Catholic Answers


The capital of a presidency in Rhenish Prussia
Brother of Moses
Hebrew word signifying ruin, destruction
A term used by writers of ascetical and mystical books to signify the first stage of the union of the soul with God by conforming to his will
A mountain range across Jordan
An Aramaic word for father
Abbacy Nullius of Wettingen-Mehrerau
A Cistercian abbey near Bregenz, Vorarlberg, Austria
Abbadie (Antoine and Arnauld d')
Astronomer, geodetist, geographer, physician, numismatist, philologian, b. 1810; d. March 20, 1897
Name of several Irish saints
Abbate Giuseppe Baini
Composer (1775-1844)
French word meaning primarily and strictly an abbot or superior of a monastery of men
Abbe d'Aubignac Francois Hedelin
Grammarian, poet, preacher, archeologist, philologist (1604-1676)
The female superior in spirituals and temporals of a community of twelve or more nuns
A monastery canonically erected and autonomous, with a community of not fewer than twelve religious
Abbey and Congregation of Melk
Situated on an isolated rock commanding the Danube, Melk has been a noted place since the days of the Romans
Abbey and Diocese of Bobbio
Ecclesial territory in Italy
Abbey and School of Clonmacnoise
The most remarkable of the ancient schools of Erin, situated on the Shannon
Abbey of Abingdon, The
In the County of Berkshire, England, was founded A.D. 675
Abbey of Ampleforth, The
Benedictine abbey in the County of Yorkshire, England
Abbey of Arbroath
Monastery founded on the east coast of Scotland (1178) by William the Lion., for Benedictines, and colonized by monks from Kelso
Abbey of Athelney
Religious house for monks of the Order of St. Benedict
Abbey of Barlings
Founded in 1154 in honour of Our Lady by Ralph de Haye
Abbey of Bec
Benedictine Abbey of Bec founded in the earlier part of the eleventh century
Abbey of Benedictbeurn
Bavarian abbey in Diocese of Augsburg
Abbey of Bonne-Esperance
Situated near Binche, province of Hainault, Diocese of Tournai, Belgium
Abbey of Boyle
Irish Cistercian house situated on the River Boyle
Abbey of Bursfeld, The
One of the most celebrated Benedictine monasteries in Germany
Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's
Abbey in England
Abbey of Citeaux
Founded in 1098 by St. Robert
Abbey of Clairvaux
Third daughter of Meaux and mother in the fourth line of numerous and celebrated monasteries, founded in 1115 by St. Bernard
Abbey of Cornillon
Founded by Albero, Bishop of Liege, in 1124
Abbey of Corvey
Benedictine monastery in the Diocese of Paderborn in Westphalia, founded c. 820 from Corbie in Picardy
Abbey of Croyland
A monastery of the Benedictine Order in Lincolnshire, sixteen miles from Stamford and thirteen from Peterborough
Abbey of Deer
A once famous Scotch monastery
Abbey of Dissentis
A Benedictine monastery in the Canton Grisons in eastern Switzerland, dedicated to Our Lady of Mercy
Abbey of Dorchester
Founded in 1140 by Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln
Abbey of Dundrennan
Cistercian house founded in 1142 for monks brought from Rievaulx in Yorkshire
Abbey of Dunfermline
Founded by King Malcolm Canmore and his queen, Margaret, about 1070
Abbey of Echternach
Benedictine monastery, founded in 698 by St. Willibrord, an English monk
Abbey of Einsiedeln
Benedictine monastery in the Canton of Schwyz, Switzerland
Abbey of Engelberg
Benedictine monastery in Switzerland
Abbey of Farfa
Situated about 26 miles from Rome, not far from the Farfa Sabina Railway station
Abbey of Ferrieres
Situated in the Diocese of Orleans, department of Loiret, and arrondissement of Montargis
Abbey of Flavigny
A Benedictine abbey in the Diocese of Dijon
Abbey of Fleury
One of the oldest and most celebrated Benedictine abbeys of Western Europe
Abbey of Floreffe
Pleasantly situated on the right bank of the Sambre
Abbey of Fontenelle
A Benedictine monastery in Normandy Seine-Inferieure), near Caudebec-en-Caux
Abbey of Fontfroide
A Cistercian monastery in the department of Aude, six miles north-west of Narbonne, formerly in the diocese of Narbonne, now in that of Carcassone
Abbey of Frigolet
The monastery of St. Michael was founded, about 960, at Frigolet, by Conrad the Pacific, King of Arles, on one of the numerous hills which lie between Tarascon and Avignon, France
Abbey of Glastonbury
Benedicitne monastery; Somersetshire, England,
Abbey of Grottaferrata
Abbey in Italy
Abbey of Hirschau
A celebrated Benedictine monastery in Wurtemberg, Diocese of Spires, about twenty-two miles west of Stuttgart
Abbey of Lehnin
Founded in 1180 by Otto II, Margrave of Brandenburg, for Cistercian monks
Abbey of Lerins
Founded in the fifth century by St. Honoratus, Lerins gave to the Church celebrated bishops and writers
Abbey of Liguge
Benedictine Abbey, in the Diocese of Poitiers, France, founded around 360 by St. Martin of Tours
Abbey of Luxeuil
Abbey in France
Abbey of Mellifont
Near Drogheda, Co. Louth, Diocese of Armagh, first Cistercian monastery established in Ireland
Abbey of Melrose
Located in Roxburghshire, founded in 1136 by King David I, was the earliest Cistercian monastery established in Scotland
Abbey of Miridite
Name of an abbatia nullius in Albania
Abbey of Monte Cassino
Abbey nullius situated about eighty miles south of Rome, the cradle of the Benedictine Order
Abbey of Morimond
Founded in 1115, had sheltered a great number of religious, renowned both for sanctity and science
Abbey of Newhouse
Near Brockelsby, Lincoln, the first Premonstratensian abbey in England
Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani
Trappist abbey in Kentucky
Abbey of Pontigny
Second daughter of Ctteaux, was situated on the banks of the Serain, present Diocese of Sens, Department of Yonne
Abbey of Premontre
About twelve miles west of Laon, Department of Aisne, France; founded by St. Norbert
Abbey of Rievaulx
St. Bernard of Clairvaux sent a colony of his monks, under the leadership of Abbot William, to make the desired foundation
Abbey of Saint Albans
Located in Hertfordshire, England, founded about 793 by Offa, king of the Mercians
Abbey of Saint Augustine
Benedictine monastery, originally dedicated to Sts. Peter and Paul, founded in 605 outside of the City of Canterbury
Abbey of Saint Emmeram
Benedictine monastery at Ratisbon (Regensburg), named after its traditional founder
Abbey of Saint Gall
In Switzerland, Canton St. Gall, 30 miles S. E. of Constance; for many centuries one of the chief Benedictine abbeys in Europe; founded about 613, and named after Gallus, an Irishman, the disciple and companion of St. Columbanus in his exile from Luxeuil
Abbey of Saint Remy
Founded at Reims before 590
Abbey of Saint Vaast
Situated at Arras, the ancient capital of Artois, Department of Pas-de-Calais, France; founded in 667
Abbey of Saint-Denis
Situated in a small town, to which it has given its name, about four miles north of Paris
Abbey of Saint-Ouen
Located in Rouen, France, was a Benedictine monastery of great antiquity dating back to the early Merovingian period
Abbey of Saint-Victor
William of Champeaux, archdeacon of Notre-Dame in Paris, founded the Abbey and School of St-Victor
Abbey of Sainte-Genevieve
Located in Paris, was founded by King Clovis who established there a college of clerics
Abbey of Saints Vincent and Anastasius
Located near Rome, built by Pope Honorius I in 626, and given to the Benedictines
Abbey of Savigny
Situated on the confines of Normandy and Brittany, founded by Vital de Mortain, Canon of the Collegiate Church of St. Evroul
Abbey of Solesmes
Benedictine monastery in Department of Sarthe, near Sable, France
Abbey of Strahov
A Premonstratensian abbey at Prague Bohemia
Abbey of the Park
Half a mile south of Louvain, Belgium, founded in 1129 by Duke Godfrey
Abbey of Tongerloo
Abbey near Antwerp, Belgium
Abbey of Trinita di Cava dei Tirrenti
In the Province of Salerno
Abbey of Vadstena
Motherhouse of the Brigittine Order, situated on Lake Wetter, in the Diocese of Linkoping, Sweden
Abbey of Waldsassen
On the River Wondreb, Upper Palatinate, near the border of Bohemia, in the Diocese of Ratisbon
Abbey of Whitby
A Benedictine monastery in the North Riding of Yorkshire, England, was founded about 657, as a double monastery, by Oswy, King of Northumberland
Abbo Cernuus
A French Benedictine monk of St-Germain-des-Pres in Paris, sometimes called Abbo Parisiensis
Abbon, Saint
B. near Orleans c. 945; d. at Fleury, 13 November, 1004, a monk of the Benedictine monastery of Fleury sur Loire
A title given to the superior of a community of twelve or more monks
Abbot Anselm, Saint
Benedictine Abbot (d. 805)
Those who make an abridgment or abstract of a long writing or discourse
Titular see in the province of Rhodope on the southern coast of Thrace
Abdias (Obadiah)
A minor prophet
Abdias of Babylon
An apocryphal writer
Ecclesiastically considered, is the resignation of a benefice or clerical dignity
Abdon and Sennen, Saints
Persian martyrs under Decius, about A.D. 250
A public crime and a matrimonial diriment impediment
Complete or partial lists of letters of the alphabet, chiefly Greek and Latin, inscribed on ancient monuments
A sect of Anabaptists
The second son of Adam
Abel (meadow)
Name of several places distinguished by additional words
A confederation of Algonquin tribes
Aberdeen Breviary
This breviary may be described as the Sarum Office in a Scottish form
A high priest who escaped from the slaughter at Nob
A titular see of Phoenicia
Relative and friend of King David
A denial, disavowal, or renunciation under oath
Commander-in-chief of Saul's army
Abomination of Desolation, The
Scriptural expression found in Daniel, Matthew, and Mark
The death of an unborn child through natural or artificial causes
Biblical patriarch
Abraham (in Liturgy)
Mentions of Abraham in the pre-Vatican II liturgy
Abraham a Sancta Clara
A Discalced Augustinian friar, preacher, and author of popular books of devotion, b. at Messkirch, Baden, 1644; d. 1 December, 1709
Abraham Ecchelensis
A learned Maronite, b. in Hekel, or Ecchel (hence his surname), a village on Mount Lebanon, in 1600; d. 1664 in Rome
Abraham Janssens
Catholic theologian (1783-1853)
Abraham Ortelius
Cartographer, geographer, and archaeologist, b. in Antwerp, April 4, 1527; d. there, June 28, 1598
Abraham Van Diepenbeeck
An erudite and accomplished painter of the Flemish School, b. at Boisle-Duc in the Netherlands, 1599; d. at Antwerp, 1675
Abraham Woodhead
B. at Almonbury, Yorkshire, about March, 1609; died at Hoxton, Middlesex, May 4, 1678
Abraham-ben-Meir Aben-Ezra
A celebrated Spanish Rabbi, b. at Toledo in 1092; d. on his journey from Rome, or Rodez, to his native land, 23 January, 1167
Name applied to a variety of groups
Abram J. Ryan
Poet-priest of the South, b. at Norfolk, Va., Aug. 15, 1839; d. at Louisville, Ky., April 22, 1886
A class of ancient stone articles, of small dimensions, inscribed with outlandish figures and formulas
The name of several distinguished persons mentioned in the Old Testament
Absalon of Lund
A famous Danish prelate, b. in 1128, at Finnestoe, in Seeland; d. 21 March, 1201
A plant, also known as wormwood
Absolute, The
Term employed in modern philosophy with various meanings, but applied generally speaking to the Supreme Being
The remission of sin, or of the punishment due to sin, granted by the Church
Those who cannot take wine without risk of vomiting
Abstinence (Food)
The ascetical practice of abstaining from food
A process (or a faculty) by which the mind selects for consideration some one of the attributes of a thing to the exclusion of the rest
An English or Lowland Scotch form of the middle-Latin word abthania, meaning abbacy
An Italian bishop, b. at Thessalonica early in the fifth century; d. 469
A titular see of Troas in Asia Minor
Term used in a variety of senses in Scripture
Country in Africa
Kind of wood mentioned in Scripture
An Arian sect originating in the fourth century
Acacius of Berea
Bishop of Beroea, b. in Syria c. 322; d. c. 432
Acacius of Caesarea
Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine (c. 340)
Acacius of Constantinople
Schismatic patriarch of Constantinople; d. 480
Acacius, Saint
Bishop of Melitene in the third century
French colonial territory in the New World including New England and Canada's Maritime Provinces
Titular see in Macedonia
Acanthus (plant)
A plant, indigenous to middle Europe
Acca, Saint
Bishop of Hexham, and patron of learning (c. 660-742)
The most northern of the five principal Philistine cities
Accentus Ecclesiasticus
Parts of the liturgy as the priest, or the deacon, or subdeacon, or the acolyte sang alone
Acceptance (in Canon Law)
The act by which one receives a thing with approbation or satisfaction
Those Jansenists who accepted without any reserve or mental restriction the Bull Unigenitus
Method of acquiring ownership of a thing arising from the fact that it is in some way added to, or is the fruit of something already belonging to oneself
A term applied to the voting in conclave for the election of a pope
Name of three cardinals belonging to an illustrious Florentine family
Term used in several senses in metaphysics
General term for any manifestation of popular feeling expressed by a shout
Acclamation (in papal elections)
A form of papal election in which the cardinals unanimously proclaim somone pope without the casting of a vote
A partner in some form of evildoing
Accusations of Treason
A common misrepresentation concerning the Elizabethan persecution of English and Irish Catholics from 1570 onwards is the statement that the victims devoted to imprisonment, torture, and death suffered not for their religious belief but for treason agains
The Eutychians who withdrew from the Monophysite Patriarch of Alexandria in 482
Son of Amri and King of Israel, 918-897 B.C.
