Catholic Answers


Precentor of Canterbury and historian, b. 1064 (?); d. 1124 (?)
Name of two Archbishops of York
Early African Church
Name given to the Christian communities inhabiting the region known politically as Roman Africa
Early Christian Lamps
Small clay lamps adorned with Christian symbols
Early Christian Representations of Angels
Angels were seldom represented in Christian art before Constantine
Early Symbols of the Eucharist
Among the symbols employed by the Christians of the first ages in decorating their tombs, those which relate to the Eucharist hold a place of the first importance
East Syrian Rite
Also known as the Chaldean, Assyrian, or Persian Rite
Principal feast of the ecclesiastical year
Eastern Churches
Detailed article on the Eastern Churches
Eastern Schism
Detailed article on the history of the separation of the vast majority of Eastern Christians from union with the Catholic Church
Abbot of Wearmouth, appointed by St. Benedict Biscop; b. 650, d. March 7, 686
Eata, Saint
Second Bishop of Hexham; date of birth unknown; d. October 26, 686
Archbishop of Reims, b. towards the end of the eighth century; d. March 20, 851
Eberhard Billick
German theologian (ca. 1499-1557)
Eberhard of Ratisbon
German chronicler about the beginning of the fourteenth century
Eberhard Wachter
Painter, b. at Stuttgart, February 29, 1762; d. at Stuttgart, August 14, 1852
One or more early Christian sects infected with Judaistic errors
Name of two unrelated German mystics
Name given to the book of Holy Scripture which usually follows the Proverbs
Ecclesiastical Abbreviations
The words most commonly abbreviated at all times are proper names, titles (official or customary), of persons or corporations, and words of frequent occurrence
Ecclesiastical Addresses
Forms of addressing churchmen in correspondence and speech
Ecclesiastical and Religious Vocation
The special gift of those who, in the Church of God, follow with a pure intention the ecclesiastical profession or the evangelical counsels
Ecclesiastical Annals
Historical literature of the Middle Ages
Ecclesiastical Archives
Collection of documents, etc. pertaining to the origin, history, rights, privileges, and constitutions of a diocese, parish, monastery, or religious community
Ecclesiastical Art
Detailed article on the developments of Christian art from the beginning down to the present day
Ecclesiastical Buildings
This term comprehends all constructions erected for the celebration of liturgical acts
Ecclesiastical Canons
Rules or norms of conduct or belief prescribed by the Church
Ecclesiastical Censures
Medicinal and spiritual punishments imposed by the Church on a baptized, delinquent, and contumacious person
Ecclesiastical Commissions
Bodies of ecclesiastics juridically established and to whom are committed certain specified functions or charges
Ecclesiastical Conferences
Meetings of clerics for the purpose of discussing matters pertaining to their state of life, particularly, questions of moral theology and liturgy
Ecclesiastical Constitutions
Enactments, ordinances, and laws
Ecclesiastical Courts
Judicial power of the Church exercised over her members without interference on the part of civil society
Ecclesiastical Dignitary
A member of a chapter, cathedral or collegiate, possessed not only of a foremost place, but also of a certain jurisdiction
Ecclesiastical Discipline
The word discipline signifies the formation of one who places himself at school and under the direction of a master
Ecclesiastical Emancipation
Process of law by which a slave released from the control of his master, or a son liberated from the authority of his father, was declared legally independent
Ecclesiastical Feasts
Days which are celebrated in commemoration of the sacred mysteries and events recorded in the history of our redemption, in memory of the Virgin Mother of Christ, or of His apostles, martyrs, and saints, by special services and rest from work
Ecclesiastical Forum
The Church of Christ has judicial and coercive power
Ecclesiastical Heraldry
The study of heraldry as used by Church and religious bodies and individuals
Ecclesiastical History
The history of the Church
Ecclesiastical Judge
Person who possesses ecclesiastical jurisdiction in general or in strict sense
Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction
Right to guide and rule the Church of God
Ecclesiastical Latin
Refers to the Latin we find in the official textbooks of the Church (the Bible and the Liturgy), including the works of those Christian writers of the West who expound or defend Christian beliefs
Ecclesiastical Letters
Publications or announcements of the organs of ecclesiastical authority
Ecclesiastical Music
Music employed in connection with Divine service to promote the glorification of God and the edification of the faithful
Ecclesiastical Pension
The right to a certain sum of money to be paid yearly out of the revenues of a church or benefice to a cleric, on account of just reasons approved by an ecclesiastical superior
Ecclesiastical Person
Person whom a special tie connects with the Church
Ecclesiastical Prisons
The Church has claimed and exercised the right, belonging to a perfect and visible society, of protecting its members by condemning the guilty to imprisonment
