassel, March 19, 1801; d. at Freiburg in Baden, November 5, 1853
Heinrich Klee
German theologian, exegete (1800-1840)
Heinrich Roth
Missionary in India and Sanskrit scholar, b. of illustrious parentage at Augsburg, December 18, 1620; d. at Agra, June 20, 1668
Heinrich Seuse Denifle
Palmographer and historian, born at Imst in the Austrian Tyrol, Jan. 16, 1844; d. at Munich, June 10, 1905
Heinrich von Ahaus
Founder of the Brethren of the Common Life in Germany, b. in 1371; d. at Munster, 1439
Heinrich Von Dissen
A celebrated divine and vice-chancellor of the university, he became a monk in the Carthusian monastery; b. 18 Oct., 1415, at Osnabruck, in Westphalia; d. at Cologne, 26 Nov., 1484
Heinrich von Laufenberg
A German poet of the fifteenth century, d. at Strasburg in 1460
Heinrich von Meissen
A Middle High German lyric poet; b. at Meissen about 1250; d. at Mainz, 1318
Heinrich von Melk
German satirist of the twelfth century
Heinrich von Veldeke
A medieval German poet; b. about the middle of the twelfth century
Heinrich Wangnereck
Theologian, preacher, author, b. at Munich in July, 1595; d. at Dillingen, November 11, 1664
Heinrich Weber
German Church historian, b. at Euerdorf in the Diocese of Wurzburg, June 21, 1834; d. at Bamberg, January 18, 1898
Heisterbach
A former Cistercian monastery in the in the Archdiocese of Cologne
Helen More
Benedictine nun of the English Congregation; b. at Low Leyton, Essex, England, March 25, 1606; d. at Cambrai, France, August 17, 1633
Helen of Skofde, Saint
Martyr in the first half of the twelfth century
Helena Tarabotti
Nun and authoress, b. at Venice, 1605; d. there 1652
Helena, Saint
The mother of Constantine the Great, b. about the middle of the third century; d. about 330
Helenopolis
A titular see of Bithynia Prima
Heli
Judge and high-priest, whose history is related in I Kings
Heliand
The oldest complete work of German literature
Helie de Bourdeilles
Cardinal-Archbishop of Tours (ca. 1423-1484)
Helinand
A celebrated medieval poet, chronicler, and ecclesiastical writer; b. c. 1150; d. February 3, 1223, or 1227, or 1237
Heliogabalus
The name adopted by Varius Avitus Bassianus, Roman emperor (218-222)
Hell
Treatment of the doctrine of hell
Helmold
Historian, b. in the first half of the twelfth century; d. about 1177
Hendrik Conscience
Flemish novelist (1812-1883)
Henoch
Name of several individuals in Scripture
Henoticon
Unsuccessful law made by the Emperor Zeno in order to conciliate Catholics and Monophysites
Henri and Jules Desclee
Natives of Belgium, founders of a monastery and a printing establishment
Henri Boulainvilliers
French historian (1658-1722)
Henri de Saint-Ignace
A Carmelite theologian, b. in 1630, at Ath in Hainaut, Belgium; d. in 1719 or 1720
Henri Didon
Preacher, writer, and educator, b. March 17, 1840, at Touvet (Isere), France; d. March 13, 1900, at Toulouse
Henri Faraud
Titular Bishop of Anemour and first Vicar Apostolic of Athabasca-Mackenzie, Canada; b. March 17, 1823, at Gigondas, France; d. at St. Boniface, Manitoba, September 26, 1890
Henri Francois Xavier de Belsunce de Castelmoron
Bishop of Marseilles (1671-1755)
Henri Perreyve
B. at Paris, April 11, 1831; d. there, June 18, 1865
Henri Raymond Casgrain
Author in French Canadian literature, b. at Riviere Ouelle, September 16, 1831; d. at Quebec, February 2, 1904
Henri Spondanus
Convert from Calvinism, Bishop of Pamiers, and one of the continuators of Baronius, b. January 6, 1568; d. May 18, 1643
