Catholic Answers

All articles

Aachen
The capital of a presidency in Rhenish Prussia
Aaron
Brother of Moses
Abaddon
Hebrew word signifying ruin, destruction
Abandonment
A term used by writers of ascetical and mystical books to signify the first stage of the union of the soul with God by conforming to his will
Abarim
A mountain range across Jordan
Abba
An Aramaic word for father
Abbacy Nullius of Wettingen-Mehrerau
A Cistercian abbey near Bregenz, Vorarlberg, Austria
Abbadie (Antoine and Arnauld d')
Astronomer, geodetist, geographer, physician, numismatist, philologian, b. 1810; d. March 20, 1897
Abban
Name of several Irish saints
Abbate Giuseppe Baini
Composer (1775-1844)
Abbe
French word meaning primarily and strictly an abbot or superior of a monastery of men
Abbe d'Aubignac Francois Hedelin
Grammarian, poet, preacher, archeologist, philologist (1604-1676)
Abbess
The female superior in spirituals and temporals of a community of twelve or more nuns
Abbey
A monastery canonically erected and autonomous, with a community of not fewer than twelve religious
Abbey and Congregation of Melk
Situated on an isolated rock commanding the Danube, Melk has been a noted place since the days of the Romans
Abbey and Diocese of Bobbio
Ecclesial territory in Italy
Abbey and School of Clonmacnoise
The most remarkable of the ancient schools of Erin, situated on the Shannon
Abbey of Abingdon, The
In the County of Berkshire, England, was founded A.D. 675
Abbey of Ampleforth, The
Benedictine abbey in the County of Yorkshire, England
Abbey of Arbroath
Monastery founded on the east coast of Scotland (1178) by William the Lion., for Benedictines, and colonized by monks from Kelso
Abbey of Athelney
Religious house for monks of the Order of St. Benedict
Abbey of Barlings
Founded in 1154 in honour of Our Lady by Ralph de Haye
Abbey of Bec
Benedictine Abbey of Bec founded in the earlier part of the eleventh century
Abbey of Benedictbeurn
Bavarian abbey in Diocese of Augsburg
Abbey of Bonne-Esperance
Situated near Binche, province of Hainault, Diocese of Tournai, Belgium
Abbey of Boyle
Irish Cistercian house situated on the River Boyle
Abbey of Bursfeld, The
One of the most celebrated Benedictine monasteries in Germany
Abbey of Bury St. Edmund's
Abbey in England
Abbey of Citeaux
Founded in 1098 by St. Robert
Abbey of Clairvaux
Third daughter of Meaux and mother in the fourth line of numerous and celebrated monasteries, founded in 1115 by St. Bernard
Abbey of Cornillon
Founded by Albero, Bishop of Liege, in 1124
Abbey of Corvey
Benedictine monastery in the Diocese of Paderborn in Westphalia, founded c. 820 from Corbie in Picardy
Abbey of Croyland
A monastery of the Benedictine Order in Lincolnshire, sixteen miles from Stamford and thirteen from Peterborough
Abbey of Deer
A once famous Scotch monastery
Abbey of Dissentis
A Benedictine monastery in the Canton Grisons in eastern Switzerland, dedicated to Our Lady of Mercy
Abbey of Dorchester
Founded in 1140 by Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln
Abbey of Dundrennan
Cistercian house founded in 1142 for monks brought from Rievaulx in Yorkshire
Abbey of Dunfermline
Founded by King Malcolm Canmore and his queen, Margaret, about 1070
Abbey of Echternach
Benedictine monastery, founded in 698 by St. Willibrord, an English monk
Abbey of Einsiedeln
Benedictine monastery in the Canton of Schwyz, Switzerland
Abbey of Engelberg
Benedictine monastery in Switzerland
Abbey of Farfa
Situated about 26 miles from Rome, not far from the Farfa Sabina Railway station
Abbey of Ferrieres
Situated in the Diocese of Orleans, department of Loiret, and arrondissement of Montargis
Abbey of Flavigny
A Benedictine abbey in the Diocese of Dijon
Abbey of Fleury
One of the oldest and most celebrated Benedictine abbeys of Western Europe
Abbey of Floreffe
Pleasantly situated on the right bank of the Sambre
Abbey of Fontenelle
A Benedictine monastery in Normandy Seine-Inferieure), near Caudebec-en-Caux
Abbey of Fontfroide
A Cistercian monastery in the department of Aude, six miles north-west of Narbonne, formerly in the diocese of Narbonne, now in that of Carcassone
Abbey of Frigolet
The monastery of St. Michael was founded, about 960, at Frigolet, by Conrad the Pacific, King of Arles, on one of the numerous hills which lie between Tarascon and Avignon, France
Abbey of Glastonbury
Benedicitne monastery; Somersetshire, England,
Abbey of Grottaferrata
Abbey in Italy
Abbey of Hirschau
A celebrated Benedictine monastery in Wurtemberg, Diocese of Spires, about twenty-two miles west of Stuttgart
Abbey of Lehnin
Founded in 1180 by Otto II, Margrave of Brandenburg, for Cistercian monks
Abbey of Lerins
Founded in the fifth century by St. Honoratus, Lerins gave to the Church celebrated bishops and writers
Abbey of Liguge
Benedictine Abbey, in the Diocese of Poitiers, France, founded around 360 by St. Martin of Tours
Abbey of Luxeuil
Abbey in France
Abbey of Mellifont
Near Drogheda, Co. Louth, Diocese of Armagh, first Cistercian monastery established in Ireland
Abbey of Melrose
Located in Roxburghshire, founded in 1136 by King David I, was the earliest Cistercian monastery established in Scotland
Abbey of Miridite
Name of an abbatia nullius in Albania
Abbey of Monte Cassino
Abbey nullius situated about eighty miles south of Rome, the cradle of the Benedictine Order
Abbey of Morimond
Founded in 1115, had sheltered a great number of religious, renowned both for sanctity and science
Abbey of Newhouse
Near Brockelsby, Lincoln, the first Premonstratensian abbey in England
Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani
Trappist abbey in Kentucky
Abbey of Pontigny
Second daughter of Ctteaux, was situated on the banks of the Serain, present Diocese of Sens, Department of Yonne
Abbey of Premontre
About twelve miles west of Laon, Department of Aisne, France; founded by St. Norbert
Abbey of Rievaulx
St. Bernard of Clairvaux sent a colony of his monks, under the leadership of Abbot William, to make the desired foundation
Abbey of Saint Albans
Located in Hertfordshire, England, founded about 793 by Offa, king of the Mercians
Abbey of Saint Augustine
Benedictine monastery, originally dedicated to Sts. Peter and Paul, founded in 605 outside of the City of Canterbury
Abbey of Saint Emmeram
Benedictine monastery at Ratisbon (Regensburg), named after its traditional founder
Abbey of Saint Gall
In Switzerland, Canton St. Gall, 30 miles S. E. of Constance; for many centuries one of the chief Benedictine abbeys in Europe; founded about 613, and named after Gallus, an Irishman, the disciple and companion of St. Columbanus in his exile from Luxeuil
Abbey of Saint Remy
Founded at Reims before 590
Abbey of Saint Vaast
Situated at Arras, the ancient capital of Artois, Department of Pas-de-Calais, France; founded in 667
Abbey of Saint-Denis
Situated in a small town, to which it has given its name, about four miles north of Paris
Abbey of Saint-Ouen
Located in Rouen, France, was a Benedictine monastery of great antiquity dating back to the early Merovingian period
Abbey of Saint-Victor
William of Champeaux, archdeacon of Notre-Dame in Paris, founded the Abbey and School of St-Victor
Abbey of Sainte-Genevieve
Located in Paris, was founded by King Clovis who established there a college of clerics
Abbey of Saints Vincent and Anastasius
Located near Rome, built by Pope Honorius I in 626, and given to the Benedictines
Abbey of Savigny
Situated on the confines of Normandy and Brittany, founded by Vital de Mortain, Canon of the Collegiate Church of St. Evroul
Abbey of Solesmes
Benedictine monastery in Department of Sarthe, near Sable, France
Abbey of Strahov
A Premonstratensian abbey at Prague Bohemia
Abbey of the Park
Half a mile south of Louvain, Belgium, founded in 1129 by Duke Godfrey
Abbey of Tongerloo
Abbey near Antwerp, Belgium
Abbey of Trinita di Cava dei Tirrenti
In the Province of Salerno
Abbey of Vadstena
Motherhouse of the Brigittine Order, situated on Lake Wetter, in the Diocese of Linkoping, Sweden
Abbey of Waldsassen
On the River Wondreb, Upper Palatinate, near the border of Bohemia, in the Diocese of Ratisbon
Abbey of Whitby
A Benedictine monastery in the North Riding of Yorkshire, England, was founded about 657, as a double monastery, by Oswy, King of Northumberland
Abbo Cernuus
A French Benedictine monk of St-Germain-des-Pres in Paris, sometimes called Abbo Parisiensis
Abbon, Saint
B. near Orleans c. 945; d. at Fleury, 13 November, 1004, a monk of the Benedictine monastery of Fleury sur Loire
Abbot
A title given to the superior of a community of twelve or more monks
Abbot Anselm, Saint
Benedictine Abbot (d. 805)
Abbreviators
Those who make an abridgment or abstract of a long writing or discourse
Abdera
Titular see in the province of Rhodope on the southern coast of Thrace
Abdias (Obadiah)
A minor prophet
Abdias of Babylon
An apocryphal writer
Abdication
Ecclesiastically considered, is the resignation of a benefice or clerical dignity
Abdon and Sennen, Saints
Persian martyrs under Decius, about A.D. 250
Abduction
A public crime and a matrimonial diriment impediment
Abecedaria
Complete or partial lists of letters of the alphabet, chiefly Greek and Latin, inscribed on ancient monuments
Abecedarians
A sect of Anabaptists
Abel
The second son of Adam
Abel (meadow)
Name of several places distinguished by additional words
Abenakis
A confederation of Algonquin tribes
Aberdeen Breviary
This breviary may be described as the Sarum Office in a Scottish form
Abiathar
A high priest who escaped from the slaughter at Nob
Abila
A titular see of Phoenicia
Abisai
Relative and friend of King David
Abjuration
A denial, disavowal, or renunciation under oath
Abner
Commander-in-chief of Saul's army
Abomination of Desolation, The
Scriptural expression found in Daniel, Matthew, and Mark
Abortion
The death of an unborn child through natural or artificial causes
Abraham
Biblical patriarch
Abraham (in Liturgy)
Mentions of Abraham in the pre-Vatican II liturgy
Abraham a Sancta Clara
A Discalced Augustinian friar, preacher, and author of popular books of devotion, b. at Messkirch, Baden, 1644; d. 1 December, 1709
Abraham Ecchelensis
A learned Maronite, b. in Hekel, or Ecchel (hence his surname), a village on Mount Lebanon, in 1600; d. 1664 in Rome
Abraham Janssens
Catholic theologian (1783-1853)
Abraham Ortelius
Cartographer, geographer, and archaeologist, b. in Antwerp, April 4, 1527; d. there, June 28, 1598
Abraham Van Diepenbeeck
An erudite and accomplished painter of the Flemish School, b. at Boisle-Duc in the Netherlands, 1599; d. at Antwerp, 1675
Abraham Woodhead
B. at Almonbury, Yorkshire, about March, 1609; died at Hoxton, Middlesex, May 4, 1678
Abraham-ben-Meir Aben-Ezra
A celebrated Spanish Rabbi, b. at Toledo in 1092; d. on his journey from Rome, or Rodez, to his native land, 23 January, 1167
Abrahamites
Name applied to a variety of groups
Abram J. Ryan
Poet-priest of the South, b. at Norfolk, Va., Aug. 15, 1839; d. at Louisville, Ky., April 22, 1886
Abrasax
A class of ancient stone articles, of small dimensions, inscribed with outlandish figures and formulas
Absalom
The name of several distinguished persons mentioned in the Old Testament
Absalon of Lund
A famous Danish prelate, b. in 1128, at Finnestoe, in Seeland; d. 21 March, 1201
Absinthe
A plant, also known as wormwood
Absolute, The
Term employed in modern philosophy with various meanings, but applied generally speaking to the Supreme Being
Absolution
The remission of sin, or of the punishment due to sin, granted by the Church
Abstemii
Those who cannot take wine without risk of vomiting
Abstinence (Food)
The ascetical practice of abstaining from food
Abstraction
A process (or a faculty) by which the mind selects for consideration some one of the attributes of a thing to the exclusion of the rest
Abthain
An English or Lowland Scotch form of the middle-Latin word abthania, meaning abbacy
Abundius
An Italian bishop, b. at Thessalonica early in the fifth century; d. 469
Abydus
A titular see of Troas in Asia Minor
Abyss
Term used in a variety of senses in Scripture
Abyssinia
Country in Africa
Acacia
Kind of wood mentioned in Scripture
Acacians
An Arian sect originating in the fourth century
Acacius of Berea
Bishop of Beroea, b. in Syria c. 322; d. c. 432
Acacius of Caesarea
Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine (c. 340)
Acacius of Constantinople
Schismatic patriarch of Constantinople; d. 480
Acacius, Saint
Bishop of Melitene in the third century
Acadia
French colonial territory in the New World including New England and Canada's Maritime Provinces
Acanthus
Titular see in Macedonia
Acanthus (plant)
A plant, indigenous to middle Europe
Acca, Saint
Bishop of Hexham, and patron of learning (c. 660-742)
Accaron
The most northern of the five principal Philistine cities
Accentus Ecclesiasticus
Parts of the liturgy as the priest, or the deacon, or subdeacon, or the acolyte sang alone
Acceptance (in Canon Law)
The act by which one receives a thing with approbation or satisfaction
Acceptants
Those Jansenists who accepted without any reserve or mental restriction the Bull Unigenitus
Accession
Method of acquiring ownership of a thing arising from the fact that it is in some way added to, or is the fruit of something already belonging to oneself
Accessus
A term applied to the voting in conclave for the election of a pope
Acciajuoli
Name of three cardinals belonging to an illustrious Florentine family
Accident
Term used in several senses in metaphysics
Acclamation
General term for any manifestation of popular feeling expressed by a shout
Acclamation (in papal elections)
A form of papal election in which the cardinals unanimously proclaim somone pope without the casting of a vote
Accomplice
A partner in some form of evildoing
Accusations of Treason
A common misrepresentation concerning the Elizabethan persecution of English and Irish Catholics from 1570 onwards is the statement that the victims devoted to imprisonment, torture, and death suffered not for their religious belief but for treason agains
Acephali
The Eutychians who withdrew from the Monophysite Patriarch of Alexandria in 482
Achab
Son of Amri and King of Israel, 918-897 B.C.
Achaia
A strip of land between the gulf of Corinth in the north and Elis and Arcadia in the south
Achaicus
A Corinthian Christian
Achaz
King of Judah
Achiacharus
A nephew of Tobias
Achille Desurmont
Ascetical writer, b. at Tourcoing, France, Dec. 23, 1828; d. July 23, 1898
Achille Gagliardi
Ascetic writer and spiritual director; b. at Padua, Italy, in 1537; d. at Modena, July 6, 1607
Achimaas
One of two Old Testament figures
Achimelech
One of several Old Testament figures
Achitopel
Counsellor of King David who joined the rebrellion of Absalom
Achor Valley
Valley in Israel
Achrida
A titular see in Upper Albania
Acmonia
A titular see of Phrygia Pacatiana, in Asia Minor
Acoemetae
Term used in Eastern asceticism, particularly for an order of Greek or Basilian monks
Acolouthia
The order or arrangement of the Divine Office or the Office itself
Acolyte
One of the minor orders in the Latin Church
Acquapendente
A diocese in Italy
Acquaviva
Name of several Italian cardinals
Acre
A Syrian seaport on the Mediterranean
Acrostic
A poem the initial or final letters (syllables or words) of whose verses form certain words or sentences
Act of Settlement (Irish)
1662 act passed by the Irish Parliament
Acta Pilati (Acts of Pilate)
Apocryphal work also known as the 'Gospel of Nicodemus'
Acta Sanctae Sedis
A Roman monthly publication containing the principal public documents issued by the Pope, directly or through the Roman Congregations
Acta Sanctorum Hiberniae
Abbreviated title of a celebrated work on the Irish saints
Acta Triadis Thaumaturgae
Work on the lives of St. Patrick, St. Brigid, and St. Columba
Acts of Roman Congregations
Term used to designate the documents issued by the Roman Congregations
Acts of the Apostles
Book of the New Testament
Acts of the Apostles (Biblical Commission)
The Biblical Commission, June 12, 1913, published answers to Madrid, various questions about the Acts
Acts of the Martyrs
Official records of the trials of early Christian martyrs or marratives of their trials and deaths
Actus et Potentia
A principal division in scholastic metaphysics
Actus primus
Concept in scholastic metaphysics
Actus Purus
Concept in scholastic metaphysics
Acuas
One of the first to spread Manicheism in the Christian Orient
Ad Apostolicae Dignitatis Apicem
Apostolic letter issued against Emperor Frederick II by Pope Innocent IV (1243-54)
Ad Limina Apostolorum
A pilgrimage to the sepulchres of St. Peter and St. Paul at Rome
Ad Sanctam Beati Petri Sedem
This letter was issued by Alexander VII, and is dated at Rome, 16 October, 1656
Ad Universalis Ecclesiae
A papal constitution dealing with the conditions for admission to religious orders issued by Pius IX, 7 February, 1862
Adalard, Saint
Born c. 751; d. 2 January, 827
Adalbert
Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen, b. about 1000; d. 1072 at Goslar
Adalbert I
Archbishop of Mainz 1111 to 1137
Adalbert Stifter
Poet and pedagogue, b. October 23, 1805; d. October 28, 1868
Adalbert, Saint (Apostle of Prussia)
B. 939 of a noble Bohemian family; d. 997
Adalbert, Saint (Apostle of the Slavs)
Apostle of the Slavs, probably a native of Lorraine, d. 981
Adam
The first man and the father of the human race
Adam Blackwood
Author (1539-1613)
Adam Contzen
Jesuit; economist and exegete (1573-1635)
Adam de Marisco
Franciscan; d. at the end of 1257 or the beginning of 1258
Adam Easton
Benedictine Cardinal-priest b. at Easton in Norfolk; d. 1397
Adam Franz Lennig
Theologian, b. Dec. 3, 1803, at Mainz; d. there, Nov. 22, 1866
Adam Heinrich Muller
Publicist and political economist, convert, b. at Berlin, June 30, 1779; d. at Vienna, Jan. 17, 1829
Adam in Early Christian Liturgy and Literature
Treatment of the importance of Adam in the writings of the first five Christian centuries
Adam Krafft
Sculptor (ca. 1440-1509)
Adam Mickiewicz
Poet, b. near Novogrodek, Lithuania, 1798; d. at Constantinople, 1855
Adam of Bremen
German historian and geographer of the eleventh century
Adam of Fulda
Monk and musician, b. about 1450, d. after 1537
Adam of Murimuth
English chronicler of about the middle of the fourteenth century
Adam of Perseigne
French Cistercian, Abbot of the monastery of Perseigne in the Diocese of Mans, b. about the middle of the twelfth century
Adam of Saint Victor
Prominent and prolific writer of Latin hymns, b. in the latter part of the twelfth century
Adam of Usk
English priest, canonist, and chronicler, b. at Usk, in Monmouthshire, between 1360 and 1365
Adam Scotus
Theologian and Church historian of the latter part of the twelfth century
Adam Tanner
Controversialist, b. at Innsbruck in 1571; d. at Unken, May 25, 1632
Adamites
Sect dating perhaps from the second century
Adamnan, Saint
Abbot of Iona, b. at Drumhome, County Donegal, Ireland, c. 624; d. at the Abbey of Iona, in 704
Adana
Diocese of Armenian rite in Asia Minor
Adar
Term with a variety of uses
Addas
One of the three original disciples of Manes
Adelaide Anne Procter
Poetess and philanthropist, b. in London, England, October 30, 1825; d. in London, February 2, 1864
Adelaide, Saint
Abbess, b. in the tenth century; d. at Cologne, 5 February, 1015
Adelaide, Saint (Adelheid)
B. 931; d. 16 December, 999
Adelard of Bath
A twelfth-century Scholastic philosopher, b. about 1100
Adele Amalie Gallitzin
Princess; b. at Berlin, Aug. 28, 1748; d. at Angelmodde, near Munster, Westphalia, April 27, 1806
Adele Bayer
Carried on her father's Botanical and Horticultural Gardens (1814-1892)
Adelmann
Bishop of Brescia in the eleventh century
Adelophagi
Fourth-century sect
Adeodatus
Son of St. Augustine, Bishop of Hippo, b. 372; d. 388
Adeste Fideles
A hymn used at Benediction at Christmastide in France and England
Adjuration
An urgent demand made upon another to do, or to desist from doing, something, rendered more solemn by coupling with it the name of God
Administrator (Ecclesiastical)
A person who administers some common ecclesiastical affairs
Administrator (of Ecclesiastical Property)
One charged with the care of church property
Admont
Benedictine abbey in Styria, Austro-Hungary
Ado of Vienne, Saint
Born about 800, in the diocese of Sens; d. 16 December, 875
Adolf Pfister
Educationist, b. at Hechingen in Hohenzollern, Sept. 26, 1810; d. at Ober-Dischingen in Wurtemberg, April 29, 1878
Adolphe Dechamps
Belgian statesman and publicist, brother of Cardinal Dechamps, b. at Melle near Ghent, June 17, 1807, d. at Manage, July 19, 1875
Adolphe Perraud
Cardinal and academician; b. at Lyons, France, Feb. 7, 1828; d. Feb. 18, 1906
Adolphe-Napoleon Didron
Archaeologist, together with Viollet-le-Duc and Caumont, one of the principal revivers of Christian art in France; b. March 13, 1806, at Hautvillers, near Reims; d. at Paris, November 13, 1867
Adolphus Von Dalberg
Prince-Abbot of Fulda and founder of the university in the same city, b. May 29, 1678; d. November 3, 1737
Adonai
Name bestowed upon God in the Old Testament
Adonias
Name of two individuals in the Old Testament, notably a son of King David
Adoption
Role of the concept in Scripture
Adoptionism
Christological theory according to which Christ, as man, is the adoptive Son of God
Adoration
Act of religion offered to God in acknowledgment of His supreme perfection and dominion, and of the creature's dependence upon Him
Adoro Te Devote
Hymn written c. 1260
Adrian and Peter von Walenburch
Auxiliary bishops of Cologne and celebrated controversial theologians, b. at Rotterdam at the beginning of the seventeenth century, exact dates of birth unknown; Adrian d. at Mainz, or Wiesbaden, 11 or September 14, 1669; Peter d. at Cologne, Dec. 21, 167
Adrian Fortescue
Knight of St. John, martyr; b. about 1476, executed July 10, 1539
Adrian Hamsted
Founder of the sect of Adrianists; b. at Dordrecht, 1524; d. at Bruges, 1581
Adrian of Canterbury, Saint
African by birth, d. 710
Adrian of Castello
Italian prelate distinguished as a statesman and reviver of learning, b. about 1460; d. about 1521
Adrian Tumebus
Philologist, b. at Andely in Normandy in 1512; d. in Paris, June 12, 1565
Adrian Willaert
Composer and founder of the Venetian school, b. at Bruges, or, according to other authorities, at Roulers, Netherlands, between 1480 and 1490; d. at Venice, December 7, 1562
Adrianople
A city of Turkey
Adrien Baillet
Priest and French author (1649-1706)
Adrien Greslon
French Jesuit missionary; b. at Perigueux, 1618; d.1697
Adrien Rouquette
Missionary, b. in Louisiana in 1813, of French parentage; d. as a missionary among the Choctaw Indians in 1887
Adso
Abbot of the Cluniac monastery of Moutier-en-Der, d. 992
Adullam
Name of two places mentioned in the Old Testament
Adulteration of Food
The addition of any non-condimental substance to a food
Adultery
Moral aspects of adultery
Advent
Period beginning with the Sunday nearest to the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle (30 November) and embracing four Sundays
Adventists
Group of American Protestant sects
Advocates of Roman Congregations
Persons who plead causes before the ecclesiastical tribunals in Rome
Advocates of St. Peter
Body of jurists
Advocatus Ecclesiae
Name applied, in the Middle Ages, to certain lay persons whose duty it was to represent a particular church or monastery
Advowson
Right of patronage of a church or ecclesiastical benefice
Adytum
A secret chamber or place of retirement in the ancient temples, and esteemed the most sacred spot
Aedan of Ferns, Saint
Bishop and patron of Ferns, in Ireland, b. at Inisbrefny, near Templeport, County Cavan, about 550; d. at Ferns, 31 January, 632
Aedh of Kildare, Saint
King of Leinster, d. 639
Aegidius of Assisi, Blessed
One of the original companions of St. Francis
Aegidius of Viterbo
Cardinal, theologian, orator, humanist, and poet, b. at Viterbo; Italy; d. at Rome, 12 November, 1532
Aelfric
Abbot of Eynsham
Aelia Flaccilla
Empress, wife of Theodosius the Great, died c. A.D. 385 or 386
Aelnoth
Monk and biographer, c. 1100
Aelred, Saint
Abbot of Rievaulx, homilist and historian (1109-66)
Aeneas McDonnell Dawson
Author, b. in Scotland, July 30, 1810; d. in Ottawa, Canada, Dec. 29, 1894
Aeneas of Gaza
Neo-Platonic philosopher, a convert to Christianity, who flourished towards the end of the fifth century
Aengus the Culdee, Saint
Irish saint who flourished in the last quarter of the eighth century
Aenon
Locality where John the Baptist baptized
Aeons
Term appropriated by Gnostic heresiarchs to designate the series of spiritual powers evolved by progressive emanation from the divine eternal Being
Aer
Largest and outermost covering of the chalice and paten in the Greek church
Aerius of Pontus
Friend and fellow ascetic of Eustathius, who became Bishop of Sebaste (355)
Aesthetics
Systematic training to right thinking and right feeling in matters of art
Aeterni Patris (Apostolic Letter)
Apostolic letter of Pius IX, by which he summoned the First Vatican Council
Aeterni Patris (Encyclical)
Encyclical of Leo XIII, issued 4 August, 1879. Its purpose was the revival of Scholastic philosophy
Aetius
Roman general, patrician, and consul, b. towards the end of the fourth century; d. 454
Affinity (in Canon Law)
Relationship arising from the generation of children by a man and a woman, whereby each becomes related to the other's blood-relatives
Affinity (in the Bible)
Impediment to wedlock
Affirmation
Solemn declaration accepted in legal procedure in lieu of the requisite oath
Afflighem
Benedictine abbey near Alost in Brabant, Belgium
Afonzo de Albuquerque
B. in Portugal, in 1453; d. at Goa, 16 December, 1515
Afra, Saint
Saint and Martyr, beheaded at Augsburg during the persecution of Diocletian (c. 304)
Africa
Africa
African Liturgy
Historical treatment of the development of the liturgy in Africa
African Synods
Historical treatment of early local councils in Africa
Agabus
Prophet of the New Testament era
Agape (Custom)
A kind of feast celebrated by the early Christian community
Agapetae
Early Christian virgins consecrated to God
Agapetus
Deacon of the church of Sancta Sophia at Constantinople (about 500)
Agatha, Saint
Martyr who died during the Decian persecution (250-253)
Agathangelus
Supposed secretary of Tiridates II, King of Armenia
Agathias
Byzantine historian and man of letters, b. at Myrina in Asia Minor about 536; d. at Constantinople 582 (594?)
Agaunum
Location in the diocese of Sion, Switzerland where a Roman legion was allegedly martyred
Age of Reason
That period of human life at which persons are deemed to begin to be morally responsible
Agents of Roman Congregations
Persons whose business it is to look after the affairs of their patrons at the Roman Curia
Aggeus
Tenth among the minor prophets of the Old Testament
Agilulfus, Saint
Abbot of Stavelot, Bishop of Cologne and Martyr, 750
Agios O Theos
Opening words in Greek of an invocation, or doxology, or hymn used int he Roman Liturgy
Agnellus of Pisa, Blessed
Friar Minor and founder of the English Franciscan Province, b. at Pisa c. 1195, of the noble family of the Agnelli; d. at Oxford, 7 May, 1236
Agnes Mary Clerke
Astronomer (1842-1907)
Agnes of Assisi, Saint
Younger sister of St. Clare and Abbess of the Poor Ladies, b. at Assisi, 1197, or 1198; d. 1253
Agnes of Bohemia, Blessed
B. at Prague in the year 1200; d. probably in 1281
Agnes of Montepulciano, Saint
B. in the neighborhood of Montepulciano in Tuscany about 1268; d. there 1317
Agnes of Rome, Saint
Virgin and Martyr
Agnetz
Slavonic word for the square portion of bread cut from the first loaf in the preparation for Mass according to the Greek rite
Agnoetae
Name given to those who denied the omniscience either of God or of Christ
Agnolo, Giovanni, and Taddeo Gaddi
Florentine artists, Taddeo being the father of Agnolo and Giovanni
Agnosticism
Philosophical theory which limits the extent and validity of knowledge
Agnus Dei (blessed object)
Name given to certain discs of wax impressed with the figure of a lamb and blessed at stated seasons by the Pope
Agnus Dei (in Liturgy)
Name given to the formula recited thrice by the priest at Mass in the Roman rite
Agonistici
Individuals who went through cities and villages to disseminate the doctrine of Donatus
Agony of Christ
Occurrence in the Garden of Gethsemani
Agostini Agazzari
Musical composer, b. 2 December, 1578, of a noble family of Sienna; d. probably 10 April, 1640
Agostino Barbosa
Bishop, writer, and noted canonist (1589-1649)
Agostino Bernal
Spanish theologian (1587-1642)
Agostino Carracci
Italian painter, engraver, and etcher, b. at Bologna, August 16, 1557; d. at Parma, March 22, 1602
Agostino Ciasca
Italian Augustinian and cardinal (1835-1902)
Agostino Novello, Blessed
B. in the first half of the thirteenth century, at Termini
Agostino Steffani
Titular Bishop of Spiga, diplomatist and musician, b. at Castelfranco in the Province of Treviso, in 1655; d. at Frankfort in 1728 or 1730
Agostino Steuco
Exegete, b. 1496; d. 1549
Agram (Zagrab)
Archiepiscopal see of the ancient kingdom of Croatia
Agrapha
Sayings of Jesus that have come down to us outside the canonical Gospels
Agrarianism
Theories and movements intended to benefit the poorer classes of society by dealing in some way with the ownership of land
Agria
Archiepiscopal see of Hungary
Agricius, Saint
Bishop of Trier (Treves), in the fourth century (332 or 335)
Agrippinus
Bishop of Carthage at the close of the second and beginning of the third century
Agustin Quintana
Missionary and Indian philologist, b. at Antequera, the capital of Oaxaca, Mexico, about 1660; d. at Oaxaca, 1734
Ahicam
High court official under King Josias
Ahriman and Ormuzd
Names of the evil and good spirits in Zoroastrianism
Aidan of Lindisfarne, Saint
Irish monk of the seventh century
Ailbe, Saint
Bishop of Emly in Munster (Ireland); d. about 527, or 541
Aileran, Saint
Distinguished professor at the School of Clonard in the seventh century
Aisle
Lateral or longitudinal divisions of a church
Aistulph
King of the Lombards; d. 756
Akathistos
Marian Hymn used in Eastern Catholic Churches
Akhmin
City of Upper Egypt
Alabama
The twenty-second State of the United States
Alabanda
Titular see of Caria in Asia Minor
Alabaster
Substance used for vases and other ornamental articles
Alain Chartier
French poet (1390-c.1440)
Alain de l'Isle
Monk, poet, preacher, theologian, and eclectic philosopher, b. probably at Lille, whence his name, about 1128; d. at Citeaux, 1203
Alain-Rene Le Sage
Writer, b. at Sarzeau (Morbihan), 1668; d. at Boulogne-sur-Mer, 1747
Alalis
A titular see of Phoenicia
Alan of Tewkesbury
Benedictine abbot and writer, d. 1202
Alan of Walsingham
Architect, d. c. 1364
Alanus de Rupe
B. about 1428; d. at Zwolle in Holland, 8 September, 1475
Alaska
Alaska
Alatri
Italian bishopric under the immediate jurisdiction of the Holy See
Alb
White linen vestment with close fitting sleeves
Alban Butler
Historian, b. October 10, 1710, at Appletree, Northamptonshire, England; d. at St. Omer, France, May 15, 1763
Alban Isidor Stolz
Catholic theologian and popular author, b. Feb. 3, 1808; d. Oct. 16, 1883
Alban, Saint
First martyr of Britain, suffered c. 304
Albanenses
Manichaean heretics who lived in Albania, probably about the eighth century
Albani
Distinguished Italian family, said to be descended from Albanian refugees of the fifteenth century
Albania
Most western land occupied by the Turks in Europe
Albano
Suburban see, comprising seven towns in the Province of Rome
Alberic of Monte Cassino
Cardinal, d. 1088
Alberic of Ostia
Benedictine monk, and Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia from 1138-47
Alberico de Rosate
Jurist, date of birth unknown; d. in 1354
Albero de Montreuil
Archbishop of Trier b. near Toul, in Lorraine, about 1080; d. at Coblenz, 18 January, 1152
Albert
Bishop of Riga, Apostle of Livonia, d. 17 January, 1229
Albert Anton Von Muchar
Historian, b. at Linez, Tyrol, Nov. 22, 1781; d. at Graz, Styria, June 6, 1849
Albert Auguste de Lapparent
French geologist, b. at Bourges, Dec. 30, 1839; d. at Paris, May 12, 1908
Albert Berdini of Sarteano, Blessed
Franciscan Friar and missionary, b. at Sarteano, in Tuscany, 1385; d. at Milan, 15 August, 1450
Albert II
Eighteenth Archbishop of Magdeburg in Saxony, date of birth unknown; d. 1232
Albert Jean Belin
French prelate and writer (ca. 1600-1677)
Albert Knoll
Capuchin dogmatic theologian (1796-1863)
Albert of Aachen
Chronicler of the First Crusade
Albert of Brandenburg
Cardinal and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, b. 28 June, 1490; d. 24 September, 1545
Albert of Castile
Historian, b. about 1460, d. 1522
Albert of Saxony
Fourteenth-century philosopher
Albert of Stade
Chronicler of the thirteenth century
Albert Pighius
Theologian, mathematician, and astronomer, b. at Kampen, Overyssel, Holland, about 1490; d. at Utrecht, Dec. 26, 1542
Albert Stöckl
Neo-Scholastic philosopher and theologian,b. March 15, 1823; d. November 15, 1895
Albert Vandal
French writer, b. at Paris, July 7, 1853; d. there, Aug. 30, 1910
Albert von Behaim
Known also as Albertus Bohemus (ca. 1180-1260)
Albert, Blessed
Patriarch of Jerusalem, date of birth uncertain; d. 14 September, 1215
Albert, Saint
Cardinal, Bishop of Liege, d. 1192 or 1193
Alberto Arnoldi (or Di Arnoldo)
Fourteenth-century Italian sculptor and architect
Albertus Magnus, Blessed
Scientist, philosopher, and theologian, born c. 1206; d. at Cologne, 15 November, 1280
Albigenses
Neo-Manichaean sect that flourished in southern France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries
Albinus
English monk and scholar of the eighth century
Albrecht Durer
Celebrated painter and engraver, b. May 21, 1471; d. April 6, 1528
Albrecht von Eyb
One of the earliest German humanists, b. in 1420; d. in 1475
Albrecht von Wallenstein
B. at Hermanie, Bohemia, Sept. 24, 1583; d. at Eger, Bohemia, Feb. 24, 1634. He belonged to a Czech noble family of Bohemia who were members of the Bohemian Brethren
Albright Brethren
Body of American Christians chiefly of German descent
Alchemy
Art of transmuting baser metals into gold and silver
Alcimus
High-priest, the leader of the hellenizing party in the time of Judas Machabeus
Alcmund, Saint
Bishop of Hexham; d. 781
Alcoholism
As used in this article, alcoholism includes the study of all the changes that may occur in the human organism after the ingestion of any form of alcohol
Alcuin
Educator, scholar, and theologian, b. about 735; d. 19 May, 804
Aldegundis, Saint
Virgin and abbess (c. 639-684)
Aldersbach
Cistercian Abbey in the valley of the Vils in Lower Bavaria
Aldfrith
Northumbrian king, d. 14 December, 705
Aldhelm, Saint
Abbot of Malmesbury and Bishop of Sherborne, Latin poet and ecclesiastical writer (c. 639-709)
Aldric, Saint
Bishop of Le Mans in the time of Louis le Debonnaire, b. c. 800; d. at Le Mans, 7 January, 856
Aldus Manutius
Scholar and printer; b. in 1450, at Sermoneta, near Rome; died in 1515
Alejandro Herculano de Carvalho E Araujo
B. at Lisbon, March 28, 1810; d. near Santarem, Sept. 13, 1877
Alessandro Bonvicino
Italian painter (ca. 1498-1555)
Alessandro Farnese
The name of two cardinals
Alessandro Galilei
An eminent Florentine architect; b. 1691; d. 1737
Alessandro Manzoni
Italian poet and novelist, b. at Milan, March 7, 1785; d. May 22, 1873
Alessandro Piccolomini
Litterateur, philosopher, astronomer, b. June 13, 1508; d. March 12, 1578
Alessandro Scarlatti
Musician, b. in Sicily, either at Trapani or at Palermo, in 1659; d at Naples Oct. 24, 1725
Alessandro Serpieri
Astronomer, b. at S. Giovanni in Marignano, near Rimini, Oct. 31, 1823; d. at Fiesole, Feb. 22, 1885
Alessandro Tassoni
Italian poet, b. in 1565; d. in 1635
Alessandro Volta
Physicist, b. at Como, Feb. 18, 1745; d. there, March 5, 1827
Alesso Baldovinetti
Notable Florentine painter and mosaic artist (1427-1499)
Alexander
Name of several men mentioned in Scripture
Alexander (Bishops)
Name of several bishops in the early Church
Alexander Agricola
Celebrated composer of the fifteenth century
Alexander Baumgartner
Poet and writer on the history of literature, b. at St. Gall, Switzerland, June 27, 1841; d. at Luxemburg, Sept. 5, 1910
Alexander Bicknor
Archbishop of Dublin (d. 1349)
Alexander Briant, Blessed
English Jesuit and martyr, b. in Somersetshire of a yeoman family about 1556; executed at Tyburn, 1 December, 1581
Alexander Goss (Bishop of Liverpool)
Second Bishop of Liverpool; b. 1814; d. 1872
Alexander Hegius
Humanist; b. probably in 1433, at Heeck (Westphalia); d. December 7, 1498, at Deventer (Netherlands). Nothing is known of his earlier studies; but he must have been of quite mature age when ordained to the priesthood
Alexander Hubner
Count, an Austrian statesman, b. 26 Nov b. at Arundel House, London, September 21, 1629; d. at Rome, June 17, 1694
Alexander Leopold Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfurst
Titular Bishop of Sardica, famous for his many supposedly miraculous cures, b. August 17, 1794; d. November 14, 1849
Alexander MacDonell
First Bishop of Kingston, Ontario, Canada, b. July 17, 1760, at Inchlaggan in Glengarry, Scotland; d. January 14, 1840
Alexander Martin Sullivan
Irish politician, lawyer, and journalist, b. in 1830; d. Oct. 17, 1884
Alexander Maximilian Seitz
Painter, b. at Munich, 1811; d. at Rome, 1888
Alexander Natalis
French historian and theologian, of the Order of St. Dominic, b. at Rouen, 19 January, 1639; d. in Paris, 21 August, 1724
Alexander of Abonoteichos
Notorious impostor of the second century
Alexander of Hales
Franciscan, theologian, philosopher; one of the greatest scholastics; b. at Hales, or Hailles, in Gloucestershire, end of the twelfth century; d. at Paris, in 1245
Alexander of Lycopolis
Fourth-century writer of a short treatise against the Manichaeans
Alexander of Neckam
English scholar; b. in Hertfordshire, 1157; d. at Kempsey, Worcestershire, 1217
Alexander Pope
Poet, son of Alexander Pope and his second wife, Edith Turner, b. in London, England, May 22, 1688; d. at Twickenham, England, May 30, 1744
Alexander Sauli, Blessed
Apostle of Corsica, b. at Milan, 1533, of an illustrious Lombard family; d. at Pavia, 11 October, 1592
Alexander Severus
Roman emperor, b. at Acco in Palestine, 208; murdered by his mutinous soldiers at Sicula on the Rhine, 235
Alexander, Saint
Martyred in the persecution of Decius (251)
Alexander, Saint (Bishop of Comana)
Fourth-century bishop of Comana, in Pontus
Alexander, Saint (Patriarch of Alexandria)
Patriarch of Alexandria, date of birth uncertain; d. 17 April, 326
Alexandre de Prouville, Marques de Tracy
A viceroy of New France, b. in France, 1603, of noble parents; d. there in 1670
Alexandre de Rhodes
Missionary and author, b. at Avignon, March 15, 1591; d. at Ispahan, Persia, Nov. 5, 1660
Alexandre Guy Pingre
B. in Paris September 11, 1711; d. May 1, 1796
Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira
Brazilian natural scientist and explorer, b. at Bahia in 1756; d. at Lisbon in 1815
Alexandre Vincent Jandel
Master general of the Dominican Order (1810-1872)
Alexandre-Antonin Tache
First Archbishop of St. Boniface, Manitoba, missionary, prelate, statesman, and writer of Western Canada, b. July 23, 1823; d. June 22, 1894
Alexandre-Etienne Choron
French musician and teacher of music (1772-1834)
Alexandria
An important seaport of Egypt
Alexandrine Liturgy
Parent liturgy from which all the others used by Melchites, Copts, and by the daughter-Church of Abyssinia are derived
Alexian Nuns
Religious women affiliated to the Alexian Brotherhood
Alexians
A religious institute or congregation, which had its origin at Mechlin, in Brabant, in the fifteenth century
Alexis Falconieri, Saint
B. in Florence, 1200; d. 17 February, 1310, at Mount Senario, near Florence
Alexis John Augustine Bachelot
Prefect Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands, b. in France, Feb. 22, 1796; d. at sea, Dec. 5, 1837.