Ecclesiastical Privileges
Exceptions to the law made in favor of the clergy or in favor of consecrated and sacred objects and places
Ecclesiastical Property
The Church has the right to acquire and possess temporal goods
Ecclesiastical Property in the United States
The Third Plenary Council of Baltimore decreed (tit. IX cap. i, n. 264):
Ecclesiastical Province
The name given to an ecclesiastical administrative district under the jurisdiction of an archbishop
Ecclesiastical Province of the Upper Rhine
Includes the Archdiocese of Freiburg and the suffragan Dioceses of Fulda, Mainz, Limburg, and Rottenburg
Ecclesiastical Residence
A remaining or abiding where one's duties lie or where one's occupation is properly carried on, as the presence of a bishop in his diocese, a rector or incumbent in his benefice, a canon in his cathedral or collegiate church: opposed to non-residence or a
Ecclesiastical Seminary
Reserved to schools instituted for the training of the Catholic diocesan clergy
Ecclesiastical Statistics
History of the methods used for the collection and tabulation of ecclesiastical statistics
Ecclesiastical Tenure
Granting of an estate to a person by ecclesiastical authority
Ecclesiastical use of Basin
Early use in Christian churches for ablutions and to receive lamp-drippings
Longest of the deuterocanonical books of Holy Writ
Titular see of Thessaly, Greece
Abbot of Schonau b. in the early part of the twelfth century; d. March 28, 1184
System in philosophy which seeks the solution of its fundamental problems by selecting and uniting what it regards as true in the various philosophical schools
Supernatural state that includes two elements: the one, interior and invisible
Republic and independent state of South America
Applies to two different collections of old Norse literature, poetical and prose
Family name of four engravers
Edesius and Frumentius
Tyrian Greeks of the fourth century, probably brothers, who introduced Christianity into Abyssinia
Titular archiepiscopal see in that part of Mesopotamia formerly known as Osrhoene
Capital of Scotland
Editions of the Bible
Printed reproductions of its original texts
Edme Mariotte
French physicist, b. about 1620; d. May 12, 1684
Edmond Auger
French Jesuit who was regarded as one of the most eloquent men of his time (1530-1591)
Edmond Jeaurat
French engraver (1688-1738)
Edmond Martene
Historian and liturgist, b. December 22, 1654; d. June 20, 1739
Edmond Reusens
Archaeologist and historian, b. at Wijneghem (Antwerp), April 25, 1831; d. at Louvain, Dec. 24, 1903
Edmond-Frederic Le Blant
French archaeologist and historian, b. August 12, 1818; d. July 5, 1897 at Paris
Edmund and John Gennings
The first, a martyr for the Catholic Faith, and the second, the restorer of the English province of Franciscan friars, were brothers and converts to the Church. Edmund Gennings was born at Lichfield in 1567; died in London, Dec. 10, 1591. John was b. abou
Edmund Arrowsmith, Venerable
English martyr, b. in 1585 at Haddock; executed at Lancaster, Aug. 23, 1628
Edmund Bailey O'Callaghan
Physician, publicist, and historian, b. at Mallow, Cork, Feb. 29, 1797; d. at New York, May 29, 1880
Edmund Bolton
Historian and poet (ca. 1575 - ca. 1633)
Edmund Bonner
Bishop of London (1500-1569)
Edmund Brindholm, Venerable
Martyr and parish priest of Our Lady's Church at Calais (d. 1540)
Edmund Burke
First Vicar Apostolic of Nova Scotia, b. in the parish of Maryborough, County Kildare, Ireland, in 1753; d. at Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1820
Edmund Campion, Blessed
English Jesuit and martyr; b. Jan. 25, 1540; executed at Tyburn, Dec. 1, 1581
Edmund Catherick
English priest and martyr, b. probably in Lancashire about 1605; executed at York, April 13, 1642
Edmund Cosin
Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University, England
Edmund Ignatius Rice
Founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, b. at Callan, Co. Kilkenny, 1762; d. at Waterford, 1844
Edmund Neville
Jesuit, b. at Hopcut, Lancashire, 1605; d. in England, July 18, 1847
Edmund O'Donnell
The first Jesuit executed by the English government; b. at Limerick in 1542, executed at Cork, March 16, 1575
Edmund O'Reilly
Theologian, b. in London, April 30, 1811; d. at Dublin, November 10, 1878
Edmund O'Reilly (Archbishop of Armagh)
Archbishop of Armagh, b. at Dublin, 1616; d. at Saumur, France, 1669, was educated in Dublin and ordained there in 1629
Edmund Plowden
B. 1517-8; d. in London, Feb. 6, 1584-5
Edmund Rich, Saint
Archbishop of Canterbury, England, b. November 20, 1180, d. Nov. 16, 1240
Edmund Sykes
B. at Leeds; martyred at York Tyburn March 23, 1586-1587
Edmund Tanner
Bishop of Cork and Cloyne, Ireland, b. about 1526; d. 1579
Edmund the Martyr, Saint
King of East Anglia, b. about 840; d. at Hoxne, Suffolk, November 20, 870
Edouard Branly
French physicist and inventor (nineteenth century)
Eduard Heis
German astronomer, b. at Cologne, February 18, 1806; d. at Munster, Westphalia, June 30, 1877
Eduard von Steinle
Historical painter, b. at Vienna, July 2, 1810; d. at Frankfort, Sept. 19, 1886