Henri Valois
Philologist, b. at Paris, Sept. 10, 1603; d. at Paris, May 7, 1676
Henri Victor Regnault
Chemist and physicist, b. at Aachen, July 21, 1810; d. in Paris, Jan. 19, 1878
Henri, Duc de Joyeuse
Capuchin (1563-1608)
Henri-Alexandre Wallon
Historian and statesman, b. at Valenciennes (Nord), in 1812; d. at Paris, in 1904. Fellow of history and professor at the Lycee Louis le Grand
Henri-Auguste-Georges Du Vergier La Rochejacquelein
French politician; b. at the chateau of Citran (Gironde), on September 28. 1805; d. on January 7, 1867
Henri-Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville
Chemist, b. at St. Thomas, West Indies, March 11, 1818; d. at Boulogne, July 1, 1881
Henri-Francois Daguesseau
Chancellor of France, b. at Limoges, November 27, 1668; d. at Paris, February 5, 1751
Henri-Joseph Crelier
Swiss Catholic priest, Hebrew scholar and Biblical exegete; b. at Bure, October 16, 1816; d. at Bressancourt, France, April 22, 1889
Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de Bonnechose
Cardinal and senator (1800-1883)
Henricus Canisius
Canonist and historian, b. at Nymwegen in Geldern ; d. 2 Sept., 1610, at Ingolstadt
Henry Abbot
Layman, martyred at York, 4 July, 1597
Henry Augustus Rawes
Oblate of St. Charles, hymn-writer and preacher, b. at Easington near Durham, England, Dec. 11, 1826; d. at Brighton, April 24, 1885
Henry Balme
Franciscan theologian (d. 1439)
Henry Bard
English soldier and diplomat (1604-1660)
Henry Beaufort Plantagenet
Cardinal, Bishop of Winchester, B. C. 1377; d. at Westminster, April 11, 1447
Henry Bedford
Writer and educator (1816-1903)
Henry Bedingfeld
Knight (1509-1583)
Henry Bradshaw
English Benedictine and poet (d. 1513)
Henry Chichele
Archbishop of Canterbury (1362-1443)
Henry Cole
Confessor of the Faith (d. 1579 or 1580)
Henry Conwell
Second Bishop of Philadelphia (1745-1842)
Henry Cosgrove
Second Bishop of Davenport, Iowa, U.S.A., b. December 19, 1834, at Williamsport, Pennsylvania; d. at Davenport, December 23, 1906
Henry de Bracton
English juridical writer (twelfth century)
Henry Digby Beste
Author (1768-1836)
Henry Edward Manning
Cardinal Priest of Sts. Andrew and Gregory on the Coelian Hill and second Archbishop of Westminster, b. July 15, 1808; d. January 14, 1892
Henry Essex Edgeworth
Confessor of Louis XVI, and vicar-general of the Diocese of Paris b. 1745; d. May 22, 1807
Henry Fitzalan
Twelfth Earl of Arundel, b. about 1511; d. in London, Feb. 24, 1580
Henry Fitzsimon
Jesuit, b. 1566 (or 1569), in Dublin, Ireland; d. Nov. 29, 1643 (or 1645), probably at Kilkenny
Henry Foley
B. at Astley in Worcestershire, England, Aug. 9, 1811; d. at Manresa House, Roehampton, Nov. 19, 1891. His father was the Protestant curate in charge at Astley
Henry Formby
B. 1816; d. at Normanton Hall, Leicester, March 12, 1884
Henry Garnet
English martyr, b. 1553-4; d. 1606
Henry Glarean
Swiss Humanist; b. 1488, d. 1563
Henry Harland
Novelist, b. of New England parentage, at St. Petersburg, Mar. 1, 1861; d. at San Remo, Dec. 20, 1905
Henry Heath
English Franciscan and martyr, son of John Heath; christened at St. John's, Peterborough, December 16, 1599; executed at Tyburn, April 17, 1643
Henry Herp
A fifteenth century Franciscan of the Strict Observance and a distinguished writer on mysticism
Henry Holden
English priest; b. 1596; d. March, 1662
Henry Ignatius Dudley Ryder