A strip of land between the gulf of Corinth in the north and Elis and Arcadia in the south
A Corinthian Christian
King of Judah
A nephew of Tobias
Achille Desurmont
Ascetical writer, b. at Tourcoing, France, Dec. 23, 1828; d. July 23, 1898
Achille Gagliardi
Ascetic writer and spiritual director; b. at Padua, Italy, in 1537; d. at Modena, July 6, 1607
One of two Old Testament figures
One of several Old Testament figures
Counsellor of King David who joined the rebrellion of Absalom
Achor Valley
Valley in Israel
A titular see in Upper Albania
A titular see of Phrygia Pacatiana, in Asia Minor
Term used in Eastern asceticism, particularly for an order of Greek or Basilian monks
The order or arrangement of the Divine Office or the Office itself
One of the minor orders in the Latin Church
A diocese in Italy
Name of several Italian cardinals
A Syrian seaport on the Mediterranean
A poem the initial or final letters (syllables or words) of whose verses form certain words or sentences
Act of Settlement (Irish)
1662 act passed by the Irish Parliament
Acta Pilati (Acts of Pilate)
Apocryphal work also known as the 'Gospel of Nicodemus'
Acta Sanctae Sedis
A Roman monthly publication containing the principal public documents issued by the Pope, directly or through the Roman Congregations
Acta Sanctorum Hiberniae
Abbreviated title of a celebrated work on the Irish saints
Acta Triadis Thaumaturgae
Work on the lives of St. Patrick, St. Brigid, and St. Columba
Acts of Roman Congregations
Term used to designate the documents issued by the Roman Congregations
Acts of the Apostles
Book of the New Testament
Acts of the Apostles (Biblical Commission)
The Biblical Commission, June 12, 1913, published answers to Madrid, various questions about the Acts
Acts of the Martyrs
Official records of the trials of early Christian martyrs or marratives of their trials and deaths
Actus et Potentia
A principal division in scholastic metaphysics
Actus primus
Concept in scholastic metaphysics
Actus Purus
Concept in scholastic metaphysics
One of the first to spread Manicheism in the Christian Orient
Ad Apostolicae Dignitatis Apicem
Apostolic letter issued against Emperor Frederick II by Pope Innocent IV (1243-54)
Ad Limina Apostolorum
A pilgrimage to the sepulchres of St. Peter and St. Paul at Rome
Ad Sanctam Beati Petri Sedem
This letter was issued by Alexander VII, and is dated at Rome, 16 October, 1656
Ad Universalis Ecclesiae
A papal constitution dealing with the conditions for admission to religious orders issued by Pius IX, 7 February, 1862
Adalard, Saint
Born c. 751; d. 2 January, 827
Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen, b. about 1000; d. 1072 at Goslar
Adalbert I
Archbishop of Mainz 1111 to 1137
Adalbert Stifter
Poet and pedagogue, b. October 23, 1805; d. October 28, 1868
Adalbert, Saint (Apostle of Prussia)
B. 939 of a noble Bohemian family; d. 997
Adalbert, Saint (Apostle of the Slavs)
Apostle of the Slavs, probably a native of Lorraine, d. 981
The first man and the father of the human race
Adam Blackwood
Author (1539-1613)
Adam Contzen
Jesuit; economist and exegete (1573-1635)
Adam de Marisco
Franciscan; d. at the end of 1257 or the beginning of 1258
Adam Easton
Benedictine Cardinal-priest b. at Easton in Norfolk; d. 1397
Adam Franz Lennig
Theologian, b. Dec. 3, 1803, at Mainz; d. there, Nov. 22, 1866
Adam Heinrich Muller
Publicist and political economist, convert, b. at Berlin, June 30, 1779; d. at Vienna, Jan. 17, 1829
Adam in Early Christian Liturgy and Literature
Treatment of the importance of Adam in the writings of the first five Christian centuries
Adam Krafft
Sculptor (ca. 1440-1509)
Adam Mickiewicz
Poet, b. near Novogrodek, Lithuania, 1798; d. at Constantinople, 1855
Adam of Bremen
German historian and geographer of the eleventh century
Adam of Fulda
Monk and musician, b. about 1450, d. after 1537
Adam of Murimuth
English chronicler of about the middle of the fourteenth century
Adam of Perseigne
French Cistercian, Abbot of the monastery of Perseigne in the Diocese of Mans, b. about the middle of the twelfth century
Adam of Saint Victor
Prominent and prolific writer of Latin hymns, b. in the latter part of the twelfth century
Adam of Usk
English priest, canonist, and chronicler, b. at Usk, in Monmouthshire, between 1360 and 1365
Adam Scotus
Theologian and Church historian of the latter part of the twelfth century
Adam Tanner
Controversialist, b. at Innsbruck in 1571; d. at Unken, May 25, 1632
Sect dating perhaps from the second century
Adamnan, Saint
Abbot of Iona, b. at Drumhome, County Donegal, Ireland, c. 624; d. at the Abbey of Iona, in 704
Diocese of Armenian rite in Asia Minor
Term with a variety of uses
One of the three original disciples of Manes
Adelaide Anne Procter
Poetess and philanthropist, b. in London, England, October 30, 1825; d. in London, February 2, 1864
Adelaide, Saint
Abbess, b. in the tenth century; d. at Cologne, 5 February, 1015
Adelaide, Saint (Adelheid)
B. 931; d. 16 December, 999
Adelard of Bath
A twelfth-century Scholastic philosopher, b. about 1100
Adele Amalie Gallitzin
Princess; b. at Berlin, Aug. 28, 1748; d. at Angelmodde, near Munster, Westphalia, April 27, 1806
Adele Bayer
Carried on her father's Botanical and Horticultural Gardens (1814-1892)
Bishop of Brescia in the eleventh century
Fourth-century sect
Son of St. Augustine, Bishop of Hippo, b. 372; d. 388
Adeste Fideles
A hymn used at Benediction at Christmastide in France and England
An urgent demand made upon another to do, or to desist from doing, something, rendered more solemn by coupling with it the name of God
Administrator (Ecclesiastical)
A person who administers some common ecclesiastical affairs
Administrator (of Ecclesiastical Property)
One charged with the care of church property
Benedictine abbey in Styria, Austro-Hungary
Ado of Vienne, Saint
Born about 800, in the diocese of Sens; d. 16 December, 875
Adolf Pfister
Educationist, b. at Hechingen in Hohenzollern, Sept. 26, 1810; d. at Ober-Dischingen in Wurtemberg, April 29, 1878
Adolphe Dechamps
Belgian statesman and publicist, brother of Cardinal Dechamps, b. at Melle near Ghent, June 17, 1807, d. at Manage, July 19, 1875
Adolphe Perraud
Cardinal and academician; b. at Lyons, France, Feb. 7, 1828; d. Feb. 18, 1906
Adolphe-Napoleon Didron
Archaeologist, together with Viollet-le-Duc and Caumont, one of the principal revivers of Christian art in France; b. March 13, 1806, at Hautvillers, near Reims; d. at Paris, November 13, 1867
Adolphus Von Dalberg
Prince-Abbot of Fulda and founder of the university in the same city, b. May 29, 1678; d. November 3, 1737
Name bestowed upon God in the Old Testament
Name of two individuals in the Old Testament, notably a son of King David
Role of the concept in Scripture
Christological theory according to which Christ, as man, is the adoptive Son of God
Act of religion offered to God in acknowledgment of His supreme perfection and dominion, and of the creature's dependence upon Him
Adoro Te Devote
Hymn written c. 1260
Adrian and Peter von Walenburch
Auxiliary bishops of Cologne and celebrated controversial theologians, b. at Rotterdam at the beginning of the seventeenth century, exact dates of birth unknown; Adrian d. at Mainz, or Wiesbaden, 11 or September 14, 1669; Peter d. at Cologne, Dec. 21, 167
Adrian Fortescue
Knight of St. John, martyr; b. about 1476, executed July 10, 1539
Adrian Hamsted
Founder of the sect of Adrianists; b. at Dordrecht, 1524; d. at Bruges, 1581
Adrian of Canterbury, Saint
African by birth, d. 710
Adrian of Castello
Italian prelate distinguished as a statesman and reviver of learning, b. about 1460; d. about 1521
Adrian Tumebus
Philologist, b. at Andely in Normandy in 1512; d. in Paris, June 12, 1565
Adrian Willaert
Composer and founder of the Venetian school, b. at Bruges, or, according to other authorities, at Roulers, Netherlands, between 1480 and 1490; d. at Venice, December 7, 1562
A city of Turkey
Adrien Baillet
Priest and French author (1649-1706)
Adrien Greslon
French Jesuit missionary; b. at Perigueux, 1618; d.1697
Adrien Rouquette
Missionary, b. in Louisiana in 1813, of French parentage; d. as a missionary among the Choctaw Indians in 1887
Abbot of the Cluniac monastery of Moutier-en-Der, d. 992
Name of two places mentioned in the Old Testament
Adulteration of Food
The addition of any non-condimental substance to a food
Moral aspects of adultery
Period beginning with the Sunday nearest to the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle (30 November) and embracing four Sundays
Group of American Protestant sects
Advocates of Roman Congregations
Persons who plead causes before the ecclesiastical tribunals in Rome
Advocates of St. Peter
Body of jurists
Advocatus Ecclesiae
Name applied, in the Middle Ages, to certain lay persons whose duty it was to represent a particular church or monastery
Right of patronage of a church or ecclesiastical benefice
A secret chamber or place of retirement in the ancient temples, and esteemed the most sacred spot
Aedan of Ferns, Saint
Bishop and patron of Ferns, in Ireland, b. at Inisbrefny, near Templeport, County Cavan, about 550; d. at Ferns, 31 January, 632
Aedh of Kildare, Saint
King of Leinster, d. 639
Aegidius of Assisi, Blessed
One of the original companions of St. Francis
Aegidius of Viterbo
Cardinal, theologian, orator, humanist, and poet, b. at Viterbo; Italy; d. at Rome, 12 November, 1532
Abbot of Eynsham
Aelia Flaccilla
Empress, wife of Theodosius the Great, died c. A.D. 385 or 386
Monk and biographer, c. 1100
Aelred, Saint
Abbot of Rievaulx, homilist and historian (1109-66)
Aeneas McDonnell Dawson
Author, b. in Scotland, July 30, 1810; d. in Ottawa, Canada, Dec. 29, 1894
Aeneas of Gaza
Neo-Platonic philosopher, a convert to Christianity, who flourished towards the end of the fifth century
Aengus the Culdee, Saint
Irish saint who flourished in the last quarter of the eighth century
Locality where John the Baptist baptized
Term appropriated by Gnostic heresiarchs to designate the series of spiritual powers evolved by progressive emanation from the divine eternal Being
Largest and outermost covering of the chalice and paten in the Greek church
Aerius of Pontus
Friend and fellow ascetic of Eustathius, who became Bishop of Sebaste (355)
Systematic training to right thinking and right feeling in matters of art
Aeterni Patris (Apostolic Letter)
Apostolic letter of Pius IX, by which he summoned the First Vatican Council
Aeterni Patris (Encyclical)
Encyclical of Leo XIII, issued 4 August, 1879. Its purpose was the revival of Scholastic philosophy
Roman general, patrician, and consul, b. towards the end of the fourth century; d. 454
Affinity (in Canon Law)
Relationship arising from the generation of children by a man and a woman, whereby each becomes related to the other's blood-relatives
Affinity (in the Bible)
Impediment to wedlock
Solemn declaration accepted in legal procedure in lieu of the requisite oath
Benedictine abbey near Alost in Brabant, Belgium
Afonzo de Albuquerque
B. in Portugal, in 1453; d. at Goa, 16 December, 1515
Afra, Saint
Saint and Martyr, beheaded at Augsburg during the persecution of Diocletian (c. 304)
African Liturgy
Historical treatment of the development of the liturgy in Africa
African Synods
Historical treatment of early local councils in Africa
Prophet of the New Testament era
Agape (Custom)
A kind of feast celebrated by the early Christian community
Early Christian virgins consecrated to God
Deacon of the church of Sancta Sophia at Constantinople (about 500)
Agatha, Saint
Martyr who died during the Decian persecution (250-253)
Supposed secretary of Tiridates II, King of Armenia
Byzantine historian and man of letters, b. at Myrina in Asia Minor about 536; d. at Constantinople 582 (594?)