Details on the development of the learning process and on various institutions of learning
Education of the Blind
History and statistics on educating the blind
Education of the Deaf
Historical and educational information on the education of the deaf
Edward Ambrose Barlow, Venerable
Benedictine priest and martyr (1585-1641)
Edward Ambrose Burgis
Dominican historian and theologian, b. in England c. 1673; d. in Brussels, April 27, 1747
Edward Anthony Hatton
Dominican, apologist; b. in 1701; d. at Stourton Lodge, near Leeds, Yorkshire, October 23, 1783
Edward Arden
English Catholic, executed during the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1542-1583)
Edward Bamber, Venerable
Priest and martyr (d.1646)
Edward Barron
Missionary, b. at Waterford, Ireland, 1801; d. at Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A., Sept. 12, 1854
Edward Bellasis
English convert (1800-1873)
Edward Bocking
English Benedictine (d. 1534)
Edward Bradshaigh
English Carmelite friar (d. 1652)
Edward Caswall
Oratorian and poet, b. July 15, 1814, d. at the Oratory, Birmingham, January 2, 1878
Edward Coffin
English Jesuit and missionary (1570-1626)
Edward Coleman
Controversialist politician, and secretary of the Duchess of York (executed 1678)
Edward Dicconson
Titular Bishop of Malla, or Mallus, Vicar Apostolic of the English Northern District; b. Nov. 30, 1670; d. May 5, 1752
Edward Genicot
Moral theologian, b. at Antwerp, Belgium, June 18, 1856; d. at Louvain, February 21, 1900
Edward Hawarden
Theologian and controversialist, b. in Lancashire, England, April 9, 1662; d. in London, April 23, 1735
Edward III
King of England, b. at Windsor Castle Nov. 13, 1312; d. at Sheen, June 21, 137
Edward Jones, Venerable
Priest, martyr (d. 1590)
Edward Kavanagh
American statesman, diplomat (1795-1844)
Edward Maginn
Coadjutor Bishop of Derry, b. at Fintona, Ireland, Dec. 16, 1802; d. at Derry, January 17, 1849
Edward Mayhew
B. in 1569; d. Sept. 14, 1625
Edward McCabe
Cardinal, b. in Dublin, 1816; d. at Kingstown, Feb. 11, 1885
Edward Meredith
English Catholic controversialist, b. in 1648, year of his death is uncertain
Edward Metcalfe
Linguist, martyr, b. in Yorkshire, 1792; d. Leeds, May 7, 1847
Edward Michelis
Theologian, b. Feb. 6, 1813; d. June 8, 1855
Edward Morgan, Venerable
Welsh priest-martyr, b. at Bettisfield, Hanmer, Flintshire, execute at Tyburn, London, April 26, 1642
Edward Oldcorne, Venerable
Martyr, b. 1561; d. 1606
Edward Osbaldeston
English martyr, b. about 1560; hanged, drawn, and quartered at York, November 16, 1594
Edward Patrick Allen
Fifth Bishop of Mobile, Alabama, U.S., b. at Lowell, Mass., 17 March, 1853
Edward Rishton
Priest, published a chart of ecclesiastical history, b. in Lancashire, 1550; d. at Sainte-Menehould, Lorraine, June 29, 1585
Edward Sheldon
Translator, b. at Beoley, April 23, 1599; d. in London, March 27, 1687
Edward Sorin
Founder of Notre Dame, Indiana; b. Feb. 6, 1814, at Ahuille, near Laval, France; d. Oct. 31, 1893, at Notre Dame, U.S.A.
Edward Stransham
English martyr, b. at Oxford about 1554; suffered at Tyburn, January 21, 1586
Edward the Confessor, Saint
King of England, b. in 1003; d. January 5, 1066
Edward the Martyr, Saint
King of England, martyred by assassin, b. about 962; d. March 18, 979
Edward Walsh
Irish poet, b. at Derry in 1805; d. at Cork, August 6, 1850
Edward Waterson, Venerable
B. at London; martyred at Newcastle-on-Tyne, Jan. 7, 1594 (1593 old style)
Edward Worsley
B. in Lancashire, England, 1605; d. at Antwerp, Sept. 2, 1676
Edwin, Saint
First Christian King of Northumbria, b. about 585,d. October 12, 633
King of the English, eldest son of Edmund and St. Aelfgifu, b. about 940; d. 959
Self-styled King of England, d. A.D. 839
Egbert (Archbishop of Trier)
Archbishop of Trier, d. 8 or December 9, 993
Egbert (Archbishop of York)
Archbishop of York, England, reformer and strict disciplinarian, date of birth unknown; d. November 19, 766
Egbert, Saint
Northumbrian monk, induced Iona monks to stop their schismatic practice b. 639; d. 729.
King of Northumbria, b. 650; d. 685
Egidio Colonna
Augustinian; Scholastic philosopher and theologian (c. 1247-1316)
Egidio Forcellini
Latin lexicographer, b. at Fener, near Treviso, Italy, Aug. 26, 1688; d. at Padua, April 4, 1768
Ethical systems which hold self-love to be the source of all rational action and the determinant of moral conduct
Egwin, Saint
Third Bishop of Worcester, founder of the great Abbey of Evesham; date of birth unknown; d. December 20, 720
Detailed article on ancient Egyptian history, religion, literary monuments, Coptic Church
Egyptian Church Ordinance
Early Christian collection of thirty-one canons regulating ordinations, the liturgy, and other main features of church life
Eimhin, Saint
Abbot and Bishop of Ros-mic-Truin (Ireland), probably in the sixth century
Historian, born c. 770; d. March 14, 840,
Eithene, Saint
Sixth-century virgin, visionary
Eithne, Saint
Baptized by St. Patrick, is commemorated in the Irish martyrologies under the 11th of January
Detailed article on five monks of the (Swiss) Abbey of St. Gall from the tenth to the thirteenth century
Ekkehard of Aura
Benedictine monk and chronicler, took part in the Council of Guastalla, b. about 1050; d. after 1125.