English Oratorian priest and controversialist, b. Jan. 3, 1837; d. at Edgbaston, Birmingham, Oct. 7, 1907
Henry II
B. 1133; d. July 6, 1189
Henry II, Saint
German King and Roman Emperor, b. 972; d. July 13, 1024
Henry III
German King and Roman Emperor; b. 1017; d. at Bodfeld, in the Harz Mountains, Oct. 5, 1056
Henry IV (German King and Roman Emperor)
German King and Roman Emperor, b. at Goslar, November 11, 1050; d. at Liege, August 7, 1108
Henry IV (King of France and Navarre)
King of France and Navarre, b. December 14, 1553, in the castle of Pau; d. May 14, 1610
Henry James Anderson
Scientist and educator (1799-1875)
Henry James Coleridge
Writer and preacher (1822-1893)
Henry Knighton
Chronicler (fourteenth century)
Henry Lemcke
Missionary in the United States, b. at Rhena, Mecklenburg, July 27, 1796; d. at Carrolltown, Pennsylvania, November 29, 1882
Henry Moore Jackson
Knight (1849-1908)
Henry More
Great-grandson of the martyred English chancellor; b., 1586; d. at Watten in 1661
Henry Morse, Venerable
Martyr; b. 1595 in Norfolk; d. at Tyburn, February 1, 1644
Henry Noris
Cardinal, b. at Verona, August 29, 1631, of English ancestry; d. at Rome, Feb. 23, 1704
Henry Nutcombe Oxenham
English controversialist and poet, b. at Harrow, Nov. 15, 1829; d. at Kensington, March 23, 1888
Henry of Friemar
German theologian; b. about the end of the thirteenth century; d. about 1355
Henry of Ghent
Scholastic philosopher and theologian of the thirteenth century; d. at Paris or Tournai, 1293
Henry of Herford
Friar and chronicler; date of birth unknown; died at Minden, Oct. 9, 1370
Henry of Huntingdon
Historian; b. probably near Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, between 1080 and 1085; d. 1155
Henry of Kalkar
Carthusian writer, b. at Kalkar in the Duchy of Cleves in 1328; d. at Cologne, December 20, 1408
Henry of Langenstein
Theologian and mathematician; b. about 1325; d. at Vienna, Feb. 11, 1397
Henry of Nordlingen
A Bavarian secular priest, of the fourteenth century
Henry of Rebdorf
Alleged author of an imperial and papal chronicle of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries
Henry of Segusio
An Italian canonist of the thirteenth century, d. at Lyons, October 25, 1271
Henry Pendleton
Controversialist, b. at Manchester; d. in London, Sept., 1557
Henry Robert Stephens
Belgian theologian, b. August 5, 1665; d. June 15, 1623
Henry Rutter
Professor, writer, b. Feb. 26, 1755; d. September 17, 1838, near Dodding Green, Westmoreland
Henry Stuart
Cardinal, Duke of York, known by the Jacobites as Henry IX, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland; b. at Rome, March 11, 1725; d. at Frascati, July 13, 1807
Henry Suso
German mystic, b. at Constance on March 21, about 1295; d. at Ulm, January 25, 1366
Henry the Navigator
Prince, b. March 4, 1394; d. November 13, 1460;
Henry V
German King and Roman Emperor, ; b. in 1081; d. at Utrecht, May 23, 1125
Henry VI
German King and Roman Emperor, b. in 1165; d. September 28, 1197
Henry VIII
King of England, b. June 28, 1491; d. January 28, 1547
Henry Walpole, Venerable
English Jesuit martyr, born at Docking, Norfolk, 1558; martyred at York, April 7, 1595
Henry Weedall
B. in London, Sept. 6, 1788; d. at Oscott, Nov. 7, 1859
Henry William Wilberforce
B. at Clapham, Sept. 22, 1807; d. at Stroud, Gloucestershire, April 23, 1873. He was third son of the famous William Wilber-force, and younger brother of Robert Wilberforce