Alexis-Francois Artaud de Montor
Diplomat and historian, b. at Paris, July 31, 1772; d. at Paris, Nov. 12, 1849
Alexis-François Rio
French writer on art, b. on the Island of Arz, May 20, 1797; d. June 17, 1874
Alexis-Paulin Paris
Philologist, b. at Avenay, Marne, France, March 25, 1800; d. Feb. 13, 1881
Alexis-Xyste Bernard
Bishop of St. Hyacinth (b. 1847)
Alexius, Saint
Fifth-century Roman confessor
Alfonso Capecelatro
Cardinal, Archbishop of Capua, and ecclesiastical writer; b. at Marseilles Feb. 5, 1824; d. Nov. 14, 1912
Alfonso de Valdes
Spanish Humanist and chancellor of the Emperor Charles V, b. at Cuenca in Castile about 1500; d. at Vienna in October, 1532
Alfonso de Zamora
Converted Spanish Rabbi, baptized 1506; d. 1531
Alfonso Muzzarelli
Learned Italian Jesuit, b. August 22, 1749, at Ferrara; d. May 25, 1813, at Paris
Alfonso of Burgos
Dominican, d. at Palencia, 8 December, 1489
Alfred Rethel
B. at Aachen, 1816; d. at Dusseldorf, 1859
Alfred the Great
King of the West-Saxons, b. Wantage, Berkshire, England, 849; d. 899
Alfred von Reumont
Statesman and historian, b. at Aachen, August 15, 1808; d. there, April 27, 1887
Alfred-Henri-Amand Mame
Printer and publisher, b. at Tours, Aug. 17, 1811; d. at Tours, April 12, 1893
Alfrida, Saint
Virgin, and recluse, c. 795
Alfwold, Saint
Bishop of Sherborne, in Dorsetshire; d. 1058
Alger of Liege
Learned French priest, b. at Liege, about 1055; d. at Cluny, 1132
Algonquins
American Indian tribe
Alimentation
Whatever is necessary to sustain human life: not merely food and drink, but lodging, clothing, care during sickness and burial
Alimony
Allowance which by order of the court a husband pays to his wife for her maintenance while she is living separately from him
Aliturgical Days
Those days on which the 'liturgy', i.e. the Holy Sacrifice of the Eucharist, is not allowed to be celebrated
All Hallows College
Institution devoted to the preparation of priests for the missions in English-speaking countries
All Saints
Feast of the highest rank, celebrated on the first of November
All Souls' Day
Commemoration of all the faithful departed, celebrated by the Church on 2 November
Allah
Name of God in Arabic
Alleluia
This liturgical mystic expression is found in Scripture
Allocution
Solemn form of address or speech from the throne employed by the Pope on certain occasions
Allori
Name of several prominent people in sixteenth-century Italy
Alma
Hebrew word signifying a young woman
Alma Redemptoris Mater
Opening words of one of the four Antiphons sung at Compline and Lauds
Alms and Almsgiving
Any material favor done to assist the needy, and prompted by charity
Alnoth, Saint
Hermit and martyr (died c. 700)
Alogi
Persons who denied the manifestation of the Paraclete, and refused, in consequence, to admit the Gospel of St. John, wherein it is announced
Aloisio Gardellini
Famous chiefly for his collection of the decrees of the Congregation of Rites; b. at Rome, Aug. 4, 1759; d. there, Oct. 8, 1829
Aloisius Lilius
Principal author of the Gregorian Calendar
Aloisius-Edouard-Camille Gaultier
Priest and schoolmaster; b. at Asti, Piedmont, about 1745 of French parents; d. at Paris, Sept. 18, 1818
Alonso Andrada
Jesuit biographer and ascetic writer (1590-1672)
Alonso Berruguete
Spanish artist (1480-1561)
Alonso Cano
Spanish painter, architect, and sculptor, b. at Granada, March 19, 1601; d. there 3 or October 5, 1667
Alonso de Ercilla y Zuniga
Spanish soldier and poet, b. in Madrid, August 7, 1533; d. in the same city, Nov. 29, 1594
Alonso de Espinosa
Spanish priest and historian of the sixteenth century
Alonso de Molina
Franciscan friar, b. probably 1511 or 1512 in Spain, d. 1584, in the city of Mexico
Alonso de Ojeda
Explorer; b. at Cuenca, Spain, about 1466; d. on the island of Santo Domingo, about 1508
Alonso Rodriguez
Jesuit, writer and teacher, b. at Valladolid, Spain, 1526; d. at Seville February 21, 1616
Alonso Tostado
Exegete, b. at Madrigal, Castile, about 1400; d. at Bonilla de la Sierra, near Avila, Sept. 3, 1455
Alonzo Coello Sanchez
Earliest of the Spanish court portrait-painters, b. at Benyfayro, Valencia, Spain, in 1513 or 1515; d. at Madrid, 1590
Alonzo de Alvarado
Knight of Santiago (unknown-1559)
Alonzo de Barcena (or Barzana)
Jesuit missionary and noted writer (1528-1598)
Alonzo Sanchez
Jesuit, teacher, writer, b. in Mondejar, Guadalajara, Spain, in 1547; d. at Alcala, May 27, 1593
Aloys Karl Ohler
Educationist, b. at Mainz, January 2, 1817; d. there, August 24, 1889
Aloys Lutolf
Ecclesiastical historian, b. July 23, 1824; d. April 8, 1879
Aloys Senefelder
Principally known as the inventor of lithography, b. at Prague, Nov. 6, 1771; d. at Munich, February 26, 1834
Aloysius Bellecius
Jesuit ascetic author (1704-1757)
Aloysius Gentili
He was proficient in poetry, displayed considerable musical aptitude, had a taste for mechanical and electrical science, and was devoted to the cultivation of modern languages, applying himself more particularly to the study of English; b. July 14, 1801,
Aloysius Gonzaga, Saint
(1568-1591)
Aloysius Schlor
Ascetical writer, b. at Vienna, June 17, 1805; d. at Graz, Nov. 2,1852
Aloysius Taparelli
Philosopher and writer on sociological subjects, b. Nov. 24, 1793; d. Sept. 20, 1862
Alpha and Omega (in Judaism and Christianity)
Alpha and Omega in Jewish Theology and Christian Usage
Alpha and Omega (Scriptural)
The first and the last letter of the Greek alphabet
Alphabet
Christian Use of the Alphabet
Alphabetic Psalms
So called because their successive verses, or successive parallel series, begin with the successive letters of the alphabet
Alphons Huber
Historian; b. October 14, 1834, at Fugen, Zillerthal (Tyrol); d. November 23, 1898, at Vienna
Alphonse de Lamartine
Poet, b. at Macon, Saone-et-Loire, France, Oct. 21, 1790; d. at Paris, March 1, 1869
Alphonse Magnien
Educator of the clergy, b. at Bleymard, in the Diocese of Mende, France, June 9, 1837; d. December 21, 1902
Alphonso de Spina
Convert from Judaism, Spanish Franciscan, date of birth unknown; d. about 1491
Alphonsus de Castro
Friar Minor and theologian, b. in 1495 at Zamora, Leon, Spain; d. February 11, 1558, at Brussels
Alphonsus Liguori, Saint
Missionary, founder of Redemptorists (1696-1787)
Alphonsus Rodriguez, Saint
Jesuit laybrother (1532-1617)
Alphonsus Salmeron
Jesuit Biblical scholar, b. at Toledo, Sept. 8, 1515; d. at Naples, Feb. 13 1585
Alsace-Lorraine
A German Imperial Territory
Altamura and Acquaviva
Exempt archipresbyterate in the province of Bari, in southern Italy
Altar (in Liturgy)
Table on which the Eucharistic Sacrifice is offered
Altar (in Scripture)
Usage in Old and New Testaments
Altar (in the Greek Church)
Entire space surrounding what we know as the altar
Altar of Repose
The altar where the Sacred Host, consecrated in the Mass on Holy Thursday, is reserved until the Mass of the Presanctified
Altmann, Blessed
Bishop of Passau and Papal Legate
Alto, Saint
Recluse and missionary in Bavaria, (c. 750)
Altruism
Term to denote the benevolent, as contrasted with the selfish propensities
Alumnus
In ecclesiastical usage, a student preparing for the sacred ministry in a seminary
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
Sixteenth-century explorer and faith-healer
Alvarez de Paz
Famous mystic of the Society of Jesus (1560-1620)
Alvaro Alonzo Barba
Secular priest and author
Alvaro de Mendana de Neyra
Spanish navigator and explorer, b. in Saragossa, 1541; d. in Santa Cruz, Solomon Islands, October 18, 1596
Alvarus Pelagius
Celebrated writer, b. in Spain about 1280; d. at Seville, Jan. 25, 1352
Alypius, Saint
Friend of St. Augustine; bishop of Tagaste
Ama or Amma
Semitic term meaning mother
Amalarius of Metz
Liturgical writer (last quarter of the eighth century--about 850)
Amalberga, Saint
Virgin, very much revered in Belgium
Amalberga, Saint (Amelia)
Nun; mother of three saints, Gudila, Reinelda, and Emembertus
Amalec
A people remembered chiefly as the most hated of all the enemies of Israel, and traditionally reputed among the fiercest of Bedouin tribes
Amalricians (Lat., Almarici, Amauriani)
Heretical sect founded towards the end of the twelfth century
Amalricus Augerii
Church-historian of the fourteenth century
Amandus, Saint
One of the great apostles of Flanders
Amasia (Amasea)
Titular see and metropolis of Pontus in Asia Minor on the river Iris, now Amasiah
Amastris (now Amasserah or Samastro)
Titular see of Paphlagonia in Asia Minor
Amathus
Two titular sees, one in Syria, the other on the southern coast of Cyprus
Ambition
The undue craving for honor
Ambo
A mountain or elevation
Ambo, in the Russian and Greek Church
Semicircular steps directly in front of the royal doors of the iconostasis
Ambrogio Borgognone
Italian painter and architect (ca. 1455-1523)
Ambrogio Calepino
Italian lexicographer, b. about 1440 at Calepio (province of Bergamo); d. 1510 or 1511
Ambrogio Foppa
Generally known as Caradosso, Italian goldsmith, sculptor, and die sinker, b. at Mondonico in the province of Como, 1445, according to some authorities, and according to others in Pavia, the same year; d. about 1527
Ambroise Pare
French surgeon, b. at Bourg-Hersent, near Laval, department of Maine, 1517; d.Dec. 20, 1590
Ambrose Autpert
Early medieval writer and abbot of the Benedictine Order (d.778 or 779)
Ambrose Bernard O'Higgins
B. in County Meath, Ireland, in 1720; d. at Lima, March 18, 1810
Ambrose Lisle March Phillipps de Lisle
B. March 17, 1809; d. March 5, 1878
Ambrose Marechal
Third Archbishop of Baltimore; b. August 28, 1764; d. January 29, 1828
Ambrose of Camaldoli, Saint
Italian theologian and writer (1386-1439)
Ambrose of Sienna, Blessed
Dominican (1220-1286)
Ambrose Pelargus
Theologian, b. at Nidda, Hesse, about 1488; d. at Trier, 1557
Ambrose Saint-John
Oratorian; b. 1815; d. at Edgbaston, Birmingham, May 24, 1875
Ambrose, Saint
Bishop of Milan (340-397)
Ambrosian Basilica
Erected at Milan by St. Ambrose
Ambrosian Chant
Chant composed by St. Ambrose
Ambrosian Hymnography
Hymns of St. Ambrose
Ambrosian Library
One of the famous libraries of the world
Ambrosian Liturgy and Rite
Liturgy and Rite of the Church of Milan
Ambrosians
Religious order
Ambrosiaster
Author of a commentary on all the Epistles of St. Paul, with the exception of that to the Hebrews
Ambrosio Morales
Spanish historian, b. at Cordova, 1513; d. in 1591
Ambulatory
A cloister, gallery, or alley; a sheltered place, straight or circular, for exercise in walking; the aisle that makes the circuit of the apse of a church
Amen
One of a small number of Hebrew words which have been imported unchanged into the liturgy of the Church
Amende Honorable
An obsolete form of honorary satisfaction
America
The Western Continent, the New World
American College, The
Institution for the education of priests at Louvain
American College, The (in Rome)
The American College of the Roman Catholic Church of the United States, Rome, Italy
American Federation of Catholic Societies
Non-political organization of the Catholic laity, parishes, and societies under the guidance of the hierarchy, to protect and advance their religious, civil, and social interests
American Indians
Treatment of native peoples in North and South America
American Protective Association, The
Secret proscriptive society in the United States
Amerigo Vespucci
A famous Italian navigator, b. at Florence, March 9, 1451; d. at Seville, Feb. 22, 1512
Amice
Short linen cloth, square or oblong in shape and, like the other sacerdotal vestments, needing to be blessed before use
Amico (Antonio and Bernardino)
Canon of Palermo and ecclesiastical historian of Syracuse and Messina (d. 1641)
Amiel Weeks Whipple
Military engineer and soldier, b. at Greenwich, Massachusetts, 1818; d. at Washington, D. C., May 7, 1863
Amisus
Titular see of Pontus in Asia Minor
Ammen, Daniel
American naval officer and author (1820-1898)
Ammon
Supreme divinity of the Egyptian pantheon
Ammon, Saint
Egyptian hermit in the desert of Nitria ( b. about 350)
Ammonian Sections
Divisions of the four Gospels indicated in the margin of nearly all Greek and Latin MSS
Ammonites
Race very closely allied to the Hebrews
Amorbach
Former Benedictine abbey
Amorios (also Amorium)
Titular see of Phrygia in Asia Minor, now known as Hergan Kaleh
Amorrhites
Ancient people often mentioned in the Old Testament
Amos
Third among the Minor Prophets of the Old Testament
Amovibility
Condition of certain ecclesiastics in regard to their benefices or offices
Amphilochius of Iconium
Bishop of the fourth century
Amphilochius of Sida (Side)
Bishop of the first half of the fifth century
Amphorae
Vessels generally made of clay, and furnished with ears or handles
Ampullae
Objects discovered in the catacombs
Amra
Ancient Irish elegies or panegyrics on native saints
Amrah
Central Syria
Amraphel
King of Sennaar (Shinar), or Babylonia
Amsterdam
Capital of the Netherlands
Amulet
Object used by pagans
Amyclae
Titular see of Peloponnesus in Greece
Anabaptists
Violent and extremely radical body of ecclesiastico-civil reformers
Anacletus II
Title taken by Cardinal Pietro Pierleone at contested papal election of 1130
Anaesthesia
State of insensibility to external impressions
Anagni
Italian diocese in the province of Rome
Analogy
Philosophical term used to designate, first, a property of things; secondly, a process of reasoning
Analysis
Process by which anything complex is resolved into simple, or, at least, into less complex parts or elements
Anaphora
Liturgical term in the Greek Rite signifying that part of the service which corresponds substantially to the Latin Canon of the Mass
Anarchy
Absence of law
Anastasia, Saint
Martyr
Anastasiopolis
Four ancient episcopal sees
Anastasius Bibliothecarius
Librarian of the Roman Church, b. about 810; d. 879
Anastasius Grun
Pseudonym for Anton Alexander (Maria), Count von Auersperg, an Austrian poet; b. in 1806; d. in 1876
Anastasius Sinaita, Saint
Abbot; Greek ecclesiastical writer
Anastasius, Saint
Martyred monk
Anastasius, Saint (Bishop of Antioch)
Bishop of Antioch
Anathema
Major excommunication
Anathoth
Feminine Chaldean deity
Anatole de Bengy
Jesuit martyr (1824-1871)
Anatole Leroy-Beaulieu
French publicist, b. at Lisieux, Calvados, in 1842; d. at Paris, June 15, 1912
Anatolia, Saint
Virgin; martyr
Anatolius, Saint (Bishop of Laodicea in Syria)
Scholar in the physical sciences and in Aristotelean philosophy
Anatolius, Saint (Patriarch of Constantinople)
D. 458
Anatomy
Department of biology
Anazarbus
Titular metropolitan see of Cilicia
Anchor
Symbol of hope in a future existence
Anchorites
Those who sought to triumph over the two enemies of human salvation, the flesh and the devil, by depriving them of the assistance of their ally, the world
Ancient Catholic Diocese of Chichester
In England
Ancient Diocese of Canterbury
The Mother-Church and Primatial See of All England, from 597 till the death of the last Catholic Archbishop, Cardinal Pole, in 1558
Ancient Diocese of Carlisle
Catholic diocese in England prior to its Anglican usurpation
Ancient Diocese of Chester
In England
Ancient Diocese of Macon
Diocese in France
Ancient Diocese of Norwich
Though this see took its present name only in the eleventh century, its history goes back five hundred years earlier
Ancient Diocese of Saint Asaph
Founded by St. Kentigern about the middle of the sixth century when he was exiled from his see in Scotland
Ancient Diocese of Salisbury
Diocese was originally founded by St. Birinus, who in 634 established his see at Dorchester in Oxfordshire, whence he evangelized the Kingdom of Wessex
Ancient Diocese of Sodor and Man
Scandinavian diocese, which included Man and the western isles of Scotland
Ancient Diocese of Vaison
Suppressed diocese
Ancient Diocese of Worcester
England, created in 680 when, at the Synod of Hatfield under St. Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury, the great Mercian diocese was divided into five sees
Ancient of Days
Name given to God by the Prophet Daniel
Ancient Order of Hibernians
Catholic fraternal organization
Ancient See of Aarhus
In Denmark
Ancient See of Bergen
In Norway
Ancient See of Borglum
In Denmark
Ancient See of Hamar
In Norway
Ancient See of Linkoping
In Sweden
Ancient See of Odense
In Denmark
Ancient See of Oslo
In Norway
Ancient See of Ratzeburg
Ancient see in Germany
Ancient See of Ribe
Ancient see in Denmark
Ancient See of Rochester
Oldest and smallest of all the suffragan sees of Canterbury, was founded by St. Augustine, Apostle of England
Ancient See of Roskilde
Ancient see in Denmark
Ancient See of Skara
Ancient see in Sweden
Ancient See of Stavanger
Ancient see in Norway
Ancient See of Strengnas
Ancient see in Sweden
Ancient See of Trondhjem
In Norway
Ancient See of Upsala
In Sweden
Ancient See of Vexio
Ancient see in Sweden
Ancient See of Viborg
Ancient see in Denmark
Ancient See of Westeraas
In Sweden
Ancient See of Winchester
This diocese came into existence in 635 when the great missionary Diocese of Dorchester, founded by St. Birinus in 634 for the Kingdom of Wessex
Ancient See of York
The seat of metropolitan jurisdiction for the northern province
Ancilla Dei
Title given to a deceased woman
Ancona and Umana
Italian diocese in the Archdiocese of Ancona
Ancren Riwle
Thirteenth-century code of rules for the life of authoresses
Ancyra
The modern Angora, titular see of Galatia in Asia Minor
Andalusia
Country is situated in the southern part of the Iberian peninsula
Andechs
A Benedictine monastery and famous place of pilgrimage on a hill about two miles east of the Ammersee in Upper Bavaria
Anderdon, William Henry
English Jesuit and writer (1816-1890)
Andre de Boulanger
French monk and preacher (1578-1657)
Andre Garin
An Oblate missionary and parish priest, b. May 7, 1822, at Cote-Saint-Andre, Isere, France; d. at Lowell, Massachusetts, February 16, 1895
Andre Guijon
Bishop and orator; b. in November, 1548, at Autun; d. in September, 1631
Andre-Hercule de Fleury
B. at Lodeve, June 26, 1653; d. at Paris, January 29, 1743
Andre-Jean Cuoq
Philologist, b. at LePuy, France, 1821; d. at Oka near Montreal, 1898
Andre-Marie Ampere
Physicist and mathematician (1775-1836)
Andrea Adami da Bolsena
Italian musician b. at Bolsena, 1663; d. in Rome, 1742
Andrea Alciati
Italian jurist, b. at Alzano, near Milan, 8 May, 1492; d. at Pavia, 12 June, 1550
Andrea Borromeo
Italian missionary (d. 1683)
Andrea Castagno
Florentine painter, b. near Florence, 1390; d. at Florence, August 9, 1457
Andrea Cesalpino
Physician, philosopher, and naturalist, distinguished botanist; b. at Arezzo in Tuscany, Italy, June 6, 1519; d. at Rome, February 23, 1603
Andrea Ciccione
Fifteenth-century Italian sculptor and architect
Andrea Contucci Del Sansovino
Sculptor, b. at Monte San Sovino, Arezzo, 1460; d. 1529
Andrea Del Sarto
Painter, b. at Florence in 1486; d. there in 1531
Andrea Del Verrocchio
B. at Florence, 1435; d. at Venice, 1488
Andrea Della Robbia
Nephew, pupil, assistant, and sharer of Luca's secrets, b. at Florence, 1431; d. 1528
Andrea Doria
Genoese admiral and statesman, b. at Oneglia, Italy, 1468; d. at Genoa, 1560
Andrea Dotti, Blessed
Servite priest (1256-1315)
Andrea Gallandi
Oratorian and patristic scholar, b. at Venice, December 7, 1709; d. there January 12, 1779, or 1780
Andrea Mantegna
Italian painter; b. in 1431; d. September 13, 1506
Andrea Palladio
Italian architect, b. at Vicenza, 1508; d. at Venice, Aug. 19, 1580
Andrea Pisano
Italian sculptor and architect (1270-1349)
Andrea Spagni
Educator and author, b. at Florence, Aug. 8, 1716; d. at Rome, Sept. 16, 1788
Andrea Vanni
Painter and statesman, b. at Siena, 1320; d. 1414
Andreas Agnellus of Ravenna
Historian of that church, b. 805; the date of his death is unknown, but was probably about 846
Andreas Benedict Feilmoser
Theologian and Biblical scholar, b. April 8, 1777, at Hopfgarten, Tyrol; d. at Tubingen, July 20, 1831
Andreas de Vega
Theologian and Franciscan Observantine, b. at Segovia in Old Castile, Spain, at unknown date; d. at Salamanca probably in 1560
Andreas Hofer
Patriot and soldier, b. at St. Leonhard in Passeyrthale, Tyrol, Nov. 22, 1767; executed at Mantua, Feb. 20, 1810
Andreas Kobler
Historian (1816-1892)
Andreas Medulic
Croatian painter and engraver, b. at Sibenik, Dalmatia, 1522; d. at Venice, 1582
Andreas of Ratisbon
Priest, historian
Andreas Pozzo
Italian painter and architect of the Baroque period, b. at Trent, 1642; d. at Vienna, 1709
Andreas Rass
Bishop of Strasburg, b. at Sigolsheim in upper Alsace, April 6, 1794; d. at Strasburg November 17, 1887
Andreas Vesalius
The reorganizer of the study of anatomy, b. at Brussels, Dec. 31, 1514; d. in a Greek city on his journey home from Jerusalem in 1564
Andres Cavo
A writer frequently quoted on Spanish-Mexican history; b. at Guadalajara in Mexico, January 21, 1729
Andrés Pérez De Ribas
Pioneer missionary, historian of north-western Mexico; b. at Cordova, Spain, 1576; d. in Mexico, March 26, 1655
Andres Urdaneta
Augustinian, b. at Villafranca, Guipuzcoa, Spain, 1498; d. in the City of Mexico, 1568
Andrew Avellino, Saint
Priest, Theatine (1521-1608)
Andrew Bobola, Blessed
Jesuit priest, martyr (1590-1657)
Andrew Byrne
Bishop of Little Rock, Arkansas, b. at Navan, Co. Meath, Ireland, December 5, 1802; d. at Helena, Arkansas, June 10, 1862
Andrew Corsini, Saint
Carmelite monk (1302-1373)
Andrew Donlevy
Educator b. in 1694, date and place of death uncertain
Andrew Foreman
A Scottish prelate, of good border family; b. at Hatton, near Berwick-on-Tweed; d. 1522
Andrew Gordon
Benedictine monk, physicist; b. 1712; d. 1751,
Andrew Krzycki
Humanistic poet (d. 1535)
Andrew of Caesarea
Bishop of Cappadocia
Andrew of Crete, Saint
Theologian, homilist, hymnographer (d. 740 or 720)
Andrew of Lonjumeau
Dominican missionary, papal ambassador (d. 1253)
Andrew of Rhodes
Dominican theologian (d. 1440)
Andrew of Wyntoun
Scottish chronicler, b. (as we know from the internal evidence of his writings) in the reign of David II, about the middle of the fourteenth century
Andrew the Scot, Saint
Archdeacon of Fiesole (d. about 877)
Andrew White
Missionary, b. at London, 1579; d. at or near London Dec. 27, 1656
Andrew, Apostle, Saint
the Apostle, son of Jonah or John; the Apostle, son of Jonah or John; a disciple of the Baptist
Andrew, Saint (Martyr in Lampsacus)
Martyr of the Faith in Lampsacus, a city of Mysia
Anemurium
Now Estenmure, titular see of Cilicia
Ange de Saint Joseph
French missionary, Carmelite friar (1636-1697)
Ange de Sainte Rosalie
French genealogist, Augustinian friar (1655-1726)
Angel
Messenger
Angel de Saavedra Remírez de Baquedano
Spanish poet and statesman, b. at Cordova, March 10, 1791; d. at Madrid, June 22, 1865
Angela Merici, Saint
Foundress of the Ursulines (1474-1540)
Angela of Foligno, Blessed
Umbrian penitent and mystical writer (1248-1309)
Angelica Kauffmann
Swiss artist (1741-1807)
Angelicals, The
Congregation of women
Angelique Bullion
B. in Paris, at commencement of the seventeenth century
Angelo Carletti di Chivasso, Blessed
Franciscan moral theologian (1411-1495)
Angelo Clareno da Cingoli
Spiritual Franciscan (1247-1337)
Angelo Mai
Roman cardinal and celebrated philologist, b. at Schilpario, March 7, 1782; d. at Albano, September 9, 1854
Angelo Maria Quirini
Cardinal and scholar, b. at Venice, March 30, 1680; d. at Brescia, January 6, 1755
Angelo Paoli, Venerable
B. at Argigliano, Tuscany, Sept. 1, 1642; d. at Rome, January 17, 1720
Angelo Rocca
Founder of the Angelica Library at Rome, b. at Rocca, now Arecevia, near Ancona, 1545; d. at Rome, April 8, 1620
Angelo Secchi
Astronomer, b. at Reggio in Emilia, Italy, June 18, 1818; d. Feb. 26, 1878
Angels of the Churches
In the book of Revelation
Angelus
Devotion in honor of the Incarnation
Angelus Bell
Triple Hail Mary recited in the evening; origin of our modern Angelus
Angelus Silesius
Priest, convert, poet, controversialist (1624-1677)
Anger
Desire of vengeance
Angilbert, Saint
Abbot of Saint-Riquier (d. 814)
Anglican Orders
History and status
Anglicanism
The religious belief and position of members of the Established Church of England
Anglo-Saxon Church, The
History and development
Anglona-Tursi
Italian diocese
Angola and Congo
Diocese of Portuguese West Africa
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
Roman statesman, philosopher, possible Christian martyr (480 - ca. 525)
Anima Christi
Well-known prayer
Animals in Christian Art
Animal forms have always occupied a place of far greater importance than was ever accorded to them in the art of the pagan world
Animals in the Bible
The sacred books were composed by and for a people almost exclusively given to husbandry and pastoral life, hence in constant communication with nature
Animism
Doctrine or theory of the soul
Anise
Plant belonging to the parsley family
Ann Lobera (Venerable Ann of Jesus)
Known as Ann Lobera, Carmelite nun, companion of St. Teresa; b. at Medina del Campo (Old Castile), November 25, 1545; d. at Brussels, March 4, 1621
Anna
Mother of Samuel
Anna Comnena
Byzantine historian
Anna Maria Gesualda Antonia Taigi
B. at Siena, Italy, May 29, 1769; d. at Rome, June 9, 1837
Annals of the Four Masters
The most extensive of all the compilations of the ancient annals of Ireland
Annas
Jewish high-priest
Annates
The first fruits, or first year's revenue of an ecclesiastical benefice paid to the Papal Curia
Anne Catherine Emmerich
Augustinian nun, stigmatic, and ecstatic, b. September 8, 1774, d. February 9, 1824
Anne de Xainctonge, Venerable
Foundress of the Society of the Sisters of St. Ursula of the Blessed Virgin, b. at Dijon, November 21, 1567; d. at Dole, June 8, 1621
Anne First Duke of Montmorency
First of the great French lords, b. at Chantilly, March 15, 1492; d. at Paris, November 12, 1567
Anne Garcia
Better known as Venerable Anne of St Bartholomew, Discalced Carmelite nun, companion of St. Teresa, b. at Almendral, Old Castile, October 1, 1550; d. at Antwerp, June 7, 1626
Anne Hanson Dorsey
Novelist, b. at Georgetown, District of Columbia, U.S.A., 1815; d. at Washington, December 26, 1896
Anne Line
English martyr, d. Feb. 27, 1601
Anne, Saint
Mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Anne-Madeleine Remuzat, Venerable
B. at Marseilles, Nov. 29, 1696; d. Feb. 15, 1730
Anne-Marie Javouhey, Venerable
Founder of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Cluny (1779-1851)
Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot
Baron de L'Aulne, French minister, b. at Paris, May 10, 1727; d. there, March 20, 1781
Anne-Therese Guerin
B. October 2, 1798; d. May 14, 1856
Annette Elisabeth Hulshoff
Poetess; b. at Schloss Hulshoff near Munster in Westphalia, January 10, 1797; d. May 24, 1848
Annibaldi
Dominican theologian (d. 1271)
Annius of Viterbo
Dominican archeologist and historian (1432-1502)
Anno, Saint
Archbishop of Cologne
Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Related in Luke, i, 26-38
Anschar, Saint
Benedictine, called the Apostle of the North (801-865)
Ansegisus, Saint
Benedictine (770-833 or 834)
Anselm Eckart
Missionary, b. August 4, 1721; d. June 29, 1809
Anselm of Canterbury, Saint
Archbishop of Canterbury, Doctor of the Church (d. 1109)
Anselm of Laon
Theologian (d. 1117)
Anselm of Liege
Belgian chronicler (1008-1056)
Anselm of Lucca the Younger, Saint
Benedictine monk (1036-1086)
Anselmo Banduri
Archaeologist and numismatologist (1671-1743)
Antediluvians
People who lived before the Flood
Anthemius
Byzantine official of the fourth and fifth centuries
Anthon Rafael Mengs
Bohemian painter, usually regarded as belonging to the Italian or Spanish school, b. at Aussig in Bohemia, March 12, 1728; d. in Rome, June 29, 1779
Anthony Baldinucci, Blessed
Jesuit missionary, missionary and preacher (1665-1717)
Anthony Blanc
Archbishop of New Orleans, Louisiana (1792-1860)
Anthony Brookby
English Franciscan martyr (d. 1537)
Anthony Champney
Priest, controversialist (1569-1643)
Anthony Daniel
Huron missionary, b. at Dieppe, in Normandy, May 27, 1601, slain by the Iroquois at Teanaostae, near Hillsdale, Simcoe Co., Ontario, Canada, July 4, 1648
Anthony Koberger
German printer, publisher, bookseller (ca. 1445-1513)
Anthony Kohlmann
Educator, missionary (1771-1836)
Anthony Konings
Priest (1821-1884)
Anthony Maria Anderledy
General of the Society of Jesus (1819-1892)
Anthony of Padua, Saint
Franciscan Thaumaturgist (1195-1231)
Anthony of Sienna
Dominican theologian
Anthony of the Mother of God
Spanish Carmelite (d. 1641)
Anthony Page, Venerable
English martyr, b. at Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex, 1571; d. at York, 20 or April 30, 1593
Anthony Parkinson
Historian, b. in England, 1667; d. there January 30, 1728
Anthony Rey
Educator and Mexican War chaplain, b. at Lyons, March 19, 1807; d. near Ceralvo, Mexico, Jan. 19, 1847
Anthony Terill
English theologian, b. in 1623; d. Oct. 11, 1676
Anthony, Saint
Founder of Christian monasticism
Anthropomorphism
A term used in its widest sense to signify the tendency of man to conceive the activities of the external world as the counterpart of his own
Antichrist
According to its biblical and ecclesiastical usage
Antidicomarianites
Eastern sect which flourished about A.D. 200 to 400
Antidoron
Fragments of consecrated bread given to faithful in Greek custom
Antigonish
Shiretown of the county of the same name in Nova Scotia
Antimensium
Consecrated corporal of a kind used only in the Greek Rite
Antinoe
Titular see of the Thebaid, now Esneh or Esench, a city in Egypt
Antinomianism
Heretical doctrine that Christians are exempt from the obligations of the moral law
Antioch
Discusses two cities, one in Syria, the other in Pisidia
Antioch (Church)
Ancient city
Antiochene Liturgy
Family of liturgies originally used in the Patriarchate of Antioch
Antiochus of Palestine
Monk of the seventh century
Antipater of Bostra
Fifth-century Greek prelate of the Roman Orient
Antipatris
Titular see of Palestine
Antiphellos
Titular see of Lycia
Antiphon
Sounding against, responsive sound, singing opposite, alternate chant
Antiphon (Antiphonon) in the Greek Church
A form of singing made an integral part of the Mass
Antiphon in Greek Liturgy
The Greek Liturgy uses antiphons, not only in the Office, but also in the Mass, at Vespers, and at all the canonical Hours
Antiphonary
One of the present liturgical books intended for use in choro (i.e. in the liturgical choir)
Antiphonary of Bangor
Ancient Latin manuscript (codex) found by Muratori in the Ambrosian Library at Milan
Antipodes
Speculations concerning the rotundity of the earth and the possible existence of human beings
Antipope
A false claimant of the Holy See in opposition to a pontiff canonically elected
Antipope Dioscorus
B. at Alexandria, date unknown; d. October 14, 530
Antiquity of the World
Various attempts have been made to establish the age of the world.