Location in the diocese of Sion, Switzerland where a Roman legion was allegedly martyred
Age of Reason
That period of human life at which persons are deemed to begin to be morally responsible
Agents of Roman Congregations
Persons whose business it is to look after the affairs of their patrons at the Roman Curia
Tenth among the minor prophets of the Old Testament
Agilulfus, Saint
Abbot of Stavelot, Bishop of Cologne and Martyr, 750
Agios O Theos
Opening words in Greek of an invocation, or doxology, or hymn used int he Roman Liturgy
Agnellus of Pisa, Blessed
Friar Minor and founder of the English Franciscan Province, b. at Pisa c. 1195, of the noble family of the Agnelli; d. at Oxford, 7 May, 1236
Agnes Mary Clerke
Astronomer (1842-1907)
Agnes of Assisi, Saint
Younger sister of St. Clare and Abbess of the Poor Ladies, b. at Assisi, 1197, or 1198; d. 1253
Agnes of Bohemia, Blessed
B. at Prague in the year 1200; d. probably in 1281
Agnes of Montepulciano, Saint
B. in the neighborhood of Montepulciano in Tuscany about 1268; d. there 1317
Agnes of Rome, Saint
Virgin and Martyr
Slavonic word for the square portion of bread cut from the first loaf in the preparation for Mass according to the Greek rite
Name given to those who denied the omniscience either of God or of Christ
Agnolo, Giovanni, and Taddeo Gaddi
Florentine artists, Taddeo being the father of Agnolo and Giovanni
Philosophical theory which limits the extent and validity of knowledge
Agnus Dei (blessed object)
Name given to certain discs of wax impressed with the figure of a lamb and blessed at stated seasons by the Pope
Agnus Dei (in Liturgy)
Name given to the formula recited thrice by the priest at Mass in the Roman rite
Individuals who went through cities and villages to disseminate the doctrine of Donatus
Agony of Christ
Occurrence in the Garden of Gethsemani
Agostini Agazzari
Musical composer, b. 2 December, 1578, of a noble family of Sienna; d. probably 10 April, 1640
Agostino Barbosa
Bishop, writer, and noted canonist (1589-1649)
Agostino Bernal
Spanish theologian (1587-1642)
Agostino Carracci
Italian painter, engraver, and etcher, b. at Bologna, August 16, 1557; d. at Parma, March 22, 1602
Agostino Ciasca
Italian Augustinian and cardinal (1835-1902)
Agostino Novello, Blessed
B. in the first half of the thirteenth century, at Termini
Agostino Steffani
Titular Bishop of Spiga, diplomatist and musician, b. at Castelfranco in the Province of Treviso, in 1655; d. at Frankfort in 1728 or 1730
Agostino Steuco
Exegete, b. 1496; d. 1549
Agram (Zagrab)
Archiepiscopal see of the ancient kingdom of Croatia
Sayings of Jesus that have come down to us outside the canonical Gospels
Theories and movements intended to benefit the poorer classes of society by dealing in some way with the ownership of land
Archiepiscopal see of Hungary
Agricius, Saint
Bishop of Trier (Treves), in the fourth century (332 or 335)
Bishop of Carthage at the close of the second and beginning of the third century
Agustin Quintana
Missionary and Indian philologist, b. at Antequera, the capital of Oaxaca, Mexico, about 1660; d. at Oaxaca, 1734
High court official under King Josias
Ahriman and Ormuzd
Names of the evil and good spirits in Zoroastrianism
Aidan of Lindisfarne, Saint
Irish monk of the seventh century
Ailbe, Saint
Bishop of Emly in Munster (Ireland); d. about 527, or 541
Aileran, Saint
Distinguished professor at the School of Clonard in the seventh century
Lateral or longitudinal divisions of a church
King of the Lombards; d. 756
Marian Hymn used in Eastern Catholic Churches
City of Upper Egypt
The twenty-second State of the United States
Titular see of Caria in Asia Minor
Substance used for vases and other ornamental articles
Alain Chartier
French poet (1390-c.1440)
Alain de l'Isle
Monk, poet, preacher, theologian, and eclectic philosopher, b. probably at Lille, whence his name, about 1128; d. at Citeaux, 1203
Alain-Rene Le Sage
Writer, b. at Sarzeau (Morbihan), 1668; d. at Boulogne-sur-Mer, 1747
A titular see of Phoenicia
Alan of Tewkesbury
Benedictine abbot and writer, d. 1202
Alan of Walsingham
Architect, d. c. 1364
Alanus de Rupe
B. about 1428; d. at Zwolle in Holland, 8 September, 1475
Italian bishopric under the immediate jurisdiction of the Holy See
White linen vestment with close fitting sleeves
Alban Butler
Historian, b. October 10, 1710, at Appletree, Northamptonshire, England; d. at St. Omer, France, May 15, 1763
Alban Isidor Stolz
Catholic theologian and popular author, b. Feb. 3, 1808; d. Oct. 16, 1883
Alban, Saint
First martyr of Britain, suffered c. 304
Manichaean heretics who lived in Albania, probably about the eighth century
Distinguished Italian family, said to be descended from Albanian refugees of the fifteenth century
Most western land occupied by the Turks in Europe
Suburban see, comprising seven towns in the Province of Rome
Alberic of Monte Cassino
Cardinal, d. 1088
Alberic of Ostia
Benedictine monk, and Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia from 1138-47
Alberico de Rosate
Jurist, date of birth unknown; d. in 1354
Albero de Montreuil
Archbishop of Trier b. near Toul, in Lorraine, about 1080; d. at Coblenz, 18 January, 1152
Bishop of Riga, Apostle of Livonia, d. 17 January, 1229
Albert Anton Von Muchar
Historian, b. at Linez, Tyrol, Nov. 22, 1781; d. at Graz, Styria, June 6, 1849
Albert Auguste de Lapparent
French geologist, b. at Bourges, Dec. 30, 1839; d. at Paris, May 12, 1908
Albert Berdini of Sarteano, Blessed
Franciscan Friar and missionary, b. at Sarteano, in Tuscany, 1385; d. at Milan, 15 August, 1450
Albert II
Eighteenth Archbishop of Magdeburg in Saxony, date of birth unknown; d. 1232
Albert Jean Belin
French prelate and writer (ca. 1600-1677)
Albert Knoll
Capuchin dogmatic theologian (1796-1863)
Albert of Aachen
Chronicler of the First Crusade
Albert of Brandenburg
Cardinal and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, b. 28 June, 1490; d. 24 September, 1545
Albert of Castile
Historian, b. about 1460, d. 1522
Albert of Saxony
Fourteenth-century philosopher
Albert of Stade
Chronicler of the thirteenth century
Albert Pighius
Theologian, mathematician, and astronomer, b. at Kampen, Overyssel, Holland, about 1490; d. at Utrecht, Dec. 26, 1542
Albert Stöckl
Neo-Scholastic philosopher and theologian,b. March 15, 1823; d. November 15, 1895
Albert Vandal
French writer, b. at Paris, July 7, 1853; d. there, Aug. 30, 1910
Albert von Behaim
Known also as Albertus Bohemus (ca. 1180-1260)
Albert, Blessed
Patriarch of Jerusalem, date of birth uncertain; d. 14 September, 1215
Albert, Saint
Cardinal, Bishop of Liege, d. 1192 or 1193
Alberto Arnoldi (or Di Arnoldo)
Fourteenth-century Italian sculptor and architect
Albertus Magnus, Blessed
Scientist, philosopher, and theologian, born c. 1206; d. at Cologne, 15 November, 1280
Neo-Manichaean sect that flourished in southern France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries
English monk and scholar of the eighth century
Albrecht Durer
Celebrated painter and engraver, b. May 21, 1471; d. April 6, 1528
Albrecht von Eyb
One of the earliest German humanists, b. in 1420; d. in 1475
Albrecht von Wallenstein
B. at Hermanie, Bohemia, Sept. 24, 1583; d. at Eger, Bohemia, Feb. 24, 1634. He belonged to a Czech noble family of Bohemia who were members of the Bohemian Brethren
Albright Brethren
Body of American Christians chiefly of German descent
Art of transmuting baser metals into gold and silver
High-priest, the leader of the hellenizing party in the time of Judas Machabeus
Alcmund, Saint
Bishop of Hexham; d. 781
As used in this article, alcoholism includes the study of all the changes that may occur in the human organism after the ingestion of any form of alcohol
Educator, scholar, and theologian, b. about 735; d. 19 May, 804
Aldegundis, Saint
Virgin and abbess (c. 639-684)
Cistercian Abbey in the valley of the Vils in Lower Bavaria
Northumbrian king, d. 14 December, 705
Aldhelm, Saint
Abbot of Malmesbury and Bishop of Sherborne, Latin poet and ecclesiastical writer (c. 639-709)
Aldric, Saint
Bishop of Le Mans in the time of Louis le Debonnaire, b. c. 800; d. at Le Mans, 7 January, 856
Aldus Manutius
Scholar and printer; b. in 1450, at Sermoneta, near Rome; died in 1515
Alejandro Herculano de Carvalho E Araujo
B. at Lisbon, March 28, 1810; d. near Santarem, Sept. 13, 1877
Alessandro Bonvicino
Italian painter (ca. 1498-1555)
Alessandro Farnese
The name of two cardinals
Alessandro Galilei
An eminent Florentine architect; b. 1691; d. 1737
Alessandro Manzoni
Italian poet and novelist, b. at Milan, March 7, 1785; d. May 22, 1873
Alessandro Piccolomini
Litterateur, philosopher, astronomer, b. June 13, 1508; d. March 12, 1578
Alessandro Scarlatti
Musician, b. in Sicily, either at Trapani or at Palermo, in 1659; d at Naples Oct. 24, 1725
Alessandro Serpieri
Astronomer, b. at S. Giovanni in Marignano, near Rimini, Oct. 31, 1823; d. at Fiesole, Feb. 22, 1885
Alessandro Tassoni
Italian poet, b. in 1565; d. in 1635
Alessandro Volta
Physicist, b. at Como, Feb. 18, 1745; d. there, March 5, 1827
Alesso Baldovinetti
Notable Florentine painter and mosaic artist (1427-1499)
Name of several men mentioned in Scripture
Alexander (Bishops)
Name of several bishops in the early Church
Alexander Agricola
Celebrated composer of the fifteenth century
Alexander Baumgartner
Poet and writer on the history of literature, b. at St. Gall, Switzerland, June 27, 1841; d. at Luxemburg, Sept. 5, 1910
Alexander Bicknor
Archbishop of Dublin (d. 1349)
Alexander Briant, Blessed
English Jesuit and martyr, b. in Somersetshire of a yeoman family about 1556; executed at Tyburn, 1 December, 1581
Alexander Goss (Bishop of Liverpool)
Second Bishop of Liverpool; b. 1814; d. 1872
Alexander Hegius
Humanist; b. probably in 1433, at Heeck (Westphalia); d. December 7, 1498, at Deventer (Netherlands). Nothing is known of his earlier studies; but he must have been of quite mature age when ordained to the priesthood
Alexander Hubner
Count, an Austrian statesman, b. 26 Nov b. at Arundel House, London, September 21, 1629; d. at Rome, June 17, 1694
Alexander Leopold Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfurst
Titular Bishop of Sardica, famous for his many supposedly miraculous cures, b. August 17, 1794; d. November 14, 1849
Alexander MacDonell
First Bishop of Kingston, Ontario, Canada, b. July 17, 1760, at Inchlaggan in Glengarry, Scotland; d. January 14, 1840
Alexander Martin Sullivan
Irish politician, lawyer, and journalist, b. in 1830; d. Oct. 17, 1884
Alexander Maximilian Seitz
Painter, b. at Munich, 1811; d. at Rome, 1888
Alexander Natalis
French historian and theologian, of the Order of St. Dominic, b. at Rouen, 19 January, 1639; d. in Paris, 21 August, 1724
Alexander of Abonoteichos
Notorious impostor of the second century
Alexander of Hales
Franciscan, theologian, philosopher; one of the greatest scholastics; b. at Hales, or Hailles, in Gloucestershire, end of the twelfth century; d. at Paris, in 1245
Alexander of Lycopolis
Fourth-century writer of a short treatise against the Manichaeans
Alexander of Neckam
English scholar; b. in Hertfordshire, 1157; d. at Kempsey, Worcestershire, 1217
Alexander Pope
Poet, son of Alexander Pope and his second wife, Edith Turner, b. in London, England, May 22, 1688; d. at Twickenham, England, May 30, 1744
Alexander Sauli, Blessed
Apostle of Corsica, b. at Milan, 1533, of an illustrious Lombard family; d. at Pavia, 11 October, 1592
Alexander Severus
Roman emperor, b. at Acco in Palestine, 208; murdered by his mutinous soldiers at Sicula on the Rhine, 235
Alexander, Saint
Martyred in the persecution of Decius (251)
Alexander, Saint (Bishop of Comana)
Fourth-century bishop of Comana, in Pontus
Alexander, Saint (Patriarch of Alexandria)
Patriarch of Alexandria, date of birth uncertain; d. 17 April, 326
Alexandre de Prouville, Marques de Tracy
A viceroy of New France, b. in France, 1603, of noble parents; d. there in 1670
Alexandre de Rhodes
Missionary and author, b. at Avignon, March 15, 1591; d. at Ispahan, Persia, Nov. 5, 1660
Alexandre Guy Pingre
B. in Paris September 11, 1711; d. May 1, 1796
Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira
Brazilian natural scientist and explorer, b. at Bahia in 1756; d. at Lisbon in 1815
Alexandre Vincent Jandel
Master general of the Dominican Order (1810-1872)
Alexandre-Antonin Tache
First Archbishop of St. Boniface, Manitoba, missionary, prelate, statesman, and writer of Western Canada, b. July 23, 1823; d. June 22, 1894
Alexandre-Etienne Choron
French musician and teacher of music (1772-1834)
An important seaport of Egypt
Alexandrine Liturgy
Parent liturgy from which all the others used by Melchites, Copts, and by the daughter-Church of Abyssinia are derived
Alexian Nuns
Religious women affiliated to the Alexian Brotherhood
A religious institute or congregation, which had its origin at Mechlin, in Brabant, in the fifteenth century
Alexis Falconieri, Saint
B. in Florence, 1200; d. 17 February, 1310, at Mount Senario, near Florence
Alexis John Augustine Bachelot
Prefect Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands, b. in France, Feb. 22, 1796; d. at sea, Dec. 5, 1837.
Alexis-Francois Artaud de Montor
Diplomat and historian, b. at Paris, July 31, 1772; d. at Paris, Nov. 12, 1849
Alexis-François Rio
French writer on art, b. on the Island of Arz, May 20, 1797; d. June 17, 1874
Alexis-Paulin Paris
Philologist, b. at Avenay, Marne, France, March 25, 1800; d. Feb. 13, 1881
Alexis-Xyste Bernard
Bishop of St. Hyacinth (b. 1847)
Alexius, Saint
Fifth-century Roman confessor
Alfonso Capecelatro
Cardinal, Archbishop of Capua, and ecclesiastical writer; b. at Marseilles Feb. 5, 1824; d. Nov. 14, 1912
Alfonso de Valdes
Spanish Humanist and chancellor of the Emperor Charles V, b. at Cuenca in Castile about 1500; d. at Vienna in October, 1532
Alfonso de Zamora
Converted Spanish Rabbi, baptized 1506; d. 1531
Alfonso Muzzarelli
Learned Italian Jesuit, b. August 22, 1749, at Ferrara; d. May 25, 1813, at Paris
Alfonso of Burgos
Dominican, d. at Palencia, 8 December, 1489
Alfred Rethel
B. at Aachen, 1816; d. at Dusseldorf, 1859
Alfred the Great
King of the West-Saxons, b. Wantage, Berkshire, England, 849; d. 899
Alfred von Reumont
Statesman and historian, b. at Aachen, August 15, 1808; d. there, April 27, 1887
Alfred-Henri-Amand Mame
Printer and publisher, b. at Tours, Aug. 17, 1811; d. at Tours, April 12, 1893