Heortology
The science of sacred festivals
Hephaestus
A titular see of Augustamnica Prima
Heptarchy
Division of Anglo-Saxon Britain into seven kingdoms
Heraclas
Bishop of Alexandria from 231 or 232; to 247 or 248
Heraclea
A titular see of Thracia Prima
Herbart and Herbartianism
Treatment of the influence of Johann Friedrich Herbart
Herbert Goldsmith Squiers
Army officer and diplomatist; b. at Madoc, Canada, April 20, 1859; d. at London, Oct. 19, 1911
Herbert of Bosham
Biographer of St. Thomas Becket
Herbert of Derwentwater, Saint
Anchorite, date of birth unknown; d. March 20, 687
Herbert Vaughan
Cardinal, and third Archbishop of Westminster, b. at Gloucester, April 15, 1832; d. at St. Joseph's College, Mill Hill, Middlesex, June 19, 1903
Herder
German publishing house
Heredity
Tendency of offspring to resemble the parents
Herenaus Haid
Catechist, b. in the Diocese of Ratisbon, February 16, 1784; d. January 7, 1873
Hereswitha, Saint
Wife of King Aethelhere of East Anglia
Heresy
Treatment of the phenomenon of heresy
Heribert
Archbishop of Milan (1018-1045)
Heribert, Saint
Archbishop of Cologne; b. at Worms, c. 970; d. at Cologne, March 16, 1021
Heriger of Lobbes
Medieval theologian and historian; b. about 925; d. October 31, 1007
Herman Schaepman J.A.M
Orator, poet, and statesman, b. at Tubbergen, Holland, March 2, 1844; d. at Rome, Jan. 21, 1903
Herman Scholliner
Theologian and historian, b. at Freising in Bavaria, January 15, 1722; d. at Welchenberg, July 16, 1795
Hermann Busembaum
Moral theologian, b. at Notteln; Westphalia, 1600; d. at Munster, January 31, 1668
Hermann Cohen
Discalced Carmelite (1820-1871)
Hermann Contractus
Chronicler, mathematician, and poet; b. February 18, 1013; d. September 21, 1054
Hermann Huffer
Historian and jurist; b. March 24, 1830, at Munster in Westphalia; d. at Bonn, March 15, 1905
Hermann I
Landgrave of Thuringia (1190-1217)
Hermann Joseph
Premonstratensian monk and mystic; b. at Cologne about 1150; d. at Hoven, April 7, 1241
Hermann of Altach
A medieval historian; b. 1200 or 1201; d. July 31, 1275
Hermann of Fritzlar
Author of two works on mysticism written in German.
Hermann of Minden
Provincial of the German province of Dominicans; b. at or near Minden on an unknown date; d. shortly after 1294
Hermann of Salza
Fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, b. 1180 at Langensalza in Thuringia; d. March 19, 1239
Hermann Rolfus
Catholic educationist, b. at Freiburg, May 24, 1821; d. at Buhl, near Offenburg, October 27, 1896
Hermann Streber
Son of Franz Seraph Streber, b. at Munich, Sept. 27, 1839; d. at Tolz, Aug. 9, 1896
Hermann Thyraus
German Jesuit, b. 1532; d. October 26, 1591
Hermann von Kerssenbroch
Teacher, historian (ca. 1520-1585)
Hermann von Mallinckrodt
German parliamentarian; b. Feb. 5, 1821, at Minden, Westphalia; d. May 26, 1874, at Berlin
Hermann von Vicari
Archbishop of Freiburg in Baden, b. at Aulendorf in Wurtemberg, May 13, 1773; d. at Freiburg, April 14, 1868
Hermas
First- or second-century author of the book called The Shepherd
Hermas, Saint
Martyr; the Roman Martyrology sets down for August 18
Hermeneutics
The interpretation or exegesis of Sacred Scripture
Hermengild, Saint
Date of birth unknown; d. April 13, 585
Hermes, Saint
Martyr, Bishop of Salona (Spalato), in Dalmatia
Hermits
Men who fled the society of their fellow-men to dwell alone in retirement.