Antoine Anselme
French preacher, priest (1652-1737)
Antoine de Lamothe Cadillac
B. at Toulouse in 1657; d. at Castelsarrasin, October 16, 1730
Antoine de Mouchy
Theologian and canonist, b. 1494, at Ressons-sur-Matz, near Beauvais, in Picardy; d. May 8, 1574, at Paris
Antoine Duprat
Chancellor of France and Cardinal, b. January 17, 1463; d. July 9, 1535
Antoine Galland
French Orientalist and numismatist, b. at Rollot, near Montdidier, in Picardy, 1646, d. at Paris, 1715
Antoine Gaubil
A French Jesuit and missionary to China, b. at Gaillac (Aveyron), July 14, 1689; d. at Peking, July 24, 1759
Antoine Godeau
French bishop, poet and exegete; b. 1605; d. 1672
Antoine Henri de Berault-Bercastel
Church historian (1720-1794)
Antoine Le Gaudier
Writer on ascetic theology; b. at Chateau-Thierry, France, January 7, 1572; d. at Paris, April 14, 1622
Antoine Massoulie
Theologian, b. at Toulouse, Oct. 28, 1632; d. at Rome, Jan. 23, 1706
Antoine Pagi and his nephew Francois
Two French ecclesiastical historians
Antoine Touron
Dominican biographer and historian, b. at Graulhet, Tarn, France, on Sept. 5, 1686; d. at Paris, Sept. 2, 1775
Antoine-Augustin Parmentier
Agriculturist, b. at Montdidier, August 17, 1737; d. in Paris, Dec. 13, 1813
Antoine-Augustin Touttee
French Benedictine of the Maurist Congregation, b. at Riom, Department of Puy-de-Dome, Dec. 13, 1677; d. at the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Pres, Dec. 25, 1718
Antoine-Cesar Becquerel
French physicist, b. March 7, 1788; d. January 18, 1878
Antoine-dominique Magaud
French painter, b. at Marseilles 1817; d. there, 1899
Antoine-Elisabeth Dareste de La Chavanne
Historian and professor, b. in Paris, October 25, 1820; d. at Lucenay-les-Aix, August 6, 1882
Antoine-Frederic Ozanam
Great grand-nephew of Jacques Ozanam, b. at Milan, April 23, 1813; d. at Marseilles, Sept. 8, 1853
Antoine-Jean-Baptiste-Robert Auget Montyon
Famous French philanthropist; b. at Paris, December 23, 1733; d. there December 29, 1820
Antoine-Joseph Mege
Maurist Benedictine, b. in 1625 at Clermont; d. April 15, 1691
Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier
Chemist, philosopher, economist; b. in Paris, August 26, 1743; guillotined May 8, 1794
Antoine-Lefebvre Sieur de la Barre
Tenth French Governor-General of Canada (1622-1690)
Antoine-Leonard de Chezy
French Orientalist (1773-1832)
Antoine-Simon Maillard
Missionary, b. in France; d. August 12, 1762
Anton Berlage
Dogmatic theologian (1805-1881)
Anton Brus
Archbishop of Prague, b. at Muglitz in Moravia, February 13, 1518; d. August 28, 1580
Anton Dereser
Discalced Carmelite; b. at Fahr in Franconia, February 3, 1757; d. at Breslau, 15 or June 16, 1827
Anton Gunther
Philosopher; b. Nov. 17, 1783, at Lindenau, near Leitmeritz, Bohemia; d. at Vienna, February 24, 1863
Anton Joseph Binterim
Priest and theologian (1779-1855)
Anton Martin Slomsek
Bishop of Lavant, in Maribor, Styria, Austria, noted Slovenian educator, b. 1800; d. Sept. 24, 1862
Anton Sander
Historian, b. at Antwerp, 1586; d. at Afflighem, Belgium, Jan. 10, 1664
Anton Ulrich
Duke o f Brunswick, Luneburgwolfenbuttel, convert to the Catholic faith (1633-1714)
Antonello da Messina
Painter, b. at Messina, about 1430; d. 1497
Antonie Perrenot De Granvelle
Known in history as Cardinal de Gran; b. 1517; d. 1586
Antonin Reginald
Baptized Antoine Ravaille, theologian; b. at Albi in Languedoc, 1605; d. at Toulouse, April 12, 1676. He became a Dominican at Avignon in 1624
Antonino Diana
Moral theologian, b. of a noble family at Palermo, Sicily, in 1586; d. at Rome, July 20, 1663
Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor, reigned 138-161 (86-161)
Antoninus, Saint
Archbishop of Florence (1389-1459)
Antonio Allegri
B. in Correggio, a small Lombard town near Mantua, 1494; d. 5 March, 1534
Antonio and Piero Benci Pollajuolo
Derived their surname, according to Florentine custom, from the trade of their father, who was a dealer in poultry. Both were born at Florence, Antonio about 1432, Piero in 1443; both died in Rome, the younger in 1496, the elder in 1498, and both were bur
Antonio Aparisi y Guijarro
Parliamentary orator, jurisconsult, Catholic controversialist, and Spanish litterateur (1815-1872)
Antonio Ballerini
B. at Medicina, near Bologna, October 10, 1805; d. in Rome, November 27, 1881. He entered the Society of Jesus, October 13, 1826
Antonio Bosio
Archaeologist of the Roman catacombs (ca. 1576-1629)
Antonio Canova
Italian sculptor, b. at Possagno, in the province of Treviso, November 1, 1757; d. at Venice October 13, 1822
Antonio Comellas y Cluet
Philosopher, b. at Berga, in the Province of Barcelona, Jan. 16, 1832; d. there, June 3, 1884
Antonio da Fonseca Soares
Friar Minor and ascetical writer; b. at Vidigueira, June 25, 1631; d. at Torres Vedras, Oct. 20, 1682
Antonio de Alcedo
Soldier, b. at Quito (Ecuador), 1755
Antonio de Andrada
Jesuit missionary and explorer (1580-1634)
Antonio de Araujo
Jesuit; Brazilian missionary (d. 1632)
Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas
Spanish historian; b. in 1559; d. March 27, 1625
Antonio de La Calancha
Erudite Augustinian monk, b. 1584 at Chuquisaca (now Sucre) in Bolivia; d. March 1, 1654
Antonio de Molina
Spanish Carthusian and celebrated ascetical writer, b. about 1560, at Villanueva de los Infantes; d. at Miraflores, September 21, 1612 or 1619
Antonio de Trueba
Spanish poet and folklorist, b. at Montellana, Biscay, in 1821; d. at Bilbao, March 10, 1889
Antonio de Ulloa
Naval officer and scientist, b. at Seville, Spain, Jan. 12, 1716; d. near Cadiz, Spain, July 5, 1795
Antonio di Matteo di Domenico Rosselino
Sculptor, stone cutter (1427-1478)
Antonio Escobar y Mendoza
Jesuit, gained distinction for scholarship among the leaders of ecclesiastical science b. 1589; d. July 4, 1669
Antonio Espejo
Spanish explorer, known for expedition which he conducted into New Mexico and Arizona in 1582-3
Antonio Fernandez
Jesuit missionary; b. at Lisbon, c. 1569; d. at Goa, November 12, 1642
Antonio Ferreira
Poet, important both for his lyric and his dramatic compositions, b. at Lisbon, Portugal, in 1528; d. there of the plague in 1569
Antonio Francesco Vezzosi
Member of the Theatine Congregation and biographical writer, b. at Arezzo, Italy, October 4, 1708; d. in Rome, May 29, 1783
Antonio Lotti
Composer, b. at Venice in 1667; d. there, January 5, 1740
Antonio Magliabechi
Italian scholar and librarian, b. Oct. 29, 1633, at Florence; d. there, July 4, 1714
Antonio Margil
B. August 18, 1657; d. Aug. 6, 1726
Antonio Maria Claret y Clara, Venerable
Spanish prelate and missionary, born at Salient, near Barcelona, Dec. 23, 1807; d. at Fontfroide, Narbonne, France, on Oct. 24, 1870
Antonio Maria Zaccaria, Saint
Founder of the Barnabites (1502-1539)
Antonio Martini
Archbishop of Florence, Biblical scholar; b. April 20, 1720; d. December 31, 1809
Antonio Montesino
Spanish missionary, date of birth unknown; d. in the West Indies, 1545
Antonio Neri
Florentine chemist, b. in Florence m the sixteenth century; d. 1614, place unknown
Antonio Ravalli
Missionary, b. in Italy, 1811; d. at St. Mary's, Montana, U.S.A., Oct. 2, 1884
Antonio Ruiz de Montoya
One of the most distinguished pioneers of the original Jesuit mission in Paraguay, and a remarkable linguist; b. at Lima, Peru, on June 13, 1585; d. there April 11, 1652
Antonio Tebaldeo
Italian poet, b. in 1463; d. in 1537
Antonio Vieira
Missionary, diplomat, orator, b. at Lisbon, February 6, 1608; d. at Bahia, Brazil, July 18, 1697
Antonis Van Dashorst Mor
Dutch painter, b. at Utrecht, in 1519; d. at Antwerp, between 1576 and 1578
Antonius
Supposed Latin Christian poet of the third century
Antonius Augustinus
Historian of canon law and Archbishop of Tarragona in Spain (1517-1586)
Antonius Fischer
Archbishop of Cologne and cardinal, b. at Julich, May 30, 1840; d. at Neuenahr, July 30, 1912
Antonius Possevinus
Theologian and papal envoy, b. at Mantua in 1533 or 1534; d. at Ferrara, Feb. 26, 1611
Antony Hickey
Theologian, b. in the Barony of Islands, Co. Clare, Ireland, in 1586; d. in Rome, June 26, 1641
Antoon Van Dyck
Flemish portrait-painter, b. March 22, 1599; d. December 9, 1641
Antwerp
City of Belgium
Apaches
Tribe of North American Indians
Apameia
Titular metropolitan see of Syria
Apelles
Founder of a Gnostic sect (d. late in the second century)
Aphian, Saint
Martyr (c. 306)
Aphraates
Syriac writer
Apiarius of Sicca
Priest of the diocese of Sicca
Apocalypse
The last book in the Bible, the Book of Revelation
Apocatastasis
Doctrine which teaches that a time will come when all free creatures shall share in the grace of salvation; in a special way, the devils and lost souls
Apocrisiarius
The ecclesiastical envoys of Christian antiquity
Apocrypha
Certain compositions which profess to have been written either by Biblical personages or men in intimate relations with them
Apodosis
A usage of the Greek Church corresponding somewhat to the octave of a feast in the Latin Church
Apollinarianism
Christological theory, according to which Christ had a human body and soul, but no human rational mind, the Divine Logos taking the place of this last
Apollinaris (the Elder)
Christian grammarian of the fourth century
Apollinaris Claudius, Saint
Christian apologist, Bishop of Hierapolis in Phrygia in the second century
Apollinaris, Saint (Bishop of Ravenna)
One of the first great martyrs of the Church, Bishop of Ravenna
Apollinaris, Saint (Bishop of Valence)
Bishop of Valence (453-520)
Apollonia, Saint
Holy virgin, martyr (d. 248 or 249)
Apollonius of Ephesus
Anti-Montanist Greek ecclesiastical writer between 180 and 210
Apologetics
Theological science which has for its purpose the explanation and defense of the Christian religion
Apolysis
The dismissal blessing said by the Greek priest at the end of the Mass, Matins, or Vespers
Apolytikion
Dismissal prayer or hymn said or sung at the end of the Greek Mass and at other times during Matins and Vespers
Apophthegmata Patrum
Sayings of the Fathers of the Desert
Aporti
Priest, educator, and theologian (1791-1858)
Apostasy
The word itself in its etymological sense, signifies the desertion of a post, the giving up of a state of life
Apostle (in Liturgy)
Name given by the Greek Church to the Epistle of the Mass
Apostle Spoons
Set of thirteen spoons, usually silver, the handles of which are adorned with representations of Our Lord (the Master spoon) and the twelve Apostles
Apostles
The name; origins of the Apostolate; office of the Apostles; authority and prerogatives of the Apostles; relation to Bishop; origin of feasts of the Apostles
Apostles' Creed
Formula containing in brief statements, the fundamental tenets of Christian belief, and having for its authors, according to tradition, the Twelve Apostles
Apostleship of Prayer, The
Pious association otherwise known as a league of prayer in union with the Heart of Jesus
Apostolic Blessing
Papal blessing
Apostolic Camera
Former central board of finance in the papal administrative system
Apostolic Canons
Collection of ancient ecclesiastical decrees
Apostolic Church-Ordinance
Third-century pseudo-Apostolic collection of moral and hierarchical rules and instructions
Apostolic Churches
Usually the ancient particular Churches which were founded, or at least governed, by an Apostle
Apostolic College
The Twelve Apostles as the body of men commissioned by Christ to spread the kingdom of God over the whole world
Apostolic Constitutions
A fourth-century pseudo-Apostolic collection, in eight books, of independent, though closely related, treatises on Christian discipline, worship, and doctrine
Apostolic Examiners
Chosen by the pope to conduct examinations of candidates for orders and of confessors
Apostolic Executor
Cleric who puts into execution a papal rescript
Apostolic Expeditors
Officials who attend to the sending of Bulls, Briefs, and Rescripts
Apostolic Fathers, The
Christian writers of the first two centuries who knew, or are considered to have known, some of the Apostles, or to have been influenced by them
Apostolic Indulgences
Indulgences which the Roman pontiff attaches to the religious objects
Apostolic Letters
Letters of the Apostles to Christian communities or those in authority
Apostolic Majesty
Title given to the Kings of Hungary
Apostolic Prefecture of Benadir
African prefecture
Apostolic Prefecture of Caqueta
Prefecture in South America
Apostolic Prefecture of Kafiristan and Kashmir
Ecclesial territory in India
Apostolic Prefecture of Kaiserwilhelmsland
Ecclesial territory in German New Guinea
Apostolic Prefecture of Kwang-si
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Prefecture of Kwang-tung
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Prefecture of Kwango
Ecclesial territory in Belgian Congo
Apostolic Prefecture of Southern Kan-su
Ecclesial territory
Apostolic Prefecture of Upper Kassai
Ecclesial territory in the Belgian Congo
Apostolic Schools
Organized to cultivate vocations for the foreign missions
Apostolic See, The
Metaphorical term used to express the abstract notion of authority by the concrete name of the place in which it is exercised
Apostolic Succession
Found in the Catholic Church; none of the separate Churches have any valid claim to it
Apostolic Syndic
A layman who assumes the care and civil administration of the temporalities for the support and benefit of Franciscan convents
Apostolic Union of Secular Priests, The
Association of secular priests
Apostolic Vicariate of Benin
Ecclesial territory in Western Equatorial Africa
Apostolic Vicariate of Eastern Kiang-si
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Vicariate of Kamerun
Ecclesial territory in German West Africa
Apostolic Vicariate of Kenia (Kenya)
Ecclesial territory in East Africa
Apostolic Vicariate of Kiang-nan
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Vicariate of Kimberley
Suffragan of Adelaide
Apostolic Vicariate of Kwei-chou
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Kan-su
Ecclesial territory in Tibet
Apostolic Vicariate of Northern Kiang-si
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolic Vicariate of Southern Kiang-si
Ecclesial territory in China
Apostolicae Curae
Bull of Leo XIII issued in 1896, containing papal decision with regard to the validity of Anglican orders
Apostolicae Sedis Moderationi
Bull of Pius IX which regulates anew the system of censures and reservations in the Catholic Church
Apostolicae Servitutis
Bull issued by Benedict XIV in 1741 against secular pursuits on the part of the clergy
Apostolici
Four different heretical bodies
Apostolici Ministerii
Bull issued in 1724 by Innocent XIII for the revival of ecclesiastical discipline in Spain
Apostolici Regiminis
Bull issued in 1513 by Leo X in defense of the Catholic doctrine concerning the immortality of the soul
Apostolicity
The mark by which the Church of today is recognized as identical with the Church founded by Jesus Christ upon the Apostles
Apostolicum Pascendi Munus
Bull issued by Clement XIII in 1765 in defense of the Society of Jesus against the attacks made upon it
Apotactics
Adherents of a heresy which sprang up in the third century
Apotheosis
Deification, the exaltation of men to the rank of gods
Apparitor
Officer in ecclesiastical courts
Appeal as from an abuse
Recourse to the civil forum against the usurpation by the ecclesiastical forum of the rights of civil jurisdiction
Appeals
Comprehensive view of the positive legislation of the Church on appeals belonging to the ecclesiastical forum
Appetite
A tendency, an inclination, or direction
Approbation
Act by which a bishop or other legitimate superior grants to an ecclesiastic the actual exercise of his ministry
Appropriation
Attribution to a person or thing of a character or quality which determines in a special way this person or thing
Apse
Semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir or aisles of a church
Apse Chapel
Chapel radiating tangentially from one of the bays or divisions of the apse, and reached generally by a semicircular passageway, or ambulatory
Apsidiole
Small or secondary apse
Aquarians
Several sects in the early Church
Aquila and Priscilla
Jewish tentmakers who left Rome in the Jewish persecution under Claudius and settled in Corinth
Aquileia
Former city of the Roman Empire
Aquileian Rite
The See of Aquileia fell into schism during the quarrel of the Three Chapters (under Bishop Macedonius 539-56) and became a schismatical patriarchate, which lasted till the year 700
Arabia
Cradle of Islam and, in all probability, the primitive home of the Semitic race
Arabian School of Philosophy
Taking its origin from the neo-Platonic schools of Syria and Persia, the philosophy of the Arabians was at first Platonic in spirit and tendency
Arabici
Small sect of the third century
Arabissus
Titular see of Armenia
Arad
Titular see of Palestine
Arason Jon
Catholic bishop of Iceland (1484-1550)
Arator
Christian poet of the sixth century
Araucanian
A numerous tribe of warlike Indians in southern Chile
Arawaks
The first American aborigines met by Columbus
Arbitration
Method of arranging differences between two parties by referring them to the judgment of a disinterested outsider
Arbogast, Saint (Gaelic Arascach)
Missionary; hermit (d. 678)
Arca
Box in which the Eucharist was kept by the primitive Christians in their homes
Arcadiopolis
Titular see of Asia Minor
Arcae
Titular see on the coast of Phoenicia
Arcanum
Encyclical Letter on Christian marriage issued in 1880 by Leo XIII
Arch
Structure composed of separate pieces, such as stone, having the shape of truncated wedges, arranged on a curved line, retaining their position by mutual pressure
Archange de Lyon
Preacher of the Capuchin order (1736-1822)
Archard de Saint-Victor
Canon regular, Abbot of St-Victor, Paris, and Bishop of Avranches, b. about 1100; d. 1172
Archbishop
Bishop who governs a diocese strictly his own while presiding at the same time over bishops of a well-defined district composed of simple dioceses
Archbishop Ansegisus of Sens
Benedictine monk, Abbot, Archbishop of Sens (d. 879 or 883)
Archconfraternity
Confraternity empowered to aggregate or affiliate other confraternities of the same nature
Archconfraternity of Holy Agony
An association for giving special honour to the mental sufferings of Christ during His Agony in the Garden of Gethsemani
Archconfraternity of the Holy Family
Confraternity devoted to helping Catholic workingmen
Archconfraternity of the Most Precious Blood
Confraternities which made it their special object to venerate the Blood of Christ
Archdeacon
Incumbent of an ecclesiastical office dating back to antiquity
Archdiocese
That diocese of the province which is the archbishop's own
Archdiocese of Acerenza
In the provinces of Leece and Potenza, Italy
Archdiocese of Adelaide
In South Australia
Archdiocese of Agra
Situated in British India
Archdiocese of Aix
Includes the districts of Aix and Arles (Department of the Bouches-du-Rhone)
Archdiocese of Albi
Comprises the Department of the Tarn
Archdiocese of Aleppo
In Syria
Archdiocese of Algiers
Comprises the province of Algerie in French Africa
Archdiocese of Amalfi
Directly dependent on the Holy See, has its seat at Amalfi, not far from Naples
Archdiocese of Antivari
So called from its position opposite to Bari in Italy
Archdiocese of Aquila
Italian archdiocese in the Abruzzi, directly dependent on the Holy See
Archdiocese of Armagh
Founded by St. Patrick about 445 as the primatial and metropolitan see of Ireland
Archdiocese of Baltimore
Details history of colonial and American periods
Archdiocese of Bamberg
Historical and ecclesiastical statistics of the Archdiocese
Archdiocese of Bari
Situated in the province of the same name, in Apulia, Southern Italy
Archdiocese of Belem do Para
Metropolitan archdiocese of Bahia (San Salvador)
Archdiocese of Benevento
Principal city of the province of the same name in Campania
Archdiocese of Besancon
Swiss archdiocese
Archdiocese of Bologna
Italian archdiocese
Archdiocese of Bombay
Ecclesial territory in India
Archdiocese of Bordeaux
Diocese in France
Archdiocese of Boston
American archdiocese
Archdiocese of Bourges
Ecclesial territory in France
Archdiocese of Braga
Portuguese archdiocese
Archdiocese of Brisbane
In the state of Queensland, Australia
Archdiocese of Bukarest
Diocese of the Kingdom of Rumania, excluding Moldavia
Archdiocese of Burgos
Episcopal see of Spain
Archdiocese of Cagliari
Diocese of Sardinia
Archdiocese of Calcutta
Diocese in India
Archdiocese of Cambrai
Comprises the entire Departement du Nord of France
Archdiocese of Capua
Diocese in Italy
Archdiocese of Caracas
Diocese in Venezuela
Archdiocese of Cartagena
Diocese in Colombia
Archdiocese of Carthage
History of this African center of Christianity including councils and bishops
Archdiocese of Catania
Diocese in Sicily
Archdiocese of Chambery
Comprises Chambery in Savoy (with the exception of 8 communes), 10 communes in Annecy (Haute-Savoie), and 8 communes in Albertville (Savoie)
Archdiocese of Chicago
Created November 28, 1843; raised to the rank of an archdiocese, September 10, 1880; comprises the State of Illinois
Archdiocese of Chieti
With the perpetual administration of Vasto
Archdiocese of Cincinnati
Comprises part of the State of Ohio
Archdiocese of Colombo
On the western seaboard of the Island of Ceylon
Archdiocese of Conza
In Italy
Archdiocese of Corfu
One of the Ionian Islands, at the entrance of the Adriatic, opposite the Albanian coast, from which it is separated by a narrow channel
Archdiocese of Cosenza
Immediately subject to the Holy See
Archdiocese of Dublin
Occupies about sixty miles of the middle eastern coast of Ireland
Archdiocese of Dubuque
Established, July 28, 1837, comprises part of Iowa, U.S.A.
Archdiocese of Durango
See was created Sept. 28, 1620, located in north-western Mexico
Archdiocese of Durazzo
Situated on the Adriatic, founded by a barbarian king
Archdiocese of Evora
Situated in Portugal, raised to archiepiscopal rank in 1544
Archdiocese of Fenno
In the province of Ascoli Piceno (Central Italy)
Archdiocese of Ferrara
Immediately subject to the Holy See
Archdiocese of Fogaras
Hungary, of the Greek-Rumanian Rite
Archdiocese of Gaeta
In the province of Caserta in Campania (Southern Italy)
Archdiocese of Genoa
In Liguria, Northern Italy
Archdiocese of Glasgow
In the south-west of Scotland
Archdiocese of Gnesen-Posen
In the kingdom of Prussia
Archdiocese of Goa
Patriarchate of the East Indies
Archdiocese of Granada
Founded in Spain by St. Cecilius about the year 64
Archdiocese of Guadalajara
Diocese in Mexico
Archdiocese of Halifax
This see takes its name from the city of Halifax which has been the seat of government in Nova Scotia since its foundation by Lord Cornwallis in 1749
Archdiocese of Hobart
Diocese including Tasmania and various south sea locations
Archdiocese of Kalocsa-Bacs
Ecclesial territory in Hungary
Archdiocese of Kingston
Ecclesial territory in Canada
Archdiocese of La Plata
Metropolitan see of Bolivia
Archdiocese of Lanciano and Ortona
Small city in the province of Chieti, in the Abruzzi, Central Italy
Archdiocese of Lima
City of Lima, capital of the Republic of Peru, South America
Archdiocese of Linares
Pius VII erected the episcopal See of Linares as suffragan of the Archdiocese of Mexico
Archdiocese of Lucca
Diocese in Italy
Archdiocese of Lyons
Diocese in France
Archdiocese of Madras
Diocese in India
Archdiocese of Manfredonia
Diocese in Italy
Archdiocese of Manila
Diocese in the Philippines
Archdiocese of Mariana
Diocese in Brazil
Archdiocese of Mechlin
Diocese in Belgium
Archdiocese of Medellin
Diocese in Columbia
Archdiocese of Melbourne
Located in the State of Victoria, Southeastern Australia
Archdiocese of Messina
Located in Sicily
Archdiocese of Mexico
History of the archdiocese
Archdiocese of Michoacan
Located in Mexico, established in 1536 by Pope Paul III at the instance of the Emperor Charles V
Archdiocese of Milan
Located in Lombardy, northern Italy
Archdiocese of Milwaukee
Located in Wisonsin, established as a diocese, Nov. 28, 1843; became an archbishopric, February 12, 1875
Archdiocese of Modena
In central Italy, between the rivers Secchia and Panaro
Archdiocese of Mohileff
Latin Catholic archdiocese and ecclesiastical province in Russia
Archdiocese of Monreale
Located in the province of Palermo, Sicily, on the skirts of Mount Caputo
Archdiocese of Montevideo
Located in Uruguay, comprises the whole of the republic
Archdiocese of Montreal
Article details history and present conditions of this ecclesiastical Province of Montreal
Archdiocese of Munich-Freising
Located in Bavaria, dates back to St. Corbinian in 716
Archdiocese of New Orleans
Erected April 25, 1793, as the Diocese of Saint Louis of New Orleans; raised to its present rank and title July 19, 1850
Archdiocese of New York
See erected April 8, 1808; made archiepiscopal July 19, 1850
Archdiocese of Oaxaca
Situated in the southern part of the Republic of Mexico
Archdiocese of Olmutz
In Moravia
Archdiocese of Oregon City
In the State of Oregon
Archdiocese of Otranto
Otranto is a city of the Province of Lecce, Apulia, Southern Italy, situated in a fertile region, and once famous for its breed of horses
Archdiocese of Ottawa
In Canada, originally comprised the Ottawa Valley, traversed by the river of the same name
Archdiocese of Philadelphia
Diocese established in 1808; made an archdiocese, Feb. 12, 1875
Archdiocese of Pondicherry
In India
Archdiocese of Popayan
Comprises the entire Department of del Cauca and portions of the Departments of Narifio and EI Valle
Archdiocese of Port of Spain
An archiepiscopal and metropolitan see, including the Islands of Trinidad, Tobago, Grenada, the Grenadines, St. Vincent, and St. Lucia
Archdiocese of Port-au-Prince
Comprises the western part of the Republic of Haiti
Archdiocese of Porto Alegre
In Eastern Brazil
Archdiocese of Prague
In Bohemia
Archdiocese of Quebec
In Canada
Archdiocese of Quito
The city of Quito, formerly known as San Francisco de Quito, capital of the Republic of Ecuador, is situated 14' south of the Equator, and 114 miles inland from the Pacific Ocean. It stands at an elevat
Archdiocese of Ravenna
The city is the capital of a province in Romagna, central Italy, on the left of the Rivers Montone and Ronco, the confluence of which is at Ravenna, not far from the mouths of the Po.
Archdiocese of Reggio di Calabria
In Calabria, southern Italy
Archdiocese of Reims
Comprises the district of Reims in the Department of Marne (Chalons-sur-Marne) and the whole Department of Ardennes
Archdiocese of Rennes
Includes the Department of Ille et Vilaine
Archdiocese of Rossano
Located in Calabria, province of Cosenza, Southern Italy
Archdiocese of Rouen
Revived by the Concordat of 1802
Archdiocese of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh
Exact date of the foundation of the See of St. Andrews is, like many others in the earliest history of the Scottish Church is unknown
Archdiocese of Saint Boniface
Chief ecclesiastical division of the Canadian West, so-called after the patron saint of the German soldiers who were among its first settlers
Archdiocese of Saint John's
Located in Newfoundland, erected 1904
Archdiocese of Saint Paul
Comprises many counties in the state of Minnesota
Archdiocese of Salzburg
Conterminous with the Austrian crown-land of the same name
Archdiocese of San Francisco
Includes numerous counties of San Francisco
Archdiocese of Santa Fe
Located in New Mexico, was erected by Pius IX in 1850 and created an archbishopric in 1875
Archdiocese of Santa Fe de Bogota
City of Bogota, capital of Colombia
Archdiocese of Santa Severina
Located in the Province of Catanzaro in Calabria, Southern Italy
Archdiocese of Santiago de Guatemala
Diocese in Guatemala
Archdiocese of Santo Domingo
Erected on August 8, 1511, by Julius II
Archdiocese of São Luiz de Cáceres
Located in Brazil, suffragan of Cuyaba
Archdiocese of Sao Paulo
Ecclesiastical province of Sao Paulo, in the Republic of Brazil, South America
Archdiocese of Sao Salvador de Bahia de Todos Os Santos
Brazilian see, suffragan of Lisbon
Archdiocese of Sao Sebastiao Do Rio de Janeiro
Ecclesiastical province of Rio de Janeiro
Archdiocese of Sassari
Located in Sardinia, Italy
Archdiocese of Scopia
Ancient residence of the early Servian rulers
Archdiocese of Scutari
First known bishop was Bassus (387)
Archdiocese of Sens
Comprises the Department of the Yonne, France
Archdiocese of Serajevo
Located in Bosnia
Archdiocese of Seville
Located in Spain
Archdiocese of Simla
Located in India, a new creation of Pius X by a Decree dated September 13, 1910
Archdiocese of Sorrento
Located in the Province of Naples
Archdiocese of Spoleto
Located in the Province of Umbria, Italy
Archdiocese of Sydney
Diocese in Australia
Archdiocese of Syracuse
Diocese in Sicily
Archdiocese of Tarragona
Diocese in Spain
Archdiocese of Toledo
Diocese in Spain
Archdiocese of Toronto
In the Province of Ontario, Canada
Archdiocese of Toulouse
Includes the Department of Haute-Garonne
Archdiocese of Tours
Comprises the Department of Indre-et-Loire, and was reestablished by the Concordat of 1801 with the Dioceses of Angers, Nantes, Le Mans, Rennes, Vannes, St-Brieuc, and Quimper as suffragans
Archdiocese of Tuam
In Ireland
Archdiocese of Udine
In northern Italy
Archdiocese of Urbino
Province of Pesaro and Urbino, Italy
Archdiocese of Utrecht
Situated in the Netherlands
Archdiocese of Vancouver
Includes that part of the mainland of the Province of British Columbia south of 54 deg. N. lat. and west of the Straits of Georgia, together with the Queen Charlotte Islands
Archdiocese of Verapoly
On the Malabar Coast, India, having the Diocese of Quilon as suffragan
Archdiocese of Vercelli
In the Province of Novara, Piedmont, Italy
Archdiocese of Warsaw
Warsaw, on the western bank of the Vistula, is the capital of the Kingdom of Poland.
Archdiocese of Wellington
New Zealand, originally formed part of the Vicariate of Western Oceania erected by the Holy See in 1835
Archdiocese of Westminster
Erected and made metropolitan in 1850, comprises the Counties of Middlesex, Hertfordshire, Essex, and London north of the Thames
Archdiocese of Yucatan
In the Republic of Mexico
Archdiocese of Zara
In Dalmatia
Archelais
Titular see of Palestine
Archiereus
Greek word for bishop when considered as the culmination of the priesthood
Archimandrite
Greek Rite monastic officers
Archontics
Gnostic sect which existed in Palestine and Armenia about the middle of the fourth century
Archpriest
Head of the college of presbyters, who aided and represented the bishop in the discharge of his liturgical and religious duties
Archpriest Controversy
This controversy arose in England on the appointment of George Blackwell as archpriest with jurisdiction over the secular clergy of England and Scotland, by the Holy See on March 7, 1598.
Arcosolium
Certain tombs of the catacombs
Arculf
Frankish Bishop of the latter part of the seventh century
Ardagh
Irish diocese in the ecclesiastical province of Armagh
Ardbraccan
Site of an ancient abbey, now a parish and village in the county Meath, Ireland
Ardo Smaragdus
Hagiographer, d. at the Benedictine monastery of Aniane, Herault, in Southern France, March, 843
Areopagus
(1) the Hill of Mars, situated to the west of and close by the Acropolis at Athens; (2) the court held upon the hill
Areopolis
Titular see of Palestine
Arethas of Caesarea
Archbishop of Caesarea (lived about 860-932)
Arethusa
Titular see of Syria
Argentine Republic (Argentina)
South American confederation of fourteen provinces, or States, united by a federal Constitution framed on the same lines as the U.S. Constitution
Argos
Titular see of Peloponnesian Greece
Arialdo, Saint
Martyr (d. 1065)
Arianism
Heresy which arose in the fourth century and denied the Divinity of Jesus Christ
Arias Montanus Benedictus
Orientalist, exegetist, and editor (1527-1598)
Ariassus
Titular see of Pamphylia in Asia Minor
Aribo
Archbishop of Mainz (d. 1032)
Arindela
Titular see of Palestine
Aristaces Azaria
Catholic Armenian abbot and archbishop (1782-1854)
Aristeas
Author of a letter ascribing the Greek translation of the Old Testament to six interpreters
Aristides
Christian apologist living at Athens in the second century
Aristotle
Heathen philosopher (384-322 B.C.)
Arius
Heresiarch (250-336)
Arizona
History and characteristics of U.S. Territory just before statehood
Arizona (Statehood supplement)
Update with details on statehood and constitution
Ark
The refuge in which Noe was saved from destruction in the Deluge; also, a piece of the tabernacle and temple furniture
Arkansas
US state
Armand David
Missionary priest and zoologist, b. 1826; d. 1900
Armand de La Richardie
Jesuit, missionary, b. at Perigueux, June 7, 1686; d. at Quebec, March 17, 1758
Armand-Benjamin Caillau
Priest and writer, b. at Paris, 22 Oct., 1794, d. there, 1850
Armand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau
Physicist, b. at Paris, Sept. 23, 1819; d. at Nanteuil, Seine-et-Marne, Sept. 18, 1896
Armella Nicolas
Popularly known as 'La bonne Armelle', a saintly French serving-maid held in high veneration among the people, though never canonized by the Church, b. at Campeneac in Brittanny, September 9, 1606, of poor peasants, George Nicolas and Francisca Neant; d.
Armenia
Mountainous region of Western Asia occupying a somewhat indefinite area to the southeast of the Black Sea
Armenierstadt
City in the Transylvanian county of Szolnok-Doboka
Arminianism
Doctrines held by a party formed in the early days of the seventeenth century among the Calvinists of the Netherlands
Arnaldus Villanovanus
Celebrated in his day as a physician, pharmacist, and alchemist, b. between 1235 and 1240: d. at sea near Genoa, 1312 or 1313
Arnaud D'Ossat
French cardinal, diplomat, and writer, b. at Larroque-Magnoac (Gascony), July 20, 1537; d. at Rome, March 13, 1604, was the son of a blacksmith
Arnauld
Celebrated family the history of which is intimately connected with that of Jansenism and of Port-Royal
Arni Thorlaksson
Icelandic bishop (1237-1297)
Arnobius
Christian apologist, flourished during the reign of Diocletian 284-305
Arnold
Several medieval personages
Arnold Forster
German entomologist; b. at Aachen, Jan. 20, 1810; d. in the same city, Aug. 12, 1884
Arnold Ipolyi
Bishop of Grosswardein (1823-1886)
Arnold Janssen
Founder and first superior-general of the Society of the Divine Word, b. at Goch in the Rhine Province, Germany, Nov. 5, 1837; d. at Steyl, Holland, Jan. 15, 1909
Arnold of Brescia
Born at Brescia towards the end of the eleventh century, date of death uncertain
Arnold Pannartz and Konrads Weinheim
Printers; Pannartz d. about 1476, Sweinheirn in 1477
Arnolfo di Cambio
Principal master of Italian Gothic (c. 1232-1300)
Arnulf of Bavaria
Duke of Bavaria 907-937
Arnulf of Lisieux
Bishop (d. 1184)
Arnulf of Metz, Saint
Statesman, bishop (c. 580-640)
Arsacidae
Dynasty of the Arsacids (256 B.C. to A.D. 224)
Arsenius Autorianos
Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1273)
Arsenius, Saint
Italian anchorite (354-450)
Arsinoe
Titular see of Egypt
Artemon
Antitrinitarian Heresiarch (third century)
Arthur (aka Francis) Bell, Venerable
Franciscan English martyr (1590-1643)
Arthur Moore
Count, b. at Liverpool, 1849; d. at Mooresfort, Tipperary, Ireland, 1904
Arthur O'Leary
Franciscan, preacher, polemical writer, b. at Faniobbus, Iveleary, Co. Cork, Ireland, 1729; d. in London, Jan. 8, 1802
Arthur-Marie Le Hir
Biblical scholar and Orientalist; b. at Morlaix (Finisterre), in the Diocese of Quimper, France, Dec. 5, 1811; d. at Paris, Jan. 13, 1868
Articles of Faith
Certain revealed supernatural truths such as those contained in the symbol of the Apostles
Artoklasia
Greek rite
Artvin
Russian city in the trans-Caucasian province of Kutais
Asaph, Saint (or Asa)
Bishop of the Welsh See (second half of the sixth century)
Ascalon
Titular see of Palestine
Ascelin
Ambassador of Innocent IV (1243- 54)
Ascendente Domino
Papal Bull issued by Gregory XIII to confirm the Constitution of the Society of Jesus and the privileges already granted to it
Ascension
Elevation of Christ into heaven by His own power
Asceticism
Spiritual exercises for acquiring habits of virtue
Ascoli, Satriano, and Cirignola
Italian diocese suffragan to the Archdiocese of Beneventum
Aseity
Theological concept which represents God as absolutely independent and self-existent by nature
Aseneth
Daughter of Putiphare, priest of On, and wife to the Hebrew Patriarch Joseph
Aser (or Asher)
Four different usages of the word Aser
Asgaard
Mythical home of Nordic gods
Ash Wednesday
Wednesday after Quinquagesima Sunday
Ashes
History of the liturgical use of ashes
Asia
Survey of the geography, ethnography, political and religious history of Asia
Asia Minor
Asia Minor
Asiongaber
Ancient city situated on the Aelanitic Gulf
Asmodeus
Name of the demon mentioned in the Book of Tobias (iii, 8)
Aspendus
Titular see of Pamphylia in Asia Minor
Asperges
Rite of sprinkling the congregation with holy water
Ass
Caricature of Christian beliefs and practices
Assam
Ecclesiastical province of Calcutta, India
Assemani
Illustrious Maronite family of Mount Lebanon, Syria
Assemblies of the French Clergy
Meetings for apportioning the financial burdens laid upon the Church by kings of France
Assessor of the Holy Office
Official of the Congregation of the Inquisition
Assessors
Advisors of a judge in ecclesiastical law
Assicus, Saint
Bishop and Patron of Elphin, in Ireland
Assideans
Maintainers of the Mosaic Law against the invasion of Greek customs
Assistant at the Pontifical Throne
Privileged prelates who belong to the Pontifical Family
Assistant Priest
The first and highest in dignity of the ministers who assist the bishop in pontifical functions
Assize of Clarendon
Improperly applied name of the Council held at Clarendon, January 25, 1164,
Assizes of Jerusalem
Code of laws enacted by the Crusaders for the government of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Association of Ideas
Principle in psychology to account for the succession of mental states
Association of Priestly Perseverance
Sacerdotal association founded at Vienna
Association of the Holy Childhood
A children's association for the benefit of foreign missions
Associations, Pious
Organizations, instituted under Church authority, focusing on works of piety and charity
Assuerus
Name of two different persons in the Bible
Assumption
The earliest known literary reference to the Assumption is found in the Greek work 'De obitu S. Dominae'.
Assur (Hebrew)
Three examples of name usage
Assur (titular see)
Titular see of Proconsular Afric
Assyria
History of explorations and discoveries in Assyria
Asterisk
Utensil for the Mass according to the Greek Rite
Asterius
Name of several prominent persons in early Christian history
Aston
Name of several English Catholics of prominence
Astrology
Supposed science which determines the influence of the stars and planets on the fate of man
Astronomy
Science of determining the places of the heavenly bodies
Astros
French cardinal (1772-1851)
Asylums and Care for the Insane
Historical treatment of the care of the insane
Atahuallpa
Inca war chief (d. 1633)
Atavism
Designates those cases in which species revert spontaneously to, what are presumably long-lost characters
Athanasian Creed
Short, clear exposition of the doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation
Athanasius Kircher
Scholar of the natural sciences (1601-1680)
Athanasius, Saint
Bishop of Alexandria; Confessor and Doctor of the Church (296-373)
Atheism
System of thought which is formally opposed to theism
Athenagoras
Christian apologist of the second half of the second century
Athenry
Small inland town in the county Galway, Ireland
Athens, Christian
History of Catholic Church in Athens
Atom
Smallest particle of matter which can exist
Atomism
Distinction between atomism as a philosophy and atomism as a theory of science
Atrib
Titular see in Lower Egypt
Atrium
Open place or court before a church
Attainder
Act of Parliament for putting a man to death or for otherwise punishing him without trial in the usual form
Attala, Saint
Monk and Abbot of Bobbio (d. 627)
Attalia
Titular metropolitan see of Pamphylia in Asia Minor
Atticus
Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 425)
Attila
King and general of the Huns (d. 453)
Atto
Faithful follower of Gregory VII in his conflict with the simoniac clergy
Atto of Pistoia
Bishop of Pistoia (1070-1155)
Atto of Vercelli
Learned theologian and canonist of the tenth century
Attracta, Saint
Contemporary of St. Patrick, foundress of several churches
Attrition (or imperfect contrition)
Sorrow of soul, and a hatred of sin committed, with a firm purpose of not sinning in the future
Attuda
Titular see of Phrygia in Asia Minor
Aubert Miraeus
Ecclesiastical historian, b. at Brussels, Nov. 30, 1573; d. at Antwerp, Oct. 19, 1640
Aubrey Beardsley
English artist (1872-1898)
Aubrey Thomas Hunt de Vere
Poet, critic, and essayist, b. at Curragh Chase, County Limerick, Ireland, January 10, 1814; died there, January 21, 1902
Auch
Archdiocese, comprises the Department of Gers in France
Auctorem Fidei
Bull issued by Pius VI in condemnation of the Gallican and Jansenist acts and tendencies of the Synod of Pistoia (1786)
Auditor
Officials of the Roman Curia who hear and examine the causes submitted to the pope
Audran
Family name of four generations of distinguished French artists
Augilae (or Augila)
Titular see of Cyrenaica in Northern Africa
August Allerstein
Jesuit missionary in China, b. in Germany; d. in China, probably about 1777
August Friedrich Gfrorer
German historian; b. at Calw, Wurtemberg, March 5, 1803; d. at Karlsbad, July 6, 1861.