El Cid
Great popular hero of the chivalrous age of Spain (c. 1040-1099)
Titular see of Asia Minor, founded by Menestheus
Largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago
Sect of Gnostic Ebionites
Detailed article on the family of Eleazar
Theological term equivalent to 'chosen as the object of mercy or Divine favour, as set apart for eternal life'
Juridical concept, form and method of ecclesiastical elections
Elena Lucrezia Piscopia Cornaro
Learned Italian woman of noble descent (1646-1684)
Eleutherius, Saint
Sixth-century Bishop of Tournai
Titular see in Palstina Prima
Showing the consecrated Host to the people
Important Old Testament Prophet
Elias of Cortona
Minister General of the Friars Minor, b. 1180; d. April 22, 1253
Elias of Jerusalem
Resisted the attempt of Emperor Anastasius I to abolish the Council of Chalcedon, d. 518
Eligius, Saint
Bishop of Noyon-Tournai, b. 590, d. December 1, 660
Elined, Saint
Virgin and martyr, flourished c. 490
Prophet of Israel (Elisha)
Elisha John Durbin
Missionary, called the patriarch-priest of Kentucky, b. Feb. 1, 1800, 1887
Famous Armenian historian of the fifth century, place and date of birth unknown, d. 480
Eliza Allen Starr
Writer, b. at Deerfield, Massachusetts, Aug. 29, 1824; d. at Durand, Illinois, Sept. 8, 1901
Zachary's wife, John the Baptist's mother, and Mary's kinswoman
Elizabeth Ann Seton, Saint
Foundress and first superior of the Sisters of Charity in the United States, b. in New York City, Aug. 28, 1774, of non-Catholic parents of high position; d. at Emmitsburg, Maryland, Jan. 4, 1821
Elizabeth Associations
Charitable associations of women in Germany who minister to sick and poor
Elizabeth Barton
Nun and visionary, whose prophecies led to her execution under Henry VIII
Elizabeth Cellier
A noted London midwife, who came into prominence through the pretended Meal-Tub Plot of 1680
Elizabeth Galitzin
Princess, religious of the Sacred Heart; b. at St. Petersburg, February 22, 1797; d. in Louisiana, December 8, 1843
Elizabeth inchbald
Novelist, dramatist, and actress; b. Oct. 15, 1753; d. Aug. 1, 1821
Elizabeth of Hungary, Saint
Cared for sick and poor, abbess of the convent of Aldenburg near Wetzlar, b. 1207; d. November 17, 1231
Elizabeth of Portugal, Saint
Queen who was devoted to the poor and sick b. in 1271; d. in 1336
Elizabeth of Reute, Blessed
Third Order of St. Francis, b. Nov. 25, 1386, d. Nov. 25, 1420
Elizabeth of Schönau, Saint
Benedictine nun, visionary, b. about 1129; d. June 18, 1165
Ellakim Parker Scammon
Educator, b. at Whitefield, Maine, U.S.A., Dec. 27, 1816; d. at New York, Dec. 7, 1894
Ellen Whitty
In religion Mary Vincent, b. at Pouldarrig near Oylgate, a village seven miles from the town of Wexford, March 1, 1819; d. at Brisbane, Queensland, March, 1892
Ellwangen Abbey
Earliest Benedictine monastery established in the Duchy of Wurtemberg
Common name for God
Elphege, Saint
Archbishop of Canterbury, Martyr b. 954; d. 1012
Titular see of Palaestina Tertia, suffragan of Petra
Elzear of Sabran, Saint
Third Order of St. Francis, ambassador to France, b. 1285; d. September 27, 1323
Elzear-Alexandre Taschereau
Archbishop of Quebec and first Canadian cardinal, b. February 17, 1820; d. 1898
Doctrine that emanation is the mode by which all things are derived from the First Reality, or Principle
Ember Days
Days at the beginning of the seasons ordered by the Church as days of fast and abstinence
Means an insertion, addition or interpretation. Article gives two specific uses of this word in the language of the Church
Needlework used from early times to ornament vestments
Emerentiana, Saint
Virgin and martyr, d. at Rome in the third century
Ttitular see of Phoenicia Secunda, suffragan of Damascus, and the seat of two Uniat archdioceses
Emigrant Aid Societies
Organizations that care for immigrants
Emile Gebhart
A French professor and writer, b. July 19, 1839, at Nancy; d. April 22, 1908, in Paris
Emile Paul-Constant-Ange Le Camus
Preacher, theologian, scripturist, Bishop of La Rochelle and Saintes, b. at Paraza, France, August 24, 1839; d. at Malvisade, near Castelnaudary, France, September 28, 1906
Signifies God with us, name of the child predicted in Is., vii, 14
Emmanuel Maignan
French physicist and theologian; b. at Toulouse, July 17, 1601; d. at Toulouse, October 29, 1676
Emmanuel Schelstrate
Theologian, b. at Antwerp, 1649; d. at Rome, April 6, 1692
Emmanuel Theodore de la Tour d'Auvergne Cardinal de Bouillon
French prelate and diplomat (1643-1715)
Emmanuel-Henri-Dieudonne Domenech
Abbe, missionary and author, b. at Lyons, France, November 4, 1826; d. m France, June, 1886
Titular see in Palaestina Prima, suffragan of Caesarea
Emmeram, Saint
Bishop of Poitiers, missionary to Bavaria, b. first half of seventh century; martyred at end of same century
Emperor Charles V
Charles I, King of Spain (1500-1558)
Signifies the theory that the phenomena of consciousness are simply the product of sensuous experience
Name given in early Christian times to a species of reliquary worn round the neck
Literally, abstainers, because they refrained from the use of wine, animal food, and marriage
Certain papal documents explicitly addressed to the patriarchs, primates, archbishops, and bishops of the Universal Church in communion with the Apostolic See
Abridgment of human knowledge in a systematized summary
Writers of the eighteenth century who edited or contributed articles to the Encyclopedia
Property, fund, or revenue permanently appropriated for the support of any person, institution, or object
Enemond Massé
One of the first Jesuits sent to New France; b. at Lyons, 1574; d. at Sillery, May 12, 1646
Name of a warm spring near the center of the Dead Sea, and also of a town situated in the same place
Abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Admont in Styria, b. 1250; d. May 12, 1331
Engelbert Muhlbacher
Historian, b. at Gresten, Austria, Oct. 4, 1843; d. at Vienna, July 17, 1903
Engelbert of Cologne, Saint
Archbishop, martyr, b. about 1185; d. November 7, 1225
History of England in its relations with the Catholic Church
English College in Rome
History and scholastic status of college
English Confessors and Martyrs
Cause of the beatification of the English Martyrs (1534-1729)
English Hierarchy, Reorganization of the
On Sept. 29, 1850, by the Bull 'Universalis Ecclesiae', Pius IX restored the Catholic hierarchy in England which had become extinct with the death of the last Marian bishop in the reign of Elizabeth.