Hermits of St. Augustine
A religious order which in the thirteenth century combined several monastic societies into one, under this name
Hermon
A group of mountains in Israel
Hermopolis Magna
A titular see of Thebais Prima
Hermopolis Parva
A titular see of AEgyptus Prima
Hernando Cortes
Conqueror of Mexico (1485-1547)
Hernando de Soto
Explorer and conqueror, b. at Villanueva de la Serena, Badajoz, Spain, 1496 or 1500; d. on the banks of the Mississippi the latter part of June, 1542
Herod
Name of many rulers mentioned in the New Testament
Herodias
Daughter of Aristobulus
Heroic Act of Charity
A decree of the Sacred Congregation of Indulgences dated Dec. 18, 1885
Heroic Virtue
Virtues that greatly outdistance those of ordinary good people
Herrad of Landsberg
A twelfth-century abbess, author of the Hortus Deliciarum, b. about 1130; d. 1195
Herregouts
Name of three related artists
Herrera
Name of two related painters
Hersfeld
Ancient imperial abbey of the Benedictine Order
Herve-Auguste-Etienne-Albans Faye
Astronomer, b. at Saint-Benoit-du-Sault (Indre, France), Oct. 1, 1814; d. at Paris, July 4, 1902
Hesebon
A titular see of the province of Arabia
Hesse
The name of a German tribe
Hesychasm
Mystic movement in the Orthodox Church
Hesychius of Alexandria
Grammarian and lexicographer in the later fourth or earlier fifth century
Hesychius of Jerusalem
Presbyter and exegete, probably of the fifth century
Hesychius of Sinai
Ascetic author of the Byzantine period
Hethites
One of the many peoples of North-Western Asia, styled Hittim in the Hebrew Bible
Hexaemeron
Signifies a term of six days, or, technically, the history of the six days' work of creation
Hexapla
Name given to Origen's edition of the Old Testament in Hebrew and Greek
Hexateuch
A name commonly used by the critics to designate the first six books of the Old Testament
Heywood
Name of two related literary figures
Hierapolis
Titular, archdiocese, metropolis of the Province of Euphrates
Hierapolis (titular see of Phrygia Salutaris)
A titular see of Phrygia Salutaris
Hierarchy
The totality of ruling powers in the Church
Hierarchy of the Early Church
Denotes the three grades of bishop, priest, and deacon
Hierocaesarea
A titular see of Lydia
Hieronymites
Fourth-century women religious under the direction of St. Jerome
Hieronymus Balbus
Humanist, poet, diplomatist, and Bishop of Gurk in Carinthia (1450-135)
Hieronymus Emser
Ardent literary opponent of Luther, b. March 20, 1477; d. Nov. 8, 1527
Hieronymus Fabricius
A distinguished Italian anatomist and surgeon, b. in the little town of Acquapendente (Aquae-Taurinae), twelve miles from Orvieto, in 1537; d. at Padua, May 21, 1619
Hieronymus Medices
Scholastic, b. 1569
Hierotheus
Character in the writings of Pseudo-Dionysius
High Altar
The chief altar in a church
High Priest, The
In the Old and New Testaments
Highest Good, The
We always act with a view to some good
Hilarion, Saint
Founder of anchoritic life in Palestine: b. at Tabatha, south of Gaza, Palestine, about 291; d. in the island of Cyprus about 371
Hilarius of Sexten
Moral theologian; b. 1839,; d. October 20, 1900
Hilary of Arles, Saint
Archbishop, b. about 401; d. May 5, 449
Hilary of Poitiers, Saint
Bishop, b. at the beginning of the fourth century; d. November 1, 368
Hilda, Saint
Abbess, b. 614; d. 680
Hildebert of Lavardin
Bishop of Le Mans, Archbishop of Tours, and celebrated medieval poet; b. about 1056; d. December 8, 1133 or 1134
Hildegard, Saint
B. at Bockelheim on the Nahe, 1098; d. on the Rupertsberg near Bingen, 1179
Hilduin
D. November 22, 840