August Reichensberger
Politician and author, b. at Coblenz, March 22, 1808; d. at Cologne, July 16, 1895
August Roskovanyi
Bishop of Neutra in Hungary, doctor of philosophy and theology, b. at Szenna in the County of Ung, Hungary, December 7, 1807; d. February 24, 1892
August Wilhelm Ambros
Historian of music and art critic (1816-1876)
Augusta
Titular see of Cilieia in Asia Minor
Augusta Theodosia Drane
Convert, in religion known as Mother Francis Raphael, O.S.D.; b. 1823; d. April 29, 1894
Auguste Carayon
French author and bibliographer, b. in Saumur, France, March 31, 1813; d. at Poitiers, May 15, 1874
Auguste Nelaton
Famous French surgeon; born in Paris, June 17, 1807, d. there Sept. 21, 1873
Auguste Nicolas
French apologist, b. at Bordeaux, Jan. 6, 1807; d. at Versailles Jan. 18, 1888
Auguste-Arthur Beugnot
French historian and statesman (1797-1865)
Auguste-Francis Maunoury
Hellenist and exegete, b. Oct. 30, 1811; d. Nov. 17, 1898
Auguste-Theodore-Paul de Broglie
Abbe, professor of apologetics
Augustin Barruel
Controversialist and publicist, (1741-1820)
Augustin Bonnetty
French writer (1798-1879)
Augustin Calmet
Exegetist; b. at Menil-la-Horgne, near Commercy, Lorraine, France, 26 Feb., 1672; d. at the Abbey of Senones, near Saint-Die, 25 Oct., 1757
Augustin de Backer
Jesuit bibliographer (1809-1873)
Augustin Moreto y Cabana
Spanish dramatist; b. at Madrid, April 9, 1618; d. at Toledo, October 28, 1669
Augustin theiner
Theologian and historian, b. April 11, 1804; d. Aug. 8, 1874
Augustin Verot
Third Bishop of Savannah, first of St. Augustine, b. at Le Puy, France, May, 1804; d. at St. Augustine, June 10, 1876
Augustin von Alfeld
One of the earliest and most aggressive opponents of Luther (d. 1532)
Augustin-Jean Fresnel
Physicist; b. at Broglie near Bernay, Normandy, May 10, 1788; d. at Ville d'Avray, near Paris, July 14, 1827
Augustin-Louis Cauchy
French mathematician, b. at Paris, August 21, 1789; d. at Sceaux, May 23, 1857
Augustine Francis Hewit
Priest and second Superior General of the Institute of St. Paul the Apostle; b. at Fairfield, Conn., U.S.A., November 27, 1820; d. in New York, July 3, 1897
Augustine of Canterbury, Saint
First Archbishop of Canterbury, Apostle of the English (d. 604)
Augustine of Hippo, Saint
Doctor of the Church and a philosophical and theological genius of the first order (354-430)
Augustine Reding
Prince-Abbot of Einsiedeln and theological writer, b. at Lichtensteig, Switzerland, August 10, 1625; d. at Einsiedeln, March 13, 1692
Augustine Van de Vyver
Sixth Bishop of Richmond, Virginia; b. at Hsdonck, East Flanders, Belgium, Dec. 1, 1844; d. at Richmond, Oct. 16, 1911
Augustinians of the Assumption
Devoted to combat the spirit of irreligion in Europe and the spread of schism in the East
Augustino Oldoini
Historian and bibliographer, b. Jan. 6, 1612; d. at Perugia, March 23, 1683
Augustinus-Verein
Association organized to promote the interests of the Catholic press, particularly the daily press, of Germany
Augustopolis
Titular see of Palestine, suffragan of Petra
Augustus
First Roman Emperor, in whose reign Jesus Christ was born b. at Rome, 62 B.C.; d. A.D. 14
Augustus Thebaud
Jesuit educator, and publicist, b. Nov. 20, 1807; d. Dec. 17, 1885
Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin
Architect and archaeologist, b in London, March 1, 1812; d. at Ramsgate, Sept. 14, 1852
Aulne Abbey
A former Cistercian monastery near Landelies on the Sambre in the Diocese of Liege
Aumbry
Derivative through the French of the classical armarium, or medieval Latin almarium, original meaning was a cupboard
Aunarius, Saint
Bishop of Auxerre in France (573-603)
Aurea
Title given to certain works and documents
Aurelian
Roman Emperor (214-275)
Aureliopolis
Titular see of Lydia
Aurelius
Archbishop of Carthage; first to unmask and denounce Pelagianism
Aurelius Clemens Prudentius
Christian poet, b. in the Tarraconensis, Northern Spain, 348; d. probably in Spain, after 405
Aureoli
Franciscan philosopher and theologian (1280-1322)
Auriesville
Site of the Mohawk village, in which Father Isaac Jogues and his companions were martyred
Aurora Lucis Rutilat
Ambrosian hymn
Ausculta Fili
Letter addressed by Pope Boniface VIII to Philip the Fair, King of France
Ausonio Franchi
The pseudonym of Cristoforo Bonavino, philosopher; b. February 24, 1821, at Pegli, province of Genoa; d. September 12, 1895
Australia
Australia
Austrebertha, Saint
First abbess of the convent of Pavilly in Lower Seine (630-703)
Austremonius, Saint
Apostle and Bishop of Auvergne
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
History of monarchy
Authentic
Term is used in two senses
Authenticity of the Bible
Twofold account of its twofold authorship
Authorized Version
Name given to the English translation of the Bible produced by the Commission appointed by James I
Autocephali
Certain bishops in the early Church who depended directly on the triennial provincial synod or on the Apostolic See
Autos Sacramentales
Form of dramatic literature which is peculiar to Spain
Auxentius
Name of several early Christian personages
Auxiliary Bishop
Bishop appointed by the Holy See to assist the diocesan bishop in the performance of pontifical functions
Auxilius of Naples
Name of an ecclesiastic who wrote about controversies concerning the succession and fate of Pope Formosus (891-896)
Auzias March
Catalan poet
Ava
German poetess, the first woman known to have written in German
Avarice
Inordinate love for riches
Avatar
Anglicized form of the Sanskrit, avatara
Ave Maris Stella
First verse of an unrhymed, accentual hymn for Vespers in the Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Ave Regina
It is one of the four Antiphons of the Blessed Virgin sung in the Divine Office
Avempace
Arabian philosopher, physician, astronomer, mathematician, and poet (d. 1138)
Averbode
A Premonstratensian abbey belonging to the circary of Brabant and situated near Diest in the Archdiocese of Malines
Averroes
Arabian philosopher, astronomer, and writer on jurisprudence (1126-1198)
Avesta
Sacred books of the Parsees, or Zoroastrians
Avicebron
Jewish religious poet, moralist, and philosopher (1020-1070)
Avicenna
Arabian physician and philosopher (980-1037)
Avignon
City that takes its name from the House, or Clan, Avennius
Avitus, Saint
Bishop of Vienne, in Gaul, and zealous opponent of Semipelagianism and the Acacian Schism (d. 525 or 526)
Axum
Titular metropolitan see of ancient Christian Ethiopia
Aymara
Tribe of sedentary Indians
Aymeric of Piacenza
Learned Dominican and Provincial of Greece (d. 1327)
Azores
Archipelago situated in that tract of the Atlantic Ocean
Azotus
A Philistine city; a mountain; a titular see of Palestine
Aztecs
Surname applied to the tribe of the Mexica (or Mexico)
Azymes
Unfermented cakes used by the Jews in their various sacrifices and religious rites
Azymites
Term of reproach used by the schismatic Greeks against the Latins, who celebrate the Holy Eucharist with unleavened bread
Baal (or Baalim)
Word which belongs to the oldest stock of the Semitic vocabulary and primarily means lord
Baalbek
Syrian town at the base of the western slope of the Anti-Lebanon
Babel
Word derived from the Babylonian Bab-ilu, meaning 'gate of God'
Babylas, Saint
Successor of Zebinus as Bishop of Antioch, martyred during Decian persecution (d. 250)
Babylon
Curial title
Babylonia
History, character, and influence of this ancient empire
Baccanceld
Parliament meeting presided over by Wihtred, King of Kent
Bacchylus
Bishop of Corinth
Bachelor of Arts
Degree marking the completion of the traditional curriculum of the college
Bachiarius
Early fifth-century writer
Baconian System of Philosophy
Development of Francis Bacon's system of philosophy
Bagdad
Founded on the Tigris, name means 'Garden of Dat'
Bageis
Titular see of Lydia in Asia Minor
Bagnorea
Situated in the district of Viterbo, Italy and subject to the Holy See
Bahama Islands
Most northerly group of the West Indies
Baithen, Saint
Irish monk, Abbot of Tiree Island monastery, successor of St. Columba (b.536)
Balaam
Derivation of the name is uncertain, often connected with the god Ammo or Ammi
Balanaea
Titular see of Syria
Balbina, Saint
Location of memorials of a St. Balbina
Baldachinum of the Altar
Dome-like canopy over the high altar of larger churches
Baldassare Castiglione
Italian prose-writer, b. at Casatico, near Mantua, December 6, 1478; died at Toledo, Spain, February 7, 1529
Baldassare Peruzzi
Architect and painter, b. at Siena, March 7, 1481; d. at Rome, Jan. 6, 1537
Balderic
Bishop of Doi, in France, chronicler (1050-1130)
Balderic (Baudry)
Monk of Liege, a writer and teacher of the twelfth century (d. 1157)
Baldred, Saint
Celtic Bishop of Strathclyde, founded numerous houses for monks and holy virgins (643-607)
Baldwin
Archbishop of Trier and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire (1285-1354)
Baldwin of Canterbury
Thirty-ninth Archbishop, a native of Exeter (d. 1190)
Balearic Isles
Group of islands in the western part of the Mediterranean
Balsam
Oily, resinous, and odorous substance, which the Church mixes with olive oil for use as chrism
Baltasar
Greek and Latin name for Belshazzar
Baltasar de Echave
Painter, b. in Spain the latter part of the sixteenth century; d. in Mexico about the middle of the seventeenth
Baltasar Gracian
Spanish writer, b. at Belmonte, a suburb of Calatayud, Aragon, Jan. 8, 1601; d. at Tarragona, Dec. 6, 1658
Balthasar Barreira
Portuguese Jesuit missionary (1531-1612)
Balthasar Boncompagni
Italian mathematician (1821-1894)
Balthasar Cordier
Jesuit; exegete and editor of patristic works (1592-1650)
Balthazar Alvarez
Spanish mystic (1533-1580)
Banaias
Name of several men mentioned in the Bible
Bangor Abbey
Name of two famous monastic establishments in Ireland and Wales
Banns of Marriage
Ecclesiastical announcement of the names of persons contemplating marriage
Baptism
One of the Seven Sacraments of the Christian Church
Baptismal Font
Basin or vase, serving as a receptacle for baptismal water
Baptismal Vows
Name popularly given to the renunciations required of an adult candidate for baptism just before the sacrament is conferred
Baptista Mantuanus (or Spagnoli), Blessed
Carmelite and Renaissance poet (1447-1516)
Baptista Varani, Blessed
An ascetical writer, b. at Camerino, in the March of Ancona, Apr. 9, 1458; d. there, May 31, 1527
Baptiste-Honora-Raymond Capefigue
Historian, b. at Marseilles, 1802; d. at Paris, December 22, 1872
Baptistery
Separate building in which the Sacrament of Baptism was once solemnly administered
Baptistines
Hermits, missionaries, and Sisterhood of St. John the Baptist
Baptists
Name of Protestant denomination that owes its name to its doctrine and practice regarding baptism
Bar Hebraeus
Jacobite Syrian bishop, philosopher, poet, grammarian, physician, Biblical commentator, historian, and theologian (1226-1286)
Barac
Deliverer of the Israelites from the power of the Chanaanites
Barbalissos
Titular see of Mesopotamia
Barbara, Saint
Virgin and Martyr
Barbastro
Suffragan of the Spanish province of Huesca
Barber Family
Daniel Barber soldier of the Revolution, Episcopalian minister and convert (1756-1834)
Barca
Titular see of Cyrenaica in Northern Africa
Bardesanes and Bardesanites
Syrian poet, astrologist, and philosopher (164?-222)
Barent Van Orley
Painter, b. at Brussels, about 1491; d. there January 6, 1542
Barjesus
False prophet found in Acts 13:6-12
Barlaam and Josaphat
Principal characters of a legend of Christian antiquity
Barnaba Oriani
Italian Barnabite and astronomer, b. at Carignano, near Milan, July 17, 1752; d. at Milan, November 12, 1832
Barnabas of Terni
Friar Minor and missionary (d. 1474 or 1477)
Barnabas, Saint
Styled an Apostle in Holy Scripture, ranked by the Church with the Twelve
Barnabites
Popular name of a religious order founded by three Italian noblemen
Barocco Style
Debased application to architecture of Renaissance features
Baron Athanase Charles-Marie Charette de La Contrie
B. at Nantes, Sept. 3, 1832; d. at Basse-Motte (Ille-et-Vilaine), Oct. 9, 1911. His father was a nephew of the famous General Charette who was shot at Nantes, March 29, 1795
Baron d'Avaugour Pierre du Bois
Sixth Governor General of Canada
Baron Eligius Franz Joseph Von Munch-Bellinghausen
Austrian dramatist, b. at Cracow, April 2, 1806; d. at Vienna, May 22, 1871
Baron Emly William Monsell
Member of Parliament, b. Sept. 21, 1812; d. at Tervoe, Co. Limerick, Ireland, April 20, 1894.
Baron Ernst Von Feuchtersleben
Austrian poet, philosopher, and physician; b. at Vienna, April 29, 1806; d. September 3, 1849
Baron Joseph Maria Christoph von Lassberg
Distinguished German antiquary, b. at Donaueschingen, April 10, 1770; d. March 15, 1855
Barthold Nihus
Convert and controversialist, b. at Holtorf in Hanover, February 7, 1590 (according to other sources in 1584 or 1589, at Wolpe in Brunswick); d. at Erfurt, March 10, 1657
Bartholomaeus Anglicus
Franciscan encyclopedist
Bartholomaeus Arnoldi
Augustinian friar, teacher of Luther (1463-1532)
Bartholomeu Lourenco de Gusmao
Naturalist, and the first aeronaut; b. in 1685 at Santos in the province of Sao Paulo, Brazil; d. November 18, 1724, in Toledo, Spain
Bartholomeus Welser
German merchant prince, b. at Augsburg, 1488; d. at Amberg, near Turkheim, Swabia, 1561
Bartholomew
Led a group of Dominican missionaries to Armenia, known as the Apostle of Armenia
Bartholomew Holzhauser
Parish priest, ecclesiastical writer, and founder of a religious community; b. Aug. 24, 1613, at Laugna in the Diocese of Augsburg, Bavaria; d. May 20, 1658
Bartholomew MacCarthy
Irish scholar and chronologist, b. at Conna, Ballynoe, Co. Cork, Dec. 12, 1843; d. at Inniscarra, Co. Cork, Mar. 6, 1904
Bartholomew Mastrius
Franciscan, philosopher and theologian, b. in 1602; d. Jan. 3, 1673
Bartholomew Medina
Dominican theologian, b. at Medina, 1527; d. at Salamanca, 1581
Bartholomew of Braga, Venerable
Scholar and participant at the Council of Trent (1514-1590)
Bartholomew of Braganca
Dominican priest, author (1200-1271)
Bartholomew of Brescia
Italian canonist (d.1258)
Bartholomew of Edessa
Syrian apologist and polemical writer
Bartholomew of Lucca
Historian (1227-1327)
Bartholomew of Pisa
Friar Minor and chronicler (d. 1401)
Bartholomew of San Concordio (also of Pisa)
Canonist, and man of letters (1260-1347)
Bartholomew Roe
English Benedictine martyr, b. in Suffolk, 1583; executed at Tyburn, Jan. 21, 1641
Bartholomew, Apostle, Saint
One of the Twelve Apostles
Bartholomites
Name given to Armenian monks who sought refuge in Italy after the invasion of their country by the Sultan of Egypt in 1296
Bartoleme de Torres Naharro
Spanish poet and dramatist, b. towards the end of the fifteenth century
Bartolome Carranza
Archbishop of Toledo; b. at Miranda de Arga, Spain, 1503; d. at Rome, May 2, 1576
Bartolome de las Casas
B. at Seville, probably in 1474; d. at Madrid, 1566
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Spanish painter; b. at Seville, December 31, 1617; d. there April 5, 1682
Bartolomeo Eustachius
Distinguished anatomist of the Renaissance period b. early part of the sixteenth century; d. at Rome, August, 1574
Bartolomeo Montagna
Italian painter, chief representative of the Vicenza School, b. at Orzinuovi about 1450; d. at Vicenza, October 11, 1523
Bartolomeo Platina
Originally named Sacchi, b. at Piadena, near Mantua, in 1421; d. at Rome, 1481
Bartolomeu Dias
A famous Portuguese navigator of the fifteenth century, discoverer of the Cape of Good Hope; d. at sea, May 29, 1500
Bartolommeo and Vincenzo Carducci
Florentine painters in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
Bartolommeo Fumo
Theologian, b. at Villon near Piacenza; d. 1545
Bartolommeo Gavantus
Liturgist, a member of the Barnabite Order; b. at Monza, 1569; d. at Milan, August 14, 1638
Bartolommeo Pacca
Cardinal, scholar, and statesman, b. at Benevento, Dec. 27, 1756; d. at Rome, Feb. 19, 1844
Bartolommeo Spina
Scholastic theologian, b. at Pisa about 1475; d. at Rome, 1546
Baruch
Disciple of Jeremias, and the traditional author of the deutero-canonical book, which bears his name
Bas-relief
Sculpture executed upon and attached to a flat surface
Basil of Amasea
Bishop and Martyr
Basil of Seleucia
Bishop and ecclesiastical writer (d.between 458-460)
Basil the Great, Saint
Bishop of Caesarea and distinguished Doctor of the Church (329-379)
Basilians
Priests of the community of St. Basil
Basilica
A title assigned by formal concession or immemorial custom to certain more important churches, in virtue of which they enjoy privileges of an honorific character which are not always very clearly defined. Basilicas in this sense are divided into two class
Basilica (stoa basilike)
Signifies a kingly, and secondarily a beautiful, hall
Basilica of Saint Peter
History and architectural analysis of the tomb of St. Peter
Basilides (Alexandrian Gnostic)
Earliest of the Alexandrian Gnostics
Basilides (martyrs)
Alexandrian martyr who suffered persecution under Septimius Severus
Basilinopolis
Titular see of Asia Minor
Basilissa
Various female martyrs bearing the common name of Basilissa
Bassein
Town near Bombay in British India; birthplace of St. Gonsalo Garcia, the only Indian saint
Bassianus
Bishop of Ephesus
Basutoland
Mountainous district of South Africa
Batavia
Vicariate Apostolic of Batavia of the island of Java
Bath Abbey
First religious house in Bath was a monastery of nuns founded by King Osric, A.D. 676
Bath and Wells
Large diocese coextensive with the County of Somerset, England
Bathilde, Saint (or Batilde)
Wife of Clovis II, King of France (d.680)
Battista Guarini
Italian poet, b. 1538; d. Oct. 7, 1612
Battle Abbey
English abbey founded by William the Conqueror
Beard
History and symbolism of the beard
Beatific Vision
Immediate knowledge of God which the angelic spirits and the souls of the just enjoy in Heaven
Beatification and Canonization
Processes by which a person moves towards sainthood
Beatitudes
Solemn blessings which mark the opening of the Sermon on the Mount
Beatrix
Name borne by a certain number of holy persons
Beaulieu Abbey
Cistercian house in Hampshire, one of the three monasteries founded by King John
Beda Franciscus Dudik
Moravian historian, abbot and titular bishop, b. January 29, 1815; d. January 18, 1890
Beda Mayr
A Bavarian Benedictine philosopher, apologist, and poet, b. January 15, 1742; d. April 28, 1794
Beda Weber
Benedictine professor, author, and member of the National German Parliament, b. at Lienz in the Tyrol, October 26, 1798; d. at Frankforton-the-Main, February 28, 1858
Bede
Old English word bede means a prayer
Bede, Venerable
Historian and Doctor of the Church, b. 672 or 673; d. 735
Bedlam
London hospital
Beelphegor
Moabite divinity who ruled over Phogor
Beelzebub
Philistine god of Accaron, alternative name for Satan
Beguines and Beghards
Consecrated religious women
Belfry
Architectural detail of church
Belgium
European country
Belial
Commonly used as a synonym of Satan
Belief
State of mind that assents to propositions by reason of authority
Bells
Musical instrument
Benedetto Castelli
Mathematician and physicist; b. at Perugia, Italy, 1577; d. at Rome, 1644
Benedetto da Majano
A well-known Florentine sculptor and architect of the Renaissance, b. 1442; d. May 24, 1498
Benedetto da Rovezzano
Sculptor and architect, b. in 1490, d. at Florence, 1530
Benedetto Justiniani
Theological and biblical writer (ca. 1550-1622)
Benedetto Marcello
B. in Venice in 1696; d. at Brescia in July, 1739
Benedetto Menzini
Priest and poet, b. at Florence, 1646; d. at Rome, Sept. 7, 1704
Benedict Biscop, Saint
English monastic founder (ca. 628-690)
Benedict Joseph Flaget
First Bishop of Bardstown (subsequently of Louisville), Kentucky, U.S.A., b. at Contournat, near Billom, Auvergne, France, November 7, 1763; d. February 11, 1850, at Louisville, Kentucky
Benedict Joseph Labre, Saint
French pilgrim to Rome (1748-1783)
Benedict Levita
Author of a forged collection of capitularies (ninth century)
Benedict of Aniane, Saint
Benedictine monk (ca. 745-821)
Benedict of Nursia, Saint
Founder of Western monasticism (ca. 480-543)
Benedict of Peterborough
Abbot and writer (d. 1193)
Benedict of San Philadelphio, Saint
Hermit, Franciscan (1526-1589)
Benedict Pereira
Philosopher, theologian, and exegete, b. about 1535, at Ruzafa, near Valencia, in Spain; d. March 6, 1610, at Rome
Benedict Sestini
Astronomer, mathematician, b. at Florence, Italy, March 20, 1816; d. at Frederick, Maryland, Jan. 17, 1890
Benedict Spinoza
Philosopher, b. at Amsterdam, Nov. 24, 1632; d. at The Hague, Feb. 21, 1677
Benedict Stattler
Jesuit theologian, b. at Kotzting, Bavaria, Jan. 30, 1728; d. at Munich, Aug. 21, 1797
Benedict Van Haeften
Benedictine writer, provost of the Monastery of Afflighem, Belgium; b. at Utrecht, 1588; d. July 31, 1648, at Spa, Belgium, whither he had gone to recover his health
Benedict Welte
Exegete, b. at Ratzenried in Wurtemberg, November 25, 1825; d. May 27, 1885
Benedictine Abbey of Jumieges
French abbey
Benedictine Abbey of Kilwinning
Abbey in Scotland
Benedictine Abbey of Lindores
Near Newburgh, Fifeshire, Scotland, founded by David, Earl of Huntingdon, younger brother of King William the Lion, about 1191
Benedictine Abbey of Lobbes
Founded in Belgium about 650 by St. Landelin
Benedictine Order
Monastic order established by Saint Benedict
Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament
Description of the basics of this popular devotion
Benedictional
Book of Church blessings
Benedictus
Canticle of Zachary (Luke 1:68-79)
Benedictus Polonus
Franciscan missionary (ca. 1245)
Benefice
Ecclesial benefit
Benefit of clergy
Ecclesial exemption from secular jurisdiction
Bengtsson, Jöns Oxenstjerna (Joannes Benedicti)
Archbishop of Upsala, Sweden (1417-1467)
Benignus of Dijon, Saint
Martyr (third century)
Benignus, Saint
Disciple of Saint Patrick (d. 467)
Benito Jeronimo Feyjoo y Montenegro
Celebrated Spanish writer, b. at Casdemiro, in the parish of Santa Maria de Melias, Galicia, Spain, October 8, 1676; d. at Oviedo, September 26, 1764
Benjamin
Younger son of Jacob and Rachel
Benjamin Elbel
A first-class authority in moral theology, b. at Friedberg, Bavaria, in 1690; d. at Soflingen in 1756
Benjamin F. Sands
Convert, rear-admiral United States Navy, b. at Baltimore, Md., Feb. 11, 1812; d. at Washington, D. C., June 30, 1883
Benjamin Joseph Webb
Editor, historian (1814-1897)
Benno II
Bishop of Osnabruck (d. 1088)
Benno, Saint
Bishop of Meissen (ca. 1010 - ca. 1106)
Benoit-Marie Langenieux
Cardinal, Archbishop of Reims, b. at Villefranche-sur-Saone, Department of Rhone, 1824; d. at Reims, Jan. 1, 1905
Benozzo di Lese di Sandro Gozzoli
Italian painter; b. 1420; d. 1497
Benthamism
English jurist and reformer (1748-1832)
Bentivoglio Family
Italian noble family
Benvenuto Cellini
Benvenuto Cellini
Benvenuto Tisio da Garofalo
An Italian painter of the Ferrarese school; b. in 1481; d. 6 (or 16) September, 1559
Bequests for Masses
Remarks by the Court of Appeals of the State of New York in Holland v. Alcock
Bequests for Masses (Canada)
Treatment of Canadian law regarding Mass bequests
Bequests for Masses (England)
Treatment of English law regarding Mass bequests
Berach, Saint
Irish saint (d. 595), abbot and disciple of Saint Kevin
Berard of Carbio, Saint
Franciscan martyr (d. 1220)
Bercharius, Saint
Abbot (636-696)
Berchtold, Blessed
Abbot (d. 1197)
Berengarius of Tours
Medieval heretic (999-1088)
Berenger Fredoli
Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati; b. at Verune, France, c. 1250; d. at Avignon, June 11, 1323
Berlin
City in Germany
Bernabe Cobo
Jesuit (1582-1657)
Bernal Diaz Del Castillo
Spanish historian, one of the chief chroniclers of the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards, b. at Medina del Campo, Spain, c. 1498; d. after 1568
Bernard Andre (Andreas)
Friar, poet laureate of England, chronographer
Bernard de Montfaucon
French scholar, b. in 1655, at the chateau de Soulatge, Department of Aude, arrondissement of Carcassone; d. in Paris, at the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Pres, in 1741
Bernard Dornin
First publisher in the United States of distinctively Catholic books, b. in Ireland, 1761; d. in Ohio, 1836
Bernard Guidonis
Inquisitor of Toulouse (1261-1331)
Bernard John McQuaid
First Bishop of Rochester, U.S.A.; b. in New York City, December 15, 1823; d. at Rochester, January 18, 1909
Bernard Jungmann
Dogmatic theologian, ecclesiastical historian (1833-1895)
Bernard Lamy
Oratorian, b. at Le Mans, France, in June, 1640; d. at Rouen, Jan. 29, 1715
Bernard O'Reilly
Historian, b. Sept. 29, 1820, in County Mayo, Ireland; d. in New York, U.S.A., April 26, 1907
Bernard of Besse
Franciscan chronicler (thirteenth century)
Bernard of Bologna
Franciscan theologian (1701-1768)
Bernard of Botone
Canonist (d. ca. 1263)
Bernard of Clairvaux, Saint
Cistercian, Doctor of the Church (1090-1153)
Bernard of Cluny
Benedictine (twelfth century)
Bernard of Compostella
Canonist (thirteenth century)
Bernard of Luxemburg
Dominican theologian, controversialist, and Inquisitor (d. 1535)
Bernard of Menthon, Saint
Archdeacon of Aosta (d. 1008)
Bernard of Pavia
Canonist and bishop (d. 1213)
Bernard Sylvester
A twelfth-century philosopher of Neo-Platonic tendencies
Bernard Tolomeo, Saint
Italian hermit, monastic founder (d. 1348)
Bernard, Saint (Archbishop of Vienne)
Archbishop of Vienne (778-842)
Bernardine a Piconio
B. at Picquigny, Picardy, 1633; d. in Paris, December 8, 1709
Bernardine of Feltre, Blessed
Franciscan missionary (1439-1494)
Bernardine of Fossa, Blessed
Franciscan historian and ascetical writer (1420-1503)
Bernardine of Siena, Saint
Franciscan missionary and reformer (1380-1444)
Bernardines
Religious sisters of the order of Meaux
Bernardino Baldi
Italian poet and savant (1553-1617)
Bernardino Campi
An Italian painter of the Lombard School, b. at Cremona, 1522; d. at Reggio, about 1590
Bernardino de Sahagun
Missionary and Aztec archaeologist, b. at Sahagun, Kingdom of Leon, Spain, in or before the year 1500; d. at Mexico, Oct. 23, 1590
Bernardino Lopez de Carvajal
Cardinal, b. 1455, at Plasencia in Estremadura, Spain; d. at Rome 16 Dec., 1523
Bernardino Luini
Milanese painter, b. between 1470 and 1480; d. after 1530
Bernardino Maffei
Poet, orator, and antiquarian, b. at Bergamo, Jan. 27, 1514; d. at Rome, Aug. 1, 1549
Bernardino Telesio
Italian humanist and philosopher, b. 1508; d. 1588
Bernardo Buil
Name of two religious living in Spain in the 1400s
Bernardo de Balbuena
Spanish poet (1568-1627)
Bernardo Rosselino
Architect, sculptor (1409-1464)
Bernardo Tanucci
Marchese, Italian statesman, b. in 1698; d. April 29, 1793
Bernardus Papiensis
Italian canonist of the thirteenth century; d. Sept. 18, 1213
Berne
Swiss city
Bernhard Bolzano
Austrian mathematician and philosopher (1781-1848)
Bernhard Galura
Prince-Bishop of Brixen; b. August 21, 1764 at Herbolzheim, Breisgau; d. May 17, 1856
Bernhard Havestadt
A German Jesuit; b. at Cologne, February 27, 1714; died at Munster after 1778
Bernhard Heinrich Overberg
German ecclesiastic and educator, b. May 1, 1754; d. November 9, 1826
Bernhard Pez
Historian, b. February 22, 1683, at Ybbs near Melk; d. March 27, 1735
Berno
Abbot of Reichenau (d. 1048)
Berno (Apostle)
Apostle of the Slavs (twelfth century)
Bernold of Constance
Historian and theologian (ca. 1054-1100)
Bernward (Bishop of Hildesheim), Saint
Soldier, monk, abbot, archbishop (ca. 950-1022)
Beroea
Titular see of Macedonia
Berosus
Native historian of Babylonia, priest of Bel-Marduk
Beroth
City in Canaan
Bersabee
Palestinian town
Bertha
Various holy women of this name
Berthold
Bishop, Apostle of the Livonians, (d. 1198)
Berthold of Chiemsee
German bishop and theologian (1465-1543)
Berthold of Henneberg
Archbishop and Elector of Mainz (1441-1504)
Berthold of Ratisbon
Franciscan preacher (ca. 1210-1272)
Berthold of Reichenau
Benedictine monk and chronicler (d. ca. 1088)
Berthold Schwarz
German friar, reputed the inventor of gunpowder and firearms
Bertholet Flemael
Painter, b. at Liege, Flanders, in 1614; d. there in 1675
Bertin, Saint
Abbot of St. Omer (ca. 615 - ca. 709)
Bertonio Ludovico
Italian Jesuit missionary (1552-1625)
Bertulf, Saint
Abbot of Bobbio (d. ca. 640)
Beseleel
Son of Uri, grandson of Hur, tribe of Judah
Bestiaries
Medieval books on animals
Bethany
Village in ancient Palestine
Bethany Beyond the Jordan
Scriptural site of Christ's baptism
Betharan
City of the Amorrhites
Bethdagon
Two cities in Palestine
Bethel
Ancient Canaanite town
Bethlehem (architecture)
Architectural term for oven used to bake bread for Communion
Bethlehem (ecclesial)
Titular see of Palestine
Bethlehem (scriptural)
The city of Christ's birth in scripture
Bethlehemites
Medieval military order
Bethsaida
Ancient city or cities on shore of Lake Genesareth
Bethsan
Ancient city with Issachar
Bethulia
City delivered by biblical heroine, Judith
Betrothal
Promise of future Christian marriage
Betting
To stake goods on a future event or affirmation
Beuno, Saint
Abbot of Clynnog (d. ca. 660)
Beverley Minster
Collegiate church in Yorkshire
Bibbiena (aka Bernardo Dovizl)
Italian cardinal, writer (1470-1520)
Bibiana, Saint
Roman martyr (ca. third century)
Bible
Collection of writings recognized as divinely inspired
Bible Societies
Protestant groups established to publish and propagate Bible globally
Biblia Pauperum
Collection of pictures of Christ's life corresponding to prophetic types
Biblical Accommodation
The adaptation of words or sentences from Sacred Scripture to signify ideas different from those expressed by the sacred author
Biblical Antiquities
Subset of archaeology
Biblical Chronology
Deals with the dates of the various events recorded in the Bible
Biblical Commission
Committee of cardinals charged with the proper interpretation and defense of Scripture
Biblical Criticism
The examination of the origins and historical values of the books composing the Bible, with the state in which these exist at the present day
Biblical Exegesis
Branch of theology which investigates and expresses the true sense of Sacred Scripture
Biblical Geography
With the exception of the didactic literature, there is no book in the Bible which, to a greater or less extent, does not contain mention of, or allusions to, the geography and topography of the Holy Land
Biblical introduction
Name given to the treatment of matters preliminary to the study of sacred Scripture
Bigamy (in Canon Law)
Having two simultaneous wives (also known as polygamy)
Bigamy (in civil jurisprudence)
As a matter of civil jurisprudence
Bilocation
The presence of a finite being in two places at once
Bination
Offering of Mass twice in one day by same celebrant
Biogenesis and Abiogenesis
Scientific theories on the origin of life
Biology
Science on life and living organisms
Birds
In Christian symbolism
Biretta
Ecclesial headwear
Birinus, Saint
Confessor, Bishop of Dorchester (d. 650)
Birth, The Defect of
Canonical impediment
Bishop
Ecclesial office
Bishop of Cremona Sicard
Twelfth-century famed Italian historian, canonist, and liturgiologist, d. 1215
Bishop of Remesiana Nicetas
Ecclesiastical write; b. about 335; d. about 414
Bisomus
Tomb for two bodies
Black Fast
Most rigorous of ecclesial fasts
Blackfoot Indians
Native American tribe of the Northern Plains
Blaise Gisbert
French rhetorician and critic; b. 1657; d. 1731
Blaise Pascal
B. at Clermont-Ferrand, June 19, 1623; d. in Paris, August 19, 1662
Blaise, Saint
Bishop and martyr (fourth century)
Blanchet
Two brothers, ecclesiastics, active in North America during the 19th century
Blandina, Saint
Virgin and martyr (d. 177)
Blane, Saint
Confessor, bishop (d. 590)
Blasphemy
Gross irreverence towards any person or thing worthy of exalted esteem
Blathmac, Saint
Irish monk, martyr (ca. 750-835)
Blenkinsop Family
Irish Catholic family
Blessed John of Fermo
Franciscan (1259-1322)
Blessed Richard Whiting
Last Abbot of Glastonbury and martyr, parentage and date of birth unknown, executed Nov. 15, 1539
Blessed Sacrament, Reservation of the
The practice of preserving after the celebration of the Liturgy a portion of the consecrated elements for the Communion of the sick or for other pious purposes
Blessed Sacrament, Visits to the
By this devotional practice, which is of comparatively modern development, the presence of Jesus Christ in the Blessed Eucharist is regarded in the same light and honored with the same ceremonial observances as would be paid to a sovereign who favored any
Blessed Trinity, The
I. Dogma of the Trinity; II. Proof of the Doctrine from Scripture; III. Proof of the Doctrine from Tradition; IV. The Trinity as a Mystery; V. The Doctrine as Interpreted in Greek Theology; VI. The Doctrine as Interpreted in Latin Theology.
Blessed, The
Those who have been beatified by the Church
Blessing
Praise
Blood Indians
Native Americans of the Blackfoot tribe
Boccaccino
Italian painters (15th-16th centuries)
Boetius Egan
Archbishop of Tuam, Ireland, b. 1734; d. 1798
Bogomili
Medieval neo-Manichaean sect
Bohemia
Crown province of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy
Bohemian Brethren
Popular designation of the Unitas Fratum of Bohemia
Bohemians in the United States
Emigrants from Bohemia to the U.S.
Boisil, Saint
Religious superior, teacher of St. Cuthbert (d. 664)
Boleslaus Balbinus
Jesuit historian of Bohemia (1621-1688)
Bolivia
South American country
Bollandists
Ecclesiastical scholars engaged in editing the Acts Sanctorum
Bona Mors Confraternity
The Confraternity of the Happy Death
Bonagratia of Bergamo
Franciscan theologian and canonist (d. 1343)
Bonald, Louis-Gabriel-Ambroise, Vicomte de
French statesman, writer, and philosopher (1754-1840)
Bonaventura Baron
Irish Franciscan theologian, philosopher, and writer (1610-1696)
Bonaventura Cavalieri
Italian mathematician, b. at Milan in 1598; d. at Bologna, December 3, 1647
Bonaventure Giffard
Bishop; b. 1642; d. 1734
Bonaventure, Saint
Franciscan theologian, Doctor of the Church (1221-1274)
Boni Homines
Name of several religious orders
Boniface Association
Catholic society in Germany
Boniface of Savoy
Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1270)
Boniface Wimmer
Archabbot, b. at Thalmassing, Bavaria, January 14, 1809; d. at St. Vincent Archabbey, Beatty, Pennsylvania, Dec. 8, 1887
Boniface, Saint
Apostle of Germany (d. ca. 755)
Bonifazio Vitalini
Jurist, b. at Mantua, Italy, about 1320; d. at Avignon after 1388
Bonino Mombritius
Philologist, humanist, and editor of ancient writings, b. 1424; d. between 1482 and 1502
Bonizo of Sutri
Bishop of Sutri (ca. 1045-1090)
Bonosus
Bishop of Sardica, fourth-century heretic
Book of Advertisements
Series of sixteenth-century enactments concerning ecclesiastical matters
Book of Armagh, The
Celebrated Irish-Latin manuscript preserved in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin
Book of Common Prayer
Book of rubrics and prayers of the Anglican church
Book of Daniel
In the Septuagint, the Vulgate, and many other ancient and modern translations of Holy Writ, Daniel is comprised of both proto- and deutero-canonical parts
Book of Jubilees
Apocryphal writing
Book of Judith
Old Testament book, part of the deuterocanon
Book of Kells
Irish manuscript containing the Four Gospels
Book of Nehemias
Also called the second Book of Esdras
Book of Proverbs
One of the Sapiential writings of the Old Testament placed in the Hebrew Bible among the Hagiographa, and found in the Vulgate after the books of Psalms and Job
Book of Ruth
One of the proto-canonical writings of the Old Testament, which derives its name from the heroine of its exquisitely beautiful story
Book of Wisdom
One of the deutero-canonical writings of the Old Testament, placed in the Vulgate between the Canticle of Canticles and Ecclesiasticus
Books of Adam
Set of apocryphal writings
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Territories on the Balkan peninsula
Boso
Benedictine monk, Bishop of Merseburg (d. 970)
Boso (Breakspear)
English cardinal (d. ca. 1181)
Bosom of Abraham
An expression found in the parable of Lazarus and the Rich Man
Bostra
Titular see of Syria
Botulph, Saint
Abbot (d. ca. 680)
Bourdaloue, Louis
Jesuit preacher (1632-1704)
Boy-Bishop
Catholic custom on feast of St. Nicholas (December 6)
Boycotting
The name of boycotting was first applied to a practice which had its origin in Ireland during the most stirring days of the land agitation
Brahminism
Complex religious and social system which grew out of the polytheistic nature-worship of the ancient Aryan conquerors of Northern India
Brancaccio
Ancient and illustrious Neapolitan family
Branch Sunday
One of the medieval English names for Palm Sunday
Brandenburg
Prussian diocese, former electoral principality
Brassicanus
German humanist (ca. 1500-1539)
Braulio, Saint
Bishop of Saragossa (d. ca. 651)
Brazil
Brazil
Brehon Laws
Irish native law
Bremen
Formerly the seat of an archdiocese situated in the north-western part of the present German Empire
Brenach, Saint
Irish missionary in Wales (fifth century)
Brendan, Saint
Known also as Brendan the Voyager (d. 577)
Brethren of the Common Life
Community founded by Geert de Groote, of rich burgher stock
Brethren of the Lord
A group of persons closely connected with the Savior; they appear repeatedly in the New Testament under the designation 'his brethren.'
Breviary
Book of Christian prayers
Brian Walton
Biblical scholar, editor of Walton's Polyglot Bible, b. at Seymour, or Seamer, near York, in 1600; d. in London, Nov. 29, 1661
Bribery
Payment or the promise of money or other lucrative consideration to induce another to act as the briber shall prescribe
Bridge-Building Brotherhood
Various religious associations founded for the purpose of building bridges
Bridget of Sweden, Saint
(ca. 1303-1373)
Bridgewater Treatises
Publications that derive their origin and their title from the Rev. Francis Henry Egerton
Brieuc, Saint
Celtic saint of Brittany (fifth century)
Brigid, Saint
Irish saint (ca. 451-525)
Brigittines
Religious order founded in 1346 by St. Bridget of Sweden
British Columbia
Westernmost province of Canada
Brogan, Saint
Irish saint of the sixth or seventh century
Brook of Cedron
The ravine on the east of Jerusalem, between the Holy City and the Mount of Olives
Brother Azarias
Educator, essayist, litterateur, and philosopher (1847-1893)
Brother Leo
Friar Minor, companion of St. Francis of Assisi, date of birth uncertain; d. at Assisi, 15 November, 1271.
Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God
Religious order founded by St. John of God
Brothers of Christian Instruction
Congregation founded in 1817 at Saint-Brieuc, Cotes-du-Nord, France, by Jean-Marie-Robert de la Mennais
Brothers of Our Lady of Lourdes
Community devoted to the education of youth and the care of the sick and infirm
Brothers of Our Lady of Mercy
Founded at Mechlin in 1839 for the instruction and care of prisoners and of the sick
Brothers of Our Lady of the Fields
A Canadian congregation founded in 1902 at St-Damien de Buckland in the Diocese of Quebec by Rev. M. J. O. Brousseau
Brothers of Saint Gabriel
Originally founded by Blessed Louis Grignon de Montfort in 1705, but it did not spread much till it was amalgamated with one founded in 1835 by Monsignor Deshayes, Vicar-General of Rennes
Brothers of the Cross of Jesus
A congregation founded in 1820 at Lyons, France, by Father C. M. Bochard, Doctor of the Sorbonne, Vicar-General of the Diocese of Lyons
Brothers of the Holy Infancy
Group founded in Buffalo, New York
Brothers of the Sacred Heart
Congregation founded in 1821 by Pere Andre Coindre, of the Diocese of Lyons, France
Brownson
Orestes Augustus, philosopher, essayist, reviewer, born Vermont 1803; died 1876 and his daughter Sarah
Bruges
Chief town of the Province of West Flanders in the Kingdom of Belgium
Brunetto Latini
Florentine philosopher and statesman, b. at Florence, c. 1210; d. 1294.