English Post-Reformation Oaths
The English Reformation having been imposed by the Crown, it was natural that submission to the essential points of its formularies should have been exacted with some solemnity, by oath, test, or formal declaration, and that these should change with the v
English Revolution
Detailed article on how the history of the Revolution resolves itself into a catalogue of various ill-judged measures which alienated the support of the Established Church
Enguerrand de Monstrelet
French chronicler, b. about 1390 or 1395; d. in July, 1453
Enrico Dandolo
Doge of Venice from 1192 to 1205; d., aged about a hundred years, in 1205
Enrico Martin
Date and place of birth unknown; d. in Mexico in 1632. According to some he was of Spanish descent; Humboldt says that he was either a German or Dutchman, and according to others a Mexican educated in Spain
Enrique Florez
Spanish theologian, archeologist, and historian; b. at Valladolid, February 14, 1701; d. at Madrid, August 20, 1773
Enrique Henriquez
A noted Jesuit theologian, b. at Oporto, 1536; d. at Tivoli, January 28, 1608
Superstructure which lies horizontally upon the columns in classic architecture
Greek word meaning to place on a throne
Eoghan, Saints
Brief descriptions of the lives of five Irish saints
Surplus days of the solar over the lunar year
Originally the name of one of the divisions of the Roman Empire
Titular archiepiscopal see in Asia Minor
Type of garment mentioned in the Old Testament, which differed according to its use
Ephraem, Saint
Famous for his exegetical and poetical writings b.early in the fourth century d. June, 373
Ephraim of Antioch
Defender of the Faith against the Monophysites, b. at Amida in Mesopotamia; d. in 545
Signifies a philosophical system, which includes a theory of conduct, of nature, and of mind
Name of a prayer that occurs in all Eastern liturgies after the words of Institution
Titular see in Cilicia Secunda, in Asia Minor, suffragan of Anazar
Sixth-century translator of various Greek works
Epiphanius of Constantinople
Succeeded John II as Patriarch of Constantinople
Epiphanius of Salamis
Monk and bishop, b. at Besanduk, near Eleutheropolis, in Judea, after 310; d. in 403
Detailed history on the Feast of Epiphany
Episcopal and Pontifical Capitulations
Agreements by which those taking part in the election of a bishop or pope imposed special conditions upon the candidate to be fulfilled by him after his election
Episcopal Gloves
Liturgical gloves for bishops and cardinals
Episcopal intercession
The right to intercede for criminals, which was granted by the secular power to the bishops of the Early Church
Episcopal Oeconomus
One who is charged with the care of a house, an administrator
Episcopal Sandals
Form of low shoes, and resemble slippers
Episcopal Subsidies
Contributions made to a diocese
Branch of philosophy which is concerned with the value of human knowledge
Article discusses Old and New Testament concepts of Biblical epistles
Epistle of Barnabas
Authorities for the Text and Editions and history of document
Epistle of Saint James
Letter attributed to saint commonly identified with the Lord's brother
Epistle of Saint Jude
Letter attributed to the brother of James
Epistle to Diognetus
Beautiful little apology for Christianity is cited by no ancient or medieval writer, and came down to us in a single MS. which perished in the siege of Strasburg (1870)
Epistle to the Colossians
One of the four Captivity Epistles written by St. Paul during his first imprisonment in Rome
Epistle to the Ephesians
Detailed analysis of St. Paul's letter to the Ephesians
Epistle to the Galatians
New Testament book
Epistle to the Hebrews
(I) Argument; (II) Doctrinal Contents; (III) Language and Style; (IV) Distinctive Characteristics; (V) Readers to Whom it was Addressed; (VI) Author; (VII) Circumstances of the Composition; (VIII) Importance
Epistle to the Philippians
An epistle by St. Paul
Epistle to the Romans
Detailed article on the history and theological content of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans
Epistles of Saint John
Three canonical books of the New Testament written by the Apostle St. John
Epistles of Saint Peter
Study of the apostle's two Epistles
Epistles to the Corinthians
St. Paul's epistle
Epistles to the Thessalonians
Two of the canonical Epistles of St. Paul
Epistles to Timothy and Titus
Treatment of the New Testament books
Epistles to Timothy and Titus (Biblical Commission)
Pastoral letters of Paul to two disciples
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Soldier, convert (1810-1895)
Erastus and Erastianism
Short account of the life and works of Erastus, b. September 7, 1524; and died December 31, 1583
Ercole Consalvi
Cardinal and statesman (1757-1824)
Ercole Gonzaga
Cardinal; b. 1505; d. 1563.