Hillel
Famous Jewish rabbi, b. around 70 B.C.; d. about A.D. 10
Himeria
A titular see in the province of Osrhoene
Himerius
Archbishop of Tarragona in Spain, 385
Hincmar (Archbishop of Reims)
Archbishop of Reims; b. in 806: d. at Epernay on December 21, 882
Hincmar (Bishop of Laon)
Bishop of Laon, d. 879
Hinduism
Major religion of India
Hippo Diarrhytus
A titular see of Northern Africa
Hippo Regius
A titular see of Numidia
Hippolyte Delaroche
Painter, b. at Paris, July 17, 1797; d. November 4, 1856
Hippolytus, Saints
Name of several saints and martyrs
Hippos
A titular see of Palestina Secunda
Hirena
A titular see of southern Tunis
Historical Criticism
The art of distinguishing the true from the false concerning facts of the past
History of Marriage
Historical treatment of the institution
History of Medicine
Treatment of the history of medicine
History of Physics
History of the science of physics
History of the Christian Altar
History of the elevated surface, tabular in form, on which the sacrifice of the Mass is offered
History of Toleration
Treatment of religious toleration in history
Hohenburg
A suppressed nunnery
Holiness
Treatment of the concept
Holland
The conventional designation of the country more properly called the Netherlands
Hollanders in the United States
Information about Dutch immigrants to the United States
Holocaust
Form of Old Testament sacrifice
Holy Alliance
Nineteenth-century alliance between Austria, Prussia, and Russia
Holy Coat
Artifact claimed to be the seamless garment of Christ
Holy Communion
Treatment of hte reception of the Eucharist
Holy Cross Abbey
Monastery in Ireland
Holy Cross, Sisters of the
Religious association in Indiana
Holy Ghost
The Third Person of the Holy Trinity
Holy Grail, The
The name of a legendary sacred vessel
Holy Innocents
The children in the area of Bethlehem slain by Herod
Holy Lance
Spear that produced the wound in Christ's side
Holy Nails
Commentary on the long debated question as to whether Christ was crucified with three or with four nails
Holy Name of Jesus
Treatment of the reverence given to the name of Jesus
Holy Oils
Treatment of blessed oils
Holy Orders
The sacrament
Holy Saturday
The Saturday before Easter
Holy See
The episcopal seat of the bishop of Rome
Holy Sepulchre
The tomb in which the Body of Jesus Christ was laid after His death
Holy Shroud
Name is primarily given to a relic now preserved at Turin, for which the claimis made that it is the actual
Holy Simeon
One of the pious Jews who received a premonition from the Holy Ghost that he would not die before he had seen the expected Messias
Holy Synod
The council by which the Church of Russia and many other Orthodox Churches are governed
Holy Water
Treatment of the use of holy water
Holy Water Fonts
Vessels intended for the use of holy water
Holy Week
The week which precedes the great festival of the Resurrection on Easter Sunday
Holy Year of Jubilee
A special Church anniversary or the celebration of it
Holyrood Abbey
Abbey in Scotland
Holywell
A town in North Wales; location of St. Winefride's Well, to which miraculous cures are attributed
Homes
Treatment of institutions devoted to the care of particular kinds of individuals
Homicide
The killing of a human being
Homiletics
Science that treats of the composition and delivery of a sermon or other religious discourse
Homiliarium
A collection of homilies, or familiar explanations of the Gospels
Homily
Treatment of the history of homilies in liturgy
Homoousion
Word used by the Council of Nicaea to express the Divinity of Christ.