Bruno of Querfurt, Saint
Second Apostle of the Prussians and martyr, b. about 970; d. February 14, 1009
Bruno the Saxon
German chronicler of the eleventh century
Bruno, Saint (Archbishop of Cologne)
Archbishop of Cologne, b. 925; d. at Reims, October 11, 965
Bruno, Saint (Bishop of Segni)
Bishop of Segni, in Italy, b. at Solero, Piedmont, about 1048; d. 1123
Bruno, Saint (Carthusian)
Confessor, ecclesiastical writer, and founder of the Carthusian Order. He was born at Cologne about the year 1030; d. October 6, 1101
Brunswick
Duchy situated in the mountainous central part of Northern Germany
Brusa
Titular see of Bithynia in Asia Minor
Brussels
Capital of the Kingdom of Belgium
Bubastis
Titular see of Lower Egypt
Buckfast Abbey
Monastery of Our Lady of Buckfast, two miles from Ashburton, England
Buddhism
Religious, monastic system, founded c. 500 B.C. on the basis of pantheistic Brahminism
Buenaventura Sitjar
Franciscan priest, missionary, b. at Porrera, Island of Majorca, Dec. 9, 1739; d. at San Antonio, Cal., Sept. 3, 1808
Buenos Aires
Federal capital of the Argentine Republic
Bulgaria
European kingdom in the north-eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula
Bull of the Crusade
A Bull granting indulgences to those who took part in the wars against the infidels
Bulla Aurea
Fundamental law of the Holy Roman Empire
Bullarium
Term commonly applied to a collection of bulls and other analogous papal documents
Bulls and Briefs
Papal documents
Burchard of Basle
Belonged to the family of the counts of Neuenburg, or Neuchatel, was b. towards the middle of the eleventh century, and d. April 12, 1107
Burchard of Worms
Bishop of that Worms, b. of noble parents in Hesse, Germany, after the middle of the tenth century; d. August 20, 1025
Burchard of Wurzburg, Saint
First Bishop of Wurzburg, b. in England of Anglo-Saxon parents, date unknown; d. in Germany most probably in 754
Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions
An institution originated by J. Roosevelt Bayley, Archbishop of Baltimore, for the protection and promotion of Catholic Indian missions in the United States
Burghard Freiherr von Schorlemer-Alst
Social reformer, b. at Heringhausen, Westphalia, Oct. 21, 1825; d. at Alst, March 17, 1895
Burgundy
Province of France
Burma
Country consisting of the kingdoms of Ava and Peg
Burse
Receptacle in which, for reasons of convenience and reverence, the folded corporal is carried to and from the altar
Busiris
Titular see taking its title from one of the many Egyptian cities of the same name
Buskins
Ceremonial stockings of silk worn by the celebrant of a pontifical Mass
Buttress
Architectural feature
Byblos
Titular see of Phoenicia
Bye-Altar
An altar that is subordinate to the central or high altar
Byllis
Titular see of Epirus Nova (Albania)
Byzantine Architecture
Treatment of this form of architecture
Byzantine Art
Art of the Eastern Roman Empire and of its capital Byzantium
Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Literature
Byzantine literature is the expression of the intellectual life of the Greek race of the Eastern Roman Empire during the Christian Middle Ages
C. Vettius Aquilinus Juvencus
Christian Latin poet (fourth century)
Cabasa
Titular see of Egypt
Cadalous
Bishop of Parma and antipope, b. in the territory of Verona of noble parentage; d. at Parma, 1072
Caddo Indians
Group of tribes formerly in Western Louisiana and Eastern Texas
Cades
Name of three, or probably four cities mentioned in Scripture
Caedmon, Saint
Author of Biblical poems in Anglo-Saxon, date of birth unknown; d. between 670 and 680
Caeremoniale Episcoporum
Book containing the rites and ceremonies to be observed at Mass, Vespers, and other functions, by bishops
Caesar of Speyer
Friar Minor, first minister provincial of the order in Germany, and leader of the Caesarines, b. towards the close of the twelfth century; d. in 1239
Caesar Sportelli, Venerable
Lawyer, priest, b. at Nola in Bari, Italy, March 29, 1702; d. at Pagani, April 19, 1750
Caesarea
Latin titular see
Caesarea Mauretaniae
Titular see of North Africa
Caesarea Palaestinae
Titular see of Palestine
Caesarea Philippi
Greek Catholic residential see, and Latin titular see, in Syria
Caesarius of Arles, Saint
Bishop, administrator, preacher, theologian, b. at Chalons in Burgundy, 470-71, d. at Arles, August 27, 543
Caesarius of Heisterbach
Pious and learned monk of the Cistercian monastery of Heisterbach near Bonn, b. about 1170 at or near Cologne; d. about 1240
Caesarius of Nazianzus, Saint
Physician, younger and only brother of Gregory of Nazianzus, b. probably c. 330 at Arianzus, near Nazianzus; d. at the end of 368 or the beginning of 369
Caesarius of Prum
Abbot of the Benedictine monastery near Trier, then a Cistercian monk at Heisterbach near Bonn, lived in the latter half of the 12th and first half of 13th century
Caesaropolis
A titular see of Macedonia
Cain
First-born of Adam and Eve
Cainites
Name used for (1) the descendants of Cain, (2) a sect of Gnostics and Antinomians
Caiphas
High-Priest of the Jews appointed by the Roman procurator Valerlus Gratus
Caius
A Christian author who lived about the beginning of the third century
Caius Julius Verus Maximinus Thrax
Roman Emperor; son of a Goth and an Alanic mother
Caius Marius Victorinus
A fourth-century grammarian, rhetorician, philosopher, and theologian, b. in Africa about the year 300
Caius Valerius Daja Maximinus
Imperial political figure in the 300s
Cajetan Bedini
Italian cardinal and diplomat (1806-1864)
Cajetan, Saint
Founder of the Theatines, b. Oct., 1480 at Vicenza in Venetian territory; d. at Naples in 1547
Calama
A titular see of Africa
Calas Case
Criminal case in France
Caleb
Name of several figures in the Bible
California
Largest of the Pacific Coast States in the U.S.
California Missions
California Missions
Callinicus
A titular see, of Asia Minor
Callipolis
A titular see of Thrace, now called Gallipoli
Caloe
A titular see of Asia Minor
Calumny
Unjust damage to another's good name
Calvert
Various personages important in English and American history during the 17th century
Calvinism
System of theological thought stemming from John Calvin
Calynda
A titular see of Asia Minor
Camachus
A titular see of Armenia
Camaldolese
Joint order of hermits and cenobites, founded by St. Romuald at the beginning of the eleventh century
Cambysopolis
A titular see of Asia Minor
Camerlengo
The title of certain papal officials
Camille Lefebvre
Apostle of the Acadians, b. at St. Philippe, P. Q., 1831; d. at St. Joseph, N. B., 1895
Camillo Almici
Priest of the Congregation of the Oratory, b. 2 November, 1714; d. 30 December, 1779
Camillo Mazzella
Theologian and cardinal, b. at Vitulano, Feb. 10, 1833; d. at Rome, March 26, 1900
Camillus de Lellis, Saint
B. at Bacchianico, Naples, 1550; d. at Rome, July 14, 1614
Camillus Tarquini
Cardinal, Jesuit canonist and archaeologist, b. Sept. 27, 1810; d. Feb. 15, 1874
Camisards
A. sect of French fanatics who terrorized Dauphine, Vivarais, and chiefly the Cevennes in the beginning of the eighteenth century
Campo Santo de' Tedeschi
A cemetery, church, and hospice for Germans on the south side of St. Peter's, Rome
Cana
A city of Galilee
Canada
Part of North America north of the United States
Canary Islands
Archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean facing the western coast of Africa
Canatha
A titular see of Arabia
Candace
Name of the Ethiopian queen whose eunuch was baptized by St. Philip (Acts, viii, 27 sqq.)
Candidus
The name of two scholars of the Carlovingian revival of letters in the ninth century
Candlemas
Purification of the Blessed Virgin (Gr. Hupapante), feast of the presentation of Christ in the temple, February 2
Candles
Treatment of the religious use of candles
Candlesticks
Treatment of the religious use of candlesticks
Canea
Formerly a titular see of Crete
Canice, Saint
Commemorated on October 11, b. in 515 or 516, at Glengiven, in what is now County Derry, Ireland; d. at Aghaboe in 600
Canon (music)
In music, the strictest of all contrapuntal forms
Canon (person)
A member of a chapter or body of clerics living according to rule and presided over by one of their number
Canon Law
Body of laws and regulations made by or adopted by ecclesiastical authority, for the government of the Christian organization and its members
Canon of the Holy Scriptures
Authoritative collection of sacred writings
Canon of the Mass
Fundamental part of the Mass that comes after the Offertory and before the Communion
Canoness
The female equivalent of canon (person)
Canonesses Regular of the Holy Sepulchre
Group dating from at least the thirteenth century
Canonical Acts
Canonical records, decrees, reports, certificates, etc.
Canonical Admonitions
Preliminary means used by the Church towards a suspected person, as a preventive of harm or a remedy of evil
Canonical Adoption
Act by which a person, with the cooperation of the public authority, selects for his child one who does not belong to him
Canonical Age
Treatment of how a person's chronological age affected his status in canon law prior to the 1983 Code of Canon Law
Canonical Erection of a Monastery
Conditions for the legitimate erection of a monastery
Canonical Faculties
In law, a faculty is the authority, privilege, or permission, to perform an act or function
Canonical Hours
Fixed portions of the Divine Office which the Church appoints to be recited at the different hours
Canonical Impediments
Treatment of the concept of impediments in canon law
Canonical inquisition
Extra-judicial or judicial investigations
Canonical Institution
Any manner, in accordance with canon law, of acquiring an ecclesiastical benefice
Canonical investiture
The act by which a suzerain granted a fief to his vassal, and the ceremonies which accompanied that grant
Canonical Precept
In its common acceptation, is opposed to counsel, inasmuch as the former imposes an obligation, while the latter is a persuasion
Canonical Provision
Regular induction into a benefice, comprising three distinct acts--the designation of the person, canonical institution, and installation
Canonical Visitation
The act of an ecclesiastical superior who in the discharge of his office visits persons or places with a view of maintaining faith and discipline, and of correcting abuses by the application of proper remedies
Canons and Canonesses Regular
Religious clerics
Canons On Hunting
Treatment of canon law regarding hunting
Canons Regular of the Immaculate Conception
A congregation founded in the department of Isere, at Saint-Antoine, France
Canopus
A titular see of Egypt
Canopy
Ornamental covering of cloth, stone, wood, or metal, used to crown an altar
Canossa
Castle in Italy
Cantate Sunday
A name given to the fourth Sunday after Easter
Canticle
Sacred song, particularly those in Scripture
Canticle of Canticles
One of the three books of Solomon in the Old Testament
Cantor
The chief singer (and sometimes instructor) of the ecclesiastical choir
Canute
King of the English, Danes, and Norwegians, b. about 994; d. at Shaftesbury, November 12, 1035
Canute IV, Saint
Martyr and King of Denmark, date of birth uncertain; d. July 10, 1086
Capharnaum
A titular see of Palestine. It is frequently mentioned in the Gospels
Capital Punishment
The infliction by due legal process of the penalty of death as a punishment for crime
Capitolias
A titular see of Palestine
Capitularies
Collections of laws or ordinances, chiefly of the Frankish kings
Capsa
A titular see of North Africa
Captain
Both civil and military officers in the Bible
Captivities of the Israelites
Treatment of when the Israelite nation was subject to other nations and deported
Capuchin Friars Minor
An autonomous branch of the first Franciscan Order
Capuchinesses
A branch of the Poor Clares of the Primitive Observance
Capuciati
Name of two groups known for wearing hoods
Caracalla
Roman Emperor, b. 188; d. 217
Caraites
A Jewish sect professing to follow the text of the Bible (Miqra') to the exclusion of Rabbinical traditions
Carbonari
Secret political society in France and Italy
Cardica
A titular see of Thessaly
Cardinal
A dignitary of the Roman Church and counsellor of the pope
Cardinal Giacomo Antonelli
Secretary of State to Pius IX (1806-1876)
Cardinal Gian Matteo Giberti
Bishop of Verona; b. 1495; d. 1543
Cardinal Jean-Francois-Paul-Gondi de Retz
Archbishop of Paris, b. at the Chateau of Montmirail, Oct., 1614; d. in Paris, Aug. 24, 1679
Cardinal Leonardo Antonelli
Canon of the Vatican Basilica, prefect of archives in the Castle of San Angelo, Secretary of the Sacred College and Assessor of the Holy Office (1730-1811)
Cardinal Nicolo Maria Antonelli
Canonist, ecclesiastical historian, and Orientalist (1698-1767)
Cardinal Protector
Representative in the Roman curia of religious order or institute, confraternity, church, college, city, or nation
Cardinal Silvio Antoniano
Writer on education (1540-1603)
Cardinal Vicar
The vicar-general of the pope, as Bishop of Rome, for the spiritual administration of the city and its surrounding district
Cardinal Vicar (organization of the Roman vicariate)
The organization of the Roman vicariate, as described in an earlier volume of this Encyclopedia (see [[Cardinal Vicar]], III, 341) rested largely on usage; it was not constructed as a compact whole at one single time
Cardinal Virtues
The four principal virtues upon which the rest of the moral virtues turn or are hinged
Care of Poor By the Church
The care of the poor is a branch of charity.
Carem
Town in the Tribe of Judah
Caribs
Indian tribe in South America
Carl von Reisach
B. at Roth, Bavaria, July 7, 1800; d. in the Redemptorist monastery of Contamine, France, December 22, 1869
Carlo Carlo Goldoni
Italian dramatist; b. 1707; d. 1793
Carlo Crivelli
An Italian painter. Little is known of his life, and his b. and d. are usually reckoned by his earliest and latest signed pictures, 1468-93
Carlo Dolci
Painter, b. in Florence, Italy, May 25, 1616; d. 17. January, 1686
Carlo Fontana
Architect and writer; b. at Bruciato, near Como, 1634; d. at Rome, 1714
Carlo Giuseppe Imbonati
Cistercian of the Reform of St. Bernard, orientalist, biographer, theologian; b. at Milan; flourished in the latter half of the seventeenth century
Carlo Gozzi
Italian author, b. 1720; d. 1806.
Carlo Maderna
Architect, b. 1556; d. 1629
Carlo Maratta
Italian painter, b. May 13, 1625; d. December 15, 1713
Carlo Matteucci
Physicist, b. June 21, 1811; d. July 25, 1868
Carlo Odescalchi
Cardinal, prince, archbishop, and Jesuit, b. at Rome, March 5, 1786; d. at Modena, August 17, 1841
Carlo Ottavio Castiglione
Philologist and numismatist, b. of an ancient family, at Milan, Italy, 1784; d. at Genoa, April 10, 1849
Carlo Passaglia
Jesuit b. at Lucca, May 9, 1812; d. at Turin, March 12, 1887
Carlo Porta
Poet, b. at Milan in 1775; d. there, January 5, 1821; educated by the Jesuits at Monza and in the seminary at Milan
Carlo Sebastiano Berardi
Canonist (1719-1768)
Carlo Vercellone
Biblical scholar, b. at Biella, Milan; d. at Rome, Jan. 19, 1869
Carlos Maria Bustamante
Mexican statesman and historian, b. at Oaxaca, Mexico, November 4, 1774; d. in Mexico, September 29, 1848
Carlovingian Schools
A school for the training of the young Frankish nobles in the art of war and ceremonies of the court
Carmel
Place in Israel
Carmelite Order
One of the mendicant orders
Caroline Books
Work purporting to be the composition of Charlemagne
Caroline Islands
A group of about 500 small coral islands, east of the Philippines
Carpasia
A titular see of Cyprus
Carrhae
A titular see of Mesopotamia
Carthage, Saint
Born about the year 555
Carthusian Order
Enclosed religious order
Carystus
A titular see of Greece
Cashel
A town in the County Tipperary, Ireland
Casimir Pulaski
Patriot and soldier, b. at Winiary, Poland, March 4, 1748; d. on the Wasp, in the harbour of Savannah, Oct. 11, 1779
Casimir Ubaghs
B. at Berg lez-Fauquemont, Nov. 26, 1800; d. at Louvain, Feb. 15, 1875, was for a quarter of a century the chief protagonist of the Ontologico-Traditionalist School of Louvain
Casimir, Saint
Prince of Poland, b. in the royal palace at Cracow, October 3, 1458; d. at the court of Grodno, March 4, 1484
Casium
A titular see of Lower Egypt
Casot
B. in Liege, Belgium, 4 Oct., 1728; d. at Quebec, March 16, 1800
Caspar Castner
A missionary, b. at Munich, Bavaria, October 7, 1655; d. at Peking, China, November 9, 1709
Caspar Henry Borgess
Bishop of Detroit, Michigan, USA (1824-1890)
Caspar Hurtado
A Spanish Jesuit and theologian, b. at Mondejar, New Castile, in 1575; d. at Alcala, August 5, 1647
Caspar Riffel
Historian, born at Budesheim, Bingen, Germany, Jan. 19, 1807; died at Mainz, Dec. 15, 1856
Caspar Schatzgeyer
Opponent of the Protestant Reformers (ca. 1463-1527)
Cassiodorus
Roman writer, statesman, and monk, b. about 490; d. about 583
Castabala
A titular see of Asia Minor
Castile and Aragon
The United Kingdom which came into existence by the marriage (1469) of Isabella, heiress of Castile, with Ferdinand the Catholic, King of Aragon
Casto Innocenzio Ansaldi
Dominican theologian and archaeologist (1710-1780)
Castoria
A titular see of Macedonia
Casuistry
The application of general principles of morality to definite and concrete cases of human activity
Catafalque
In liturgy, a cenotaph-like erection which is used at the exequial offices of the Church
Catalonia
A principality within the Spanish Monarchy
Catechumen
One who has not yet been baptized, but is undergoing a course of preparation
Categorical Imperative
A term in Immanuel Kant's ethics
Category
Term used in philosophy
Catenae
Collections of excerpts from the writings of Biblical commentators, especially the Fathers and early ecclesiastical writers
Cathari
Name applied to several groups in history
Cathedra
The chair or throne of a bishop in his cathedral church, also used in several other senses
Cathedral
The chief church of a diocese, in which the bishop has his throne (cathedra)
Cathedraticum
A certain sum of money to be contributed annually for the support of the bishop
Catherine de' Medici
B. April 13, 1519; d. 5 Jan., 1589
Catherine de' Ricci, Saint
A Dominican nun, of the Third Order, though enclosed, b. in Florence, April 23, 1522; d. February 2, 1590
Catherine of Alexandria, Saint
Virgin and martyr
Catherine of Bologna, Saint
Poor Clare and mystical writer, b. at Bologna, September 8, 1413; d. there, March 9, 1463
Catherine of Genoa, Saint
B. at Genoa in 1447, d. at the same place 14 Sept., 1510
Catherine of Siena, Saint
Dominican Tertiary, b. at Siena, March 25, 1347; d. at Rome, April 29, 1380
Catherine of Sweden, Saint
The fourth child of St. Bridget and her husband, Ulf Gudmarsson, b. 1331 or 1332; d. March 24, 1381
Catherine Tegakwitha
Indian virgin of the Mohawk tribe, b. in 1656; d. April 17, 1680
Catholic
Origin and use of the term
Catholic Benevolent Legion
A fraternal assessment life-insurance society organized in Brooklyn, New York
Catholic Church Extension Society
First active agitation for a church extension or home mission society for the Catholic Church in North America
Catholic Club of New York
Social organization consisting of 'Catholic gentlemen who are governed by a spirit of devotion to the Church and fidelity to the Holy Father'
Catholic Congresses
Gatherings of Catholics in general public conferences
Catholic Directories
The ecclesiastical sense of the word directory, as will be shown later, has become curiously confused with its secular use, but historically speaking the ecclesiastical sense is the earlier
Catholic Dukes of Norfolk (since the Reformation)
Under this title are accounts only of the prominent Catholic Dukes of Norfolk since the Reformation
Catholic Educational Association
Volunteer organization of Catholic educators and other persons who have an interest in the welfare of Catholic education in the United States
Catholic Epistle
The name given to certain epistles in the New Testament
Catholic Indian Missions of Canada
Detailed article on the history of missionary activity to various Indian tribes in Canada
Catholic Indian Missions of the United States
Detailed history of Catholic missionary activity to the native tribes of America
Catholic Knights of America
A fraternal life-insurance company
Catholic Missionary Union
Missionary organization
Catholic Missions
Short general survey of the missionary activity of the Catholic Church at the present day
Catholic Orders of Foresters
In Illinois and Massachusetts
Catholic Parochial Missions
Special exertions of the Church's pastoral agencies to instruct Catholics more fully in the truths of their religion, and to convert sinners
Catholic Periodical Literature
Catholic publications appearing at intervals either regular or irregular
Catholic Societies
Various organizations formed by the faithful for the promotion of any good work
Catholic Summer Schools
Assemblies of Catholic clergy and laity held during the summer months to foster intellectual culture in harmony with Christian faith
Catholic Truth Societies
Various organizations in different countries for promoting particular aspects of Catholicism
Catholic University of America
A pontifical institution located at Washington, D.C.
Catholic Young Men's National Union
Association was organized for the furtherance of practical unity, the spiritual, intellectual, moral, and physical advancement of Catholic youth, and the development of better citizens and Catholics
Catholicos
Ecclesiastical title of the Nestorian and Armenian patriarchs
Caughnawaga
Iroquois reservation, about ten miles above Montreal
Caunus
Titular see of Asia Minor
Cause
Term in philosophy
Cavaliere Giovanni Baglioni
Painter of distinction
Cavaliere Paris Bordone
Venetian painter (1500-1570)
Ceadda, Saint
Abbot of Lastingham, Bishop successively of York and Lichfield, England, date of birth uncertain; d. 672
Cecilia, Saint
Virgin and martyr, patroness of church music, d. at Rome
Cedar (conifer)
A coniferous tree frequently mentioned in the Bible
Cedar (son of Ismael)
The name of the second son of Ismael
Cedd, Saint
Bishop of the East Saxons, the brother of St. Ceadda; d. 26 Oct., 664
Cedes
Two cities of Palestine
Celebret
A letter which a bishop gives to a priest, that he may obtain permission in another diocese to say Mass
Celenderis
A titular see of Asia Minor
Celestin-Joseph Felix
French Jesuit, b. at Neuville-sur-l'Escaut (Nord), June 28, 1810; d. at Lille, July 7, 1891
Celestine Order
This Benedictine congregation must not be confused with the Franciscan congregation of the same name. The order was founded in 1254 by Pietro di Murrone
Celestines
Name given to certain extreme 'Spiritual' Franciscans of the Marches, because they were taken by Celestine V under his special protection
Celestino Cavedoni
An Italian ecclesiastic, archaeologist, and numismatist; b. May 18, 1795, at Levizzano-Rangone, near Modena; d. November 26, 1865, at Modena
Celestino Sfondrati
Prince-abbot of St. Gall and cardinal, b. at Milan, January 10, 1644; d. at Rome, September 4, 1696
Celibacy of the Clergy
Treatment of the practice of clerical celibacy
Cella
One of the names by which the small memorial chapels sometimes erected in the Christian cemeteries of the first age were known
Celsus the Platonist
An eclectic Platonist and polemical writer against Christianity, who flourished towards the end of the second century
Celtic Rite
Term applied to the various rites in use in Great Britain, Ireland, perhaps in Brittany, and sporadically in Northern Spain,
Cemetery
Cemetery
Cenni di Pepo Cimabue
Florentine painter (1240-after 1301)
Censer
A vessel suspended by chains, and used for burning incense at solemn Mass
Censorship of Books
Historical treatment of censorship
Census
A canonical term variously defined by different writers
Center Party (The Centre)
This name is given to a political party in the German Reichstag and to a number of parties in the diets of the various states of the German Empire
Centuriators of Magdeburg
Group of Lutheran scholars
Centurion
A Roman officer commanding a century or company
Ceolfrid, Saint
Benedictine monk, Abbot of Wearmouth and Jarrow, b. 642, place of birth not known; d. 29 Sept., 716, at Langres
Ceolwulf
King of Northumbria and monk of Lindisfarne, date and place of birth not known; d. at Lindisfarne, 764
Ceramus
A titular see of Asia Minor
Cerasus
A titular see of Pontus Polemoniacus in Asia Minor
Ceremonial
The book which contains in detail the order of religious ceremony and solemn worship
Ceremony
In liturgy an external action, gesture, or movement which accompanies the prayers and public exercise of divine worship
Cerinthus
A Gnostic-Ebionite heretic, contemporary with St. John
Certitude
State of mind and a quality of a proposition
Cesar Clement (Caesar)
Priest (d. 1626)
Cesar de Bus, Venerable
Priest, and founder of two religious congregations, b. February 3, 1544, at Cavailion, Corntat Venaissin (now France); d. April 15, 1607, at Avignon
Cesar-Egasse du Boulay
French historian (d. 1678)
Cesar-Guillaume La Luzerne
French cardinal, b. at Paris, 1738; d. there, 1821
Cesar-Mansuete Despretz
Chemist and physicist, b. at Lessines, Belgium, May 11, 1798; d. at Paris, May 11, 1863
Cesare Baronius, Venerable
Cardinal and ecclesiastical historian (1538-1607)
Cesare Cantu
Italian historian and poet, b. at Brivio, December 8, 1807; d. at Milan, March 11, 1895
Ceslaus, Saint
B. at Kamien in Silesia, Poland (now Prussia), about 1184; d. at Breslau about 1242
Cestra
A titular see of Asia Minor
Ceylon
Island to the south-east of India
Chair of Peter
I. The annual Feast of the Chair of Peter; II. The Chair itself
Chalcedon
Titular see of Asia Minor
Chalcis
Titular see of Greece
Chaldean Christians
Former Nestorians now reunited with the Roman Church
Chalice
Occupies first place among sacred vessels; as a figure of speech the cup is often used as if it were synonymous with the Precious Blood itself
Cham (Chamites)
Son of Noe and progenitor of one of the three great races of men whose ethnographical table is given by Genesis 10
Chanaan (Chanaanites)
Hebrew word Kena'an denoting a person
Chancel
Part of the choir near the altar of a church, where the deacons or sub-deacons stand to assist the officiating priest
Chantry
Endowment to say or sing Mass for the soul of the endower; more commonly, to perform as choir member, chaplain in hospitals and jails, etc.
Chapel
Place of Christian worship
Chaplain
The office in its many forms
Chapter
Certain corporate ecclesiastical bodies
Chapter and Conventual Mass
Types of Masses said in churches or cathedrals
Chapter House
Building attached to a monastery or cathedral in which the meetings of the chapter are held
Character
Commonly, the expression of the personality of a human being, as revealed in his conduct
Character (in Catholic theology)
Special effect produced by three of the sacraments, viz. Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy orders
Charadrus
Titular see of Asia Minor
Chariopolis
Titular see of Thrace
Charismata
Any good gift that flows from God's benevolent love (charis) unto man
Charitable Bequests
In civil law
Charity and Charities
Love of God as well as love of man
Charlemagne
Charles, King of the Franks; first sovereign of the Christian Empire of the West (742-814)
Charles Antoniewicz (Botoz)
Polish Jesuit and missionary (1807-1852)
Charles Baker, Venerable
English Jesuit martyr (1616-1679)
Charles Batteux
Abbe and writer on philosophy and aesthetics (1713-1780)
Charles Berington
Bishop of Hiero-Caesarea (1748-1798)
Charles Bianconi
Merchant and philanthropist (1785-1875)
Charles Bonaparte
Ornithologist (1803-1857)
Charles Borromeo, Saint
Archbishop of Milan, Papal Secretary of State under Pius IV; one of the chief players in the Catholic Counter-Reformation (1538-1584)
Charles Butler
Prominent figure among the English Catholics of his day, b. in London, 1750; d. June 2, 1832
Charles Cahier
Antiquarian, b. at Paris, 26 Feb., 1807; d. there 26 Feb., 1882
Charles Carroll
American statesman, b. at Annapolis, Maryland, September 19, 1737, d. at Doughoregan Manor near Baltimore, Maryland, November 14, 1832
Charles Clemencet
Benedictine historian (1703-1778)
Charles Constantine Pise
A priest, poet, and prose writer, b. at Annapolis, Maryland, Nov. 22, 1801; d. at Brooklyn, New York, May 26, 1866
Charles Cordell
English missionary priest (1720-1791)
Charles D'Agoult
French prelate, b. at Grenoble, 1747; d. at Paris, 1824
Charles Daniel
Jesuit; b. Dec. 31, 1818, at Beauvais, France; d. Jan. 1, 1893, at Paris
Charles de Bouvens
French pulpit orator (1750-1830)
Charles de La Croix
Missionary, b. at Hoorbeke-St-Corneille, Belgium, Oct. 28, 1792; d. at Ghent, Aug. 20, 1869
Charles de La Fosse
Painter, b. in Paris, June 15, 1636; d. in Paris, December 13, 1716
Charles de La Rue
Great seventeenth-century Jesuit orator, b. at Paris, August 3, 1643; d. there, May 27, 1725
Charles Dolman
Publisher and bookseller, b. at Monmouth, England, 20 Sept., 1807; d. in Paris, December 31, 1863
Charles Du Plessis D'Argentre
Priest (1673-1740)
Charles Dufresne Du Cange
Historian and philologist, b. at Amiens, France, Dec. 18, 1610; d. at Paris, 1688
Charles Dumoulin
French jurist, b. at Paris in 1500; d. there December 27, 1566
Charles Erskine
Cardinal, b. at Rome, Feb. 13, 1739; d. at Paris, March 20, 1811
Charles Etienne Arthur Gayarre
American historian and writer of fiction, grandson of Etienne de Bore, the first successful sugar-planter of Louisiana; b. in New Orleans, January, 1805; d. February 11, 1895
Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg
Priest and historian (1814-1874)
Charles Eyston
Antiquary, b. 1667; d. Nov. 5, 1721
Charles Farrar Browne
Humorist, b. at Waterford, Oxford County, Maine, U.S.A., April 26, 1834; d. in Southampton, England, March 6, 1867
Charles Forbin-Janson
Bishop of Nancy and Toul, founder of the Association of the Holy Childhood, b. in Paris, France, Nov. 3, 1785; d. near Marseilles, July 12, 1844
Charles Francois D'Abra de Raconis
A French bishop, b. at the Chateau de Raconis in 1580, of a Calvinistic family; d. 1646
Charles Garnier
A Jesuit Missionary, b. at Paris, 1606, of Jean G. and Anne de Garault; d. December 7, 1649
Charles Hermite
B. at Dieuze, Lorraine, December 24, 1822; d. at Paris, January 14, 1901
Charles Huault de Montmagny
Second French Governor of Canada, b. in France towards the end of the sixteenth century, of Charles Huault and Antoinette du Drac; d. in the Antilles after 1651
Charles Ignatius White
Editor, historian, b. at Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A., Feb. 1, 1807; d. at Washington, D. C., April 1, 1878
Charles Januarius Acton
English cardinal, b. at Naples, 6 March, 1803; d. at Naples, 23 June, 1847
Charles John Seghers
Bishop of Vancouver Island, Apostle of Alaska, b. at Ghent, Belgium, Dec. 26, 1839; d. in Alaska, Nov. 28, 1886
Charles Joseph Kickham
Patriot, novelist, and poet, b. at Mullinahone, Co. Tipperary, Ireland, 1828; d. at Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Aug. 22, 1882
Charles Joseph Tricassin
One of the greatest theologians of the Capuchin Order, b. at Troyes; d. in 1681
Charles Lalemant
First superior of the Jesuit missions in Canada, b. at Paris, November 17, 1587; d. there, November 18, 1674
Charles Le Gobien
French Jesuit b. at St-Malo, Brittany, November 25, 1671; d. at Paris, March 5, 1708
Charles Lebrun
French historical painter, b. in Paris, 1619; d. at the Gobelin tapestry works, 1690
Charles Lenormant
French archaeologist, b. in Paris, June 1, 1802; d. at Athens, November 24, 1859
Charles Mahony
Irish Franciscan martyr; b. after 1639; d. at Ruthin, Denbighshire, August 12, 1679
Charles Martel
French Monarch (688-741)
Charles Mathieu Schols
Civil engineer, teacher, b. of Catholic parents at Maastricht, Holland, March 28, 1849; d. at Delft, March 17, 1897
Charles Mazenod
Bishop of Marseilles, and Founder of the Congr gation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, b. August 1, 1782; d. May 21, 1861
Charles Nerinckx
Missionary priest in Kentucky, founder of the Sisters of Loretto at the Foot of the Cross, b. in Herffelingen, Belgium, Oct. 2, 1761; d. at Ste. Genevieve, Mo., August 12, 1824
Charles O'Conor
Often called 'the Venerable', b. at Belanagare, Co. Roscommon, 1710; d. 1791
Charles O'Conor (Jurist)
Famous 19th century Amercian jurist
Charles Patrick Meehan
Irish historical writer and translator, b. in Dublin, July 12, 1812; d. there March 14, 1890
Charles Perrault
Writer, b. in Paris, Jan. 12, 1628; d. May 16, 1703
Charles Plowden
B. at Plowden Hall, Shropshire, 1743; d. at Jougne, Doubs, France, June 13, 1821
Charles Plumier
French botanist, b. at Marseilles, April 20, 1646; d. at Puerto de Sta Maria near Cadiz, November 20, 1704
Charles Raymbault
Missionary, b. in France, 1602; entered the Society of Jesus at Rouen (1621); d. at Quebec, 1643
Charles Rollin
Professor, writer, b. in Paris, 1661; d. there, 1741
Charles Russell
Lawyer, judge, and parliamentarian, b. at Newry, Ireland, November 10, 1832; d. in London, August 10, 1900
Charles Sainte-Claire Deville
Geologist, b. at St. Thomas, West Indies, February 26, 1814; d. in Paris, October 10, 1876
Charles Stanton Devas
Political economist, b. at Woodside, Old Windsor, England, of Protestant parents, August 26, 1848; d. November 6, 1906
Charles Thomas
French composer, b. 5 Aug,. 1811; d. Feb. 12, 1896
Charles Walmesley
Bishop of Rama, Vicar Apostolic of the Western District, England, b. Jan. 13, 1722; d. at Bath, England, Nov. 25, 1797
Charles Warren Stoddard
American author, b. August 7, 1843.; d. April 23, 1909
Charles Waterton
Naturalist and explorer, b. in Walton Hall near Wakefield, Yorkshire, England, in 1782; d. there in 1865
Charles William Russell
Priest, writer and editor, b. at Killough, Co. Down, May 14, 1812; d. at Dublin Feb. 26, 1880
Charles-Antoine Coysevox
A distinguished French sculptor, b. at Lyons, 29 Sept., 1640; d. at Paris, 10 Oct., 1720
Charles-Claude Fauriel
Historian, b. at St-Etienne, France, October 27, 1772; d. at Paris, July 15, 1844
Charles-Edmond-Henride Coussemaker
French historian of music, b. at Bailleul, department of Nord, France, April 19, 1805; d. at Lille, January 10, 1876
Charles-Emile Freppel
Bishop of Angers, France b. at Ober-Ehnheim, Alsace, June 1, 1827; d. at Paris, Dec. 22, 1891
Charles-felix Cazeau
French-Canadian priest, b. at Quebec, December 24, 1807, d. February 26, 1881
Charles-Forbes-Rene Montalembert
Soldier and writer, b. in London, April 15, 1810; d. in Paris March 13, 1870
Charles-Francois Baillargeon
French-Canadian bishop
Charles-Francois Gounod
Nineteenth-century French composer: b. 1818; d. 1893
Charles-Francois Houbigant
B. in Paris, 1686; d. there October 31, 1783
Charles-Francois Toustain
French Benedictine, and member of the Congregation of St-Maur, b. at Repas in the Diocese of Seez, France, October 13, 1700; d. at St-Denis, July 1, 1754
Charles-Hyacinthe Hugo
B. Sept. 20, 1667, at St. Mihiel (Department of Meuse, France); d. August 2, 1739
Charles-Joseph de Harlez de Deulin
Belgian Orientalist, domestic prelate, canon of the cathedral of Liege, member of the Academie Royale of Belgium; b. at Liege, August 21, 1832; d. at Louvain, July 14, 1899
Charles-Louis de Secondat Montesquieu
Writer and publicist, b. in the Chateau de la Brede near Bordeaux, January 18, 1689; d. at Paris, February 10, 1755
Charles-Louis Richard
Theologian and publicist; b. at Blainville-sur-l'Eau, in Lorraine, April, 1711; d. at Mons, Belgium, Aug. 16, 1794
Charles-Louis-Joseph-Xavier de La Vallee-Poussin
Professor of geology and mineralogy at the Catholic University of Louvain (1863), doctor honoris causa of the same university (1876), foreign member of the Academie Royale de Belgique (1885), vice-president of the directing council of the geological map o
Charles-Marie de La Condamine
Explorer and physicist (1701-1774)
Charles-Martial-Allemand Lavigerie
French cardinal, b. at Huire near Bayonne, Oct. 13, 1825; d. at Algiers, Nov. 27, 1892
Charles-maurice de Talleyrand- Perigord
Prince of Benevento, Bishop of Autun, French minister and ambassador, b. February 13, 1754; d. May, 1838
Charles-Maurice Le Tellier
Archbishop of Reims, b. at Turin, 1642; d. at Reims, 1710
Charles-Michel de L' Epee
Philanthropic priest and inventor of the sign alphabet for the instruction of the deaf and dumb; was b. November 25, 1712; d. December 23, 1789
Charles-Rene Billuart
Dominican preacher and theologian (1685-1757)
Charles-Thomas Maillard de Tournon
Papal legate to India and China, cardinal, b. of a noble Savoyard family at Turin, Dec. 21, 1668; d. in confinement at Macao, June 8, 1710
Charterhouse
St. Bruno founded the first house of his austere order at Chartreux, near Grenoble
Chartulary
Medieval manuscript containing transcriptions of original documents relating to the foundation and legal rights of various establishments
Chastity
The virtue
Chasuble
The principal and most conspicuous Mass vestment
Chelm and Belz
Diocese of the Greek-Ruthenian Rite in Russian Poland, subject directly to the Holy See, and formerly a suffragan of Kijow
Cherokee Indians
Largest and most important tribe of Iroquoian stock of the southern section of the United States
Chersonesus
(1) titular see of Crete; (2) titular see of Thrace
Cherubim
Angelic beings or symbolic representations thereof, mentioned frequently in the Old and once in the New Testament
Chibchas
Sedentary Indians of the eastern and north-eastern Highlands of Colombia, South America
Children of Mary
The Sodality of Children of Mary Immaculate
Children of Mary of the Sacred Heart
Sodality of the Blessed Virgin
Chile
Narrow strip of coastland in South America
China
Largest political division of Eastern Asia
Chinooks
An aboriginal tribe of the extreme north-west of the United States
Chios
One of the Sporades in the Aegean Sea
Chippewa Indians
Largest and most important tribe north of Mexico
Chivalry
As an institution, considered from three points of view: the military, the social, and the religious
Choctaw Indians
Important tribe or confederacy of Muskogean stock
Choir (part of a church)
That part of the church where the stalls of the clergy are
Choir (singers)
Body of singers entrusted with the musical parts of the Church service, and organized and instructed for that purpose
Chorepiscopi
A name originally given in the Eastern Church to bishops whose jurisdiction was confined to rural districts
Chrestien Leclercq
Franciscan Recollet, distinguished historiographer and one of the most zealous missionaries to the Micmac of Canada
Chrism
Mixture of olive oil and balsam blessed by a bishop; used in certain sacraments and in certain ecclesiastical functions
Chrismal (Chrismatory)
Formerly used to designate the sheath, or cloth-covering (theca) in which relics were wrapped up
Chrismarium
(1) A place in a church; (2) An ampulla or jar
Christendom
The part of the world which is inhabited by Christians
Christian
First Bishop of Prussia (d. 1245)
Christian and Religious Perfection
A thing is perfect in which nothing is wanting of its nature, purpose, or end
Christian Archaeology
That branch of the science of archaeology the object of which is the study of ancient Christian monuments
Christian Art
The fine arts and their creations
Christian Brothers of Ireland
Institute founded at Waterford, Ireland, in 1802, by Edmund Ignatius Rice
Christian Burial
Interment of a deceased person with ecclesiastical rites in consecrated ground
Christian Calendar
Treatment of the calendar as it was in 1907
Christian Democracy
Distinguishes between popular Catholic action and the political movement
Christian Doctrine
The knowledge imparted by teaching; the act of teaching
Christian Iconography
Science of the description, history, and interpretation of icons
Christian Kruik Van Adrichem
Catholic priest and theological writer, b. at Delft, 13 February, 1533; d. at Cologne, 20 June, 1585
Christian Latin Literature
Early historical development of Christian Latin literature
Christian Lupus
Historian, b. at Ypres (Flanders), 23 July, 1612; d. at Louvain, July 10, 1681
Christian Mayer
Moravian astronomer, b. Aug. 20, 1719; d. April 16, 1783
Christian Mohr
Sculptor, b. at Andernach, 1823; d. at Cologne, 1888
Christian Museum of Lateran
Established by Pius IX, in 1854
Christian Museums
Reserved to those museums which abound chiefly in Christian objects antedating the Middle Ages, namely, sarcophagi, inscriptions and products of the minor arts
Christian Names
Name given at baptism
Christian Ostraka
Inscriptions on clay, wood, metal, and other hard materials
Christian Wolfgang Herdtrich
An Austrian Jesuit missionary in China; b. at Graz, Styria, June 25, 1625; d. July 18, 1684
Christian Worship
Homage paid to God, to Jesus Christ, to His saints, to the beings or even to the objects which have a special relation to God
Christianity
As a religion
Christina Alexandra
Queen of Sweden
Christine de Pisan
French poetess and historiographer (1363-1430)
Christine of Stommeln, Blessed
Beguine (1242-1312)
Christmas
History and celebration
Christobal Morales
Composer, b. at Seville, Jan. 2, 1512; d. at Malaga, June 14, 1553
Christoph Anton Migazzi
Cardinal, Prince Archbishop of Vienna, b. 1714, in the Tyrol, d. April 14, 1803, at Vienna
Christoph Brouwer
Historian, b. March 12, 1559, at Arnheim, Holland; d. in 1617, at Trier, Germany
Christoph von Schmid
Writer of children's stories and educator, b. at Dinkelsbuehl, in Bavaria, Aug. 15, 1768; d. at Augsburg in 1854
Christophe Plantin
Book-binder and publisher of Antwerp, b. 1514, at or near Tours (France); d. July 1, 1589, at Antwerp
Christopher Bagshaw
Convert, priest, prisoner for the Faith, and a prominent figure in the controversies between Catholic priests in the reign of Elizabeth
Christopher Bainbridge
Archbishop of York, and Cardinal (1464-1514)
Christopher Bales, Venerable
English priest and martyr (1564-1590)
Christopher Besoldus
German jurist and publicist (1577-1638)
Christopher Borrus
Jesuit missionary, mathematician, and astronomer (1583-1632)
Christopher Buxton, Venerable
Priest and martyr, b. in Derbyshire; d. at Canterbury, October 1, 1588
Christopher Clavius
Jesuit mathematician and astronomer (1538-1612)
Christopher Columbus
Explorer
Christopher Davenport
Theologian, b. 1598, at Coventry, England; d. May 31, 1680
Christopher Holywood
Jesuit; b. at Artane, Dublin, in 1559; d. September 4, 1626
Christopher Madruzzi
B. July 5, 1512; d. July 5, 1578
Christopher Norton
Martyr; executed at Tyburn, May 27, 1570
Christopher Numar of Forli
Minister general of the Friars Minor and cardinal, date of birth uncertain; d. at Ancona, Mar. 23, 1528
Christopher Robinson, Venerable
Martyr, b. date unknown; executed at Carlisle, Aug. 19, 1598
Christopher Royas de Spinola
Bishop of Wiener-Neustadt, b. of a noble Spanish family, near Roermond in Gelderland in 1626; d. at Wiener-Neustadt, March 12, 1695
Christopher Scheiner
German astronomer, b. at Wald, near Mindelheim, in Swabia, July 25, 1575; d. at Niesse, in Silesia, July 18, 1650
Christopher Wharton, Venerable
B. at Middleton, Yorkshire, before 1536; martyred at York, March 28, 1600
Christopher, Saint
Martyr, probably of the third century
Chrodegang, Saint
Bishop of Metz (d. 766)
Chromatius, Saint
Bishop of Aquileia (d. about 406-407)
Chronicle of Eusebius
Explores the two versions of the Chronicle
Chronicle of Melrose
Opens with the year 735, ends abruptly in 1270, founded solely upon the Cottonian Manuscript, Faustina B. ix, in the British Museum, the only ancient copy preserved
Chronicon Paschale
Valuable Byzantine chronicle of the world written in the seventh century
Chrysanthus and Daria, Saints
Roman martyrs
Chrysogonus, Saint
Martyr
Chrysopolis
Titular see of Roman Arabia
Chrysostomus Hanthaler
A Cistercian, historical investigator and writer; b. at Marenbach, Austria, February 14, 1690; d. in the Cistercian monastery of Lilienfeld in Lower Austria, September 2, 1754
Chur
Comprises the Swiss Cantons of Graubunden (Grisons), Glarus, Zurich, Unterwalden, and Uri, as well as the little Principality of Lichtenstein
Church Maintenance
Proper support of church edifices and church institutions, as well as of the clergy who minister in them
Church of Alexandria, The
Early Christian center in Egypt
Church, The
Teutonic rendering of the Greek ecclesia; denotes the society founded by Our Lord Jesus Christ.