Alfrida, Saint
Virgin, and recluse, c. 795
Alfwold, Saint
Bishop of Sherborne, in Dorsetshire; d. 1058
Alger of Liege
Learned French priest, b. at Liege, about 1055; d. at Cluny, 1132
American Indian tribe
Whatever is necessary to sustain human life: not merely food and drink, but lodging, clothing, care during sickness and burial
Allowance which by order of the court a husband pays to his wife for her maintenance while she is living separately from him
Aliturgical Days
Those days on which the 'liturgy', i.e. the Holy Sacrifice of the Eucharist, is not allowed to be celebrated
All Hallows College
Institution devoted to the preparation of priests for the missions in English-speaking countries
All Saints
Feast of the highest rank, celebrated on the first of November
All Souls' Day
Commemoration of all the faithful departed, celebrated by the Church on 2 November
Name of God in Arabic
This liturgical mystic expression is found in Scripture
Solemn form of address or speech from the throne employed by the Pope on certain occasions
Name of several prominent people in sixteenth-century Italy
Hebrew word signifying a young woman
Alma Redemptoris Mater
Opening words of one of the four Antiphons sung at Compline and Lauds
Alms and Almsgiving
Any material favor done to assist the needy, and prompted by charity
Alnoth, Saint
Hermit and martyr (died c. 700)
Persons who denied the manifestation of the Paraclete, and refused, in consequence, to admit the Gospel of St. John, wherein it is announced
Aloisio Gardellini
Famous chiefly for his collection of the decrees of the Congregation of Rites; b. at Rome, Aug. 4, 1759; d. there, Oct. 8, 1829
Aloisius Lilius
Principal author of the Gregorian Calendar
Aloisius-Edouard-Camille Gaultier
Priest and schoolmaster; b. at Asti, Piedmont, about 1745 of French parents; d. at Paris, Sept. 18, 1818
Alonso Andrada
Jesuit biographer and ascetic writer (1590-1672)
Alonso Berruguete
Spanish artist (1480-1561)
Alonso Cano
Spanish painter, architect, and sculptor, b. at Granada, March 19, 1601; d. there 3 or October 5, 1667
Alonso de Ercilla y Zuniga
Spanish soldier and poet, b. in Madrid, August 7, 1533; d. in the same city, Nov. 29, 1594
Alonso de Espinosa
Spanish priest and historian of the sixteenth century
Alonso de Molina
Franciscan friar, b. probably 1511 or 1512 in Spain, d. 1584, in the city of Mexico
Alonso de Ojeda
Explorer; b. at Cuenca, Spain, about 1466; d. on the island of Santo Domingo, about 1508
Alonso Rodriguez
Jesuit, writer and teacher, b. at Valladolid, Spain, 1526; d. at Seville February 21, 1616
Alonso Tostado
Exegete, b. at Madrigal, Castile, about 1400; d. at Bonilla de la Sierra, near Avila, Sept. 3, 1455
Alonzo Coello Sanchez
Earliest of the Spanish court portrait-painters, b. at Benyfayro, Valencia, Spain, in 1513 or 1515; d. at Madrid, 1590
Alonzo de Alvarado
Knight of Santiago (unknown-1559)
Alonzo de Barcena (or Barzana)
Jesuit missionary and noted writer (1528-1598)
Alonzo Sanchez
Jesuit, teacher, writer, b. in Mondejar, Guadalajara, Spain, in 1547; d. at Alcala, May 27, 1593
Aloys Karl Ohler
Educationist, b. at Mainz, January 2, 1817; d. there, August 24, 1889
Aloys Lutolf
Ecclesiastical historian, b. July 23, 1824; d. April 8, 1879
Aloys Senefelder
Principally known as the inventor of lithography, b. at Prague, Nov. 6, 1771; d. at Munich, February 26, 1834
Aloysius Bellecius
Jesuit ascetic author (1704-1757)
Aloysius Gentili
He was proficient in poetry, displayed considerable musical aptitude, had a taste for mechanical and electrical science, and was devoted to the cultivation of modern languages, applying himself more particularly to the study of English; b. July 14, 1801,
Aloysius Gonzaga, Saint
Aloysius Schlor
Ascetical writer, b. at Vienna, June 17, 1805; d. at Graz, Nov. 2,1852
Aloysius Taparelli
Philosopher and writer on sociological subjects, b. Nov. 24, 1793; d. Sept. 20, 1862
Alpha and Omega (in Judaism and Christianity)
Alpha and Omega in Jewish Theology and Christian Usage
Alpha and Omega (Scriptural)
The first and the last letter of the Greek alphabet
Christian Use of the Alphabet
Alphabetic Psalms
So called because their successive verses, or successive parallel series, begin with the successive letters of the alphabet
Alphons Huber
Historian; b. October 14, 1834, at Fugen, Zillerthal (Tyrol); d. November 23, 1898, at Vienna
Alphonse de Lamartine
Poet, b. at Macon, Saone-et-Loire, France, Oct. 21, 1790; d. at Paris, March 1, 1869
Alphonse Magnien
Educator of the clergy, b. at Bleymard, in the Diocese of Mende, France, June 9, 1837; d. December 21, 1902
Alphonso de Spina
Convert from Judaism, Spanish Franciscan, date of birth unknown; d. about 1491
Alphonsus de Castro
Friar Minor and theologian, b. in 1495 at Zamora, Leon, Spain; d. February 11, 1558, at Brussels
Alphonsus Liguori, Saint
Missionary, founder of Redemptorists (1696-1787)
Alphonsus Rodriguez, Saint
Jesuit laybrother (1532-1617)
Alphonsus Salmeron
Jesuit Biblical scholar, b. at Toledo, Sept. 8, 1515; d. at Naples, Feb. 13 1585
A German Imperial Territory
Altamura and Acquaviva
Exempt archipresbyterate in the province of Bari, in southern Italy
Altar (in Liturgy)
Table on which the Eucharistic Sacrifice is offered
Altar (in Scripture)
Usage in Old and New Testaments
Altar (in the Greek Church)
Entire space surrounding what we know as the altar
Altar of Repose
The altar where the Sacred Host, consecrated in the Mass on Holy Thursday, is reserved until the Mass of the Presanctified
Altmann, Blessed
Bishop of Passau and Papal Legate
Alto, Saint
Recluse and missionary in Bavaria, (c. 750)
Term to denote the benevolent, as contrasted with the selfish propensities
In ecclesiastical usage, a student preparing for the sacred ministry in a seminary
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
Sixteenth-century explorer and faith-healer
Alvarez de Paz
Famous mystic of the Society of Jesus (1560-1620)
Alvaro Alonzo Barba
Secular priest and author
Alvaro de Mendana de Neyra
Spanish navigator and explorer, b. in Saragossa, 1541; d. in Santa Cruz, Solomon Islands, October 18, 1596
Alvarus Pelagius
Celebrated writer, b. in Spain about 1280; d. at Seville, Jan. 25, 1352
Alypius, Saint
Friend of St. Augustine; bishop of Tagaste
Ama or Amma
Semitic term meaning mother
Amalarius of Metz
Liturgical writer (last quarter of the eighth century--about 850)
Amalberga, Saint
Virgin, very much revered in Belgium
Amalberga, Saint (Amelia)
Nun; mother of three saints, Gudila, Reinelda, and Emembertus
A people remembered chiefly as the most hated of all the enemies of Israel, and traditionally reputed among the fiercest of Bedouin tribes
Amalricians (Lat., Almarici, Amauriani)
Heretical sect founded towards the end of the twelfth century
Amalricus Augerii
Church-historian of the fourteenth century
Amandus, Saint
One of the great apostles of Flanders
Amasia (Amasea)
Titular see and metropolis of Pontus in Asia Minor on the river Iris, now Amasiah
Amastris (now Amasserah or Samastro)
Titular see of Paphlagonia in Asia Minor
Two titular sees, one in Syria, the other on the southern coast of Cyprus
The undue craving for honor
A mountain or elevation
Ambo, in the Russian and Greek Church
Semicircular steps directly in front of the royal doors of the iconostasis
Ambrogio Borgognone
Italian painter and architect (ca. 1455-1523)
Ambrogio Calepino
Italian lexicographer, b. about 1440 at Calepio (province of Bergamo); d. 1510 or 1511
Ambrogio Foppa
Generally known as Caradosso, Italian goldsmith, sculptor, and die sinker, b. at Mondonico in the province of Como, 1445, according to some authorities, and according to others in Pavia, the same year; d. about 1527
Ambroise Pare
French surgeon, b. at Bourg-Hersent, near Laval, department of Maine, 1517; d.Dec. 20, 1590
Ambrose Autpert
Early medieval writer and abbot of the Benedictine Order (d.778 or 779)
Ambrose Bernard O'Higgins
B. in County Meath, Ireland, in 1720; d. at Lima, March 18, 1810
Ambrose Lisle March Phillipps de Lisle
B. March 17, 1809; d. March 5, 1878
Ambrose Marechal
Third Archbishop of Baltimore; b. August 28, 1764; d. January 29, 1828
Ambrose of Camaldoli, Saint
Italian theologian and writer (1386-1439)
Ambrose of Sienna, Blessed
Dominican (1220-1286)
Ambrose Pelargus
Theologian, b. at Nidda, Hesse, about 1488; d. at Trier, 1557
Ambrose Saint-John
Oratorian; b. 1815; d. at Edgbaston, Birmingham, May 24, 1875
Ambrose, Saint
Bishop of Milan (340-397)
Ambrosian Basilica
Erected at Milan by St. Ambrose
Ambrosian Chant
Chant composed by St. Ambrose
Ambrosian Hymnography
Hymns of St. Ambrose
Ambrosian Library
One of the famous libraries of the world
Ambrosian Liturgy and Rite
Liturgy and Rite of the Church of Milan
Religious order
Author of a commentary on all the Epistles of St. Paul, with the exception of that to the Hebrews
Ambrosio Morales
Spanish historian, b. at Cordova, 1513; d. in 1591
A cloister, gallery, or alley; a sheltered place, straight or circular, for exercise in walking; the aisle that makes the circuit of the apse of a church
One of a small number of Hebrew words which have been imported unchanged into the liturgy of the Church
Amende Honorable
An obsolete form of honorary satisfaction
The Western Continent, the New World
American College, The
Institution for the education of priests at Louvain
American College, The (in Rome)
The American College of the Roman Catholic Church of the United States, Rome, Italy
American Federation of Catholic Societies
Non-political organization of the Catholic laity, parishes, and societies under the guidance of the hierarchy, to protect and advance their religious, civil, and social interests
American Indians
Treatment of native peoples in North and South America
American Protective Association, The
Secret proscriptive society in the United States
Amerigo Vespucci
A famous Italian navigator, b. at Florence, March 9, 1451; d. at Seville, Feb. 22, 1512
Short linen cloth, square or oblong in shape and, like the other sacerdotal vestments, needing to be blessed before use
Amico (Antonio and Bernardino)
Canon of Palermo and ecclesiastical historian of Syracuse and Messina (d. 1641)
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Military engineer and soldier, b. at Greenwich, Massachusetts, 1818; d. at Washington, D. C., May 7, 1863
Titular see of Pontus in Asia Minor
Ammen, Daniel
American naval officer and author (1820-1898)
Supreme divinity of the Egyptian pantheon
Ammon, Saint
Egyptian hermit in the desert of Nitria ( b. about 350)
Ammonian Sections
Divisions of the four Gospels indicated in the margin of nearly all Greek and Latin MSS
Race very closely allied to the Hebrews
Former Benedictine abbey
Amorios (also Amorium)
Titular see of Phrygia in Asia Minor, now known as Hergan Kaleh
Ancient people often mentioned in the Old Testament
Third among the Minor Prophets of the Old Testament
Condition of certain ecclesiastics in regard to their benefices or offices
Amphilochius of Iconium
Bishop of the fourth century
Amphilochius of Sida (Side)
Bishop of the first half of the fifth century
Vessels generally made of clay, and furnished with ears or handles
Objects discovered in the catacombs
Ancient Irish elegies or panegyrics on native saints
Central Syria
King of Sennaar (Shinar), or Babylonia
Capital of the Netherlands
Object used by pagans
Titular see of Peloponnesus in Greece
Violent and extremely radical body of ecclesiastico-civil reformers
Anacletus II
Title taken by Cardinal Pietro Pierleone at contested papal election of 1130
State of insensibility to external impressions
Italian diocese in the province of Rome
Philosophical term used to designate, first, a property of things; secondly, a process of reasoning
Process by which anything complex is resolved into simple, or, at least, into less complex parts or elements
Liturgical term in the Greek Rite signifying that part of the service which corresponds substantially to the Latin Canon of the Mass
Absence of law
Anastasia, Saint
Four ancient episcopal sees
Anastasius Bibliothecarius
Librarian of the Roman Church, b. about 810; d. 879
Anastasius Grun
Pseudonym for Anton Alexander (Maria), Count von Auersperg, an Austrian poet; b. in 1806; d. in 1876
Anastasius Sinaita, Saint
Abbot; Greek ecclesiastical writer
Anastasius, Saint
Martyred monk
Anastasius, Saint (Bishop of Antioch)
Bishop of Antioch
Major excommunication
Feminine Chaldean deity
Anatole de Bengy
Jesuit martyr (1824-1871)
Anatole Leroy-Beaulieu
French publicist, b. at Lisieux, Calvados, in 1842; d. at Paris, June 15, 1912
Anatolia, Saint
Virgin; martyr
Anatolius, Saint (Bishop of Laodicea in Syria)
Scholar in the physical sciences and in Aristotelean philosophy
Anatolius, Saint (Patriarch of Constantinople)
D. 458
Department of biology
Titular metropolitan see of Cilicia
Symbol of hope in a future existence
Those who sought to triumph over the two enemies of human salvation, the flesh and the devil, by depriving them of the assistance of their ally, the world
Ancient Catholic Diocese of Chichester
In England
Ancient Diocese of Canterbury
The Mother-Church and Primatial See of All England, from 597 till the death of the last Catholic Archbishop, Cardinal Pole, in 1558
Ancient Diocese of Carlisle
Catholic diocese in England prior to its Anglican usurpation
Ancient Diocese of Chester
In England
Ancient Diocese of Macon
Diocese in France
Ancient Diocese of Norwich
Though this see took its present name only in the eleventh century, its history goes back five hundred years earlier
Ancient Diocese of Saint Asaph
Founded by St. Kentigern about the middle of the sixth century when he was exiled from his see in Scotland
Ancient Diocese of Salisbury
Diocese was originally founded by St. Birinus, who in 634 established his see at Dorchester in Oxfordshire, whence he evangelized the Kingdom of Wessex
Ancient Diocese of Sodor and Man
Scandinavian diocese, which included Man and the western isles of Scotland
Ancient Diocese of Vaison
Suppressed diocese
Ancient Diocese of Worcester
England, created in 680 when, at the Synod of Hatfield under St. Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury, the great Mercian diocese was divided into five sees
Ancient of Days
Name given to God by the Prophet Daniel
Ancient Order of Hibernians
Catholic fraternal organization
Ancient See of Aarhus
In Denmark
Ancient See of Bergen