Erconwald, Saint
Bishop of London, founded two monasteries, d. about 690.
Erdington Abbey
Benedictine abbey, situated in Warwickshire, England
Erhard of Ratisbon, Saint
Seventh-century Bishop of Ratisbon
District of East Prussia and an exempt bishopric
Name of four Irish saints
Ernest Hello
French philosopher and essayist, b. at Lorient, Brittany, Nov. 4, 1828; d. at Keroman, near Lorient, July 14, 1885
Ernest Meissonier
French painter, b. at Lyons February 21, 1815; d. at Paris, January 31, 1891
Ernest-Francois Mallard
French mineralogist, b. February 4, 1833; d. July 6, 1894
Ernricus Pirhing
Jesuit; b. at Sigarthin, near Passau, 1606; d. between 1678 and 1681
Ernst Deger
Historical painter, b. in Bockenem, Hanover, April 15, 1809; d. in Dusseldorf, Jan. 27, 1885
Ernst Friedrich Zwirner
Architect, b. at Jakobswalde in Silesia in 1802; d. at Cologne in 1861
Ernst Maria Lieber
Principal leader of the center Party in the German Imperial Parliament and the Prussian Diet, b. Nov. 16, 1838; d. March 31, 1902
Ernst of Hesse-Rheinfels
Co-founded the collateral lines of Hesse-Rheinfels and Hesse-Rotenburg., b. Dec. 9, 1623, d. May 12, 1693
Ernst von Lasaulx
Scholar and philosopher, b. at Coblenz, March 16, 1805; d. at Munich, May 9, 1861
Architect, b. at Beauvais, France, in 1040 d. 1124
Mental judgment, by which something false is held to be true, or something true avouched to be false.
Erwin of Steinbach
One of the architects of the Strasburg cathedral, date of birth unknown; d. at Strasburg, January 17, 1318
Erycius Puteanus
B. at Venloo, in Dutch Limbourg, Nov. 4, 1574; d. at Louvain, Sept. 17, 1646; a Belgian humanist and philologist
Titular see in Asia Minor
Eldest son of Isaac and Rebecca, the twin-brother of Jacob
Branch of systematic theology which deals with the doctrines of the last things
Remarkable building in Spain situated on the south-eastern slope of the Sierra Guadarrama near Madrid.
Famous priest and scribe connected with Israel's restoration after the Exile
Archbishop of Lund, Skane, Sweden; prominent prince of the Church in Scandinavia b. about 1100; d. 6 (7?) Sept., 1181
Littoral race occupying the entire Arctic coast and outlying islands of America, a distance of more than five thousand miles
Contract of future marriage between a man and a woman, who are thereby affianced
Espousals of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Feast of the Latin Church in honor of the espousals of Mary
Esprit Flechier
Bishop; b. at Pernes, France, 1632; died at Montpellier, 1710
Essence and Existence
Essence is properly described as that whereby a thing is what it is. Existence is that whereby the essence is an actuality in the line of being
One of three leading Jewish sects mentioned by Josephus as flourishing in the second century B.C.
Established Church of Scotland
Religious organization which has for three centuries and a half claimed the adherence of the majority of the inhabitants of Scotland
Union of Church and State setting up a definite and distinctive relation between the two
Estaing, Comte d'
French admiral, b. November 28, 1729; d. at Paris, April 28, 1794.
Esteban Tapis
B. Aug. 25, 1754; d. Nov. 3, 1825
Estevan Cabrillo
Portuguese in the naval service of Spain, date and place of birth unknown; d. on the island of San Bernardo, 3 Jan., 1543
Queen of Persia and wife of Assuerus, Jewess of the tribe of Benjamin
Defined by Boetius as possession, without succession and perfect, of interminable life
Archbishop of York, England, date of birth uncertain; d. Nov. 8, 781 or 782
Ethelbert, Saint
King of the East Angles date of birth unknown; d. 794;
Ethelbert, Saint (King of Kent)
King of Kent, convert b. 552; d. February 24, 616
Etheldreda, Saint
Queen of Northumbria, b. about 630; d. at Ely, June 23, 679
Fourteenth Archbishop of Canterbury, England, date of birth unknown; d. May 12, 805
Ethelred Taunton
Writer, b. Oct. 17, 1857; d. May 9, 1907
Ethelwold, Saint
Bishop of Winchester b. early tenth century; d. Aug. 1, 984
Ethical Aspect of Slavery
Discussion of the ethical aspects of slavery
Scientific treatment of the moral order, article defines and discusses philosophical ethics and moral philosophy
History and geography of this region of Africa
Etienne Agard de Champs
Jesuit theologian and author (1613-1701)
Etienne Baluze
French scholar and historian (1630-1718)
Etienne Bauny
Jesuit theologian (1564-1649)
Etienne Binet
Jesuit author (1569-1639)
Etienne Bonnot de Condillac
Abbe of Mureaux; French philosopher (1715-1780)