Churching of Women
Blessing given by the Church to mothers after recovery from childbirth
Chusai
The Arachite, i.e. the native of Archi, a place south of the portion of Ephraim, near Bethel
Chytri
Titular see of Cyprus
Ciborium
Chalice-like vessel used to contain the Blessed Sacrament
Cibyra
Titular see of Caria, in Asia Minor
Cidyessus
Titular see of Asia Minor
Cignani
Bolognese painter (1628-1719)
Cincture
Article of liturgical attire
Cinites
Tribe or family often mentioned in the Old Testament, personified as Qavin from which the nomen gentilicium Qeni is derived
Cinna
Titular see of Asia Minor
Circesium
Titular see of Osrhoene
Circumcision
Cutting and, specifically, the removal of the prepuce, or foreskin, from the penis
Ciriaco D'Ancona
Italian antiquary (1391-1455)
Cisalpine Club
Association of Catholic laymen
Cisamus
Titular see of Crete
Cistercian Abbey of Villers
Situated on the confines of Villers and Tilly, Duchy of Brabant, present Diocese of Namur (Belgium), and first monastery of the order in this territory
Cistercian Abbey of Waverley
Situated in Surrey, near Farnham, founded by William Gifford, Bishop of Winchester, on Nov. 24, 1124
Cistercian Abbey of Wilhering
Situated on the right bank of the Danube, in the Diocese of Linz, Austria
Cistercian Abbey of Zwettl
A filiation of Heiligenkreuz, of the line of Morimond, situated in Lower Austria, in the Diocese of St. Hippolyte
Cistercians
Religious of the Order of Citeaux, a Benedictine reform, established at Citeaux in 1098 by St. Robert
Cistercians in the British Isles
St. Stephen Harding, third Abbot of Citeaux (1109-33), was an Englishman and his influence in the early organization of the Cistercian Order had been very great
Citation
Legal act through which a person, by mandate of the judge, is called before the tribunal for trial
Citharizum
Titular see of Armenia
Cities of Refuge
Towns which according to the Jewish law enjoyed the right of asylum and to which anyone who had unintentionally slain another might flee and be protected from the 'avenger of blood'
Ciudad Real
Bishopric-Priorate of the Military Orders of Spain, directly subject to the Holy See
Ciudad Rodrigo
Suffragan of the Diocese of Santiago, comprises the greater part of the province of Salamanca, and a portion of the province of Caceres
Cius
Titular see of Asia Minor
Civil Allegiance
Duty of loyalty and obedience which a person owes to the State of which he is a citizen
Civil Aspect of Bankruptcy
Article details the history of the term bankruptcy
Civil Authority
Nature, sources, limits, divisions, origin, and the true and false theories of authority
Civil incorporation of Church Property
Treatment of how church property is handled under civil law
Civil Marriage
Marriage recognized by the state rather than the Church
Clandestinity
Matrimonial impediment introduced by the Council of Trent
Clare of Assisi, Saint
Cofoundress of the Order of Poor Ladies, or Clares, and first Abbess of San Damiano (1194-1253)
Clare of Montefalco, Saint
Franciscan or Augustinian (1268-1308)
Clare of Rimini, Blessed
Of the order of Poor Clares (1282-1346)
Classical Latin Literature in the Church
Explores the relations of the classical literature, chiefly Latin, to the Catholic Church
Claude Allouez
Early Jesuit missionary and explorer of the western part of the United States, b. in France in 1620; d. in 1689, near the St. John's River, in Indiana
Claude Bernard ('the poor priest')
French physiologist (1813-1878)
Claude Bernard (French physiologist)
French physiologist (1813-1878)
Claude Buffier
Philosopher and author, b. in Poland, of French parents, May 25, 1661; d. in Paris, May 17, 1737
Claude Chantelou
Benedictine; patristic scholar (1617-1664)
Claude D'Espence
French theologian, b. in 1511 at Chalons-sur-Marne; d. Oct. 5, 1571, at Paris
Claude Dablon
Jesuit missionary, b. at Dieppe, France, in February, 1618; d. at Quebec, May 3, 1697
Claude de La Colombiere, Venerable
Missionary and ascetical writer, b. of noble parentage at Saint-Symphorien-d'Ozon, between Lyons and Vienne, in 1641; d. at Paray-le-Monial, Feb. 15, 1682. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1659
Claude de Lorrain
French painter and etcher, b. in 1600 d. in Rome, Nov. 21, 1681 (or Nov. 23, 1682)
Claude de Sainctes
French controversialist, b.1525; d. 1591
Claude de Visdelou
B. at the Chateau de Bienassis, Pleneuf, Brittany, Aug. 12, 1656; d. at Pondicherry, Nov. 11, 1737. He entered the Society of Jesus, Sept. 5, 1673
Claude Estiennot de La Serre
Benedictine of the Congregation of Saint-Maur, b. at Varennes, France, 1639; d. at Rome, 1699
Claude Fleury
Church historian and educator; b. at Paris, December 6, 1640; d. July 14, 1725
Claude Frassen
Celebrated Scotist theologian and philosopher of the Order of Friars Minor; b. near Peronne, France, in 1620; d. at Paris, February 26, 1711
Claude Judde
Jesuit French preacher (ca. 1661-1735)
Claude Maltret
French Jesuit, b. at Puy, Oct. 3, 1621; d. at Toulouse, Jan. 3, 1674
Claude Perrault
B. at Paris, 1613; d. there, 1688; built the main eastern facade of the Louvre, known as the 'Colonnade'
Claude-Adrien Nonnotte
Controversialist; b. in Besancon, July 29, 1711; d. there, September 3, 1793
Claude-Ferdinand Gaillard
A French engraver and painter; b. at Paris, Jan. 7, 1834; d. there, Jan. 27, 1887
Claude-Francois Menestrier
Antiquarian, b. at Lyons, March 9, 1631; d. at Paris, Jan. 21, 1705. He inherited a taste for antiquities
Claude-Frederic Bastiat
French economist (1801-1850)
Claude-Godefroi Coquart
Jesuit; missionary and army chaplain (1706-1765)
Claudia
Christian woman of Rome
Claudianus Mamertus
Gallo-Roman theologian and the brother of St. Mamertus, Bishop of Vienne (d. about 473)
Claudio Monteverde
Distinguished musician, b, at Cremona, May, 1567; d. at Venice, Nov. 29, 1643
Claudiopolis (Asia Minor)
Titular see of Asia Minor
Claudiopolis (Bithynia)
Titular see of Bithynia, in Asia Minor
Claudius Acquaviva
Fifth General of the Society of Jesus, b. October, 1543; d. 31 January, 1615
Claudius Clavus
Danish cartographer (1388-date of death unknown)
Clazomenae
Titular see of Asia Minor
Clean and Unclean
Distinction between legal or ceremonial, as opposed to moral
Clemens August von Droste-Vischering
Archbishop of Cologne, b. Jan. 21, 1773, at Munster, Germany; d. Oct. 19, 1845
Clemens Non Papa
Representative of the Flemish or Netherland School of music of the sixteenth century (d. 1558)
Clement Mary Hofbauer, Blessed
Second founder of the Redemptorist Congregation (1751-1821)
Clement of Alexandria
Greek theologian and head of the catechetical school of Alexandria (d. about 215)
Clement of Ireland, Saint
Irish scholar; teacher of youth
Clement Schrader
Jesuit theologian, b. at Itzum, in Hanover, Nov., 1820; d. at Poitiers Feb. 23, 1875
Clementine Deymann
Franciscan; b. at Klein-Stavern, Oldenburg, Germany, June 24, 1844; d. at Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.A., December 4, 1896
Clementines
Religious romance which has come down to us in two forms as composed by Pope St. Clement I
Cleophas
According to the Catholic English versions the name of two persons mentioned in the New Testament
Clerestory
Term formerly applied to any window or traceried opening in a church
Cleric
Person who has been legitimately received into the ranks of the clergy
Clerical Costume
Only the broad outlines can be dealt with here
Clericis Laicos
Bull issued 25 Feb., 1296, by Boniface VIII in response to appeal of the English and French prelates for protection against the civil power
Clerics of Saint Viator
St. Viator, lector of the cathedral at Lyons, France, lived in the fourth century and is the earliest type of the teacher of the cathedral schools.
Clerks Regular
Bodies of men in the Church who by the very nature of their institute unite the perfection of the religious state to the priestly office
Clerks Regular of Our Savior
Religious congregation instituted in its present form in 1851, at Benoite Vaux in the Diocese of Verdun, France
Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of Lucca
Congregation founded by the Blessed Giovanni Leonardi
Clerks Regular of the Pious Schools
Religious order founded in Rome in 1597 by St. Joseph Calasanctius, first care was to provide free education for poor children
Cloister
Enclosed space for religious retirement
Clotilda, Saint
Queen of the Franks (c. 474-545)
Clouet
Family name of several generations of painters
Clovis
King of the Salic Franks (466-511)
Co-Consecrators
Bishops who assist the presiding bishop in the act of consecrating a new bishop
Co-Education
The practice of educating the sexes together
Cocussus
Titular see of Armenia
Codex
Name given to a manuscript in leaf form, distinguishing it from a roll
Codex Alexandrinus
Valuable Greek manuscript of the Old and New Testaments, so named because it was brought to Europe from the see of Alexandria
Codex Amiatinus
Codex Amiatinus
Codex Bezae
One of the five most important Greek New Testament MSS., and the most interesting of all on account of its peculiar readings
Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus
Last in the group of the four great uncial MSS. of the Greek Bible
Codex Sinaiticus
Greek manuscript of the Old and New Testaments, of the greatest antiquity faded away and value
Codex Vaticanus
Greek manuscript, the most important of all the manuscripts of Holy Scripture
Coelchu
Distinguished Abbot of the School of Clonmacnoise in Ireland, who flourished during the latter half of the eighth century
Coemgen, Saint
Abbot of Glendalough, Ireland (498-618)
Coenred
King of Mercia (reigned 704-709)
Coeur d'Alene Indians
Small tribe of Salishan stock
Cogitosus
Irishman, an author, and a monk of Kildare
Cola di Rienzi
Popular tribune and extraordinary historical figure d. 1354
Colette, Saint
Founder of the Colettine Poor Clares (1381-1447)
Coliseum, The
Known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, commenced A.D. 72 by Vespasian, the first of the Flavian emperors, dedicated by Titus A.D. 80
Collect
Name now used only for the short prayers before the Epistle in the Mass, which occur again at Lauds, Terce, Sext, None, and Vespers
Collectarium
Book which contains the Collects
Collections
Offerings of the faithful in their special relation to the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass
Collections of Ancient Canons
Treatment of collections of Church laws from the early centuries
Collectivism
Term sometimes employed as a substitute for socialism
College
Originally signified a community, a corporation, an organized society, a body of colleagues,or a society of persons engaged in some common pursuit
College (in Canon Law)
Collection of persons united together for a common object so as to form one body
College and Church of the Anima in Rome
S. Maria dell' Anima, the German national church and hospice in Rome
College de France, The
Founded in the interest of higher education by Francis I
College of Cardinals 1913, Members of the
Members of the College of Cardinals 1913
College of Saint Bonaventure
Located near Florence, Italy, founded July 14, 1879, center of literary activity in the Order of Friars Minor
College of Saint Isidore
Located in Rome, was originally founded for the use of Spanish Franciscans during the pontificate of Gregory XV
College of Saint Omer
Well-known Jesuit college at St. Omer, founded by Father Parsons in 1592 or 1593
Collegiate
Adjective applied to those churches and institutions whose members form a college
Colman
Name of several Irish saints
Cologne
In Prussia
Colomba of Rieti, Blessed
Saintly Dominican woman (1467-1501)
Colonia (supplement)
Includes more recent information on Colonia
Colonia (titular see of Armenia)
Titular see of Armenia
Colonna
Celebrated family which played an important role in Italy during medieval and Renaissance times
Colonnade
Columns symmetrically arranged in one or more rows
Colophon
Titular see of Asia Minor
Colorado
The thirty-fifth, in point of admission, of the United States of America
Colossae
Titular see of Phrygia in Asia Minor, suppressed in 1894
Coluccio di Pierio di Salutati
Italian Humanist, b. in Tuscany, 1331; d. May 4, 1406
Columba of Terryglass, Saint
Founded the celebrated monastery of Tirdaglas
Columba, Saint
Two saints of this name, virgins and martyrs
Columba, Saint (Abbot of Iona)
Abbot of Iona, b. at Gartan, County Donegal, Ireland, December 7, 521; d. June 9, 597
Columbanus, Saint
Abbot of Luxeuil and Bobbio (543-615)
Column
In architecture a round pillar or a many-sided prism practically cylindrical in shape, which supports another body in a vertical direction
Comana
Titular see of Asia Minor
Comgall, Saint
Founder and abbot of the great Irish monastery at Bangor, flourished in the sixth century
Commandments of God
Ten precepts bearing on the fundamental obligations of religion and morality and embodying the revealed expression of the Creator's will
Commandments of the Church
I. the nature of the Commandments of the Church in general; II. the history of the Commandments of the Church; III. their classification
Commemoration (in Liturgy)
Recital of a part of the Office or Mass assigned to a certain feast or day when the whole cannot be said
Commemoration of the Passion of Christ
A feast kept on the Tuesday after Sexagesima
Commendatory Abbot
An ecclesiastic, or some-times a layman, who holds an abbey in commendam
Commentaries on the Bible
Jewish, Patristic, Medieval, Modern Catholic, and Non-Catholic
Commissariat of the Holy Land
In the Order of Friars Minor the territory or district assigned to a commissary
Commissary Apostolic
One who has received power from a legitimate superior authority to pass judgment in a certain cause or to take information concerning it
Commission of Sacred Archaeology, The
Official pontifical board founded in the middle of the nineteenth century
Commodianus
Christian poet
Commodus
Roman Emperor (161-192)
Common Law
Juridical principles and general rules regulating the possession, use and inheritance of property and the conduct of individuals
Communicatio Idiomatum
Technical expression in the theology of the Incarnation
Communion Antiphon
That which was originally sung while the people were receiving the Blessed Sacrament
Communion Bench
Adaptation of the sanctuary-guard or altar-rail
Communion of Children
(1) the ancient practice, and (2) the present discipline of the Church
Communion of Saints
The doctrine expressed in the Apostles' Creed
Communion of the Sick
As differentiated from ordinary Communion
Communion under Both Kinds
Communion received under two species, both bread and wine
Communism
Social system in which all property, or at least all productive property, is owned by the group, or community
Compagnie du Saint-Sacrement
Catholic secret society
Compensation
Price paid for human exertion or labor
Complin
The completion of all the Hours of the day: the close of the day
Compostela
Famous city of Spain, situated on an eminence between the Sar (the Sars of Pomponius Mela) and the Sarela
Compromise (in Canon Law)
In a general sense, is a mutual promise or contract of two parties in controversy to refer their differences to the decision of arbitrators
Conal, Saint
Irish bishop who flourished in the second half of the fifth century
Conan, Saint
Bishop of the Isle of Man (d. 684)
Concelebration
The rite by which several priests say Mass together, all consecrating the same bread and wine
Conceptionists
Branch of the Order of Saint Clare, founded by Beatriz de Silva
Conclave
Closed space set aside for cardinals when electing a pope; also the assembly of the cardinals for the canonical execution of this purpose
Concordances of the Bible
Indexes to the Bible; Biblical words arranged alphabetically indicating the passages of the Bible where the words occur
Concordat
Canonists and publicists do not agree about the nature of a concordat and, consequently, vary much in the definition they give
Concubinage
The state, more or less permanent, of a man and woman living together in illicit intercourse
Concupiscence
In its strict and specific acceptation, a desire of the lower appetite contrary to reason
Concursus
Special competitive examination prescribed in canon law for all aspirants to certain ecclesiastical offices to which is attached the cure of souls
Condition
That which is necessary or at least conducive to the actual operation of a cause
Confession
Originally used to designate the burial-place of a confessor or martyr, this term gradually came to have a variety of applications
Confessor
Etymology and primitive, later, and modern meanings
Confirmation
Sacrament in which the Holy Ghost is given to those already baptized in order to make them strong and perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ
Confiteor
A general confession of sins
Conflict of Investitures, The
The great struggle between the popes and the German kings Henry IV and Henry V.
Confraternities of Penitents
Congregations, with statutes prescribing various penitential works, such as fasting, the use of the discipline, the wearing of a hair shirt, etc
Confraternities of Priests
Confraternities of a local character form the subject of this article.
Confraternities of the Cord
Pious associations of the faithful, the members of which wear a cord or cincture in honor of a saint
Confraternity
Voluntary lay association, established and guided by competent ecclesiastical authority for the promotion of Christian charity or piety
Confraternity of Christian Doctrine
Association established at Rome in 1562 for the purpose of giving religious instruction
Confucianism
Complex system of moral, social, political, and religious teaching built up by Confucius; perpetuated as a State religion
Congo Independent State and Congo Missions
Account of the Congo Independent State written before the annexation of the State by the Belgian Government
Congregatio de Auxiliis
Commission established by Clement VIII to settle the theological controversy between Dominicans and Jesuits regarding grace
Congregation of Christian Retreat
Two branches of this congregation, the Fathers of Christian Retreat and the Sisters
Congregation of Cluny
Earliest reform, which became practically a distant order, within the Benedictine family
Congregation of Holy Cross
A body of priests and lay brothers constituted in the religious state
Congregation of Missionaries of St. Charles Borromeo
Founded by John Baptist Scalabrini, for the moral, civil, and economical welfare of the Italian emigrants in the New World
Congregation of Our Lady of Calvary
Founded at Poitiers, in 1617
Congregation of Priests of the Mission
Congregation of secular priests with religious vows founded by St. Vincent de Paul
Congregation of Saint Edmund
Founded in 1843, by Jean-Baptiste Muard, at Pontigny, France, for the work of popular missions
Congregation of the Blessed Sacrament
Reformed, cloistered congregation of the Dominican order
Congregation of the Brothers of Charity
Founded in Belgium; approved and confirmed by Pope Leo XIII 1899
Congregation of the Missionaries of Mariannhill
Mission-oriented congregation in South Africa
Congregation of the Most Precious Blood
An association of secular priests living in community, whose principal aim is to give missions and retreats
Congregation of the Presentation of Mary
Devoted to the education of young girls,founded in 1796 at Theuyts, Ardeche, France, by the Venerable Mother Marie Rivier
Congregation of the Resurrection
Founded in Paris, 1836, by Bogdan Jatiski, Peter Semenenko, and Jerome Kajsiewicz, and approved by the Holy See, 1902
Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary
Founded by Father Coudrin to promote devotion to the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and of Mary
Congregation of the Servants of the Most Blessed Sacrament
Order of nuns, founded by the Venerable Pierre-Julien Eymard in 1858
Congregation of the Sisters of Misericorde
Congregation of women founded January 16, 1848, for the purpose of procuring spiritual and corporal assistance for poor mothers and unfortunate girls
Congregational Singing
Ancient usage; it's formal prohibition and gradual decay; present-day revival
Congregationalism
Innumerable Puritan factions, with varying degrees of radicalism, arising against the prelatical form of government in Anglicanism and Catholicism
Congregations of Mount Calvary
Consists of two congregations, one for sisters the other for secular priests
Congregations of Notre Dame
Overview of several religious congregations
Congregations of Providence
Five religious orders
Congregations of the Heart of Mary
Various congregations
Congregations of the Holy Family
Name applied to several congregations
Congregations of the Precious Blood
A congregation of nuns, no longer in existence
Congress of Ems
Meeting of German Archbishops for purpose of protesting against papal interference in the exercise of episcopal powers
Congrua
Canonical term to designate the lowest sum proper for the yearly income of a cleric
Congruism
Theological theory; grace is efficacious, at least in part, due to the fact that the grace is given in circumstances favorable to its operation
Conimbricenses
Jesuits of the University of Coimbra (q.v.) in Portugal
Connecticut
The state
Conrad Celtes
A German Humanist, b. at Wipfeld in Lower Franconia, February 1, 1459; d. at Vienna, February 4, 1508
Conrad of Ascoli, Blessed
Friar Minor and missionary (1234-1289)
Conrad of Hochstadt
Archbishop of Cologne and Imperial Elector (d. 1261)
Conrad of Leonberg
Cistercian monk and Humanist (1460-c, 1520)
Conrad of Marburg
Confessor of Saint Elizabeth of Thuringia and papal inquisitor (d. 1233)
Conrad of Offida, Blessed
Friar Minor (c. 1241-1306)
Conrad of Piacenza, Saint
Hermit of the Third Order of St. Francis (d. 1351)
Conrad of Saxony
Friar Minor and ascetical writer (d. 1279)
Conrad of Urach
Cardinal-Bishop of Porto and Santa Rufina (c. 1180-1227)
Conrad of Utrecht
Bishop (killed 1099)
Conrad Peutinger
Antiquarian and humanist, b. at Augsburg, Oct. 14, 1465; d. Dec. 28, 1547
Conrad Tanner
Abbot of Einsiedeln, b. Dec. 28, 1752; d. April 7, 1825
Conrad Vetter
Preacher and polemical writer, b. at Engen in the present Grand Duchy of Baden, 1547; d. at Munich, October 11, 1622
Conrad von Bolanden
German novelist (b. 1828)
Conradin of Bornada
Dominican preacher (d. 1429)
Consanguinity (in Canon Law)
Diriment impediment of marriage as far as the fourth degree of kinship inclusive
Conscience
The one intellect of a man inasmuch as it considers right and wrong in conduct, aided by all external helps that are to the purpose
Consciousness
In its widest sense it includes all our sensations, thoughts, feelings, and volitions--in fact the sum total of our mental life
Consecration
Act by which a thing is dedicated to a sacred use, or by which a person or thing is dedicated to the service and worship of God
Consent (in Canon Law)
Deliberate agreement required of those concerned in legal transactions in order to legalize such actions
Consentius
The name of a 5th century Gallo-Roman family
Conservator
Judge delegated by the pope to defend certain classes of persons--as universities, religious orders, the poor--from injury or violence
Consistory, Papal
The assemblage of the Cardinals in council around the Pope
Constable, Cuthbert
A constant patron of Catholic literature; d. 27 March, 1746
Constance
A city that was once the seat of a diocese
Constance, Council of
A (partly) ecumenical council held at Constance, from 1414 to 1418
Constant Fouard
Ecclesiastical writer; b. at Elbeuf, near Rouen, Aug. 6, 1837; d. at his native place, Dec. 3, 1903
Constantia
Titular see of Arabia and suffragan of Bostra
Constantine Africanus
Medieval medical writer and teacher (1015-c. 1087)
Constantine Lascaris
Greek scholar, b. 1434; d. at Messina in 1501
Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine von Schazler
Theologian, b. at Ratisbon, May 7, 1827; d. at Interlaken,19, September, 1880
Constantino Brumidi
Italo-American historical painter, b. at Rome, 1805; d. at Washington, February 19, 1880
Constantino Cajetan
A Benedictine savant, b. at Syracuse, Sicily, in 1560; d. at Rome, September 17, 1650
Constantinople
Constantinople
Constantinople, Councils of
Four general councils of the Church and several particular councils were held in this city
Constantinople, Rite of (Byzantine Rite)
The Liturgies, Divine Office, forms for the administration of sacraments, etc.
Constitutio Romanos Pontifices
Issued by Leo XIII May 8, 1881 defining the relations in England and Scotland between bishops and religious
Consubstantiation
Heretical doctrine; an attempt to hold the Real Presence of Christ in the Holy Eucharist without admitting Transubstantiation
Contemplation
The idea of contemplation is so intimately connected with that of mystical theology that the one cannot be clearly explained independently of the other
Contemplative Life
Life ordered in view of contemplation excluding all other preoccupations and intents
Continence
Abstinence from even the licit gratifications of marriage
Contingent
One of the supreme divisions of being, that is, contingent being, as distinguished from necessary being
Contract
The Canonical and Moralist Doctrine
Contrition
Recognition of wrong done to God, a detestation of the evil wrought, and a desire to turn from evil and do good
Controversies on Grace
Concerned chiefly with the relation between grace and free will
Contumacy (in Canon Law)
Obstinate disobedience of the lawful orders of a court
Convent
(1) A religious community of either sex when spoken of in its corporate capacity; (2) The buildings in which reside a community of either sex
Convent Schools (Great Britain)
Education within Convents
Conversi
Lay brothers in a religious order
Conversion
A moral change, a turning or returning to God, to the true religion
Convocation of the English Clergy
Technical name given in the Church of England to what corresponds in some respects to a provincial synod
Copacavana
Village on the shore of Lake Titicaca, province of Omasuyos, in northern Bolivia
Cope
Vestment which may most conveniently be described as a long liturgical mantle, open in front and fastened at the breast with a band or clasp
Coptic Literature
Since the publication of the article [[Egypt]] (above V, 329-363), under which Coptic literature was treated, important discoveries of entirely new Sahidic material have taken place
Coptic Persecutions
During the first two centuries the Church of Alexandria seems to have been freer from official persecution at the hands of the Roman Government than its sister churches of Rome and Antioch
Coptic Versions of the Bible
Coptic translations of the Bible
Coptos
Titular see of Upper Egypt
Coracesium
Titular see of Asia Minor
Corbie
English family active in the faith during the 17th century, especially brothers Ambrose and Ralph
Corbinian, Saint
Bishop of Freising, in Bavaria (c. 680-730)
Core, Dathan, and Abiron
Leaders of a revolt against Moses and Aaron (Num., xvi)
Corinth
Titular archiepiscopal see of Greece
Cormac MacCuilenan
Irish bishop and King of Cashel (836-908)
Cornelis Engelbrechtsen
Dutch painter, b. at Leyden, 1468; d. there 1533
Cornelius
Centurion of the Italic cohort, whose conversion at Caesarea with his household is related in Acts, x
Cornelius Cornelii a Lapide
Flemish Jesuit and exegete, b. at Bocholt, in Flemish Limburg, December 18, 1567; d. at Rome, March 12, 1637
Cornelius Hazart
Controversialist, orator, and writer, b. October 26, 1617, at Oudenarde, in the Netherlands; entered the Society of Jesus, Sept. 24, 1635; d. Oct. 25, 1690, at Antwerp
Cornelius Heeney
Merchant and philanthropist; b. in King's County, Ireland, 1754; d. at Brooklyn, U.S.A., May 3, 1848
Cornelius Jansen
Bishop. One of the most distinguished among the exegetes of the sixteenth century. Devoted himself especially to checking the advance of Protestantism.
Cornelius Musso
Friar Minor Conventual, Bishop of Bitonto, prominent at the Council of Trent; b. at Piacenza, 1511; d. 1574
Cornelius O'Devany
Bishop of Down and Connor, Ireland, b. about 1532; d. at Dublin, February 11, 1612
Cornelius Richard Anton van Bommel
Bishop of Liege (1790-1852)
Cornelius Ujejski
Polish poet, b. at Beremiany, Galicia, 1823; d. at Cholojewie, 1897
Cornelius Van Zierikzee
B. at Zierikzee (whence he takes his surname), a town in the Province of Zeeland, Holland, about 1405; d. Feb. 21, 1462
Corner or Foundation Stone
Treatment of the blessing of a church cornerstone
Cornice
Uppermost division of the entablature, the representative of the roof consisting of projecting mouldings and blocks
Coronation
Originally the process of the creation of the monarch; but becoming rather the ratification of an accomplished fact
Corporal
Square white linen cloth upon which the Sacred Host and chalice are placed during the celebration of Mass
Corporal and Spiritual Works of Mercy
Virtue influencing one's will to have compassion for, and, if possible, to alleviate another's misfortune
Corporation
Association recognized by civil law and regarded in all ordinary transactions as an individual
Corporation Act of 1661, The
Belongs to the general category of test acts, designed for the express purpose of restricting public offices to members of the Church of England
Corpus Juris Canonici
Corpus here denotes a collection of documents; corpus juris, a collection of laws
Correctories
Text-forms of the Latin Vulgate resulting from the critical emendations as practised during the course of the thirteenth century
Corsica
The third island of the Mediterranean in point of size
Corycus
A titular see of Cilicia Trachaea in Asia Minor
Corydallus
A titular see of Asia Minor
Cosimo Rosselli
Italian fresco painter, b. at Florence, 1439; d. there in 1507
Cosmas
Hymn-writer in the Greek church
Cosmas and Damian, Saints
Twins, physicians, and martyrs (~287)
Cosmas Indicopleustes
Greek traveler and geographer of the first half of the sixth century
Cosmas of Prague
Bohemian historian, b. about 1045, at Prague, Bohemia; d. there, October 21, 1125
Cosmati Mosaic
Style of inlaid ornamental mosaic, twelfth century Europe
Cosmogony
An account of how the universe (cosmos) came into being
Cosmology
The science of the world
Costanzo Giuseppe Beschi
Jesuit missionary (1680-1746)
Cotenna
A titular see of Asia Minor
Cotiaeum
A titular see of Asia Minor
Council of Agde
Local council held in France in 506
Council of Albi
Local council held in 1254
Council of Apt
Held May 14, 1365 in the cathedral of that city
Council of Aranda
Held in 1473 by Alfonso Carillo, Archbishop of Toledo
Council of Avranches
Council was held concerning the troubles caused in the English Church by the murder of St. Thomas Becket
Council of Basle
Convoked by Pope Martin V in 1431, closed at Lausanne in 1449
Council of Chalcedon
Ecumenical Council held in 451
Council of Elvira
Held in fourth century at Elliberis, or Illiberis, in Spain
Council of Ephesus
Third ecumenical council, 431
Council of Frankfort
Convened in the summer of 794
Council of Pisa
On the feast of the Annunciation, 4 patriarchs, 22 cardinals, and 80 bishops assembled in the cathedral of Pisa under the presidency of Cardinal de Malesset, Bishop of Palestrina.
Council of Rimini
Opened early in July,359, with over four hundred bishops, stated the doctrine of the Anomceans, or extreme Arians
Council of Sardica
One of the series of councils called to adjust the doctrinal and other difficulties caused by the Arian heresy
Council of Trent
The nineteenth ecumenical council opened at Trent on Dec. 13, 1545
Council of Vienne
Pope Clement V, by the Bull 'Regnans in coelis' of Aug. 12, 1308, called a general council to meet on Oct. 1, 1310, at Vienne in France
Councils
Legally convened assemblies of ecclesiastical dignitaries and theological experts for the purpose of discussing and regulating church doctrine and discipline
Councils of Aix-en-Provence
List of councils held in Aix-en-Provence
Councils of Alexandria
Local councils held in Egypt in the early Church
Councils of Ancyra
Three councils held in Asia Minor
Councils of Anse
Medieval councils
Councils of Aquileia
Five councils
Councils of Arabia
Two 3rd century councils; held at Bostra in Arabia against Beryllus
Councils of Arras
Church councils
Councils of Attigny
Background of various councils convened at Attigny
Councils of Auxerre
Held under St. Annacharius formulated forty-five canons
Councils of Clovesho
Place at which were held several councils of the Anglo-Saxon Church
Councils of Lyons
Treatment of two councils held in Lyons
Councils of Nicaea
Respectively, the first and seventh Ecumenical Councils
Councils of Orange
Two councils were held at Orange (Arausio), a town in the present department of Vaucluse in southern France.
Councils of Orleans
Six national councils were held at Orleans in the Merovingian period
Councils of Quierzy
Several councils were held at Quierzy, a royal residence under the Carlovingians, but now an insignificant village on the Oise in the French Department of Aisne
Councils of Sens
Number of councils that were held at Sens, France
Count Humbert-Guillaume de Precipiano
B. at Besancon, 1626; d. at Brussels, June 7, 1711
Count Leopoldo Cicognara
Politician, writer on art, and collector of Italian antiquities (1767-1834)
Count Louis de Buade Frontenac
A governor of New France, b. at Paris, 1622; d. at Quebec, Nov. 28, 1698
Count Pietro Verri
Economist, b. at Milan, Dec., 1728; d. there, June 29, 1797
Counter-Reformation
Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation
Counterpoint
In music
Court (in Scripture)
In the English Bible, corresponds to the Hebrew (haver) enclosed space
Court of Arches, The
Was the chief and most ancient court and consistory of the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury
Covenanters
Name given to subscribers of the two Covenants: the National Covenant of 1638 and the Solemn League and Covenant of 1643
Coventry Patmore
One of the major poets of the nineteenth century, in spite of the small bulk of his verse, b. at Woodford, Essex, July 23, 1823; d. at Lymington, Nov. 26, 1896
Covetousness
Generally, an unreasonable desire for what we do not possess
Cowl
A hood worn in many religious orders
Cracow (Krakow)
Prince-Bishopric and University located in what is now Poland
Creation
The act whereby God brings the entire substance of a thing into existence
Creationism
Commonly, the doctrine that the material of the universe was created by God out of no pre-existing subject; thus opposed to all forms of Pantheism.
Credence
A small table placed within the sanctuary for the purpose of holding cruets, acolytes' candles, and other utensils required for the celebration of the Mass
Cree
The largest and most important Indian tribe of Canada
Creed
In general, a form of belief
Creed, Liturgical Use of
The public use of creeds in connection with the sacraments and other practices
Creeks
A confederacy of Indian tribes and tribal remnants, chiefly of Muskogian stock
Creighton University
An institution located at Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.A., and conducted by the Jesuit Fathers
Cremation
Custom of burning the bodies of the dead
Crescens
A companion of St. Paul during his second Roman captivity
Crescentius
The name of several leaders of the Roman aristocracy in the tenth century, during their opposition to the imperial government of the time
Cresconius
A Latin canonist, flourished probably in the latter half of the 7th century
Crib
The manger in which the infant Savior was laid after his birth is properly that place in the stable or khan where food for domestic animals is placed
Crisostomo Henriquez
A Cistercian religious of the Spanish Congregation; b. at Madrid, 1594; d. December 23, 1632
Crispin and Crispinian, Saints
Martyrs of the Early Church who were beheaded during the reign of Diocletian; the date of their execution is given as October 25, 285 or 286
Crispin of Viterbo, Blessed
Friar Minor Capuchin; b. at Viterbo in 1668; d. at Rome, May 19, 1750
Crispina, Saint
Martyr of Africa; suffered during the Diocletian persecution; b. at Thagara in the Province of Africa; d. by beheading at Thebeste in Numidia, December 5, 304
Cristobal de Castillejo
Spanish poet, b. in Ciudad Rodrigo (Salamanca), 1491; d. in Vienna, June 12, 1556
Croagh Patrick
Croagh Patrick
Croatia
With Slavonia, an autonomous state
Croia
A titular see of Albania
Cronan
Name of several Irish saints
Crosier, The
Ecclesiastical ornament; conferred on bishops at their consecration and on mitred abbots at their investiture; used in performing certain solemn functions
Crosiers, The
A religious order, founded by Theodore de Celles
Cross and Crucifix, The
Examination of the archaeology of the cross; the true cross; liturgical uses; and as objects of devotion
Cross-Bearer
The cleric or minister who carries the processional cross, that is, a crucifix provided with a long staff or handle
Crown of Thorns
Our Savior's Crown of Thorns
Cruelty to Animals
The first ethical writers of pagan antiquity to advocate the duty of kindness towards the brute creation were Pythagoras and Empedocles
Cruet
A small vessel used for containing the wine and water required for the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass
Crusade of the Pastoureaux
One of the most curious of the popular movements inspired by a desire to deliver the Holy Land
Crusades
Expeditions under-taken, in fulfillment of a solemn vow, to deliver the Holy Places from Mohammedan tyranny
Crutched Friars
An order of mendicant friars who went to England in the thirteenth century from Italy, where they had existed for some time
Crypt
The word originally meant a hidden place, natural or artificial, suitable for the concealment of persons or things
Crypt of Lucina
The traditional title of the most ancient section of the catacomb of St. Callistus
Cuba
The largest and westernmost island of the West Indies
Culdees
Word meaning companion, or even spouse, of God; religious communities in Ireland and Scotland; disappeared before the Reformation
Cunegundes, Blessed
Poor Clare and patroness of Poland and Lithuania; b. in 1224; d. July 24, 1292, at Sandeck, Poland
Cupola
A spherical ceiling, or a bowl-shaped vault, rising like an inverted cup over a circular, square, or multangular building or any part of it
Curate
Literally, one who has the cure (care) or charge of souls, in which sense it is yet used by the Church of England,
Curator
A person legally appointed to administer the property of another, who is unable to undertake its management himself
Cure of Souls
Technically, the exercise of a clerical office involving the instruction and sanctification, through the sacraments, of the faithful
Curium
A titular see of Cyprus, suppressed in 1222 by the papal legate, Pelagius
Cursing
In its popular acceptation cursing is often confounded, especially in the phrase
Cursor Mundi
A Middle-English poem of nearly 30,000 lines containing a sort of summary of universal history
Cursores Apostolici
Latin title of the ecclesiastical heralds or pursuivants pertaining to the papal court
Curubis
A titular see of Africa Proconsularis
Cusae
A titular see of Egypt
Cush
Name of a race, but generally understood to also designate an individual, the progenitor of the ancient nations known as Cushites
Cuspinian
Distinguished humanist and statesman, b. at Schweinfurt, Lower Franconia, in 1473; d. at Vienna, April 19, 1529
Custom (in Canon Law)
An unwritten law introduced by the continuous acts of the faithful with the consent of the legitimate legislator
Custos
(1) an under-sacristan (2) a superior or an official in the Franciscan Order
Cuthbert (Abbot of Wearmouth)
Abbot of Wearmouth, a pupil of the Venerable Bede (d. 735)
Cuthbert (Archbishop of Canterbury)
Archbishop of Canterbury, date of birth not known; d. October 25, 758
Cuthbert Mayne, Blessed
Martyr, b. at Youlston, near Barnstaple, Devonshire (baptized March 20, 1543-4); d. at Launceston, Cornwall, Nov. 29, 1577
Cuthbert Tunstall
Bishop of London, later of Durham, b. at Hackforth, Yorkshire, in 1474; d. at Lambeth Palace, Nov. 18, 1559
Cuthbert, Saint
Bishop of Lindisfarne, patron of Durham, b. about 635; d. March 20, 687
Cybistra
A titular see of Cappadocia in Asia Minor
Cyclades
A group of islands in the Aegean Sea
Cydonia
A titular see of Crete
Cyme
Titular see of Asia Minor
Cynewulf
Author of certain Anglo-Saxon poems still extant.