In Norway
Ancient See of Borglum
In Denmark
Ancient See of Hamar
In Norway
Ancient See of Linkoping
In Sweden
Ancient See of Odense
In Denmark
Ancient See of Oslo
In Norway
Ancient See of Ratzeburg
Ancient see in Germany
Ancient See of Ribe
Ancient see in Denmark
Ancient See of Rochester
Oldest and smallest of all the suffragan sees of Canterbury, was founded by St. Augustine, Apostle of England
Ancient See of Roskilde
Ancient see in Denmark
Ancient See of Skara
Ancient see in Sweden
Ancient See of Stavanger
Ancient see in Norway
Ancient See of Strengnas
Ancient see in Sweden
Ancient See of Trondhjem
In Norway
Ancient See of Upsala
In Sweden
Ancient See of Vexio
Ancient see in Sweden
Ancient See of Viborg
Ancient see in Denmark
Ancient See of Westeraas
In Sweden
Ancient See of Winchester
This diocese came into existence in 635 when the great missionary Diocese of Dorchester, founded by St. Birinus in 634 for the Kingdom of Wessex
Ancient See of York
The seat of metropolitan jurisdiction for the northern province
Ancilla Dei
Title given to a deceased woman
Ancona and Umana
Italian diocese in the Archdiocese of Ancona
Ancren Riwle
Thirteenth-century code of rules for the life of authoresses
The modern Angora, titular see of Galatia in Asia Minor
Country is situated in the southern part of the Iberian peninsula
A Benedictine monastery and famous place of pilgrimage on a hill about two miles east of the Ammersee in Upper Bavaria
Anderdon, William Henry
English Jesuit and writer (1816-1890)
Andre de Boulanger
French monk and preacher (1578-1657)
Andre Garin
An Oblate missionary and parish priest, b. May 7, 1822, at Cote-Saint-Andre, Isere, France; d. at Lowell, Massachusetts, February 16, 1895
Andre Guijon
Bishop and orator; b. in November, 1548, at Autun; d. in September, 1631
Andre-Hercule de Fleury
B. at Lodeve, June 26, 1653; d. at Paris, January 29, 1743
Andre-Jean Cuoq
Philologist, b. at LePuy, France, 1821; d. at Oka near Montreal, 1898
Andre-Marie Ampere
Physicist and mathematician (1775-1836)
Andrea Adami da Bolsena
Italian musician b. at Bolsena, 1663; d. in Rome, 1742
Andrea Alciati
Italian jurist, b. at Alzano, near Milan, 8 May, 1492; d. at Pavia, 12 June, 1550
Andrea Borromeo
Italian missionary (d. 1683)
Andrea Castagno
Florentine painter, b. near Florence, 1390; d. at Florence, August 9, 1457
Andrea Cesalpino
Physician, philosopher, and naturalist, distinguished botanist; b. at Arezzo in Tuscany, Italy, June 6, 1519; d. at Rome, February 23, 1603
Andrea Ciccione
Fifteenth-century Italian sculptor and architect
Andrea Contucci Del Sansovino
Sculptor, b. at Monte San Sovino, Arezzo, 1460; d. 1529
Andrea Del Sarto
Painter, b. at Florence in 1486; d. there in 1531
Andrea Del Verrocchio
B. at Florence, 1435; d. at Venice, 1488
Andrea Della Robbia
Nephew, pupil, assistant, and sharer of Luca's secrets, b. at Florence, 1431; d. 1528
Andrea Doria
Genoese admiral and statesman, b. at Oneglia, Italy, 1468; d. at Genoa, 1560
Andrea Dotti, Blessed
Servite priest (1256-1315)
Andrea Gallandi
Oratorian and patristic scholar, b. at Venice, December 7, 1709; d. there January 12, 1779, or 1780
Andrea Mantegna
Italian painter; b. in 1431; d. September 13, 1506
Andrea Palladio
Italian architect, b. at Vicenza, 1508; d. at Venice, Aug. 19, 1580
Andrea Pisano
Italian sculptor and architect (1270-1349)
Andrea Spagni
Educator and author, b. at Florence, Aug. 8, 1716; d. at Rome, Sept. 16, 1788
Andrea Vanni
Painter and statesman, b. at Siena, 1320; d. 1414
Andreas Agnellus of Ravenna
Historian of that church, b. 805; the date of his death is unknown, but was probably about 846
Andreas Benedict Feilmoser
Theologian and Biblical scholar, b. April 8, 1777, at Hopfgarten, Tyrol; d. at Tubingen, July 20, 1831
Andreas de Vega
Theologian and Franciscan Observantine, b. at Segovia in Old Castile, Spain, at unknown date; d. at Salamanca probably in 1560
Andreas Hofer
Patriot and soldier, b. at St. Leonhard in Passeyrthale, Tyrol, Nov. 22, 1767; executed at Mantua, Feb. 20, 1810
Andreas Kobler
Historian (1816-1892)
Andreas Medulic
Croatian painter and engraver, b. at Sibenik, Dalmatia, 1522; d. at Venice, 1582
Andreas of Ratisbon
Priest, historian
Andreas Pozzo
Italian painter and architect of the Baroque period, b. at Trent, 1642; d. at Vienna, 1709
Andreas Rass
Bishop of Strasburg, b. at Sigolsheim in upper Alsace, April 6, 1794; d. at Strasburg November 17, 1887
Andreas Vesalius
The reorganizer of the study of anatomy, b. at Brussels, Dec. 31, 1514; d. in a Greek city on his journey home from Jerusalem in 1564
Andres Cavo
A writer frequently quoted on Spanish-Mexican history; b. at Guadalajara in Mexico, January 21, 1729
Andrés Pérez De Ribas
Pioneer missionary, historian of north-western Mexico; b. at Cordova, Spain, 1576; d. in Mexico, March 26, 1655
Andres Urdaneta
Augustinian, b. at Villafranca, Guipuzcoa, Spain, 1498; d. in the City of Mexico, 1568
Andrew Avellino, Saint
Priest, Theatine (1521-1608)
Andrew Bobola, Blessed
Jesuit priest, martyr (1590-1657)
Andrew Byrne
Bishop of Little Rock, Arkansas, b. at Navan, Co. Meath, Ireland, December 5, 1802; d. at Helena, Arkansas, June 10, 1862
Andrew Corsini, Saint
Carmelite monk (1302-1373)
Andrew Donlevy
Educator b. in 1694, date and place of death uncertain
Andrew Foreman
A Scottish prelate, of good border family; b. at Hatton, near Berwick-on-Tweed; d. 1522
Andrew Gordon
Benedictine monk, physicist; b. 1712; d. 1751,
Andrew Krzycki
Humanistic poet (d. 1535)
Andrew of Caesarea
Bishop of Cappadocia
Andrew of Crete, Saint
Theologian, homilist, hymnographer (d. 740 or 720)
Andrew of Lonjumeau
Dominican missionary, papal ambassador (d. 1253)
Andrew of Rhodes
Dominican theologian (d. 1440)
Andrew of Wyntoun
Scottish chronicler, b. (as we know from the internal evidence of his writings) in the reign of David II, about the middle of the fourteenth century
Andrew the Scot, Saint
Archdeacon of Fiesole (d. about 877)
Andrew White
Missionary, b. at London, 1579; d. at or near London Dec. 27, 1656
Andrew, Apostle, Saint
the Apostle, son of Jonah or John; the Apostle, son of Jonah or John; a disciple of the Baptist
Andrew, Saint (Martyr in Lampsacus)
Martyr of the Faith in Lampsacus, a city of Mysia
Now Estenmure, titular see of Cilicia
Ange de Saint Joseph
French missionary, Carmelite friar (1636-1697)
Ange de Sainte Rosalie
French genealogist, Augustinian friar (1655-1726)
Angel de Saavedra Remírez de Baquedano
Spanish poet and statesman, b. at Cordova, March 10, 1791; d. at Madrid, June 22, 1865
Angela Merici, Saint
Foundress of the Ursulines (1474-1540)
Angela of Foligno, Blessed
Umbrian penitent and mystical writer (1248-1309)
Angelica Kauffmann
Swiss artist (1741-1807)
Angelicals, The
Congregation of women
Angelique Bullion
B. in Paris, at commencement of the seventeenth century
Angelo Carletti di Chivasso, Blessed
Franciscan moral theologian (1411-1495)
Angelo Clareno da Cingoli
Spiritual Franciscan (1247-1337)
Angelo Mai
Roman cardinal and celebrated philologist, b. at Schilpario, March 7, 1782; d. at Albano, September 9, 1854
Angelo Maria Quirini
Cardinal and scholar, b. at Venice, March 30, 1680; d. at Brescia, January 6, 1755
Angelo Paoli, Venerable
B. at Argigliano, Tuscany, Sept. 1, 1642; d. at Rome, January 17, 1720
Angelo Rocca
Founder of the Angelica Library at Rome, b. at Rocca, now Arecevia, near Ancona, 1545; d. at Rome, April 8, 1620
Angelo Secchi
Astronomer, b. at Reggio in Emilia, Italy, June 18, 1818; d. Feb. 26, 1878
Angels of the Churches
In the book of Revelation
Devotion in honor of the Incarnation
Angelus Bell
Triple Hail Mary recited in the evening; origin of our modern Angelus
Angelus Silesius
Priest, convert, poet, controversialist (1624-1677)
Desire of vengeance
Angilbert, Saint
Abbot of Saint-Riquier (d. 814)
Anglican Orders
History and status
The religious belief and position of members of the Established Church of England
Anglo-Saxon Church, The
History and development
Italian diocese
Angola and Congo
Diocese of Portuguese West Africa
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
Roman statesman, philosopher, possible Christian martyr (480 - ca. 525)
Anima Christi
Well-known prayer
Animals in Christian Art
Animal forms have always occupied a place of far greater importance than was ever accorded to them in the art of the pagan world
Animals in the Bible
The sacred books were composed by and for a people almost exclusively given to husbandry and pastoral life, hence in constant communication with nature
Doctrine or theory of the soul
Plant belonging to the parsley family
Ann Lobera (Venerable Ann of Jesus)
Known as Ann Lobera, Carmelite nun, companion of St. Teresa; b. at Medina del Campo (Old Castile), November 25, 1545; d. at Brussels, March 4, 1621
Mother of Samuel
Anna Comnena
Byzantine historian
Anna Maria Gesualda Antonia Taigi
B. at Siena, Italy, May 29, 1769; d. at Rome, June 9, 1837
Annals of the Four Masters
The most extensive of all the compilations of the ancient annals of Ireland
Jewish high-priest
The first fruits, or first year's revenue of an ecclesiastical benefice paid to the Papal Curia
Anne Catherine Emmerich
Augustinian nun, stigmatic, and ecstatic, b. September 8, 1774, d. February 9, 1824
Anne de Xainctonge, Venerable
Foundress of the Society of the Sisters of St. Ursula of the Blessed Virgin, b. at Dijon, November 21, 1567; d. at Dole, June 8, 1621
Anne First Duke of Montmorency
First of the great French lords, b. at Chantilly, March 15, 1492; d. at Paris, November 12, 1567
Anne Garcia
Better known as Venerable Anne of St Bartholomew, Discalced Carmelite nun, companion of St. Teresa, b. at Almendral, Old Castile, October 1, 1550; d. at Antwerp, June 7, 1626
Anne Hanson Dorsey
Novelist, b. at Georgetown, District of Columbia, U.S.A., 1815; d. at Washington, December 26, 1896
Anne Line
English martyr, d. Feb. 27, 1601
Anne, Saint
Mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Anne-Madeleine Remuzat, Venerable
B. at Marseilles, Nov. 29, 1696; d. Feb. 15, 1730
Anne-Marie Javouhey, Venerable
Founder of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Cluny (1779-1851)
Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot
Baron de L'Aulne, French minister, b. at Paris, May 10, 1727; d. there, March 20, 1781
Anne-Therese Guerin
B. October 2, 1798; d. May 14, 1856
Annette Elisabeth Hulshoff
Poetess; b. at Schloss Hulshoff near Munster in Westphalia, January 10, 1797; d. May 24, 1848
Dominican theologian (d. 1271)
Annius of Viterbo
Dominican archeologist and historian (1432-1502)
Anno, Saint
Archbishop of Cologne
Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Related in Luke, i, 26-38
Anschar, Saint
Benedictine, called the Apostle of the North (801-865)
Ansegisus, Saint
Benedictine (770-833 or 834)
Anselm Eckart
Missionary, b. August 4, 1721; d. June 29, 1809
Anselm of Canterbury, Saint
Archbishop of Canterbury, Doctor of the Church (d. 1109)
Anselm of Laon
Theologian (d. 1117)
Anselm of Liege
Belgian chronicler (1008-1056)
Anselm of Lucca the Younger, Saint
Benedictine monk (1036-1086)
Anselmo Banduri
Archaeologist and numismatologist (1671-1743)
People who lived before the Flood
Byzantine official of the fourth and fifth centuries
Anthon Rafael Mengs
Bohemian painter, usually regarded as belonging to the Italian or Spanish school, b. at Aussig in Bohemia, March 12, 1728; d. in Rome, June 29, 1779
Anthony Baldinucci, Blessed
Jesuit missionary, missionary and preacher (1665-1717)
Anthony Blanc
Archbishop of New Orleans, Louisiana (1792-1860)
Anthony Brookby
English Franciscan martyr (d. 1537)
Anthony Champney
Priest, controversialist (1569-1643)
Anthony Daniel
Huron missionary, b. at Dieppe, in Normandy, May 27, 1601, slain by the Iroquois at Teanaostae, near Hillsdale, Simcoe Co., Ontario, Canada, July 4, 1648
Anthony Koberger
German printer, publisher, bookseller (ca. 1445-1513)
Anthony Kohlmann
Educator, missionary (1771-1836)
Anthony Konings
Priest (1821-1884)
Anthony Maria Anderledy
General of the Society of Jesus (1819-1892)
Anthony of Padua, Saint
Franciscan Thaumaturgist (1195-1231)
Anthony of Sienna
Dominican theologian
Anthony of the Mother of God
Spanish Carmelite (d. 1641)
Anthony Page, Venerable
English martyr, b. at Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex, 1571; d. at York, 20 or April 30, 1593
Anthony Parkinson
Historian, b. in England, 1667; d. there January 30, 1728
Anthony Rey
Educator and Mexican War chaplain, b. at Lyons, March 19, 1807; d. near Ceralvo, Mexico, Jan. 19, 1847
Anthony Terill
English theologian, b. in 1623; d. Oct. 11, 1676
Anthony, Saint
Founder of Christian monasticism
A term used in its widest sense to signify the tendency of man to conceive the activities of the external world as the counterpart of his own
According to its biblical and ecclesiastical usage
Eastern sect which flourished about A.D. 200 to 400
Fragments of consecrated bread given to faithful in Greek custom
Shiretown of the county of the same name in Nova Scotia
Consecrated corporal of a kind used only in the Greek Rite
Titular see of the Thebaid, now Esneh or Esench, a city in Egypt
Heretical doctrine that Christians are exempt from the obligations of the moral law
Discusses two cities, one in Syria, the other in Pisidia
Antioch (Church)
Ancient city
Antiochene Liturgy
Family of liturgies originally used in the Patriarchate of Antioch
Antiochus of Palestine
Monk of the seventh century
Antipater of Bostra
Fifth-century Greek prelate of the Roman Orient
Titular see of Palestine
Titular see of Lycia
Sounding against, responsive sound, singing opposite, alternate chant
Antiphon (Antiphonon) in the Greek Church
A form of singing made an integral part of the Mass
Antiphon in Greek Liturgy
The Greek Liturgy uses antiphons, not only in the Office, but also in the Mass, at Vespers, and at all the canonical Hours
One of the present liturgical books intended for use in choro (i.e. in the liturgical choir)
Antiphonary of Bangor
Ancient Latin manuscript (codex) found by Muratori in the Ambrosian Library at Milan
Speculations concerning the rotundity of the earth and the possible existence of human beings
A false claimant of the Holy See in opposition to a pontiff canonically elected
Antipope Dioscorus
B. at Alexandria, date unknown; d. October 14, 530
Antiquity of the World
Various attempts have been made to establish the age of the world.