Etienne de Carheil
French missionary among the Indians of Canada, b. at Carentoir, France, Nov., 1633; d. at Quebec, July 27, 1726
Etienne Le Camus
French cardinal, b. at Paris, 1632; d. at Grenoble, 1707
Etienne-Alexandre Bernier
French bishop (1762-1806)
Etienne-Antoine Boulogne
French bishop (1747-1825)
Etienne-Charles Lomenie de Brienne
French cardinal and statesman, b. at Paris, 1727; d. at Sens, 1794
Etienne-Francois Duc de Choiseul
French statesman (1719-1785)
Etienne-Michel Faillon
Historian, b. at Tarascon, France, 3-Jan:, 1800. d. at Paris, Oct. 25, 1870
Etienne-Pascal Tache
Statesman, b. Sept. 5, 1795; d. July 30, 1865
Famous Armenian monastery
Titular see of Phoenicia Secunda or Libanensis, in Palestine
Titular see of Phrygia Salutaris in Asia Minor
Name given to the Blessed Sacrament of the Altar under its twofold aspect of sacrament and Sacrifice of the Mass
Eucharistic Congresses
Gatherings of ecclesiastics and laymen for the purpose of celebrating and glorifying the Holy Eucharist and of seeking the best means to spread its knowledge and love throughout the world
Eucharius, Saint
First Bishop of Trier in the second half of the third century
Eucherius of Lyons, Saint
Bishop of Lyons, theologian, b. in the latter half of the fourth century; d. about 449
Name of one of the chief service-books of the Byzantine Church
Society of Jesus and Mary, an ecclesiastical society instituted at Caen, France, March 25, 1643, by the Venerable Jean Eudes
Wife of Theodosius II; died c. 460
Titular see of Galatia Secunda in Asia Minor
Eugendus, Saint
Fourth Abbot of Condat (Jura), b. about 449, d. Jan. 1, 510, at Condat
Eugene Bore
Orientalist, b. at Angers, Aug. 15, 1809; d. at Paris, May 3, 1878
Eugene Fromentin
French writer and artist; b. at La Rochelle, October 24, 1820; d. at Saint-Maurice, near La Rochelle, August 26, 1876
Eugene Muntz
French savant and historian; b. at Soulz-sous-Forets, near Mulhausen, Alsace, June 11, 1845; d. at Paris, November 2, 1902
Eugene O'Curry
Irish scholar, b. at Dunaha near Carrigaholt, Co. Clare, 1796; d. 1862
Eugene O'Growney
Priest, patriot, and scholar, b. August 25, 1863, at County Meath; d. at Los Angeles, Oct. 18, 1899
Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-Le-Duc
Architect, archeologist, and author, b. in Paris, January 27, 1814; d. at Lausanne, September 17, 1879
Eugenics and the Church
Eugenics literally means 'good breeding'
Eugenie de Gramont
Religious of the Society of the Sacred Heart; b. 1788; d. 1846
Name of two archbishops of Toledo during the 7th century
Eugenius, Saint
Bishop of Carthage in 480, d. July 13, 505
Eulalia of Barcelona, Saint
Spanish martyr patron of the cathedral and city of Barcelona, also of sailors
Term has been applied in ecclesiastical usage to the object blessed
Eulogius of Alexandria, Saint
Patriarch of that see from 580 to 607; successful combatant of the heretical errors of Monophysitism
Eulogius of Cordova, Saint
Spanish martyr and writer, b. unknown, d. March 11, 859
Queen of Northumbria, b. (probably) about 630; d. at Ely, June 23, 679
Phase of extreme Arianism prevalent among a section of Eastern churchmen from about 350 until 381
Euphemius of Constantinople
Succeeded as patriarch Flavitas
Euphrasia, Saint
Virgin b. in 380; d. after 410
Euphrosyne, Saint
According to legend, in order to lead the life of celibacy and asceticism she entered a male monastery disguised as a man
Titular see of Epirus Vetus in Greece, suffragan of Nicopolis
Detailed information on the continent of Europe
Titular see in Provincia Euphratensis, suffragan of Hierapolis
Eusebius Amort
Philosopher and theologian (1692-1775)
Eusebius Bruno
Bishop of Angers, b. in the early part of the eleventh century; d. at Angers, August 29, 1081
Eusebius Kino
Jesuit missionary (1644-1711)
Eusebius of Alexandria
Important ecclesiastical writer and author
Eusebius of Caesarea
Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine the Father of Church History; b. about 260; d. before 341
Eusebius of Dorylaeum
Bishop of Dorylaeum in Asia Minor, prime defender of the faith against the heresies of Nestorius and Eutyches
Eusebius of Laodicea
Bishop of Laodicea in Syria, date of birth uncertain; d. about 268
Eusebius of Nicomedia
Bishop, leader of the heresy of Arianism, place and date of birth unknown; d. 341
Eusebius Renaudot
An apologetical writer and Orientalist, b. at Paris, July 22, 1648; d. there, Sept. 1, 1720
Eusebius, Saint
Roman presbyter and patrician; date of birth unknown; d. 357(?)