Cynic School of Philosophy
Founded at Athens about 400 B.C., continued in existence until about 200 B.C.
Cyprian and Saint Justina, Saint
Christians of Antioch who suffered martyrdom during the persecution of Diocletian at Nicomedia, September 26, 304
Cyprian of Carthage, Saint
Bishop and martyr; of the date of the saint's birth and of his early life nothing is known
Cyprian, Saint
Bishop of Toulon, b. at Marseilles in 476; d. Oct. 3, 546
Cyprien Tanguay
Genealogist, b. at Quebec, 1819; d. 1902
Cyprus
An island in the Eastern Mediterranean, at the entrance of the Gulf of Alexandretta
Cyrenaic School of Philosophy
Flourished from about 400 to about 300 B.C., and had for its most distinctive tenet Hedonism, or the doctrine that pleasure is the chief good
Cyrene
A titular see of Northern Africa
Cyril and Methodius, Saints
The Apostles of the Slays, were brothers, born in Thessalonica, in 827 and 826 respectively
Cyril of Alexandria, Saint
Doctor of the Church
Cyril of Constantinople, Saint
General of the Carmelites, d. about 1235
Cyril of Jerusalem, Saint
Bishop of Jerusalem and Doctor of the Church, b. about 315; d. probably March 18, 386
Cyril Sieni
Missionary bishop, b. in Catalonia, date of birth unknown; d. after 1799, place and exact date equally uncertain
Cyrrhus
A titular see of Syria
Cyrus and John, Saints
Celebrated martyrs of the Coptic Church
Cyrus of Alexandria
A Melchite patriarch of that see in the seventh century, and one of the authors of Monothelism; d. about 641
Cyzicus
A titular see of Asia Minor
Czech Literature
Czech literature starts about 863 when Sts. Cyril and Methodius converted to Christianity and became participants in the great work of civilization
Dacier
Husband and wife (Andre and Anne) active in French literature during the late 17th and early 18th centuries.
Dagon
A Philistine deity
Dalila
Samson, sometime after his exploit at Gaza, 'loved a woman, who dwelt in the valley of Sorec, and she was called Dalila'
Dalmatia
A part of the Kingdom of Croatia according to a convention entered into between Croatia and Hungary
Dalmatic
The outer liturgical vestment of the deacon
Damaraland
The middle part of the German colony, German Southwest Africa
Damascus
N Syria, one of the oldest cities in the world
Damietta
An Egyptian titular see for the Latins and the Catholic Melchite Greeks, in Augustamnica Prima
Dan
(1) The fifth son of Jacob; (2) One of the twelve tribes of Israel; (3) A city of Palestine
Danaba
A titular see of Phoenicia Secunda
Dance of Death
Originally a species of spectacular play akin to the English moralities
Dancing
The origin of dancing is to be sought in the natural tendency to employ gesture either to supplement or to replace speech
Daniel
The hero and traditional author of the book which bears his name
Daniel and Companions, Saint
Friars Minor and martyrs; dates of birth unknown; d. October 10, 1227
Daniel Bonifacius von Haneberg
A distinguished German prelate and Orientalist of the nineteenth century, b. at Tanne near Kempten, Bavaria, June 16, 1816; d. at Speyer, the capital of the Rhine Palatinate (Bavaria), May 31, 1876
Daniel Carroll
Brother of Archbishop Carroll, b. at Upper Marlboro, Maryland, U.S.A., 1733; d. at Washington, 1829
Daniel Comboni
Missionary (1831-1881)
Daniel Fitter
B. in Worcestershire, England, 1628; d. at St. Thomas' Priory, near Stafford, Feb. 6, 1700
Daniel Greysolon Du Lhut
One of the most dauntless pioneer rangers in Canada during the French regime b. 1640; d. Feb. 26, 1710
Daniel Murray
Archbishop of Dublin, b. 1768, at Sheepwalk, near Arklow, Ireland; d. 1852 at Dubfin
Daniel Noble
Physician, b. Jan. 14, 1810; d. at Manchester, Jan. 12, 1885
Daniel O'Connell
Daniel O'Connell
Daniel O'Daly
Diplomatist and historian, b. in Kerry, Ireland, 1595; d. at Lisbon, June 30, 1662
Daniel of Winchester
Bishop of the West Saxons; and ruler of the See of Winchester from 705 to 744; died in 745
Daniel Rock
Antiquarian and ecclesiologist, b. at Liverpool, August 31, 1799; d. at Kensington, London, November 28, 1871
Daniel William Cahill
Lecturer and controversialist, born at Ashfield, Queen's County, Ireland, November 28, 1796; died at Boston, Massachusetts, October 28, 1864
Daniele da Volterra
Italian painter, b. at Volterra, 1509; d. in Rome, 1566
Daniele Farlati
Ecclesiastical historian, b. at San Daniele del Friuli in the present Italian province of Udine, February 22, 1690; d. April 25, 1773
Daniello Bartoli
Historian and writer of literature (1608-1685)
Daniello Concina
Dominican preacher, controversialist and theologian (1687-1756)
Dansara
A titular see in Osrhoene
Dante Alighieri
Italian poet, b. at Florence, 1265; d. at Ravenna, Italy, September 14, 1321
Dardanus
A titular see in the province of Hellespont, suffragan of Cyzicus
Darerca, Saint
Of Ireland, a sister of St. Patrick
Darnis
A metropolitan titular see of Libya, in Egypt
Dates and Dating
In classical Latin even before the time of Christ it was usual for correspondents to indicate when and where their letters were written
Daughters of Jesus
Religious order founded for the care of the sick and poor, and for the education of girls
Daughters of the Cross (Belgium)
A Belgian religious congregation founded in 1833 at Liege
Daughters of the Cross (France)
A French institute
Daughters of the Divine Redeemer
Motherhouse at Oedenburg, Hungary; founded in 1863 from the Daughters of the Divine Savior of Vienna
Daughters of the Holy Cross
Also called the Sisters of St. Andrew
Daughters of Wisdom
Founded at Poitiers by Bl. Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort in 1703
Daulia
A titular see of Greece
David Augustine Baker
Benedictine mystic and an ascetic writer (1575-1641)
David Beaton
Cardinal, Archbishop of St. Andrews, b. 1494; d. May 29, 1546
David Moriarty
Bishop and pulpit orator, b. in Ardfert, Co. Kerry, in 1812; d. October 1, 1877
David O'Bruadair
An Irish poet, b. about 1625, most probably in the barony of Barrymore, Co. Cork, but according to many authorities in that of Connello, Co. Limerick; d. January, 1698
David of Augsburg
Medieval German mystic, b. probably at Augsburg, Bavaria, early in the thirteenth century; d. at Augsburg, Nov. 19, 1272
David of Dinant
A pantheistic philosopher who lived in the first decades of the thirteenth century
David Paul Drach
Convert from Judaism, b. at Strasburg, March 6, 1791; d. end of January, 1868, at Rome
David Rothe
Bishop of Ossory (Ireland), b. at Kilkenny in 1573, of a distinguished family; d. April 20, 1650
David Scotus
A medieval Irish chronicler, date of birth unknown; d. 1139
David Teniers
The name of two eminent Flemish landscape painters
David William Bacon
First Bishop of Portland, Maine (1813-1874)
David, Saint
Bishop and Confessor, patron of Wales
David-Augustin de Brueys
French theologian and dramatic author, b. at Aix in 1640; d. November 25, 1723, at Montpellier
Davila Padilla
A native of the City of Mexico, b. 1562; d. 1604
Day of Atonement
Rites to be observed on the Day of Atonement
De Jussieu
Name of five French botanists
De Profundis
'Out of the depths'; first words of Psalm cxxix
De Tocqueville
Writer and statesman, b. July 29, 1805; d. April 16, 1859
Deaconesses
We cannot be sure that any formal recognition of deaconesses as an institution of consecrated women aiding the clergy is to be found in the New Testament
Deacons
The name in scripture means only minister or servant; but in Apostolic times it began to acquire a more definite and technical meaning
Dead Sea
The lake that lies on the southeastern border of Palestine
Dean
One of the principal administrative officials of a diocese
Debbora
Prophetess and judge
Debt
That which is owed or due to another; in general, anything which one person is under an obligation to pay or render to another
Decalogue
The collection of precepts written on two tables of stone and given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai
Decapolis
A region in Palestine lying to the east and south of the Sea of Galilee
Decimus Magnus Ausonius
Professor and poet (310-394)
Decius
Roman Emperor 249-251
Decree
An order or law made by a superior authority for the direction of others
Dedication
Applies to the 'setting aside' of places (or less commonly, a person) for a special and sacred purpose
Deduction
An argument or reasoning process
Defender of the Matrimonial Tie
Official whose duty is to defend the marriage-bond in hearings of matrimonial causes on the validity or nullity of a marriage already contracted
Definitor (in Canon Law)
An official in secular deaneries and in certain religious orders
Definitors (in Religious Orders)
The governing council of an order
Degradation
A canonical penalty by which an ecclesiastic completely loses the rights and privileges of the clerical state
Dei Gratia; Dei et Apostolicae Sedis Gratia
Formula added to the titles of ecclesiastical dignitaries
Deicolus, Saint
Elder brother of St. Gall, b. in Leinster, Ireland, c. 530; d. at Lure, France, January 18, 625
Deism
The term used to denote certain doctrines apparent in a tendency of thought and criticism that manifested itself principally in England towards the latter end of the seventeenth century
Deity
The present article is confined to the non-Christian notion of the Deity
Delatores
A term used by the Synod of Elvira (c. 306) to stigmatize those Christians who appeared as accusers of their brethren
Delaware
One of the original thirteen of the United States of America
Delaware Indians
An important tribal confederacy of Algonquian stock
Delcus
A titular see of Thrace, suffragan of Philippopolis
Delegation
The commission to another of jurisdiction, which is to be exercised in the name of the person delegating
Delphine, Blessed
Of the Third Order of St. Francis, b. in Provence, France, in 1284; d. November 26, 1358
Deluge
I. The Biblical Account; II. Its Historicity; III. The Universality of the Flood; IV. Collateral Questions
Demetrius
Two Syrian kings mentioned in the Old Testament and two other persons in the New Testament
Demetrius Augustine Gallitzin
Prince, priest, and missionary, b. at The Hague, Holland, December 22, 1770; d. at Loretto, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., May 6, 1840
Demetrius, Saint
Bishop of Alexandria from 188 to 231
Demiurge
The word means literally a public worker, demioergos, demiourgos, and was originally used to designate any craftsman plying his craft or trade for the use of the public. Soon, however, technites and other words began to be used to designate the common art
Demon
In Scripture and in Catholic theology this word has come to mean much the same as devil and enotes one of the evil spirits or fallen angels
Demoniacal Possession
Man is in various ways subject to the influence of evil spirits
Demoniacs
Chiefly concerned with the demonic possession in the New Testament
Demonology
The science or doctrine concerning demons
Denes
An aboriginal race of North America
Denis Amelote
Ordained in 1631 (1609-1678)
Denis Auguste Affre
Archbishop of Paris, b. at St. Rome-de-Tarn, in the Department of Tarn, 27 September, 1793; d. in Paris, 27 June, 1848
Denis de Frayssinous
1765-1841, Bishop of Hermopolis in partibus infidelium, is celebrated chiefly for his conferences at Notre-Dame de Paris
Denis Florence MacCarthy
Well-known Irish poet of the nineteenth century, b. May 26, 1817; d. April 7, 1882
Denis Jamay
Franciscan missionary (d. 1625)
Denis Lambin
French philologist, b. about 1520, d. at Paris, 1572, from the effects of the shock given to him by the Massacre of St. Bartholomew
Denis Mary Bradley
First Bishop of Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.A. (1846-1903)
Denis Petau
One of the most distinguished theologians of the seventeenth century, b. at Orleans, 1583; d. at Paris, December 11, 1652
Denis, Saint
Bishop of Paris, and martyr
Denis-Benjamin Viger
French-Canadian states-man and writer, b. at Montreal, Aug. 19, 1774; d. 1861
Denis-Nicolas Le Nourry
Ecclesiastical writer, b. at Dieppe in Normandy, Feb. 18, 1647; d. at the Abbey of St-Germain in Paris, March 24, 1724.
Denmark
The kingdom
Denunciation
Making known the crime of another to one who is his superior
Denys the Carthusian
B. in 1402 in that part of the Belgian province of Limburg which was formerly comprised in the county of Hesbaye l d. March 12 1471
Deo Gratias
An old liturgical formula of the Latin Church to give thanks to God for graces received
Deposition
An ecclesiastical vindictive penalty by which a cleric is forever deprived of his office or benefice and of the right of exercising the functions of his orders
Derbe
A titular see of Lycaonia, Asia Minor
Dermod O'Hurley
Archbishop of Cashel, Ireland, d. 19 June 29, 1584
Derogation
The partial revocation of a law, as opposed to abrogation or the total abolition of a law
Desecration
The loss of that peculiar quality of sacredness, which inheres in places and things in virtue of the constitutive blessing of the Church
Desert (in the Bible)
Desert or wilderness
Desertion
The culpable abandonment of a state, of a stable situation, the obligations of which one had freely accepted
Desiderio da Settignano
Sculptor, b. at Settignano, Tuscany, 1428; d. at Florence, 1463
Desiderius Erasmus
Brilliant and most important leader of German humanism, b. October 28, probably in 1466; d. July 12, 1536
Desiderius of Cahors, Saint
Bishop, b. at Obrege (perhaps Antobroges, name of a Gaulish tribe), on the frontier of the Provincia Narbonnensis, of a noble Frankish family from Aquitaine, which possessed large estates in the territory of Albi; d. Nov. 15, 655
Desire Raoul Rochette
French archaeologist, b. March 9, 1789; d. in Paris, June 3, 1854
Despair
Ethically regarded is the voluntary and complete abandonment of all hope of saving one's soul and of having the means required for that end
Desservants
The name of a class of French parish priests
Determinism
The philosophical theory which holds, in opposition to the doctrine of free will, that all man's volitions are invariably determined by pre-existing circumstances
Detraction
The unjust damaging of another's good name by the revelation of some fault or crime of which that other is really guilty or at any rate is seriously believed to be guilty by the defamer
Deus in Adjutorium Meum Intende
First verse of the sixty-ninth Psalm; introductory prayer to every Hour of the Roman, monastic, and Ambrosian Breviaries, except during the last three days of Holy Week, and in the Office of the Dead
Deusdedit, Cardinal
Cardinal, b. at Todi, Italy; d. between 1097 and 1100
Deusdedit, Saint
A native of Wessex, England, whose Saxon name was Frithona, and of whose early life nothing is known; d. July 14, 664
Deuteronomy
One of the five books of the Pentateuch
Devil
The name commonly given to the fallen angels, who are also known as demons
Devil's Advocate
Title popularly given to one of the most important officers dealing with processes of beatification and canonization
Devil-Worshippers
The meaning of this compound term is sufficiently obvious, for all must be familiar with the significance of its two component parts. But the thing denoted by the name is by no means so easy to understand
Devises and Bequests for Masses (United States)
Treatment of American law regarding Mass bequests
Devolution
The right of an ecclesiastical superior to provide for a benefice, when the ordinary patron or collator has failed to do so, either through negligence or by the nomination of an improper candidate
Devotion to the Heart of Jesus
(I) Doctrinal Explanations; (II) Historical Ideas
Devotion to the Heart of Mary
(1) the nature, and (2) the history of the devotion
Devotion to the Passion of Jesus Christ
The sufferings of Our Lord, which culminated in His death upon the cross, seem to have been conceived of as one inseparable whole from a very early period.
Devotional Medals
Treatment of the devotional use of medals
Dhuoda
Wife of Bernard, Duke of Septimania
Diaconicum
In the Greek Church the liturgical book specifying the functions of the deacon; it is also the name given to the Orationes pro pace (diakonika) to be said by him before the people
Diakovar
See of the Bishop of the united Dioceses of Bosnia or Diakovar and Sirmium
Dialectic
The dialectic art or method, from dialegomai, I converse, discuss, dispute; as noun also dialectics; as adjective, dialectical
Diario Romano
A booklet published annually at Rome, with papal authorization, giving the routine of feasts and fasts to be observed in Rome and the ecclesiastical functions to be performed in the city
Diarmaid, Saint
Two Irish saints
Diaspora
The name given to the countries (outside of Palestine) through which the Jews were dispersed, and secondarily to the Jews living in those countries
Dibon
A titular see in Palaestina Tertia
Dichu, Saint
The son of an Ulster chieftain, was the first convert of St. Patrick in Ireland
Dicuil
Irish monk and geographer, b. in the second half of the eighth century; date of death unknown
Didache
Short treatise which was accounted by some of the Fathers as next to Holy Scripture
Didacus Ximenes
A Spanish Dominican of the sixteenth century, noted as a theologian, philosopher, and astronomer; d. 1560
Didacus, Saint
Lay brother of the Order of Friars Minor, date of b. uncertain; d. at Alcala, Spain, 12 Nov., 1463
Didascalia Apostolorum
Treatise which pretends to have been written by the Apostles at the time of the Council of Jerusalem (Acts, xv), but is really a composition of the third century
Didot
Family of French printers and publishers
Didymus the Blind
Of Alexandria, b. about 310 or 313; d. about 395 or 398
Diego Alvarez
Spanish theologian (about 1550-1635)
Diego Alvarez Chanca
Physician-in-ordinary to Ferdinand and Isabella of Castile and Aragon
Diego Andrada de Payva
Theologian (1528-1575)
Diego Carranza
B. at Mexico, 1559; d. at Tehuantepec
Diego Collado
Dominican missionary
Diego Covarruvias
B. in Toledo, Spain, July 25, 1512; d. in Madrid, 27 Sept., 1577
Diego de Almagro
Came to Panama in 1514 with Pedro Arias de Avila (D'Avila), and soon distinguished himself in military expeditions
Diego Deza
Theologian, archbishop, patron of Christopher Columbus b. at Toro 1444 d. 1532
Diego Fernandez de Palencia
Spanish conqueror and historian; b. at Palencia in the early part of the sixteenth century
Diego Francisco Aduarte
Missionary and historian, b.1566, at Saragossa, in Spain; d. at Nueva Segovia, in the Philippines, about 1635
Diego Francisco Altamirano
Jesuit (1625-1715)
Diego Hurtade de Mendoza
Spanish diplomat and writer, b. in Granada, of noble parentage, about 1503; d. in Madrid, 1575
Diego Lopez de Cogolludo
One of the chief historians of Yucatan
Diego Munoz Camargo
.b. soon after 1521; d. at a very advanced age, the exact date unknown
Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velazquez
Spanish painter, b. at Seville June 5, 1599 (the certificate of baptism is dated June 6); d. at Madrid, August 7, 1660
Diego Ruiz de Montoya
Theologian, b. at Seville, 1562; d. there March 15, 1632
Diego Ximenez de Enciso
Dramatic poet, b. 1585; date of death unknown
Diemoth
A pious recluse at the monastery of Wessobrunn in Upper Bavaria, b. about 1060 of a noble Bavarian or Swabian family; d. March 30, probably in 1130
Dies Irae
The name by which the sequence in requiem Masses is commonly known
Diether of Isenburg
Archbishop and Elector of Mainz, b. about 1412; d. May 7, 1482, at Aschaffenburg
Dietrich Gresemund
German humanist; b. 1477, d. 1512
Dietrich von Nieheim
B. in the Diocese of Paderborn, between 1338 and 1340; d. at Maastricht, March 22, 1418, a medieval German historian, best known for his contributions to the history of the Western Schism
Dillon, Arthur-Richard
A French prelate, b. at St-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, 1721; d. in London, 1806.
Dimissorial Letters
Letters given by an ecclesiastical superior to his subjects to have effect in territory outside his jurisdiction
Dinooth, Saint
Founder and first Abbot of Bangor Iscoed (Flintshire); flourished between 500 and 542
Diocaesarea
A titular see in Palestina Secunda
Diocerse of Casale Monferrato
Diocese in Italy
Diocesan Chancery
That branch of administration which handles all written documents used in the official government of a diocese
Diocesan Consultors
Certain priests in each diocese of the U.S. who act as official administrative advisers of the bishop
Diocese
The territory or churches subject to the jurisdiction of a bishop
Diocese and Civil Province of Leon
History and geography of diocese
Diocese and Monastery of Lindisfarne
Famous as being the mother-church and religious capital of Northumbria, where St. Aidan founded his see in 635
Diocese Huanuco
Diocese in Peru
Diocese of Aberdeen
A see was founded in 1063 at Mortlach by Bl. Beyn
Diocese of Achonry
In Ireland, suffragan to the Archdiocese of Tuam
Diocese of Aci-Reale
In the island of Sicily
Diocese of Acqui
A diocese suffragan of Turin, Italy
Diocese of Adria
Italian bishopric, suffragan to Venice
Diocese of Agen
Comprises the Department of Lot and Garonne in France
Diocese of Aguas Calientes
Mexican see dependent on Guadalajara
Diocese of Aire
Comprises the territory of the Department of Landes
Diocese of Ajaccio
Comprises the island of Corsica
Diocese of Alagoas
South American diocese
Diocese of Alba Pompeia
Comprises eighty towns in the province of Cuneo and two in the province of Alexandria, in Italy
Diocese of Albany
Diocese in the State of New York
Diocese of Albenga
Comprises seventy-nine towns in the province of Port Maurice and forty-five in the province of Genoa
Diocese of Ales and Terralba
Made up of 42 communes in the province of Cagliari, Archbishopric of Oristano, Italy
Diocese of Alessandria Della Paglia
In Piedmont, Italy
Diocese of Alessio
In European Turkey
Diocese of Alexandria, The
Diocese in Ontario, Canada
Diocese of Alghero
Italian diocese comprising twenty-two communes in the province of Sassari
Diocese of Alife
Diocese made up of twelve communes in the province of Caserta
Diocese of Allahabad
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Agra, India
Diocese of Almeria
Suffragan see of the Archdiocese of Granada in Spain
Diocese of Alton
Illinois Diocese
Diocese of Altoona
Suffragan see of the province of Philadelphia
Diocese of Amazones (Manaos)
South American diocese
Diocese of Amelia
Comprises seven towns in the province of Perugia, Italy, and is under the immediate jurisdiction of the Holy See
Diocese of Amida (Diarbekir)
Armenian Rite in Mesopotamia, Asiatic Turkey
Diocese of Amiens (Ambianum)
Comprises the department of the Somme
Diocese of Ampurias (or Castelsardo and Tempio)
Italian diocese in Sardinia, suffragan of Sassari
Diocese of Andria
Comprises three towns in the Province of Bari and one in the Province of Potenza, Archdiocese of Trani, Italy
Diocese of Angers
Comprises the territory embraced in the department of Maine and Loire
Diocese of Angora
Armenian rite, in Asia Minor
Diocese of Angouleme (Engolisma)
Comprises the Department of the Charente in France
Diocese of Angra
Episcopal see of the Azores
Diocese of Annecy (Anneciensis)
Comprises the Department of Haute-Savoie in France
Diocese of Aosta
Talian diocese, suffragan of Turin
Diocese of Aquino, Sora, and Pontecorvo
Italian diocese immediately subject to the Holy See
Diocese of Arequipa
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Lima, Peru
Diocese of Arezzo
Diocese of Tuscany, in Italy
Diocese of Argyll and the Isles
Included the western part of Dunkeld, beyond the Drumalban mountain range, together with the Isle of Lismore
Diocese of Ariano
In the Archdiocese of Beneventurn
Diocese of Armidale
Situated in New South Wales (Australia)
Diocese of Arras (Atrebatum)
Comprises the Department of Pas-de-Calais in France
Diocese of Ascoli-Piceno
Italian diocese
Diocese of Assisi
Civil province of Umbria, Italy
Diocese of Asti
One of the divisions of the province of Alexandria, and suffragan of Turin
Diocese of Astorga
Suffragan of Valladolid in Spain
Diocese of Athens
Details on Catholics in Athens
Diocese of Auckland
Comprises the Provincial District of Auckland (New Zealand)
Diocese of Augsburg
Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, suffragan of the Archdiocese of Munich-Freising
Diocese of Autun
Comprises the entire Department of Saone et Loire in France
Diocese of Avellino
Italian diocese in the Province of Naples, founded by St. Sabinus
Diocese of Aversa
Comprising twenty-one towns in the Province of Caserta and twelve in the Province of Naples, all under the jurisdiction of the Holy See
Diocese of Avila
Episcopal succession dates at least from the fourth century and claims an Apostolic origin
Diocese of Ayacucho
Peruvian diocese
Diocese of Badajoz
Bishopric was erected in 1225, shortly after it was reconquered from the Moors by King Alfonso IX of Leon
Diocese of Baker City
Established in 1903
Diocese of Ballarat
One of the three suffragan dioceses of the ecclesiastical province of Melbourne, Australia
Diocese of Bangor
Anciently known as Bangor Vawr, situated in Carnarvonshire on the Menai Straits
Diocese of Banjaluka
Situated in Western Bosnia
Diocese of Barcelona (Barcino)
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Tarragona
Diocese of Barquisimeto
In Venezuela, South America
Diocese of Basle-Lugano
Largest Catholic diocese of Switzerland
Diocese of Bathurst
Situated in New South Wales, Australia, in the ecclesiastical Province of Sydney
Diocese of Bayeux
Coextensive with the Department of Calvados, is suffragan to the Archbishopric of Rouen
Diocese of Bayonne
Comprises the Department of Basses-Pyrenees
Diocese of Beauvais
Suffragan of the archiepiscopal See of Reims
Diocese of Beja
Portugal, suffragan of Evora
Diocese of Belleville
Diocese in Southern Illinois (USA)
Diocese of Belley
A suffragan of the Archbishopric of Besancon
Diocese of Belluno-Feltre
Diocese in Venetia, Italy
Diocese of Bergamo
Diocese in Lombardy region
Diocese of Bertinoro
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Biella
Italian diocese in province of Novara
Diocese of Birmingham
Diocese of Roman Catholic Church in England
Diocese of Bisarchio
Diocese in Sardinia
Diocese of Bismarck
In North Dakota
Diocese of Blois
French diocese
Diocese of Boiano
Italian diocese
Diocese of Bois-le-Duc
Dutch diocese
Diocese of Boise
American diocese in Idaho
Diocese of Borgo San-Donnino
Italian diocese
Diocese of Borgo San-Sepolcro
Italian diocese
Diocese of Bosa
In the province of Cagliari
Diocese of Bova
Italian diocese
Diocese of Bovino
Italian diocese
Diocese of Braganca-Miranda
Portuguese diocese
Diocese of Breda
Dutch province of Brabant and suffragan of Utrecht
Diocese of Brescia
Italian diocese
Diocese of Brindisi
City in the province of Lecce, in Apulia
Diocese of Bristol
English diocese
Diocese of Brixen
Prince-Bishopric of Austria, suffragan of Salzburg
Diocese of Brooklyn
Comprises several New York State counties in U.S.A.
Diocese of Brunn
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Olmutz, embracing the south-western part of Moravia
Diocese of Budweis
Diocese situated in Southern Bohemia, suffragan to the Archdiocese of Prague
Diocese of Buffalo
Diocese in the State of New York
Diocese of Burlington
Diocese of the State of Vermont
Diocese of Cadiz
Suffragan of Seville, Spain
Diocese of Cagli E Pergola
Situated in Umbria (Italy)
Diocese of Cahors
Comprises the entire department of Lot, in France
Diocese of Caiazzo
Situated in the province of Caserta, Italy
Diocese of Calabozo
Diocese in Venezuela
Diocese of Calahorra and La Calzada
Diocese in Spain
Diocese of Cali
Colombia, South America, founded on July 7, 1910
Diocese of Caltagirone
Diocese in Sicily
Diocese of Caltanisetta
Diocese in Sicily
Diocese of Calvi and Teano
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Camerino
Situated in the Italian province of Macerata; cradle of the Capuchin Order
Diocese of Campeche
Diocese in Mexico
Diocese of Candia
Diocese on the north shore of Crete
Diocese of Cap Haitien
Diocese in Haiti
Diocese of Capaccio and Vallo
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Carcassonne
Diocese in France
Diocese of Cariati
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Carpi
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Cartagena
Diocese in Spain
Diocese of Caserta
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Cassano All' Ionio
Diocese in Reggio
Diocese of Cassovia
Diocese in Hungary
Diocese of Castellammare di Stabia
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Castellaneta
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Catanzaro
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Cattaro
Diocese in Montenegro
Diocese of Cava and Sarno
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Cayes
Diocese in Haiti
Diocese of Caylus
French archaeologist, b. at Paris, in 1692; d. in 1765
Diocese of Cebu
Diocese in the Philippines
Diocese of Cefalu
Diocese in Sicily
Diocese of Ceneda
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Cervia
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Cesena
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Chachapoyas
In Peru
Diocese of Chalons-Sur-Marne
Comprises the department of Marne, exclusive of the arrondissement of Reims
Diocese of Charleston
Comprises the entire State of South Carolina
Diocese of Charlottetown
Includes all Prince Edward Island
Diocese of Chartres
Comprises the department of Eure-et-Loir
Diocese of Chatham
Comprises the northern half of the Province of New Brunswick, Canada
Diocese of Cheyenne
Coextensive with the State of Wyoming
Diocese of Chiapas
Comprises almost the entire state of that name in the Republic of Mexico
Diocese of Chiavari
Suffragan of Genoa
Diocese of Chicoutimi
Created, May 28, 1878, a part of the civil and the ecclesiastical Province of Quebec
Diocese of Chihuahua
Comprises the State of Chihuahua
Diocese of Chilapa
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Mexico, comprises the State of Guerrero
Diocese of Chioggia
In the province of Venice
Diocese of Chiusi-Pienza
Suffragan of Siena; in Tuscany
Diocese of Christchurch
Its center being Christchurch, the capital of Canterbury, New Zealand
Diocese of Cienfuegos
Includes all the Province of Santa Clara in the central part of Cuba
Diocese of Citta della Pieve
In the province of Perugia in Umbria, Central Italy
Diocese of Citta di Castello
In the province of Perugia, in Umbria, Central Italy
Diocese of Civita Castellana, Orte, and Gallese
In Italy
Diocese of Civitavecchia and Corneto
In the province of Rome
Diocese of Clermont
Comprises the entire department of Puy-de-Dome and is a suffragan of Bourges
Diocese of Cleveland
In Ohio
Diocese of Clifton
In England, consisting of Gloucestershire, Somersetshire, and Wiltshire
Diocese of Clogher
Suffragan of Armagh, Ireland
Diocese of Clonfert
Suffragan see of the metropolitan province of Tuam, was founded in 557 by St. Brendan the Navigator
Diocese of Cloyne
Comprises the northern half of County Cork
Diocese of Cochabamba
In Bolivia
Diocese of Cochin
On the Malabar coast, India
Diocese of Coimbatore
Capital of the district of Coimbatore in Madras, British India
Diocese of Coimbra
In Portugal, suffragan of Braga, in the province of Beira
Diocese of Colima
In Mexico
Diocese of Colle di Val D'Elsa
Suffragan to Florence; situated in the province of Siena, Tuscany
Diocese of Columbus
In Ohio
Diocese of Comacchio
Suffragan of Ravenna. Comacchio is a town in the province of Ferrara in the Romagna, Italy
Diocese of Comayagua
Suffragan to Guatemala, includes the entire Republic of Honduras in Central America
Diocese of Como
In the province of Lombardy (Northern Italy)
Diocese of Concepcion
In the Republic of Chile, suffragan to Santiago de Chile
Diocese of Concordia (Italy)
Suffragan of Venice
Diocese of Concordia (USA)
Situated in the northwestern part of Kansas
Diocese of Constantine
Comprises the present arrondissement of Constantine in Algeria
Diocese of Conversano
Suffragan to Bari; Conversano, situated in the province of Bari, in Apulia (Southern Italy) is the ancient Cupersanum, a city of the Peucetians
Diocese of Cordova (Argentina)
In the Argentine Republic, suffragan of Buenos Aires
Diocese of Cordova (Spain)
In Spain
Diocese of Coria
In Spain, suffragan of Toledo
Diocese of Cork
In Ireland, suffragan of Cashel
Diocese of Cortona
Immediately subject to the Holy See
Diocese of Cotrone
A suffragan of Reggio
Diocese of Coutances
Comprises the entire department of La Manche and is a suffragan of the Archbishopric of Rouen
Diocese of Covington
In Kentucky, U.S.A.
Diocese of Crema
Suffragan to Milan
Diocese of Cremona
Suffragan of Milan
Diocese of Crisium
In Croatia
Diocese of Csanad
Includes the counties of Temes, Torontal, Krassb-Szoreny, Arad, Csanad, and a part of Csongrad and Bekes, Hungary,an area of 13,713 square miles
Diocese of Cuenca (Ecuador)
A suffragan of Quito, in the Republic of Ecuador, South America, created June 13, 1779
Diocese of Cuenca (Spain)
In Spain, suffragan of Toledo
Diocese of Cuernavaca
Erected June 23, 1891, comprises all the State of Morelos in the Republic of Mexico
Diocese of Culm
A bishopric in the north-eastern part of Prussia, founded in 1234, suffragan to Gnesen
Diocese of Cuneo
Suffragan to Turin
Diocese of Curityba Do Parana
Suffragan of Sao Sebastiao (Rio de Janeiro), Brazil
Diocese of Cuyaba
Suffragan of Sao Sebastiao (Rio de Janeiro), Brazil
Diocese of Cuzco
Suffragan of Lima, Peru
Diocese of Dacca
In Bengal, India
Diocese of Dallas
In Texas
Diocese of Damao
Suffragan to Goa, and situated in Portuguese India and the British Government of Bombay
Diocese of Davenport
Erected May 8, 1881, embraces the four southern tiers of counties of the State of Iowa
Diocese of Dax
An ancient French diocese which was suppressed by the Concordat of 1801
Diocese of Denver
A suffragan of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe, erected in 1887
Diocese of Derry
Suffragan of Armagh
Diocese of Detroit
Established March 8, 1838 in Michigan
Diocese of Diamantina
In the north of the State of Minas Geraes, Brazil, South America, created under the Brazilian Empire, Aug. 10, 1853, and confirmed by the Holy See, June 6, 1854
Diocese of Diano
A small city in the province of Salerno, Italy, the ancient Tegianum and seat of the Tegyani, a tribe of Lucania
Diocese of Digne
Comprises the entire department of the Basses-Alpes and is suffragan of the Archbishopric of Aix
Diocese of Dijon
Comprises the entire department of Cote-d'Or and is a suffragan of Lyons
Diocese of Dromore
One of the eight suffragans of Armagh, Ireland
Diocese of Duluth
Established Oct. 3, 1889, suffragan of the Archdiocese of St. Paul, U.S.A.
Diocese of Dunedin
Comprises the provincial district of Otago New Zealand
Diocese of Dunkeld
Primatial see of the Columban Church by King Kenneth Mac Alpine
Diocese of Durham
Ancient diocese, lineal continuation of the Anglo-Saxon See of Lindisfarne, founded by St. Aidan in 635
Diocese of Eichstatt
Bavarian diocese, founded by St. Boniface
Diocese of Elphin
Suffragan of Tuam, Ireland, a see founded by St. Patrick
Diocese of Ely
Ancient diocese in England
Diocese of Eperies
Greek Ruthenian Rite, famous for its sugar factories, its mineral waters, and a rock salt mine
Diocese of Erie
Established 1853; embraces the thirteen counties of North-Western Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
Diocese of Erzerum
Kings of Armenia established here their summer residence
Diocese of Evreux
In the Department of Eure, France; suffragan of the Archbishopric of Rouen
Diocese of Exeter
Ancient diocese in England, chosen by Leofric, Bishop of Crediton, as his cathedral city in 1050
Diocese of Fabriano and Matelica
In Italy
Diocese of Faenza
In the province of Ravenna (Central Italy), suffragan of Ravenna
Diocese of Fall River
A suffragan see of the province of Boston
Diocese of Fano
In Italy
Diocese of Fargo
Suffragan of St. Paul, U.S.A.
Diocese of Faro
Suffragan of Evora, Portugal, and extending over the province of Algarve
Diocese of Ferentino
In the province of Rome, immediately subject to the Holy See
Diocese of Ferns
In the province of Leinster (Ireland), suffragan of Dublin
Diocese of Fiesole
In the province of Tuscany, suffragan of Florence
Diocese of Foggia
In the province of the same name in Apulia (Southern Italy)
Diocese of Foligno
In the province of Perugia, Italy, immediately subject to the Holy See
Diocese of Forli
In the province and scholastic usage as the intrinsic determinant of of Romagna (Central Italy), suffragan of Ravenna
Diocese of Fort Wayne
In Indiana
Diocese of Fortaleza
Coextensive with the State of Ceara in the Republic of Brazil
Diocese of Fossano
A town in the province of Cuneo, in Piedmont, Northern Italy, a suffragan of Turin, situated in a fertile plain on the banks of the Stura
Diocese of Fossombrone
In the province of Pesaro, Italy, a suffragan of Urbino
Diocese of Frascati
One of the six suburbicarian (i.e. neighboring) dioceses from an immemorial date closely related to the Roman Church
Diocese of Frejus
Suffragan of Aix
Diocese of Fulda
Diocese of the German Empire
Diocese of Funchal
In the Madeira Islands
Diocese of Funfkirchen
In Hungary
Diocese of Galle
In Ceylon, created by Leo XIII Aug. 25, 1893
Diocese of Gallipoli
In the province of Lecce (Southern Italy)
Diocese of Galloway
Situated in the southwest of Scotland
Diocese of Galtelli-Nuoro
In the province of Sassari (Sardinia), on a hill of the same name, suffragan of Cagliari
Diocese of Galveston
Established in 1847 in Texas
Diocese of Galway and Kilmacduagh
In Ireland
Diocese of Gap
Suffragan of Aix, includes the department of the Hautes-Alpes
Diocese of Garzon
Suffragan of Popayan in the Republic of Colombia
Diocese of Gerace in Italy
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Geraldton in Australia
Dioceocese in Australia
Diocese of Gerona
In Catalonia, Spain, a suffragan of Tarragona
Diocese of Ghent
Diocese in East Flanders
Diocese of Goulburn
New South Wales, Australia
Diocese of Green Bay
U.S. Diocese established March 3, 1868 in Wisconsin
Diocese of Grosseto
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Grosswardein
Diocese in Hungary
Diocese of Guadeloupe
Diocese in the West Indes
Diocese of Guadix
In Spain
Diocese of Guarda
Diocese in Portugal
Diocese of Guastalla
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Guayaquil
Diocese in Ecuador
Diocese of Gubbio
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Gurk
A prince-bishopric of Carinthia, suffragan to Salzburg, erected by Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg, with the authorization of Pope Alexander II (March 21, 1070) and Emperor Henry IV (Feb. 4, 1072)
Diocese of Gyor
A Hungarian see, suffragan to the Archdiocese of Gran
Diocese of Haarlem
One of the suffragan sees of the Archdiocese of Utrecht in the Netherlands
Diocese of Hakodate
Comprises the six northern provinces of the island of Nippon, the island of Yezo, and the Kurile Islands, as well as the administration of the southern part of the island of Saghalin, which still belongs to the Diocese of Mohilev
Diocese of Hamilton
In Ontario, Canada, a suffragan of Toronto
Diocese of Harbor Grace
In Newfoundland, erected in 1856
Diocese of Harrisburg
Established 1868 in Pennsylvania
Diocese of Hartford
Established by Gregory XVI, Sept. 18, 1843
Diocese of Havana
Comprises the two provinces of Havana and Matanzas
Diocese of Helena
Diocese in Montana
Diocese of Hereford
Diocese in England
Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle
Diocese in England
Diocese of Hildesheim
Diocese in Germany
Diocese of Huaraz
Diocese in Peru
Diocese of Huesca
Diocese in Spain
Diocese of Hyderabad-deccan
Diocese in India
Diocese of Ibague
Diocese in Colombia
Diocese of Ibarra
Diocese in Ecuador
Diocese of Iglesias
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Imola
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Indianapolis
Diocese in America
Diocese of Ischia
Suffragan to Naples
Diocese of Isernia and Venafro
City in the province of Campobasso in Molise (Southern Italy)
Diocese of Ivrea
Suffragan of Turin, Northern Italy
Diocese of Jaca
In the Spanish province of Huesca
Diocese of Jaen
Ecclesial territory in southern Spain
Diocese of Jaffna
Ecclesial territory in the northern Ceylon
Diocese of Jaro
Ecclesial territory in the Philippine Islands
Diocese of Jassy
Ecclesial territory in Romania
Diocese of Jesi
Ecclesial territory in the Province of Ancona, Italy
Diocese of Joliette
Ecclesial territory in Canada
Diocese of Kandy
Ecclesial territory in India
Diocese of Kansas City
Ecclesial territory in Missouri, U.S.A.