Hon. George Spencer
Passionist, b. at the Admiralty, London, Dec. 21, 1799; d. at Carstairs, Scotland, Oct. 1, 1864
Honduras
Territory in Latin America
Honoratus a Sancta Maria
Discalced Carmelite; b. at Limoges, July 4, 1651; d. at Lille, 1729
Honoratus, Saint
Archbishop of Arles; b. about 350; d. 429
Honore Fabri
Jesuit, theologian, b. about 1607 in the Department of Ain, France; d. at Rome, March 8, 1688
Honore Tournely
Theologian, b. at Antibes, Provence, August 28, 1658; d. at Paris, Dec. 26, 1729
Honorius of Autun
Theologian, philosopher, and encyclopedic writer who lived in the first half of the twelfth century
Honorius, Saint
Archbishop of Canterbury, fifth in succession from St. Augustine, elected 627
Honour
Deferential recognition by word or sign of another's worth or station
Hood
A flexible, conical, brimless head-dress, covering the entire head, except the face
Hope
The desire of something together with the expectation of obtaining it
Hopi Indians
Group of Pueblo Indians in Arizona
Horacio Carochi
B. in Florence, c. 1586; d. in Mexico in 1666
Hortulus Animae
A prayer book which both in its Latin and German forms was exceedingly popular in the early years of the sixteenth century
Hosanna
Joyful acclamation used in the Bible and the liturgy
Hosius of Cordova
The foremost Western champion of orthodoxy in the early anti-Arian struggle; b. about 256; d. about 358
Hospice
Shelter for the sick, the poor, the orphans, the old, the travelers, and the needy of every kind
Hospice-Anthelme Verreau
A French-Canadian priest, educator, and historian, b. at L'islet, P. Q., Sept. 6, 1828, of Germain V. and Ursule Fournier; d. at Montreal in 1901
Hospital Sisters of the Mercy of Jesus
Group of religious founded in the thirteenth century
Hospitality
Duty incumbent on religious orders
Hospitallers
Religious orders devoted to the care of the sick
Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem
The most important of all the military orders
Hospitals
Treatment of the history of hospitals
Hospitius, Saint
Recluse, b. according to tradition in Egypt, towards the beginning of the sixth century; d. on May 21, 581
Host (Archaeological and Historical)
Archaeological and historical treatment of the Eucharistic host
Host (Canonical and Liturgical)
Canonical and liturgical treatment of the Eucharistic host
Hottentots
Tribal group in South Africa
House of Guise
A branch of the ducal family of Lorraine, played an important part in the religious troubles of France during the sixteenth century
House of Malatesta
An Italian family prominent in the history of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
House of Medici
A Florentine family which rose in a few generations to be first the unofficial rulers of the republic of Florence
Hroswitha, Saint
A celebrated nun-poetess of the tenth century, b. probably between 930 and 940; d. about 1002
Huajuápam de León
Diocese in Mexico
Hubert and Jan Van Eyck
Brothers, Flemish illuminators and painters, founders of all the schools of painting in the North of Europe
Hubert Walter
Archbishop of Canterbury; d. July 13, 1205
Hubert, Saint
Confessor, bishop, apostle of the Ardennes, b. about 656; d. May 30, 727 or 728
Hubert-Andre Dumont
Belgian geologist, b. Feb. 15, 1809; d. Feb. 28, 1857
Hucbald of St-Amand
A Benedictine monk; b. in 840; d. in 930 or 932
Huelgas de Burgos
The royal monastery founded by Alfonso VIII at the instance of his consort, Dona Leonor of England, about the year 1180
Hugh and Leo Etherianus
Brothers, Tuscans by birth, employed at the court of Constantinople under the Emperor Manuel I
Hugh Capet
King of France, founder of the Capetian dynasty, b. about the middle of the tenth century; d. about 996
Hugh Faringdon
English martyr; b. probably at Faringdon, Berkshire, date unknown; d. at Reading, November 15, 1539
Hugh Green
English Martyr; b. about 1584; d. 1642
Hugh MacCaghwell
Archbishop and theologian, b. at Saul, Co. Down, 1571; d. Sept. 22, 1626
Hugh O'Neill
Earl of Tyrone, b. 1540; d. at Rome, 1616
Hugh O'Reilly
Archbishop of Armagh, head of the Confederates of Kilkenny, b. 1580; d. on Trinity Island in Lough Erne
Hugh of Digne
Friar Minor and ascetical writer; b. at Digne, southeast France, date uncertain; d. at Marseilles about 1285