Eusebius, Saint (Bishop of Samosata)
Bishop of Samosata in Syria; date of birth unknown; d. in 379 or 380
Eusebius, Saint (Bishop of Vercelli)
Bishop of Vercelli, b. 283; d. August 1, 371
Eustace White, Venerable
Martyr, b. at Louth, Lincolnshire, in 1560; suffered at the London Tyburn, December 10, 1591
Eustace, Saint
Second abbot of the Irish monastery of Luxeuil in France, date of birth unknown, d. March 29, 625
Eustache Deschamps
Courtier, moralist; b. at Vertus in Champagne between 1338 and 1340; d. about 1410
Eustache Mercadé
French dramatic poet of the fifteenth century. The dates of his birth and death are not known
Eustachius and Companions, Saints
Martyrs under the Emperor Hadrian, in the year 118
Greek savant and defender of monasticism, Archbishop of Thessalonica b. early part of the twelfth century; d. 1194
Eustathius of Sebaste
One of the chief founders of monasticism in Asia Minor, b. about 300; died about 377
Eustathius, Saint
Bishop of Antioch, prominent opponent of Arianism b. 270; d.most probably in 360
Eustochium Julia, Saint
Virgin, b. at Rome c. 368; d. at Bethlehem, Sept. 28, 419 or 420
Fifth-century deacon of Alexandria and later Bishop of Sulca
Death artificially brought about by the employment of anaesthetics
Euthymius, Saint
Abbot in Palestine; b. A.D. 377; d. A.D. 473
Eutropius of Valencia
Spanish bishop; d. about 610
Heresiarch of the fifth century who asserted that Christ has but one nature after the Incarnation
Heresy that rejected the orthodox expression two natures of Christ
Melchite Patriarch of Alexandria, author of a history of the world, b. 876, d. May 11, 940
Eutychius I
Monk and then archimandrite at Amasea, in Pontus, b. about 512, in Phrygia; d. Easter Day, April 5, 582,
Evagrius Ponticus
Important ascetical writer of the fourth century. b. about 345, d. 399
Evagrius Scholasticus
Ecclesiastical historian and last of the continuators of Eusebius of Csarea, b. 536 at Epiphania in Coele-Syria; d. after 594, date unknown
Liturgical books containing those portions of the Gospels which are read during Mass or in the public offices of the Church
Evangelical Alliance
Association of Protestants belonging to various denominations who promote unity in certain points of belief
Evangelical Church
Sixteenth-century Reformers who designated themselves as followers of the pure Gospel
Evangelical Counsels
Certain rules of life and conduct, set forth by Christ in the Gospels, as necessary conditions for attaining everlasting life
Preacher of the Gospel
Evangelista Torricelli
Italian mathematician and physicist, b. Oct. 15, 1608; d. Oct. 25, 1647
Evariste Regis Huc
French Lazarist missionary and traveller; b. at Caylus (Tarn-et-Garonne), June 1, 1813; d. at Paris, March 26, 1860
Name of the first woman, the wife of Adam, the mother of Cain, Abel, and Seth
Eve of a Feast
Night before every feast, a vigil was kept in the place or church where the feast was to be celebrated
Everard Hanse, Blessed
English martyr; b. in Northamptonshire; executed July 31, 1581. He was educated at Cambridge, and was soon presented to a good living
Evesham Abbey
Founded by St. Egwin about 701, in Worcestershire, England, and dedicated to the Blessed Virgin
Sum of the opposition which experience shows to exist in the universe, to the desires and needs of individuals, whence arises, among human beings at least, the suffering in which life abounds
First Bishop of Antioch after St. Peter. Eusebius
Theory that seeks to determine the historical succession of the various species of plants and of animals on our earth
Ewald, Saints
Two English priests and martyrs of the same name in Old Saxony about 695
Ex Cathedra
Process prescribed or assigned for testing qualification; an investigation, inquiry
Examination of Conscience
Review of one's past thoughts, words, and actions for the purpose of ascertaining their conformity with, or difformity from, the moral law
Title used in various senses both civilly and ecclesiastically
Medicinal, spiritual penalty that deprives the guilty Christian of all participation in the common blessings of ecclesiastical society
Semicircular stone or marble seat; or a portico
Whole or partial release of an ecclesiastical person, corporation, or institution from the authority of the ecclesiastical superior next higher in rank
Faculty which civil rulers impart to a Bull, papal Brief, or other ecclesiastical enactment in order to give it binding force in their respective territories
Second Book of the Pentateuch,
Act of driving out, or warding off, demons, or evil spirits, from persons, places, or things
One who exorcises or professes to exorcise demons; in particular, one ordained by a bishop for this office
Expectation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Feast formerly celebrated on December 18
Anticipatory grant of an ecclesiastical benefice, not vacant at the moment but which will become so on the death of its present incumbent
Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament
Manner of honoring the Holy Eucharist, by exposing It, with proper solemnity, to the view of the faithful in order that they may pay their devotions before It
Material substance is not perfectly continuous in its structure, as it appears to our gross senses
Word is employed to designate some papal decretals not contained in certain canonical collections which possess a special authority
Extreme Unction
Sacrament instituted by Christ to give spiritual aid and comfort and perfect spiritual health, including, if need be, the remission of sins, and also, conditionally, to restore bodily health, to Christians who are seriously ill
Exul Hibernicus
Name given to an Irish stranger on the Continent of Europe in the time of Charles the Great, who wrote poems in Latin
Hymn in praise of the paschal candle sung by the deacon, in the liturgy of Holy Saturday
Exuperius, Saint
Fifth-century Bishop of Toulouse; place and date of birth unascertained; d. after 410
King of Juda, son and successor of Achaz
Old Testament prophet called to foretell God's faithfulness in the midst of trials, as well as in the fulfillment of His promises
Writer of the fifth century
Priest of Bamberg in the eleventh century, author of a famous poem
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Last updated: June 18 2009.