Antoine Anselme
French preacher, priest (1652-1737)
Antoine de Lamothe Cadillac
B. at Toulouse in 1657; d. at Castelsarrasin, October 16, 1730
Antoine de Mouchy
Theologian and canonist, b. 1494, at Ressons-sur-Matz, near Beauvais, in Picardy; d. May 8, 1574, at Paris
Antoine Duprat
Chancellor of France and Cardinal, b. January 17, 1463; d. July 9, 1535
Antoine Galland
French Orientalist and numismatist, b. at Rollot, near Montdidier, in Picardy, 1646, d. at Paris, 1715
Antoine Gaubil
A French Jesuit and missionary to China, b. at Gaillac (Aveyron), July 14, 1689; d. at Peking, July 24, 1759
Antoine Godeau
French bishop, poet and exegete; b. 1605; d. 1672
Antoine Henri de Berault-Bercastel
Church historian (1720-1794)
Antoine Le Gaudier
Writer on ascetic theology; b. at Chateau-Thierry, France, January 7, 1572; d. at Paris, April 14, 1622
Antoine Massoulie
Theologian, b. at Toulouse, Oct. 28, 1632; d. at Rome, Jan. 23, 1706
Antoine Pagi and his nephew Francois
Two French ecclesiastical historians
Antoine Touron
Dominican biographer and historian, b. at Graulhet, Tarn, France, on Sept. 5, 1686; d. at Paris, Sept. 2, 1775
Antoine-Augustin Parmentier
Agriculturist, b. at Montdidier, August 17, 1737; d. in Paris, Dec. 13, 1813
Antoine-Augustin Touttee
French Benedictine of the Maurist Congregation, b. at Riom, Department of Puy-de-Dome, Dec. 13, 1677; d. at the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Pres, Dec. 25, 1718
Antoine-Cesar Becquerel
French physicist, b. March 7, 1788; d. January 18, 1878
Antoine-dominique Magaud
French painter, b. at Marseilles 1817; d. there, 1899
Antoine-Elisabeth Dareste de La Chavanne
Historian and professor, b. in Paris, October 25, 1820; d. at Lucenay-les-Aix, August 6, 1882
Antoine-Frederic Ozanam
Great grand-nephew of Jacques Ozanam, b. at Milan, April 23, 1813; d. at Marseilles, Sept. 8, 1853
Antoine-Jean-Baptiste-Robert Auget Montyon
Famous French philanthropist; b. at Paris, December 23, 1733; d. there December 29, 1820
Antoine-Joseph Mege
Maurist Benedictine, b. in 1625 at Clermont; d. April 15, 1691
Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier
Chemist, philosopher, economist; b. in Paris, August 26, 1743; guillotined May 8, 1794
Antoine-Lefebvre Sieur de la Barre
Tenth French Governor-General of Canada (1622-1690)
Antoine-Leonard de Chezy
French Orientalist (1773-1832)
Antoine-Simon Maillard
Missionary, b. in France; d. August 12, 1762
Anton Berlage
Dogmatic theologian (1805-1881)
Anton Brus
Archbishop of Prague, b. at Muglitz in Moravia, February 13, 1518; d. August 28, 1580
Anton Dereser
Discalced Carmelite; b. at Fahr in Franconia, February 3, 1757; d. at Breslau, 15 or June 16, 1827
Anton Gunther
Philosopher; b. Nov. 17, 1783, at Lindenau, near Leitmeritz, Bohemia; d. at Vienna, February 24, 1863
Anton Joseph Binterim
Priest and theologian (1779-1855)
Anton Martin Slomsek
Bishop of Lavant, in Maribor, Styria, Austria, noted Slovenian educator, b. 1800; d. Sept. 24, 1862
Anton Sander
Historian, b. at Antwerp, 1586; d. at Afflighem, Belgium, Jan. 10, 1664
Anton Ulrich
Duke o f Brunswick, Luneburgwolfenbuttel, convert to the Catholic faith (1633-1714)
Antonello da Messina
Painter, b. at Messina, about 1430; d. 1497
Antonie Perrenot De Granvelle
Known in history as Cardinal de Gran; b. 1517; d. 1586
Antonin Reginald
Baptized Antoine Ravaille, theologian; b. at Albi in Languedoc, 1605; d. at Toulouse, April 12, 1676. He became a Dominican at Avignon in 1624
Antonino Diana
Moral theologian, b. of a noble family at Palermo, Sicily, in 1586; d. at Rome, July 20, 1663
Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor, reigned 138-161 (86-161)
Antoninus, Saint
Archbishop of Florence (1389-1459)
Antonio Allegri
B. in Correggio, a small Lombard town near Mantua, 1494; d. 5 March, 1534
Antonio and Piero Benci Pollajuolo
Derived their surname, according to Florentine custom, from the trade of their father, who was a dealer in poultry. Both were born at Florence, Antonio about 1432, Piero in 1443; both died in Rome, the younger in 1496, the elder in 1498, and both were bur
Antonio Aparisi y Guijarro
Parliamentary orator, jurisconsult, Catholic controversialist, and Spanish litterateur (1815-1872)
Antonio Ballerini
B. at Medicina, near Bologna, October 10, 1805; d. in Rome, November 27, 1881. He entered the Society of Jesus, October 13, 1826
Antonio Bosio
Archaeologist of the Roman catacombs (ca. 1576-1629)
Antonio Canova
Italian sculptor, b. at Possagno, in the province of Treviso, November 1, 1757; d. at Venice October 13, 1822
Antonio Comellas y Cluet
Philosopher, b. at Berga, in the Province of Barcelona, Jan. 16, 1832; d. there, June 3, 1884
Antonio da Fonseca Soares
Friar Minor and ascetical writer; b. at Vidigueira, June 25, 1631; d. at Torres Vedras, Oct. 20, 1682
Antonio de Alcedo
Soldier, b. at Quito (Ecuador), 1755
Antonio de Andrada
Jesuit missionary and explorer (1580-1634)
Antonio de Araujo
Jesuit; Brazilian missionary (d. 1632)
Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas
Spanish historian; b. in 1559; d. March 27, 1625
Antonio de La Calancha
Erudite Augustinian monk, b. 1584 at Chuquisaca (now Sucre) in Bolivia; d. March 1, 1654
Antonio de Molina
Spanish Carthusian and celebrated ascetical writer, b. about 1560, at Villanueva de los Infantes; d. at Miraflores, September 21, 1612 or 1619
Antonio de Trueba
Spanish poet and folklorist, b. at Montellana, Biscay, in 1821; d. at Bilbao, March 10, 1889
Antonio de Ulloa
Naval officer and scientist, b. at Seville, Spain, Jan. 12, 1716; d. near Cadiz, Spain, July 5, 1795
Antonio di Matteo di Domenico Rosselino
Sculptor, stone cutter (1427-1478)
Antonio Escobar y Mendoza
Jesuit, gained distinction for scholarship among the leaders of ecclesiastical science b. 1589; d. July 4, 1669
Antonio Espejo
Spanish explorer, known for expedition which he conducted into New Mexico and Arizona in 1582-3
Antonio Fernandez
Jesuit missionary; b. at Lisbon, c. 1569; d. at Goa, November 12, 1642
Antonio Ferreira
Poet, important both for his lyric and his dramatic compositions, b. at Lisbon, Portugal, in 1528; d. there of the plague in 1569
Antonio Francesco Vezzosi
Member of the Theatine Congregation and biographical writer, b. at Arezzo, Italy, October 4, 1708; d. in Rome, May 29, 1783
Antonio Lotti
Composer, b. at Venice in 1667; d. there, January 5, 1740
Antonio Magliabechi
Italian scholar and librarian, b. Oct. 29, 1633, at Florence; d. there, July 4, 1714
Antonio Margil
B. August 18, 1657; d. Aug. 6, 1726
Antonio Maria Claret y Clara, Venerable
Spanish prelate and missionary, born at Salient, near Barcelona, Dec. 23, 1807; d. at Fontfroide, Narbonne, France, on Oct. 24, 1870
Antonio Maria Zaccaria, Saint
Founder of the Barnabites (1502-1539)
Antonio Martini
Archbishop of Florence, Biblical scholar; b. April 20, 1720; d. December 31, 1809
Antonio Montesino
Spanish missionary, date of birth unknown; d. in the West Indies, 1545
Antonio Neri
Florentine chemist, b. in Florence m the sixteenth century; d. 1614, place unknown
Antonio Ravalli
Missionary, b. in Italy, 1811; d. at St. Mary's, Montana, U.S.A., Oct. 2, 1884
Antonio Ruiz de Montoya
One of the most distinguished pioneers of the original Jesuit mission in Paraguay, and a remarkable linguist; b. at Lima, Peru, on June 13, 1585; d. there April 11, 1652
Antonio Tebaldeo
Italian poet, b. in 1463; d. in 1537
Antonio Vieira
Missionary, diplomat, orator, b. at Lisbon, February 6, 1608; d. at Bahia, Brazil, July 18, 1697
Antonis Van Dashorst Mor
Dutch painter, b. at Utrecht, in 1519; d. at Antwerp, between 1576 and 1578
Supposed Latin Christian poet of the third century
Antonius Augustinus
Historian of canon law and Archbishop of Tarragona in Spain (1517-1586)
Antonius Fischer
Archbishop of Cologne and cardinal, b. at Julich, May 30, 1840; d. at Neuenahr, July 30, 1912
Antonius Possevinus
Theologian and papal envoy, b. at Mantua in 1533 or 1534; d. at Ferrara, Feb. 26, 1611
Antony Hickey
Theologian, b. in the Barony of Islands, Co. Clare, Ireland, in 1586; d. in Rome, June 26, 1641
Antoon Van Dyck
Flemish portrait-painter, b. March 22, 1599; d. December 9, 1641
City of Belgium
Tribe of North American Indians
Titular metropolitan see of Syria
Founder of a Gnostic sect (d. late in the second century)
Aphian, Saint
Martyr (c. 306)
Syriac writer
Apiarius of Sicca
Priest of the diocese of Sicca
The last book in the Bible, the Book of Revelation
Doctrine which teaches that a time will come when all free creatures shall share in the grace of salvation; in a special way, the devils and lost souls
The ecclesiastical envoys of Christian antiquity
Certain compositions which profess to have been written either by Biblical personages or men in intimate relations with them
A usage of the Greek Church corresponding somewhat to the octave of a feast in the Latin Church
Christological theory, according to which Christ had a human body and soul, but no human rational mind, the Divine Logos taking the place of this last
Apollinaris (the Elder)
Christian grammarian of the fourth century
Apollinaris Claudius, Saint
Christian apologist, Bishop of Hierapolis in Phrygia in the second century
Apollinaris, Saint (Bishop of Ravenna)
One of the first great martyrs of the Church, Bishop of Ravenna
Apollinaris, Saint (Bishop of Valence)
Bishop of Valence (453-520)
Apollonia, Saint
Holy virgin, martyr (d. 248 or 249)
Apollonius of Ephesus
Anti-Montanist Greek ecclesiastical writer between 180 and 210
Theological science which has for its purpose the explanation and defense of the Christian religion
The dismissal blessing said by the Greek priest at the end of the Mass, Matins, or Vespers
Dismissal prayer or hymn said or sung at the end of the Greek Mass and at other times during Matins and Vespers
Apophthegmata Patrum
Sayings of the Fathers of the Desert
Priest, educator, and theologian (1791-1858)
The word itself in its etymological sense, signifies the desertion of a post, the giving up of a state of life
Apostle (in Liturgy)
Name given by the Greek Church to the Epistle of the Mass
Apostle Spoons
Set of thirteen spoons, usually silver, the handles of which are adorned with representations of Our Lord (the Master spoon) and the twelve Apostles
The name; origins of the Apostolate; office of the Apostles; authority and prerogatives of the Apostles; relation to Bishop; origin of feasts of the Apostles
Apostles' Creed
Formula containing in brief statements, the fundamental tenets of Christian belief, and having for its authors, according to tradition, the Twelve Apostles
Apostleship of Prayer, The
Pious association otherwise known as a league of prayer in union with the Heart of Jesus
Apostolic Blessing
Papal blessing
Apostolic Camera
Former central board of finance in the papal administrative system
Apostolic Canons
Collection of ancient ecclesiastical decrees
Apostolic Church-Ordinance
Third-century pseudo-Apostolic collection of moral and hierarchical rules and instructions
Apostolic Churches
Usually the ancient particular Churches which were founded, or at least governed, by an Apostle
Apostolic College
The Twelve Apostles as the body of men commissioned by Christ to spread the kingdom of God over the whole world
Apostolic Constitutions
A fourth-century pseudo-Apostolic collection, in eight books, of independent, though closely related, treatises on Christian discipline, worship, and doctrine
Apostolic Examiners
Chosen by the pope to conduct examinations of candidates for orders and of confessors
Apostolic Executor
Cleric who puts into execution a papal rescript
Apostolic Expeditors
Officials who attend to the sending of Bulls, Briefs, and Rescripts
Apostolic Fathers, The
Christian writers of the first two centuries who knew, or are considered to have known, some of the Apostles, or to have been influenced by them
Apostolic Indulgences
Indulgences which the Roman pontiff attaches to the religious objects
Apostolic Letters
Letters of the Apostles to Christian communities or those in authority
Apostolic Majesty
Title given to the Kings of Hungary
Apostolic Prefecture of Benadir
African prefecture
Apostolic Prefecture of Caqueta
Prefecture in South America
Apostolic Prefecture of Kafiristan and Kashmir
Ecclesial territory in India
Apostolic Prefecture of Kaiserwilhelmsland
Ecclesial territory in German New Guinea
Apostolic Prefecture of Kwang-si
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Prefecture of Kwang-tung
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Prefecture of Kwango
Ecclesial territory in Belgian Congo
Apostolic Prefecture of Southern Kan-su
Ecclesial territory
Apostolic Prefecture of Upper Kassai
Ecclesial territory in the Belgian Congo
Apostolic Schools
Organized to cultivate vocations for the foreign missions
Apostolic See, The
Metaphorical term used to express the abstract notion of authority by the concrete name of the place in which it is exercised
Apostolic Succession
Found in the Catholic Church; none of the separate Churches have any valid claim to it
Apostolic Syndic
A layman who assumes the care and civil administration of the temporalities for the support and benefit of Franciscan convents
Apostolic Union of Secular Priests, The
Association of secular priests
Apostolic Vicariate of Benin
Ecclesial territory in Western Equatorial Africa
Apostolic Vicariate of Eastern Kiang-si
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Vicariate of Kamerun
Ecclesial territory in German West Africa
Apostolic Vicariate of Kenia (Kenya)
Ecclesial territory in East Africa
Apostolic Vicariate of Kiang-nan
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Vicariate of Kimberley
Suffragan of Adelaide
Apostolic Vicariate of Kwei-chou
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Kan-su
Ecclesial territory in Tibet
Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Kiang-si
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Vicariate of Southern Kiang-si
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolicae Curae
Bull of Leo XIII issued in 1896, containing papal decision with regard to the validity of Anglican orders
Apostolicae Sedis Moderationi
Bull of Pius IX which regulates anew the system of censures and reservations in the Catholic Church
Apostolicae Servitutis
Bull issued by Benedict XIV in 1741 against secular pursuits on the part of the clergy
Four different heretical bodies
Apostolici Ministerii
Bull issued in 1724 by Innocent XIII for the revival of ecclesiastical discipline in Spain
Apostolici Regiminis
Bull issued in 1513 by Leo X in defense of the Catholic doctrine concerning the immortality of the soul
The mark by which the Church of today is recognized as identical with the Church founded by Jesus Christ upon the Apostles
Apostolicum Pascendi Munus
Bull issued by Clement XIII in 1765 in defense of the Society of Jesus against the attacks made upon it
Adherents of a heresy which sprang up in the third century
Deification, the exaltation of men to the rank of gods
Officer in ecclesiastical courts
Appeal as from an abuse
Recourse to the civil forum against the usurpation by the ecclesiastical forum of the rights of civil jurisdiction
Comprehensive view of the positive legislation of the Church on appeals belonging to the ecclesiastical forum
A tendency, an inclination, or direction
Act by which a bishop or other legitimate superior grants to an ecclesiastic the actual exercise of his ministry
Attribution to a person or thing of a character or quality which determines in a special way this person or thing
Semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir or aisles of a church
Apse Chapel
Chapel radiating tangentially from one of the bays or divisions of the apse, and reached generally by a semicircular passageway, or ambulatory
Small or secondary apse
Several sects in the early Church
Aquila and Priscilla
Jewish tentmakers who left Rome in the Jewish persecution under Claudius and settled in Corinth
Former city of the Roman Empire
Aquileian Rite
The See of Aquileia fell into schism during the quarrel of the Three Chapters (under Bishop Macedonius 539-56) and became a schismatical patriarchate, which lasted till the year 700
Cradle of Islam and, in all probability, the primitive home of the Semitic race
Arabian School of Philosophy
Taking its origin from the neo-Platonic schools of Syria and Persia, the philosophy of the Arabians was at first Platonic in spirit and tendency
Small sect of the third century
Titular see of Armenia
Titular see of Palestine
Arason Jon
Catholic bishop of Iceland (1484-1550)
Christian poet of the sixth century
A numerous tribe of warlike Indians in southern Chile
The first American aborigines met by Columbus
Method of arranging differences between two parties by referring them to the judgment of a disinterested outsider
Arbogast, Saint (Gaelic Arascach)
Missionary; hermit (d. 678)
Box in which the Eucharist was kept by the primitive Christians in their homes
Titular see of Asia Minor
Titular see on the coast of Phoenicia
Encyclical Letter on Christian marriage issued in 1880 by Leo XIII
Structure composed of separate pieces, such as stone, having the shape of truncated wedges, arranged on a curved line, retaining their position by mutual pressure
Archange de Lyon
Preacher of the Capuchin order (1736-1822)
Archard de Saint-Victor
Canon regular, Abbot of St-Victor, Paris, and Bishop of Avranches, b. about 1100; d. 1172
Bishop who governs a diocese strictly his own while presiding at the same time over bishops of a well-defined district composed of simple dioceses
Archbishop Ansegisus of Sens
Benedictine monk, Abbot, Archbishop of Sens (d. 879 or 883)
Confraternity empowered to aggregate or affiliate other confraternities of the same nature
Archconfraternity of Holy Agony
An association for giving special honour to the mental sufferings of Christ during His Agony in the Garden of Gethsemani
Archconfraternity of the Holy Family
Confraternity devoted to helping Catholic workingmen
Archconfraternity of the Most Precious Blood
Confraternities which made it their special object to venerate the Blood of Christ
Incumbent of an ecclesiastical office dating back to antiquity
That diocese of the province which is the archbishop's own
Archdiocese of Acerenza
In the provinces of Leece and Potenza, Italy
Archdiocese of Adelaide
In South Australia
Archdiocese of Agra
Situated in British India
Archdiocese of Aix
Includes the districts of Aix and Arles (Department of the Bouches-du-Rhone)
Archdiocese of Albi
Comprises the Department of the Tarn
Archdiocese of Aleppo
In Syria
Archdiocese of Algiers
Comprises the province of Algerie in French Africa
Archdiocese of Amalfi
Directly dependent on the Holy See, has its seat at Amalfi, not far from Naples
Archdiocese of Antivari
So called from its position opposite to Bari in Italy
Archdiocese of Aquila
Italian archdiocese in the Abruzzi, directly dependent on the Holy See
Archdiocese of Armagh
Founded by St. Patrick about 445 as the primatial and metropolitan see of Ireland
Archdiocese of Baltimore
Details history of colonial and American periods
Archdiocese of Bamberg
Historical and ecclesiastical statistics of the Archdiocese
Archdiocese of Bari
Situated in the province of the same name, in Apulia, Southern Italy
Archdiocese of Belem do Para
Metropolitan archdiocese of Bahia (San Salvador)
Archdiocese of Benevento
Principal city of the province of the same name in Campania
Archdiocese of Besancon
Swiss archdiocese
Archdiocese of Bologna
Italian archdiocese
Archdiocese of Bombay
Ecclesial territory in India
Archdiocese of Bordeaux
Diocese in France
Archdiocese of Boston
American archdiocese
Archdiocese of Bourges
Ecclesial territory in France
Archdiocese of Braga
Portuguese archdiocese
Archdiocese of Brisbane
In the state of Queensland, Australia
Archdiocese of Bukarest
Diocese of the Kingdom of Rumania, excluding Moldavia
Archdiocese of Burgos
Episcopal see of Spain
Archdiocese of Cagliari
Diocese of Sardinia
Archdiocese of Calcutta
Diocese in India
Archdiocese of Cambrai
Comprises the entire Departement du Nord of France
Archdiocese of Capua
Diocese in Italy
Archdiocese of Caracas
Diocese in Venezuela
Archdiocese of Cartagena
Diocese in Colombia
Archdiocese of Carthage
History of this African center of Christianity including councils and bishops
Archdiocese of Catania
Diocese in Sicily
Archdiocese of Chambery
Comprises Chambery in Savoy (with the exception of 8 communes), 10 communes in Annecy (Haute-Savoie), and 8 communes in Albertville (Savoie)
Archdiocese of Chicago
Created November 28, 1843; raised to the rank of an archdiocese, September 10, 1880; comprises the State of Illinois
Archdiocese of Chieti
With the perpetual administration of Vasto
Archdiocese of Cincinnati
Comprises part of the State of Ohio
Archdiocese of Colombo
On the western seaboard of the Island of Ceylon
Archdiocese of Conza
In Italy
Archdiocese of Corfu
One of the Ionian Islands, at the entrance of the Adriatic, opposite the Albanian coast, from which it is separated by a narrow channel
Archdiocese of Cosenza
Immediately subject to the Holy See
Archdiocese of Dublin
Occupies about sixty miles of the middle eastern coast of Ireland
Archdiocese of Dubuque
Established, July 28, 1837, comprises part of Iowa, U.S.A.