Hugh of Flavigny
Benedictine monk and historian; b. about 1064, probably at Verdun (Lorraine); d. before the middle of the twelfth century
Hugh of Fleury
Benedictine monk and ecclesiastical writer; d. not before 1118
Hugh of Lincoln, Saint
B. about the year 1135 at the castle of Avalon, near Pontcharra, in Burgundy; d. at London, 16 Nov 1200
Hugh of Remiremont
Cardinal, born of a noble family, probably in Lorraine, died soon after 1098
Hugh of St-Cher
Dominican cardinal of the thirteenth century; b. at St-Cher, near Vienne, in Dauphine (France), about 1200; d. at Orvieto (Italy), March 19, 1263
Hugh of St. Victor
Medieval philosopher, theologian, and mystical writer; b. 1096 in Saxony; d. March 11, 1141
Hugh of Strasburg
Theologian, flourished during the latter half of the thirteenth century
Hugh Oldham
Bishop of Exeter, b. in Lancashire, either at Crumpsell or Oldham; d. June 25, 1519
Hugh Paulinus Serenus Cressy
Doctor of Theology and English Benedictine monk, b. at Thorpe-Salvin, Yorkshire, about 1605; d. at East Grinstead, Sussex, August 10, 1674
Hugh Taylor
English martyr, b. 25 (not 26) November, 1585
Hugh the Great, Saint
Abbot of Cluny, b. at Semur (Brionnais) in the Diocese of Autun, 1024; d. at Cluny, April 28, 1109
Hugh Tootell
Commonly known as Charles Dodd, historian, b. in 1671 or '72; d. Feb. 27, 1743
Hugh Ward
Hagiographer, b. in Donegal, about 1590; d. Nov. 8,1635
Hugh, Saint
B. about 1246; d. in 1255
Huguccio
Italian canonist, b. at Pisa, date unknown; d. in 1210
Huguenots
A name by which the French Protestants are often designated
Hulst, Maurice Le Sage d'Hauteroche d'
Prelate, writer, orator; b. at Paris, Oct. 10, 1841; d. there, Nov. 6, 1896
Human Acts
Acts that are proper to man as man; a key concept in moral theology
Human Race
Mankind exhibits differences which have been variously interpreted.
Humanism
Name given to the intellectual, literary, and scientific movement of the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries
Humbert of Romans
Fifth master general of the Dominican Order, b. at Romans in the Diocese of Vienne about 1194; d. July 14, 1277, or January 15, 1274
Humeral Veil
Name given to a cloth of rectangular shape used in the liturgy
Humiliati
Penitential order dating back, according to some authorities, to the beginning of the eleventh century
Humility
Lowliness or submissiveness
Humphrey Berisford
Confessor (ca. 1588)
Humphrey Middlemore
English Carthusian martyr, date of birth uncertain; d. at Tyburn, London, June 19, 1535
Hungarian Catholics in America
Information about Hungarian immigrants in the United States
Hungarian Literature
Treatment of literature written in Hungarian
Hungary
Hungary
Huron Indians
Treatment of the Huron Indians of North America
Hurter
Name of several noted Catholic individuals
Hus
The name of three persons and a land mentioned in the Old Testament
Hus and Hussites
Treatment of Jan Hus and his followers
Hyacinth, Saint
Dominican, called the Apostle of the North, b. 1185; d. Aug. 15, 1257
Hyacintha Mariscotti, Saint
A religious of the Third Order of St. Francis and foundress of the Sacconi; b. 1585; d. January 30. 1640
Hyacinthe de Valroger
French Oratorian, b. at Caen, Jan. 6, 1814; d. Oct. 10, 1876
Hyacinthe Sigismond Gerdil
Cardinal, theologian; b. 1718; d. 1802
Hyacinthe-Louis de Quelen
Archbishop of Paris, b. at Paris, Oct. 8, 1778; d. there Dec. 31, 1830
Hydatius of Lemica
Chronicler and bishop, b. at the end of the fourth century ; d. shortly after 468
Hylozoism
The doctrine according to which all matter possesses life
Hymn
Treatment of the concept of hymns
Hymnody and Hymnology
Treatment of the study of hymns
Hypaepa
Titular see of Asia Minor
Hypnotism
Treatment of the concept of hypnotism
Hypocrisy
Treatment of the concept of hypocrisy
Hypostatic Union
A theological term used with reference to the Incarnation to express the revealed truth that in Christ one person subsists in two natures
Hypsistarians
Jewish-pagan sect which flourished from about 200 B.C. to about A.D. 400,
Hyssop
A plant which is referred to in a few passages of Holy Writ
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Last updated: June 18 2009.