Archdiocese of Durango
See was created Sept. 28, 1620, located in north-western Mexico
Archdiocese of Durazzo
Situated on the Adriatic, founded by a barbarian king
Archdiocese of Evora
Situated in Portugal, raised to archiepiscopal rank in 1544
Archdiocese of Fenno
In the province of Ascoli Piceno (Central Italy)
Archdiocese of Ferrara
Immediately subject to the Holy See
Archdiocese of Fogaras
Hungary, of the Greek-Rumanian Rite
Archdiocese of Gaeta
In the province of Caserta in Campania (Southern Italy)
Archdiocese of Genoa
In Liguria, Northern Italy
Archdiocese of Glasgow
In the south-west of Scotland
Archdiocese of Gnesen-Posen
In the kingdom of Prussia
Archdiocese of Goa
Patriarchate of the East Indies
Archdiocese of Granada
Founded in Spain by St. Cecilius about the year 64
Archdiocese of Guadalajara
Diocese in Mexico
Archdiocese of Halifax
This see takes its name from the city of Halifax which has been the seat of government in Nova Scotia since its foundation by Lord Cornwallis in 1749
Archdiocese of Hobart
Diocese including Tasmania and various south sea locations
Archdiocese of Kalocsa-Bacs
Ecclesial territory in Hungary
Archdiocese of Kingston
Ecclesial territory in Canada
Archdiocese of La Plata
Metropolitan see of Bolivia
Archdiocese of Lanciano and Ortona
Small city in the province of Chieti, in the Abruzzi, Central Italy
Archdiocese of Lima
City of Lima, capital of the Republic of Peru, South America
Archdiocese of Linares
Pius VII erected the episcopal See of Linares as suffragan of the Archdiocese of Mexico
Archdiocese of Lucca
Diocese in Italy
Archdiocese of Lyons
Diocese in France
Archdiocese of Madras
Diocese in India
Archdiocese of Manfredonia
Diocese in Italy
Archdiocese of Manila
Diocese in the Philippines
Archdiocese of Mariana
Diocese in Brazil
Archdiocese of Mechlin
Diocese in Belgium
Archdiocese of Medellin
Diocese in Columbia
Archdiocese of Melbourne
Located in the State of Victoria, Southeastern Australia
Archdiocese of Messina
Located in Sicily
Archdiocese of Mexico
History of the archdiocese
Archdiocese of Michoacan
Located in Mexico, established in 1536 by Pope Paul III at the instance of the Emperor Charles V
Archdiocese of Milan
Located in Lombardy, northern Italy
Archdiocese of Milwaukee
Located in Wisonsin, established as a diocese, Nov. 28, 1843; became an archbishopric, February 12, 1875
Archdiocese of Modena
In central Italy, between the rivers Secchia and Panaro
Archdiocese of Mohileff
Latin Catholic archdiocese and ecclesiastical province in Russia
Archdiocese of Monreale
Located in the province of Palermo, Sicily, on the skirts of Mount Caputo
Archdiocese of Montevideo
Located in Uruguay, comprises the whole of the republic
Archdiocese of Montreal
Article details history and present conditions of this ecclesiastical Province of Montreal
Archdiocese of Munich-Freising
Located in Bavaria, dates back to St. Corbinian in 716
Archdiocese of New Orleans
Erected April 25, 1793, as the Diocese of Saint Louis of New Orleans; raised to its present rank and title July 19, 1850
Archdiocese of New York
See erected April 8, 1808; made archiepiscopal July 19, 1850
Archdiocese of Oaxaca
Situated in the southern part of the Republic of Mexico
Archdiocese of Olmutz
In Moravia
Archdiocese of Oregon City
In the State of Oregon
Archdiocese of Otranto
Otranto is a city of the Province of Lecce, Apulia, Southern Italy, situated in a fertile region, and once famous for its breed of horses
Archdiocese of Ottawa
In Canada, originally comprised the Ottawa Valley, traversed by the river of the same name
Archdiocese of Philadelphia
Diocese established in 1808; made an archdiocese, Feb. 12, 1875
Archdiocese of Pondicherry
In India
Archdiocese of Popayan
Comprises the entire Department of del Cauca and portions of the Departments of Narifio and EI Valle
Archdiocese of Port of Spain
An archiepiscopal and metropolitan see, including the Islands of Trinidad, Tobago, Grenada, the Grenadines, St. Vincent, and St. Lucia
Archdiocese of Port-au-Prince
Comprises the western part of the Republic of Haiti
Archdiocese of Porto Alegre
In Eastern Brazil
Archdiocese of Prague
In Bohemia
Archdiocese of Quebec
In Canada
Archdiocese of Quito
The city of Quito, formerly known as San Francisco de Quito, capital of the Republic of Ecuador, is situated 14' south of the Equator, and 114 miles inland from the Pacific Ocean. It stands at an elevat
Archdiocese of Ravenna
The city is the capital of a province in Romagna, central Italy, on the left of the Rivers Montone and Ronco, the confluence of which is at Ravenna, not far from the mouths of the Po.
Archdiocese of Reggio di Calabria
In Calabria, southern Italy
Archdiocese of Reims
Comprises the district of Reims in the Department of Marne (Chalons-sur-Marne) and the whole Department of Ardennes
Archdiocese of Rennes
Includes the Department of Ille et Vilaine
Archdiocese of Rossano
Located in Calabria, province of Cosenza, Southern Italy
Archdiocese of Rouen
Revived by the Concordat of 1802
Archdiocese of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh
Exact date of the foundation of the See of St. Andrews is, like many others in the earliest history of the Scottish Church is unknown
Archdiocese of Saint Boniface
Chief ecclesiastical division of the Canadian West, so-called after the patron saint of the German soldiers who were among its first settlers
Archdiocese of Saint John's
Located in Newfoundland, erected 1904
Archdiocese of Saint Paul
Comprises many counties in the state of Minnesota
Archdiocese of Salzburg
Conterminous with the Austrian crown-land of the same name
Archdiocese of San Francisco
Includes numerous counties of San Francisco
Archdiocese of Santa Fe
Located in New Mexico, was erected by Pius IX in 1850 and created an archbishopric in 1875
Archdiocese of Santa Fe de Bogota
City of Bogota, capital of Colombia
Archdiocese of Santa Severina
Located in the Province of Catanzaro in Calabria, Southern Italy
Archdiocese of Santiago de Guatemala
Diocese in Guatemala
Archdiocese of Santo Domingo
Erected on August 8, 1511, by Julius II
Archdiocese of São Luiz de Cáceres
Located in Brazil, suffragan of Cuyaba
Archdiocese of Sao Paulo
Ecclesiastical province of Sao Paulo, in the Republic of Brazil, South America
Archdiocese of Sao Salvador de Bahia de Todos Os Santos
Brazilian see, suffragan of Lisbon
Archdiocese of Sao Sebastiao Do Rio de Janeiro
Ecclesiastical province of Rio de Janeiro
Archdiocese of Sassari
Located in Sardinia, Italy
Archdiocese of Scopia
Ancient residence of the early Servian rulers
Archdiocese of Scutari
First known bishop was Bassus (387)
Archdiocese of Sens
Comprises the Department of the Yonne, France
Archdiocese of Serajevo
Located in Bosnia
Archdiocese of Seville
Located in Spain
Archdiocese of Simla
Located in India, a new creation of Pius X by a Decree dated September 13, 1910
Archdiocese of Sorrento
Located in the Province of Naples
Archdiocese of Spoleto
Located in the Province of Umbria, Italy
Archdiocese of Sydney
Diocese in Australia
Archdiocese of Syracuse
Diocese in Sicily
Archdiocese of Tarragona
Diocese in Spain
Archdiocese of Toledo
Diocese in Spain
Archdiocese of Toronto
In the Province of Ontario, Canada
Archdiocese of Toulouse
Includes the Department of Haute-Garonne
Archdiocese of Tours
Comprises the Department of Indre-et-Loire, and was reestablished by the Concordat of 1801 with the Dioceses of Angers, Nantes, Le Mans, Rennes, Vannes, St-Brieuc, and Quimper as suffragans
Archdiocese of Tuam
In Ireland
Archdiocese of Udine
In northern Italy
Archdiocese of Urbino
Province of Pesaro and Urbino, Italy
Archdiocese of Utrecht
Situated in the Netherlands
Archdiocese of Vancouver
Includes that part of the mainland of the Province of British Columbia south of 54 deg. N. lat. and west of the Straits of Georgia, together with the Queen Charlotte Islands
Archdiocese of Verapoly
On the Malabar Coast, India, having the Diocese of Quilon as suffragan
Archdiocese of Vercelli
In the Province of Novara, Piedmont, Italy
Archdiocese of Warsaw
Warsaw, on the western bank of the Vistula, is the capital of the Kingdom of Poland.
Archdiocese of Wellington
New Zealand, originally formed part of the Vicariate of Western Oceania erected by the Holy See in 1835
Archdiocese of Westminster
Erected and made metropolitan in 1850, comprises the Counties of Middlesex, Hertfordshire, Essex, and London north of the Thames
Archdiocese of Yucatan
In the Republic of Mexico
Archdiocese of Zara
In Dalmatia
Titular see of Palestine
Greek word for bishop when considered as the culmination of the priesthood
Greek Rite monastic officers
Gnostic sect which existed in Palestine and Armenia about the middle of the fourth century
Head of the college of presbyters, who aided and represented the bishop in the discharge of his liturgical and religious duties
Archpriest Controversy
This controversy arose in England on the appointment of George Blackwell as archpriest with jurisdiction over the secular clergy of England and Scotland, by the Holy See on March 7, 1598.
Certain tombs of the catacombs
Frankish Bishop of the latter part of the seventh century
Irish diocese in the ecclesiastical province of Armagh
Site of an ancient abbey, now a parish and village in the county Meath, Ireland
Ardo Smaragdus
Hagiographer, d. at the Benedictine monastery of Aniane, Herault, in Southern France, March, 843
(1) the Hill of Mars, situated to the west of and close by the Acropolis at Athens; (2) the court held upon the hill
Titular see of Palestine
Arethas of Caesarea
Archbishop of Caesarea (lived about 860-932)
Titular see of Syria
Argentine Republic (Argentina)
South American confederation of fourteen provinces, or States, united by a federal Constitution framed on the same lines as the U.S. Constitution
Titular see of Peloponnesian Greece
Arialdo, Saint
Martyr (d. 1065)
Heresy which arose in the fourth century and denied the Divinity of Jesus Christ
Arias Montanus Benedictus
Orientalist, exegetist, and editor (1527-1598)
Titular see of Pamphylia in Asia Minor
Archbishop of Mainz (d. 1032)
Titular see of Palestine
Aristaces Azaria
Catholic Armenian abbot and archbishop (1782-1854)
Author of a letter ascribing the Greek translation of the Old Testament to six interpreters
Christian apologist living at Athens in the second century
Heathen philosopher (384-322 B.C.)
Heresiarch (250-336)
History and characteristics of U.S. Territory just before statehood
Arizona (Statehood supplement)
Update with details on statehood and constitution
The refuge in which Noe was saved from destruction in the Deluge; also, a piece of the tabernacle and temple furniture
US state
Armand David
Missionary priest and zoologist, b. 1826; d. 1900
Armand de La Richardie
Jesuit, missionary, b. at Perigueux, June 7, 1686; d. at Quebec, March 17, 1758
Armand-Benjamin Caillau
Priest and writer, b. at Paris, 22 Oct., 1794, d. there, 1850
Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau
Physicist, b. at Paris, Sept. 23, 1819; d. at Nanteuil, Seine-et-Marne, Sept. 18, 1896
Armella Nicolas
Popularly known as 'La bonne Armelle', a saintly French serving-maid held in high veneration among the people, though never canonized by the Church, b. at Campeneac in Brittanny, September 9, 1606, of poor peasants, George Nicolas and Francisca Neant; d.
Mountainous region of Western Asia occupying a somewhat indefinite area to the southeast of the Black Sea
City in the Transylvanian county of Szolnok-Doboka
Doctrines held by a party formed in the early days of the seventeenth century among the Calvinists of the Netherlands
Arnaldus Villanovanus
Celebrated in his day as a physician, pharmacist, and alchemist, b. between 1235 and 1240: d. at sea near Genoa, 1312 or 1313
Arnaud D'Ossat
French cardinal, diplomat, and writer, b. at Larroque-Magnoac (Gascony), July 20, 1537; d. at Rome, March 13, 1604, was the son of a blacksmith
Celebrated family the history of which is intimately connected with that of Jansenism and of Port-Royal
Arni Thorlaksson
Icelandic bishop (1237-1297)
Christian apologist, flourished during the reign of Diocletian 284-305
Several medieval personages
Arnold Forster
German entomologist; b. at Aachen, Jan. 20, 1810; d. in the same city, Aug. 12, 1884
Arnold Ipolyi
Bishop of Grosswardein (1823-1886)
Arnold Janssen
Founder and first superior-general of the Society of the Divine Word, b. at Goch in the Rhine Province, Germany, Nov. 5, 1837; d. at Steyl, Holland, Jan. 15, 1909
Arnold of Brescia
Born at Brescia towards the end of the eleventh century, date of death uncertain
Arnold Pannartz and Konrads Weinheim
Printers; Pannartz d. about 1476, Sweinheirn in 1477
Arnolfo di Cambio
Principal master of Italian Gothic (c. 1232-1300)
Arnulf of Bavaria
Duke of Bavaria 907-937
Arnulf of Lisieux
Bishop (d. 1184)
Arnulf of Metz, Saint
Statesman, bishop (c. 580-640)
Dynasty of the Arsacids (256 B.C. to A.D. 224)
Arsenius Autorianos
Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1273)
Arsenius, Saint
Italian anchorite (354-450)
Titular see of Egypt
Antitrinitarian Heresiarch (third century)
Arthur (aka Francis) Bell, Venerable
Franciscan English martyr (1590-1643)
Arthur Moore
Count, b. at Liverpool, 1849; d. at Mooresfort, Tipperary, Ireland, 1904
Arthur O'Leary
Franciscan, preacher, polemical writer, b. at Faniobbus, Iveleary, Co. Cork, Ireland, 1729; d. in London, Jan. 8, 1802
Arthur-Marie Le Hir
Biblical scholar and Orientalist; b. at Morlaix (Finisterre), in the Diocese of Quimper, France, Dec. 5, 1811; d. at Paris, Jan. 13, 1868
Articles of Faith
Certain revealed supernatural truths such as those contained in the symbol of the Apostles
Greek rite
Russian city in the trans-Caucasian province of Kutais
Asaph, Saint (or Asa)
Bishop of the Welsh See (second half of the sixth century)
Titular see of Palestine
Ambassador of Innocent IV (1243- 54)
Ascendente Domino
Papal Bull issued by Gregory XIII to confirm the Constitution of the Society of Jesus and the privileges already granted to it
Elevation of Christ into heaven by His own power
Spiritual exercises for acquiring habits of virtue
Ascoli, Satriano, and Cirignola
Italian diocese suffragan to the Archdiocese of Beneventum
Theological concept which represents God as absolutely independent and self-existent by nature
Daughter of Putiphare, priest of On, and wife to the Hebrew Patriarch Joseph
Aser (or Asher)
Four different usages of the word Aser
Mythical home of Nordic gods
Ash Wednesday
Wednesday after Quinquagesima Sunday
History of the liturgical use of ashes
Survey of the geography, ethnography, political and religious history of Asia
Asia Minor
Asia Minor
Ancient city situated on the Aelanitic Gulf
Name of the demon mentioned in the Book of Tobias (iii, 8)
Titular see of Pamphylia in Asia Minor
Rite of sprinkling the congregation with holy water
Caricature of Christian beliefs and practices
Ecclesiastical province of Calcutta, India
Illustrious Maronite family of Mount Lebanon, Syria
Assemblies of the French Clergy
Meetings for apportioning the financial burdens laid upon the Church by kings of France
Assessor of the Holy Office
Official of the Congregation of the Inquisition
Advisors of a judge in ecclesiastical law
Assicus, Saint
Bishop and Patron of Elphin, in Ireland
Maintainers of the Mosaic Law against the invasion of Greek customs
Assistant at the Pontifical Throne
Privileged prelates who belong to the Pontifical Family
Assistant Priest
The first and highest in dignity of the ministers who assist the bishop in pontifical functions
Assize of Clarendon
Improperly applied name of the Council held at Clarendon, January 25, 1164,
Assizes of Jerusalem
Code of laws enacted by the Crusaders for the government of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Association of Ideas
Principle in psychology to account for the succession of mental states
Association of Priestly Perseverance
Sacerdotal association founded at Vienna
Association of the Holy Childhood
A children's association for the benefit of foreign missions
Associations, Pious
Organizations, instituted under Church authority, focusing on works of piety and charity
Name of two different persons in the Bible
The earliest known literary reference to the Assumption is found in the Greek work 'De obitu S. Dominae'.
Assur (Hebrew)
Three examples of name usage
Assur (titular see)
Titular see of Proconsular Afric
History of explorations and discoveries in Assyria
Utensil for the Mass according to the Greek Rite
Name of several prominent persons in early Christian history
Name of several English Catholics of prominence
Supposed science which determines the influence of the stars and planets on the fate of man
Science of determining the places of the heavenly bodies
French cardinal (1772-1851)
Asylums and Care for the Insane
Historical treatment of the care of the insane
Inca war chief (d. 1633)
Designates those cases in which species revert spontaneously to, what are presumably long-lost characters
Athanasian Creed
Short, clear exposition of the doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation
Athanasius Kircher
Scholar of the natural sciences (1601-1680)
Athanasius, Saint
Bishop of Alexandria; Confessor and Doctor of the Church (296-373)
System of thought which is formally opposed to theism
Christian apologist of the second half of the second century
Small inland town in the county Galway, Ireland
Athens, Christian
History of Catholic Church in Athens
Smallest particle of matter which can exist
Distinction between atomism as a philosophy and atomism as a theory of science
Titular see in Lower Egypt
Open place or court before a church
Act of Parliament for putting a man to death or for otherwise punishing him without trial in the usual form
Attala, Saint
Monk and Abbot of Bobbio (d. 627)
Titular metropolitan see of Pamphylia in Asia Minor
Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 425)
King and general of the Huns (d. 453)
Faithful follower of Gregory VII in his conflict with the simoniac clergy
Atto of Pistoia
Bishop of Pistoia (1070-1155)
Atto of Vercelli
Learned theologian and canonist of the tenth century
Attracta, Saint
Contemporary of St. Patrick, foundress of several churches
Attrition (or imperfect contrition)
Sorrow of soul, and a hatred of sin committed, with a firm purpose of not sinning in the future
Titular see of Phrygia in Asia Minor
Aubert Miraeus
Ecclesiastical historian, b. at Brussels, Nov. 30, 1573; d. at Antwerp, Oct. 19, 1640
Aubrey Beardsley
English artist (1872-1898)
Aubrey Thomas Hunt de Vere
Poet, critic, and essayist, b. at Curragh Chase, County Limerick, Ireland, January 10, 1814; died there, January 21, 1902
Archdiocese, comprises the Department of Gers in France
Auctorem Fidei
Bull issued by Pius VI in condemnation of the Gallican and Jansenist acts and tendencies of the Synod of Pistoia (1786)
Officials of the Roman Curia who hear and examine the causes submitted to the pope
Family name of four generations of distinguished French artists
Augilae (or Augila)
Titular see of Cyrenaica in Northern Africa
August Allerstein
Jesuit missionary in China, b. in Germany; d. in China, probably about 1777
August Friedrich Gfrorer
German historian; b. at Calw, Wurtemberg, March 5, 1803; d. at Karlsbad, July 6, 1861.
August Reichensberger
Politician and author, b. at Coblenz, March 22, 1808; d. at Cologne, July 16, 1895
August Roskovanyi
Bishop of Neutra in Hungary, doctor of philosophy and theology, b. at Szenna in the County of Ung, Hungary, December 7, 1807; d. February 24, 1892
August Wilhelm Ambros
Historian of music and art critic (1816-1876)
Titular see of Cilieia in Asia Minor
Augusta Theodosia Drane
Convert, in religion known as Mother Francis Raphael, O.S.D.; b. 1823; d. April 29, 1894
Auguste Carayon
French author and bibliographer, b. in Saumur, France, March 31, 1813; d. at Poitiers, May 15, 1874
Auguste Nelaton
Famous French surgeon; born in Paris, June 17, 1807, d. there Sept. 21, 1873
Auguste Nicolas
French apologist, b. at Bordeaux, Jan. 6, 1807; d. at Versailles Jan. 18, 1888
Auguste-Arthur Beugnot
French historian and statesman (1797-1865)
Auguste-Francis Maunoury
Hellenist and exegete, b. Oct. 30, 1811; d. Nov. 17, 1898
Auguste-Theodore-Paul de Broglie
Abbe, professor of apologetics
Augustin Barruel
Controversialist and publicist, (1741-1820)
Augustin Bonnetty
French writer (1798-1879)
Augustin Calmet
Exegetist; b. at Menil-la-Horgne, near Commercy, Lorraine, France, 26 Feb., 1672; d. at the Abbey of Senones, near Saint-Die, 25 Oct., 1757
Augustin de Backer
Jesuit bibliographer (1809-1873)
Augustin Moreto y Cabana
Spanish dramatist; b. at Madrid, April 9, 1618; d. at Toledo, October 28, 1669
Augustin theiner
Theologian and historian, b. April 11, 1804; d. Aug. 8, 1874
Augustin Verot
Third Bishop of Savannah, first of St. Augustine, b. at Le Puy, France, May, 1804; d. at St. Augustine, June 10, 1876
Augustin von Alfeld
One of the earliest and most aggressive opponents of Luther (d. 1532)
Augustin-Jean Fresnel
Physicist; b. at Broglie near Bernay, Normandy, May 10, 1788; d. at Ville d'Avray, near Paris, July 14, 1827
Augustin-Louis Cauchy
French mathematician, b. at Paris, August 21, 1789; d. at Sceaux, May 23, 1857
Augustine Francis Hewit
Priest and second Superior General of the Institute of St. Paul the Apostle; b. at Fairfield, Conn., U.S.A., November 27, 1820; d. in New York, July 3, 1897
Augustine of Canterbury, Saint
First Archbishop of Canterbury, Apostle of the English (d. 604)
Augustine of Hippo, Saint
Doctor of the Church and a philosophical and theological genius of the first order (354-430)
Augustine Reding
Prince-Abbot of Einsiedeln and theological writer, b. at Lichtensteig, Switzerland, August 10, 1625; d. at Einsiedeln, March 13, 1692
Augustine Van de Vyver
Sixth Bishop of Richmond, Virginia; b. at Hsdonck, East Flanders, Belgium, Dec. 1, 1844; d. at Richmond, Oct. 16, 1911
Augustinians of the Assumption
Devoted to combat the spirit of irreligion in Europe and the spread of schism in the East
Augustino Oldoini
Historian and bibliographer, b. Jan. 6, 1612; d. at Perugia, March 23, 1683
Association organized to promote the interests of the Catholic press, particularly the daily press, of Germany
Titular see of Palestine, suffragan of Petra
First Roman Emperor, in whose reign Jesus Christ was born b. at Rome, 62 B.C.; d. A.D. 14
Augustus Thebaud
Jesuit educator, and publicist, b. Nov. 20, 1807; d. Dec. 17, 1885
Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin
Architect and archaeologist, b in London, March 1, 1812; d. at Ramsgate, Sept. 14, 1852
Aulne Abbey
A former Cistercian monastery near Landelies on the Sambre in the Diocese of Liege
Derivative through the French of the classical armarium, or medieval Latin almarium, original meaning was a cupboard
Aunarius, Saint
Bishop of Auxerre in France (573-603)
Title given to certain works and documents
Roman Emperor (214-275)
Titular see of Lydia
Archbishop of Carthage; first to unmask and denounce Pelagianism
Aurelius Clemens Prudentius
Christian poet, b. in the Tarraconensis, Northern Spain, 348; d. probably in Spain, after 405
Franciscan philosopher and theologian (1280-1322)
Site of the Mohawk village, in which Father Isaac Jogues and his companions were martyred
Aurora Lucis Rutilat
Ambrosian hymn
Ausculta Fili
Letter addressed by Pope Boniface VIII to Philip the Fair, King of France
Ausonio Franchi
The pseudonym of Cristoforo Bonavino, philosopher; b. February 24, 1821, at Pegli, province of Genoa; d. September 12, 1895
Austrebertha, Saint
First abbess of the convent of Pavilly in Lower Seine (630-703)
Austremonius, Saint
Apostle and Bishop of Auvergne
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
History of monarchy
Term is used in two senses
Authenticity of the Bible
Twofold account of its twofold authorship
Authorized Version
Name given to the English translation of the Bible produced by the Commission appointed by James I
Certain bishops in the early Church who depended directly on the triennial provincial synod or on the Apostolic See
Autos Sacramentales
Form of dramatic literature which is peculiar to Spain
Name of several early Christian personages
Auxiliary Bishop
Bishop appointed by the Holy See to assist the diocesan bishop in the performance of pontifical functions
Auxilius of Naples
Name of an ecclesiastic who wrote about controversies concerning the succession and fate of Pope Formosus (891-896)
Auzias March
Catalan poet
German poetess, the first woman known to have written in German
Inordinate love for riches
Anglicized form of the Sanskrit, avatara
Ave Maris Stella
First verse of an unrhymed, accentual hymn for Vespers in the Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Ave Regina
It is one of the four Antiphons of the Blessed Virgin sung in the Divine Office
Arabian philosopher, physician, astronomer, mathematician, and poet (d. 1138)
A Premonstratensian abbey belonging to the circary of Brabant and situated near Diest in the Archdiocese of Malines
Arabian philosopher, astronomer, and writer on jurisprudence (1126-1198)
Sacred books of the Parsees, or Zoroastrians
Jewish religious poet, moralist, and philosopher (1020-1070)
Arabian physician and philosopher (980-1037)
City that takes its name from the House, or Clan, Avennius
Avitus, Saint
Bishop of Vienne, in Gaul, and zealous opponent of Semipelagianism and the Acacian Schism (d. 525 or 526)
Titular metropolitan see of ancient Christian Ethiopia
Tribe of sedentary Indians
Aymeric of Piacenza
Learned Dominican and Provincial of Greece (d. 1327)
Archipelago situated in that tract of the Atlantic Ocean
A Philistine city; a mountain; a titular see of Palestine
Surname applied to the tribe of the Mexica (or Mexico)
Unfermented cakes used by the Jews in their various sacrifices and religious rites
Term of reproach used by the schismatic Greeks against the Latins, who celebrate the Holy Eucharist with unleavened bread
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Last updated: June 18 2009.