Diocese of Kearney
In Nebraska
Diocese of Kerkuk
Chaldean Catholic diocese
Diocese of Kerry and Aghadoe
Ecclesial territory in Ireland
Diocese of Kielce
Ecclesial territory in Poland
Diocese of Kildare and Leighlin
Ecclesial territory in Ireland
Diocese of Killala
One of five suffragan sees of the ecclesiastical Province of Tuam
Diocese of Killaloe
Suffragan of Cashel
Diocese of Kilmore
Diocese in Ireland
Diocese of Koniggratz
Ecclesial territory in Bohemia
Diocese of Krishnagar
Ecclesial territory in India
Diocese of Kumbakonam
Ecclesial territory
Diocese of La Crosse
Ecclesial diocese in Wisconsin, U.S.A.
Diocese of La Paz
Diocese in Bolivia, most populous city of the Republic of Bolivia, and since 1899 its capital
Diocese of La Plata
Situated on the right bank of the Rio de la Plata, south-east of the city of Buenos Aires
Diocese of La Rochelle
Suffragan of Bordeaux, comprises the entire Department of Charente-Inferieure
Diocese of La Serena
Embracing Atacama and Coquimbo provinces (Chile), suffragan of Santiago
Diocese of Lacedonia
Ecclesial territory in Italy
Diocese of Lahore
Northern India, part of the ecclesiastical Province of Agra
Diocese of Laibach
Austrian bishopric and suffragan of Gorz
Diocese of Lamego
Situated in the district of Vizeu, province of Beira, Portugal
Diocese of Langres
Comprises the Department of the Haute-Marne
Diocese of Lausanne and Geneva
Diocese in Switzerland, immediately subject to the Holy See
Diocese of Laval
Includes the Department of La Mayenne
Diocese of Le Mans
Comprises the entire Department of Sarthe, France
Diocese of Le Puy
Comprises the whole Department of Haute Loire, and is a suffragan of Bourges, France
Diocese of Lead
Comprises all that part of the State of South Dakota (U.S.A.) west of the Missouri River
Diocese of Leavenworth
Suffragan to St. Louis
Diocese of Lecce
Suffragan of Otranto
Diocese of Leeds
Embraces the West Riding of Yorkshire, and that part of the city of York to the south of the River Ouse
Diocese of Leghorn
Leghorn in Tuscany, is the capital of the smallest of the provinces of Italy
Diocese of Leitmeritz
Embraces the northern part of the Kingdom of Bohemia in Austria
Diocese of Leon
Suffragan of Michoacan in Mexico
Diocese of Lerida
Suffragan of Tarragona
Diocese of Lesina
In Dalmatia, probably founded about 1145 by Lucius II
Diocese of Lichfield
Took its rise in the conversion of Mercia by St. Cedd and his three companions in 652 and subsequent years
Diocese of Liege
First capital of this diocese was Tongres, northeast of Liege; its territory originally belonged to the Diocese of Trier
Diocese of Limburg
Kingdom of Prussia, suffragan of Freiburg, diocese dates from the end of the eighteenth century
Diocese of Limerick
Includes the greater part of the County of Limerick and a small portion of Clare
Diocese of Limoges
Comprises the Departments of Haute Vienne and Creuse in France
Diocese of Lincoln
Founded by St. Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury, in 678
Diocese of Lincoln (Nebraska)
Suffragan of Dubuque, erected August 2, 1887
Diocese of Linz
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Vienna
Diocese of Lismore
Extends over a territory of 21,000 square miles in the northeast of New South Wales Australia
Diocese of Little Rock
State of Arkansas and the Indian Territory, parts of the Louisiana Purchase, were formed, 1843, into the Diocese of Little Rock
Diocese of Liverpool
One of the thirteen dioceses into which Pius IX divided Catholic England, September 29, 1850, when he reestablished the Catholic hierarchy
Diocese of Llandaff
Origins of this see are to be found in the sixth-century monastic movement initiated by St. Dubricius, who presided over the monastery of Mochros
Diocese of Lodi
Suffragan of Milan. Lodi, the capital of a district in the Province of Milan
Diocese of Loja
Suffragan of Quito, Ecuador, includes the greater part of the Provinces of Loja and El Oro
Diocese of London
Canadian, established, February 21, 1855
Diocese of Louisville
Comprises parts of Kentucky
Diocese of Lublin
Diocese in Poland
Diocese of Lucera
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Lucon
Diocese in France
Diocese of Lugo
Diocese in Spain
Diocese of Lugos
Deiocese in Hungary
Diocese of Luni-Sarzana-Brugnato
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Macao
Diocese in Asia
Diocese of Madrid-Alcala
Diocese in Spain
Diocese of Maitland
Diocese in Australia
Diocese of Majorca and Iviza
Diocese on the Island of Majorca
Diocese of Malacca
Diocese in Southeast Asia
Diocese of Malaga
Diocese in Spain
Diocese of Manchester
Diocese in America
Diocese of Mangalore
Diocese in India
Diocese of Mantua
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Marquette
Diocese in Michigan
Diocese of Marseilles
Diocese in France
Diocese of Marsi
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Marsico Nuovo and Potenza
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Martinique
Island in the French Lesser Antilles
Diocese of Massa Carrara
See in Central Italy (Lunigiana and Garfagnana)
Diocese of Massa Marittima
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Mazzara del Vallo
Diocese in Sicily
Diocese of Meath
Diocese in Ireland
Diocese of Meaux
Diocese in France
Diocese of Melfi and Rapolla
Province of Potenza, in Basilicata, southern Italy
Diocese of Melo
Located in Uruguay
Diocese of Mende
Includes the department of Lozere, in France
Diocese of Menevia
Part of the province of Wales, made a diocese in 1808 by Leo XIII
Diocese of Merida
Suffragan see of Santiago of Venezuela or Caracas
Diocese of Middlesbrough
Earliest positive reference to Middlesbrough in ecclesiastical history is in the beginning of the twelfth century in England
Diocese of Mileto
Located in Calabria, in the province of Reggio, southern Italy
Diocese of Minden
Former see of Westphalia
Diocese of Minorca
Suffragan of Valencia, comprises the Island of Minorca, the second in size of the Balearic Islands, which are possessions of Spain
Diocese of Minsk
Suffragan of Mohileff, in Western Russia
Diocese of Mobile
Suffragan of New Orleans, comprises the State of Alabama and western Florida
Diocese of Modigliana
Located in the Province of Florence, in Tuscany
Diocese of Molfetta Terlizzi and Giovinazzo
City of the province of Bari, in Apulia, southern Italy, on the Adriatic Sea
Diocese of Mondonedo
Comprises the civil Provinces of Lugo and Corunna
Diocese of Mondovi
Located in Piedmont, province of Cuneo, northern Italy
Diocese of Monopoli
Located in the Province of Bari, in Apulia, southern Italy
Diocese of Montalcino
Small town about twenty miles from Siena
Diocese of Montalto
Located in Ascoli Piceno
Diocese of Montauban
Suffragan of Toulouse, comprises the entire department of Tarn and Garonne
Diocese of Montefeltro
Located in the province of Urbino, in the Marches, Central Italy
Diocese of Montefiascone
Located in the province of Rome
Diocese of Montepulciano
Located in the province of Siena, in Tuscany
Diocese of Monterey and Los Angeles
Embraces eighteen of the twenty-one Indian missions which made California famous
Diocese of Montpellier
Comprises the department of Herault, and is a suffragan of Avignon
Diocese of Moulins
Suffragan of Sens, comprises the entire department of Allier
Diocese of Munkacs
Located in Hungary, of Greek Catholic Rite, suffragan of Gran
Diocese of Muro-Lucano
Located in the province of Potenza, in Basilicata, southern Italy
Diocese of Mysore
Located in India, suffragan to Pondicherry
Diocese of Nagasaki
Capital of the prefecture of the same name
Diocese of Nagpur
Located in India, suffragan to Madras
Diocese of Namur
Suffragan of the new metropolitan See of Cambrai
Diocese of Nancy
Comprises the Departments of Meurthe and Moselle, France, suffragan of Besancon
Diocese of Nantes
Comprises the entire department of Loire Inferieure, suffragan of Tours
Diocese of Nardo
Located in southern Italy
Diocese of Nashville
Comprises the entire territory of the State of Tennessee
Diocese of Natchez
Established July 28, 1837, comprises the State of Mississippi
Diocese of Natchitoches
Comprises all the northern part of Louisiana
Diocese of Neusohl
Founded in 1776 by Maria Theresa
Diocese of Neutra
In Western Hungary, a suffragan of Gran
Diocese of Nevers
Includes the Department of Nievre, in France
Diocese of Newark
Created in 1853, suffragan of New York
Diocese of Newport
In England
Diocese of Nice
Comprises the Department of Alpes-Maritimes
Diocese of Nicolet
In the Province of Quebec, Canada, suffragan of Quebec
Diocese of Nicopolis
In Bulgaria
Diocese of Nicotera and Tropea
Suffragan of Reggio di Calabria
Diocese of Nimes
Suffragan of Avignon
Diocese of Nocera
In Perugia, Umbria, Italy
Diocese of Nocera Dei Pagani
In Salerno, Italy
Diocese of Nola
Suffragan of Naples
Diocese of Norcia
A city in Perugia, Italy, often mentioned in Roman history
Diocese of Northampton
In England
Diocese of Noto
The ancient Netum and after the Saracen conquest the capital of one of the three divisions of Sicily, was among the last cities to surrender to the Normans
Diocese of Nottingham
One of the original twelve English Dioceses created at the time of the restoration of the hierarchy by Pius IX in 1850
Diocese of Novara
The capital of the province of Novara, Piedmont, Italy, noted for the manufacture of wool, cotton, and silk textiles, and machinery
Diocese of Nueva Caceres
Created in 1595 by Clement VIII; it is one of the four suffragan sees of the Archdiocese of Manila, Philippine Islands
Diocese of Nueva Pamplona
In Colombia, South America, founded in 1549 and a see erected by Gregory XVI on September 25, 1835
Diocese of Nueva Segovia
In the Philippines, so called from Segovia, a town in Spain
Diocese of Nusco
In the province of Avellino, Italy, suffragan of Salerno, dates from the eleventh century
Diocese of Ogdensburg
Comprises the northern towns of Herkimer and Hamilton counties, with the counties of Lewis, Jefferson, St. Lawrence, Franklin, Clinton, and Essex in New York
Diocese of Ogliastra
In the Province of Cagliari, Sardinia
Diocese of Olinda
In the northeast of Brazil, suffragan of San Salvador de Bahia
Diocese of Omaha
In Nebraska
Diocese of Oporto
In Portugal
Diocese of Oppido Mamertina
Suffragan of Reggio Calabria, Italy
Diocese of Oran
In Algiers
Diocese of Orense
Suffragan of Compostela
Diocese of Oria
In the Province of Lecce, Apulia, Italy
Diocese of Orihuela
Comprises all the civil Province of Alicante except the two townships (pueblos) of Caudete (Albacete) and Ayora (Valencia)
Diocese of Oristano
In Sardinia
Diocese of Orleans
Comprises the Department of Loiret, suffragan of Paris since 1622, previously of Sens
Diocese of Orvieto
In Central Italy
Diocese of Osaka
One of the three municipal prefectures (ken) of Japan
Diocese of Osimo
In the Province of Ascoli Piceno, Italy
Diocese of Osma
In Spain
Diocese of Osnabruck
Directly subject to the Holy See
Diocese of Ossory
In the Province of Leinster, Ireland
Diocese of Oviedo
Comprises the civil province of the same name
Diocese of Paderborn
Suffragan of Cologne
Diocese of Palencia
Comprises the civil provinces of Palencia, Santander, Valladolid, Burgos, and Leon
Diocese of Palestrina
In the town of Palestrina, in the province of Rome
Diocese of Pamiers
Comprising the Department of Ariege, and suffragan of Toulouse
Diocese of Pamplona
Comprises almost all of Navarre and part of Guipuzcoa
Diocese of Parahyba
In the State of Parahyba, Brazil, suffragan of Bahia
Diocese of Parana
Suffragan of Buenos Aires
Diocese of Parenzo-Pola
Parenzo is picturesquely situated on a promontory extending into a creek of the Adriatic
Diocese of Parma
In Central Italy
Diocese of Passau
In Bavaria, suffragan of Munich-Freising
Diocese of Pasto
A Colombian see
Diocese of Patti
In the Province of Messina (Sicily)
Diocese of Pelotas
In Brazil, suffragan to Porto Alegre
Diocese of Pembroke
Suffragan of Ottawa, in Canada
Diocese of Penne and Atri
In Italy
Diocese of Peoria
In Illinois
Diocese of Perigueux
Comprises the Department of Dordogne and is suffragan to the Archbishopric of Bordeaux
Diocese of Perpignan
Comprises the Department of Pyrenees Orientales
Diocese of Perth
In Western Australia
Diocese of Pesaro
In central Italy
Diocese of Pescia
In Tuscany, Italy
Diocese of Peterborough
In the Province of Ontario, Canada
Diocese of Petropolis
In the Province of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Diocese of Piauhy
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Belem do Para, in the State of Piauhy, north-eastern Brazil
Diocese of Piazza Armerina
In the province of Caltanissetta, Sicily
Diocese of Pinar Del Rio
In Cuba
Diocese of Pinerolo
In the province of Turin, in Piedmont, Northern Italy, suffragan of Turin
Diocese of Pistoia and Prato
In the Province of Florence
Diocese of Pittsburg
Suffragan of Philadelphia, in the United States of America
Diocese of Plasencia
Comprises the civil provinces of Caceres, Salamanca, and Badajoz
Diocese of Plock
In Russian Poland
Diocese of Plymouth
Consists of the County of Dorset, which formed a portion of the old Catholic Diocese of Salisbury, whose last ruler, Cardinal Peto, died in March, 1558
Diocese of Poggio Mirteto
In the province of Perugia, central Italy
Diocese of Poitiers
Includes the Departments of Vienne and Deux-Sevres, and is suffragan of Bordeaux
Diocese of Policastro
In the province of Salerno, Southern Italy
Diocese of Pontremoli
In Tuscany, central Italy
Diocese of Poona
In India
Diocese of Port Augusta
Suffragan of Adelaide, South Australia, created in 1887
Diocese of Port Louis
Comprises the islands of Mauritius, Rodriguez, Chagos, and Diego Garcia
Diocese of Port Victoria
Comprises the Seychelles Islands in the Indian Ocean
Diocese of Portalegre
Suffragan of Lisbon, Portugal, established by Pope Julius III in 1550
Diocese of Portland
In the State of Maine, suffragan of Boston, established by Pius IX, Dec. 8, 1854
Diocese of Porto Alegre
Comprises the southern part of the State of Minas Geraes, and part of the State of Sao Paulo, Republic of Brazil
Diocese of Porto and Santa-Rufina
Formed from the union of two suburbicarian sees
Diocese of Portoviejo
A suffragan see of the Archdiocese of Quito, Republic of Ecuador
Diocese of Portsmouth
Created by a Brief of Leo XIII, dated May 19, 1882
Diocese of Pozzuoli
The city of Pozzuoli in the province of Naples, southern Italy,
Diocese of Prince Albert
A suffragan see of St. Boniface, Manitoba, in the Province of Saskatchewan, Canada
Diocese of Providence
Co-extensive with the State of Rhode Island
Diocese of Przemysl
Latin see in Galicia, suffragan of Lemberg
Diocese of Przemysl, Sambor, and Sanok
A Gaeco-Ruthenian Uniat diocese of Western Galicia, Austria
Diocese of Pulati
The ancient Pulati in Albania no longer exists; its name is borne by a district of European Turkey
Diocese of Puno
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Lima in Peru
Diocese of Queretaro
In Mexico, suffragan of Michoacan
Diocese of Quilon
In India on the Malabar coast, suffragan of Verapoly
Diocese of Quimper
Includes the Department of Finistere; as reestablished by the Concordat of 1802
Diocese of Ragusa
A bishopric in Dalmatia, suffragan of Zara
Diocese of Raphoe
Comprises the greater part of the Co. Donegal (Gael. Tirconail), in the ecclesiastical Province of Armagh
Diocese of Ratisbon
Suffragan of Munich-Freising
Diocese of Recanati and Loreto
Province of Ancona, Central Italy
Diocese of Reggio Dell' Emilia
Suffragan of Modena in central Italy
Diocese of Regina
Comprising the southern part of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan
Diocese of Ribeirao Preto
Suffragan see of the Archdiocese of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Diocese of Richmond
Brief history of this suffragan of Baltimore, established July 11, 1820
Diocese of Rieti
Located in central Italy
Diocese of Rimini
Suffragan of Ravenna
Diocese of Rimouski
Suffragan of Quebec
Diocese of Riobamba
Suffragan of Quito, Ecuador, erected by Pius IX, Jan. 5, 1863
Diocese of Ripatransone
Located in Ascoli Piceno, Central Italy
Diocese of Rochester
Comprised counties in New York
Diocese of Rockford
Comprises northwestern part of the State of Illinois
Diocese of Rockhampton
Located in Queensland, Australia
Diocese of Rodez
United to the Diocese of Cahors by the Concordat of 1802
Diocese of Roermond
Located in Holland, suffragan of Utrecht
Diocese of Roseau
Suffragan of Port of Spain, Trinidad
Diocese of Rosenau
Located in Hungary, suffragan of Eger
Diocese of Ross
Located in Ireland, founded by St. Fachtna
Diocese of Rottenburg
Suffragan of the ecclesiastical Province of the Upper Rhine
Diocese of Ruvo and Bitonto
Located in the Province of Bari, Aquileia, Southern Italy
Diocese of Sacramento
Formed out of the Vicariate of Marysville
Diocese of Saint Albert
Canadian diocese
Diocese of Saint Cloud
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of St. Paul, Minnesota
Diocese of Saint Gall
Swiss bishopric directly subject to the Holy See
Diocese of Saint George's
Located in Newfoundland
Diocese of Saint Hyacinthe
Located Province of Quebec, suffragan of Montreal
Diocese of Saint John
Located in Province of New Brunswick, Canada
Diocese of Saint Joseph
Located in Missouri
Diocese of Saint Thomas
Comprising the Islands of Sao Thome and Principe, in the Gulf of Guinea
Diocese of Saint Thomas of Guiana
Suffragan of Caracas, Venezuela, erected by Pius VI on Dec. 19, 1791
Diocese of Saint Thomas of Mylapur
Suffragan to the primatial See of Goa in the East Indies
Diocese of Saint-Brieuc
Comprises the Department of the Cotes du Nord
Diocese of Saint-Claude
Comprised in the eighteenth century only twenty-six parishes, subject previously to the Abbey of Saint-Claude
Diocese of Saint-Denis
Erected in 1850 as suffragan of Bordeaux
Diocese of Saint-Die
Comprises the Department of the Vosges
Diocese of Saint-Flour
Comprises the Department of Cantal, and is suffragan of the Archbishopric of Bourges
Diocese of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne
Includes the arrondissement of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne in the Department of Haute Savoie
Diocese of Sale
Located in Victoria, Australia
Diocese of Salerno
Located in Campania, Southern Italy
Diocese of Salford
Comprises the Hundreds of Salford and Blackburn, in Lancashire, England, and was erected Sept. 29, 1850
Diocese of Salt Lake
Includes the State of Utah, and slightly more than half of the State of Nevada
Diocese of Salta
Comprises the civil Provinces of Salta and Jujuy in the northern part of the Republic of Argentina
Diocese of Saltillo
Located in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of Linares, or Monterey
Diocese of Salto
Located in Uruguay, suffragan to Montevideo
Diocese of Saluzzo
Located in the Province of Cuneo, Piedmont, Upper Italy
Diocese of Samogitia
Russian diocese, also called Telshi, including the part of Lithuania lying on the Baltic
Diocese of San Antonio
Comprises a large portion of the State of Texas
Diocese of San Carlos de Ancud
Most southern of the Chilian dioceses
Diocese of San Jose de Costa Rica
Republic of Costa Rica, Central America, constitutes this diocese as a suffragan see of the Archdiocese of Guatemala
Diocese of San Juan
Argentine Republic at the foot of the Cordillera of the Andes
Diocese of San Luis Potosi
Located in Mexico
Diocese of San Marco and Bisignano
Located in the Province of Cosenza in Calabria, Italy
Diocese of San Salvador
Smallest and most thickly populated state of Central America
Diocese of San Severino
Small town and seat of a bishopric in the Province of Macerata in the Marches, Central Italy
Diocese of San Severo
Located in the Province of Foggia, Southern Italy
Diocese of Sandhurst
Located in Victoria, Australia, suffragan of Melbourne
Diocese of Sandomir
Located in Poland
Diocese of Sankt Polten
Located in lower Austria
Diocese of Sant' Angelo de Lombardi
Located in the Province of Avellino, Southern Italy
Diocese of Sant' Angelo in Vado and Urbana
Located in a city in the Marches, suffragan of Urbino
Diocese of Santa Agata Del Goti
Located in the Province of Benevento, Southern Italy
Diocese of Santa Catharina
Suffragan see of the Archdiocese of Porto Alegre in Brazil, South America
Diocese of Santa Cruz de La Sierra
Located in Bolivia, erected on July 6, 1605, as suffragan of Lima
Diocese of Santa Fe
Located in the Argentine Republic, suffragan of Buenos Aires
Diocese of Santa Maria
Brazilian see, suffragan of Porto Alegre
Diocese of Santa Marta
Located in n Colombia, erected in 1535
Diocese of Santander
Located in Spain, takes its name from St. Hemeterius
Diocese of Santiago Del Estero
Located in the Argentine Republic, suffragan of Buenos Aires
Diocese of Sao Carlos Do Pinhal
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Sao Paulo, Brazil, South America
Diocese of Sao Luis de Maranhao
Suffragan of Belem de Para, comprises the State of Maranhao in Northern Brazil
Diocese of Sao Thiago de Cabo Verde
Seat of its bishopric on the Island of S. Nicolau
Diocese of Sappa
Located in Albania, established in 1062, by Alexander II
Diocese of Sarsina
In AEmilia, Province of Forli, Italy
Diocese of Sault Sainte Marie
Embraces the southern parts of the districts of Thunder Bay, Algoma, and Nipissing
Diocese of Savannah
Comprises the State of Georgia and was created as such by Pius IX, 1850
Diocese of Savona and Noli
Province of Genoa, on the Gulf of Genoa
Diocese of Scranton
Suffragan see of Philadelphia, U.S.A., established on March 3, 1868
Diocese of Seattle
Comprises the entire State of Washington, U.S.A.
Diocese of Sebenico
Suffragan of Zara
Diocese of Seckau
Located in Styria, Austria, suffragan of Salzburg
Diocese of Seez
Embraces the Department of Orne, France
Diocese of Segorbe
Located in Spain
Diocese of Segovia
Located in in Spain
Diocese of Sehna
Chaldean see, governed by a patriarchal administrator with episcopal rank
Diocese of Sejny
Located in the northwestern part of Russian Poland near the border of East Prussia, German Poland
Diocese of Sessa-Aurunca
Located in Campania, Province of Caserta in Southern Italy
Diocese of Sherbrooke
Located in the Province of Quebec, suffragan of the Archdiocese of Montreal, erected by Pius IX, Aug. 28, 1874
Diocese of Shrewsbury
One of the thirteen English dioceses created by Apostolic Letter of Pius IX on Sept. 27, 1850
Diocese of Sinaloa
Located in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of the Archdiocese of Durango
Diocese of Sinigaglia
Located in the Province of Ancona in the Marches (Central Italy)
Diocese of Sion
Swiss bishopric depending directly on the Holy See.
Diocese of Sioux City
Located in the State of Iowa, erected Jan. 15, 1902, by Leo XIII
Diocese of Sioux Falls
Suffragan of St. Paul, comprises all that part of the State of South Dakota
Diocese of Sirmium
Situated near the modern town of Mitrovitz in Slavonia
Diocese of Socorro
Established in 1895 as a suffragan see of the Archdiocese of Bogota, in the Republic of Colombia, South America
Diocese of Soissons
Includes the entire Department of Aisne, France
Diocese of Solsona
Located in Lerida, Spain, suffragan of Tarragona, erected by Clement VIII, July 19, 1593, from the Dioceses of Urgel and Vich, suppressed in 1851
Diocese of Sonora
Located in the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of the Archdiocese of Durango
Diocese of Southwark
Suffragan of Westminster, England
Diocese of Sovana and Pitigliano
Situated in the Province of Grosseto, Central Italy
Diocese of Spalato-Macarsca
Suffragan of Zara, Austria
Diocese of Speyer
Located in Bavaria
Diocese of Spirito Santo
Suffragan of Sao Sebastiao do Rio de Janeiro, established in 1896
Diocese of Springfield
Located in Massachusetts, erected in June, 1870
Diocese of Squillace
Suffragan of Reggio, in Calabria, Southern Italy
Diocese of Stanislawow
Greek-Ruthenian Rite, in Galicia, Austria, suffragan of Lemberg
Diocese of Steinamanger
Located in Hungary, suffragan of Gran, founded in 1777 under Queen Maria Theresa
Diocese of Strasburg
Diocese in Germany
Diocese of Stuhlweissenburg
Diocese in Hungary
Diocese of Superior
Diocese in Wisconsin
Diocese of Susa
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Syra
Diocese of an island in the Aegean Sea
Diocese of Syracuse
Diocese in New York
Diocese of Szatmar
Diocese in Hungary
Diocese of Tabasco
Diocese in Mexico
Diocese of Tamaulipas
Diocese in Mexico
Diocese of Taranto
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Tarazona
Diocese in Spain
Diocese of Tarbes
Diocese in France
Diocese of Tarentaise
Diocese in France
Diocese of Tarnow
Diocese in Austria
Diocese of Taubate
Diocese in Brazil
Diocese of Tehuantepec
Diocese in Mexico
Diocese of Telese
Telese, a small town in the Province of Benevento, Southern Italy
Diocese of Teneriffe
Diocese in Spain
Diocese of Tepic
Diocese in Mexico
Diocese of Termoli
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Terracina, Sezze, and Piperno
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Teruel
Diocese in Spain
Diocese of Thera
Diocese in the Aegean Sea
Diocese of Three Rivers
Diocese in Canada
Diocese of Tinos and Mykonos
A Latin diocese of the Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea
Diocese of Tiraspol
Diocese in Southern Russia
Diocese of Tivoli
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Todi
Diocese in Italy
Diocese of Toledo
Diocese in America
Diocese of Tortona
In Piedmont, Italy
Diocese of Tortosa
Spain, suffragan of Tarragona
Diocese of Tournai
In Belgium
Diocese of Trani and Barletta
In Italy
Diocese of Transylvania
In Hungary, suffragan of Kalocsa Buts
Diocese of Trapani
In Sicily, suffragan of Palermo
Diocese of Trebizond
An Armenian Catholic diocese
Diocese of Trent
Suffragan of Salzburg. Trent became universally known through the famous general council held there from 1545 to 1563
Diocese of Trenton
Created July 15, 1881, suffragan of New York
Diocese of Treviso
In Venetia (Northern Italy)
Diocese of Tricarico
In the Province of Potenza in the Basilicata (Southern Italy), near the River Perrola
Diocese of Trichinopoly
In India, suffragan of Bombay
Diocese of Trier
Suffragan of Cologne
Diocese of Triest-Capo d'Istria
Suffragan of Gorz-Gradiska
Diocese of Trincomalee
In Ceylon, suffragan of Colombo, was created in 1893 by a division of the diocese of Jaffna
Diocese of Trivento
In southern Italy
Diocese of Troyes
Comprises the Department of Aube
Diocese of Trujillo
In Peru
Diocese of Tucson
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe
Diocese of Tucuman
Suffragan to Buenos Aires
Diocese of Tudela
In Spain
Diocese of Tuguegarao
In the Philippines
Diocese of Tulancingo
In the Mexican Republic, suffragan of Mexico
Diocese of Tulle
Comprises the Department of Correze
Diocese of Tunja
Established in 1880 as a suffragan of Bogota, in the Republic of Colombia, South America
Diocese of Tuy
Suffragan of the Archdiocese of Santiago
Diocese of Uberaba
Suffragan of Marianna, in Brazil
Diocese of Ugento
In the Province of Lecce, in Apulia, on the Gulf of Tarenturn
Diocese of Urgel
In Spain, suffragan of Tarragona
Diocese of Uruguayana
Suffragan of Porto Alegre, Brazil
Diocese of Valleyfield
Valleyfield is situated at the outlet of Lake St. Francis, on the south shore of the St. Lawrence
Diocese of Vannes
Comprises the Department of Morbihan, and was reestablished by the Concordat of 1802
Diocese of Veglia
In Austria, suffragan of Gorz-Gradisca
Diocese of Venosa
In Southern Italy
Diocese of Ventimiglia
In the Province of Porto Maurizio, northern Italy
Diocese of Vera Cruz
A Diocese of the Mexican Republic, suffragan of the Archbishopric of Mexico
Diocese of Verdun
Comprises the Department of the Meuse
Diocese of Veroli
In the Province of Rome
Diocese of Verona
In Venetia (Northern Italy)
Diocese of Versailles
Includes the Department of Seine-et-Oise, France
Diocese of Veszprem
In Hungary, suffragan of Gran, one of the sees founded about1009 by King St. Stephen, or perhaps by Queen Gisela, his wife
Diocese of Vicenza
The City is the capital of a province in Venetia (Northern Italy).
Diocese of Vich
Suffragan of Tarragona
Diocese of Victoria
In southwestern British Columbia, of which province it is the capital, was known until recently, first, as the Diocese, and later, as the Archdiocese of Vancouver
Diocese of Vigevano
Lombardy, Province of Pavia
Diocese of Vilna
Vilna, the capital of Lithuania, is situated at the junction of the Rivers Vileika and Vilja
Diocese of Viterbo and Toscanella
The city of Viterbo in the Province of Rome stands at the foot of Monte Cimino, in Central Italy, in an agricultural region
Diocese of Vitoria
Suffragan of Burgos, in Spain
Diocese of Viviers
Includes the Department of Ardeche, France
Diocese of Vizagapatam
In the east of India, suffragan to Madras
Diocese of Vizeu
In north central Portugal
Diocese of Volterra
In Tuscany
Diocese of Waitzen
In Hungary, suffragan of Gran, probably founded by King St. Stephen
Diocese of Waterford and Lismore
Suffragan of Cashel
Diocese of Wheeling
In West Virginia
Diocese of Wichita
Erected in 1887, from the Diocese of Leavenworth
Diocese of Wiener-Neustadt
A suppressed see in Lower Austria
Diocese of Wilcannia
In New South Wales, one of the six suffragan sees of Sydney
Diocese of Wilmington
Erected March 3, 1868
Diocese of Winona
Established in 1889, suffragan of St. Paul
Diocese of Wladislaw
The historical origin of this diocese is not known precisely
Diocese of Zacatecas
In the Republic of Mexico, suffragan of Guadalajara
Diocese of Zamboanga
In the Philippine Islands
Diocese of Zamora (Mexico)
Founded in 1540 in the state of Michoacan
Diocese of Zamora (Spain)
Suffragan of Valladolid
Diocese of Zante-Cephalonia
In Greece
Diocese of Zengg-Modrus
In Hungary, suffragan of Agram
Diocese of Zhitomir Lutzk and Kamenetz
Diocese in Russia
Diocese of Zips
In Hungary, suffragan of Agria (Eger), founded by Maria Theresa in 1776
Diocese of Zulia
Comprises the State of Zulia in the Republic of Venezuela
Diocese Teramo
Diocese in Italy
Dioceses (new dioceses 1913)
Many dioceses have come into being
Dioceses of Amadia and Akra
Two Catholic dioceses of the Chaldean Rite in Kurdistan, Turkey in Asia
Dioceses of Mostar and Markana-Trebinje
Capital of Herzegovina and lies east of southern Dalmatia
Dioceses of Valva and Sulmona
In Italy
Dioclea
A titular see of Phrygia in Asia Minor
Diocletian
Roman Emperor and persecutor of the Church, b. of parents who had been slaves, at Dioclea, near Salona, in Dalmatia, A.D. 245; d. at Salona, A.D. 313
Diocletianopolis
A titular see of Palaestina Prima
Diodorus of Tarsus
Date of birth uncertain; d. about A.D. 392. He was of noble family, probably of Antioch
Dionigi da Piacenza Carli
Franciscan friar of the Capuchin Reform, sent out to the Congo in 1666
Dionysias
A titular see in Arabia
Dionysius Calvaert
Flemish painter, b. about the year 1540, d. 1619
Dionysius Exiguus
Of great importance were the contributions of Dionysius to the science of canon law; flourished in the earlier part of the sixth century, dying before the year 544
Dionysius of Alexandria
Bishop from 247-8 to 264-5, called 'the Great' by Eusebius, St. Basil, and others, was undoubtedly, after St. Cyprian, the most eminent bishop of the third century
Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite
Usually understood the judge of the Areopagus who, as related in Acts, xvii, 34, was converted to Christianity by the preaching of St. Paul, and according to Dionysius of Corinth (Eusebius, Hist. Eccl., III, iv) was Bishop of Athens
Dionysius, Saint
Bishop of Corinth about 170
Dioscurus of Alexandria
Bishop of Alexandria; date of birth unknown; d. at Gangra, in Asia Minor, 11 Sept., 454
Diptych
A sort of notebook, formed by the union of two tablets, placed one upon the other and united by rings or by a hinge
Discalced
A term applied to those religious congregations of men and women, the members of which go entirely unshod or wear sandals, with or without other covering for the feet
Discernment of Spirits
The term given to the judgment whereby to determine from what spirit the impulses of the soul emanate
Disciple
This term is commonly applied to one who is learning any art or science from one distinguished by his accomplishments
Disciples of Christ
A sect founded in the United States of America by Alexander Campbell
Discipline of the Secret
A theological term used to express the custom which prevailed in the earliest ages of the Church, by which the knowledge of the more intimate mysteries of the Christian religion was carefully kept from the heathen and even from those who were undergoing i
Disibod, Saint
Irish bishop and patron of Disenberg (Disibodenberg), born c. 619; d. July 8, 700
Disparity of Worship
A diriment impediment introduced by the Church to safeguard the sanctity of the Sacrament of Marriage
Dispensation
An act whereby in a particular case a lawful superior grants relaxation from an existing law
Dispersion of the Apostles
A feast in commemoration of the missionary work of the Twelve Apostles
Distraction
To draw away, hence to distract, is here considered in so far as it is wont to happen in time of prayer and in administering the sacraments
Distributions
Canonically termed distrubtiones quotidiance, are certain portions of the revenue of a church, distributed to the canons present at Divine service
Dithmar
Bishop of Merseburg and medieval chronicler, b. July 25, 975; d. 1 Dec., 1018
Dives
Latin for rich
Divination
The seeking after knowledge of future or hidden things by inadequate means
Divine Attributes
Systematic idea of God, to unfold the implications of the truth
Divine Judgment
God's judgment
Divine Law
Enacted by God and made known to man through revelation
Divine Office
The recitation of certain prayers in the Breviary
Divine Promise
In Scripture
Divine Providence
God Himself considered in that act by which in His wisdom He so orders all events within the universe that the end for which it was created may be realized
Divorce
This subject will be treated here under two distinct heads: I. In Moral Theology; II. In Civil Jurisprudence
Docetae
A heretical sect dating back to Apostolic times
Docimium
A titular see of Phrygia in Asia Minor
Doctor
The title of an authorized teacher
Doctors of the Church
Certain ecclesiastical writers have received this title on account of the great advantage the whole Church has derived from their doctrine
Doctrine of Addai
A Syriac document which relates the legend of the conversion of Edessa
Doctrine of the Atonement
Satisfaction of Christ, whereby God and the world are reconciled or made to be at one
Dogma
Classically, an opinion or apparent truth; sometimes, the doctrines or tenets of a particular school of philosophers; and sometimes, a public decree or ordinance
Dogmatic Facts
Any fact connected with a dogma and on which the application of the dogma to a particular case depends
Doliche
A titular see of Commagene
Dolores Mission
In point of time the sixth in the chain of twenty-one California Indian Missions; formally opened 9 Oct., 1776
Dolphin
Use of the dolphin as a Christian symbol is connected with the general ideas underlying the more general use of the fish
Dom Francois Armand Gervaise
Discalced Carmelite, b. at Paris, 1660; d. at Reclus, France, 1761.
Dom Jacques Alexandre
Benedictine monk of the Congregation of St. Maur, b. at Orleans, France, 24 January, 1653; d. at Bonne-Nouvelle, 23 June, 1734
Dome
An architectural term often used synonymously with cupola
Domenichino
Properly Domenico Zampieri, an Italian painter, b. in Bologna, 21 Oct., 1581; d. in Naples, April 16, 1641
Domenico Bernini
Prelate and canon (eighteenth century)
Domenico Campagnola
Painter of the Venetian school, b. at Padua in 1482; date of death unascertained
Domenico Capranica
Cardinal, theologian, canonist, and statesman, b. at Capranica near Palestrina, Italy, in .1400; d. at Rome, July 14, 1458
Domenico Feti
Italian painter; b. at Rome, 1589; d. at Venice, 1624
Domenico Fontana
Roman architect of the Late Renaissance, b. at Merli on the Lake of Lugano, 1543; d. at Naples, 1607
Domenico Palmieri
Theologian, b. at Piacenza, Italy, July 4, 1829; d. in Rome, May 29, 1909
Domenico Passignano
Venetian painter, b. at Passignano, near Florence, in 1558; d. at Florence, 1638
Domenico Passionei
Cardinal, theologian, b. at Fossombrone, Dec. 2, 1682; d. July 5, 1761
Domenico Theotocopuli
(El Greco), one of the most remarkable Spanish artists, b. between 1545 and 1550; d. April 7, 1614
Domenico Viva
Writer, b. at Lecce, Oct. 19, 1648; d. July 5, 1726. He entered the Society of Jesus May 12, 1663
Domesday Book
The name given to the record of the great survey of England made by order of William the Conqueror in 1085-86
Domicile
Right of habitation, residence
Domingo Banez
Spanish Dominican theologian (1528-1604)
Domingo Betanzos
Dominican missionary (d. 1549)
Domingo Chimalpain
Mexican Indian (16th-17th century), educated in the colleges for Indians of Mexico City under the direction of the clergy
Domingo de Salazar
Dominican missionary, b. in1512; d. in Madrid, December 4, 1594.
Domingo Fernandez Navarrete
Dominican missionary and archbishop, B. C. 1610 at Peñafiel in Old Castile; d. 1689 at Santo Domingo
Domingos Caldas-Barbosa
B. of a white father and a negro mother at Rio Janeiro in 1740; d. in Lisbon, 9 Nov., 1800
Dominic Gravina
Italian Dominican theologian; b. 1573; d. 1643
Dominic of Prussia
Carthusian monk and ascetical writer, b. in Poland, 1382; d. at the monastery of St. Alban near Trier, 1461
Dominic of the Mother of God
Member of the Passionist Congregation and theologian, b. June 22, 1792; d. August 27, 1849
Dominic Schram
Benedictine theologian and canonist, b. at Bamberg, October 24, 1722; d. in the monastery of Banz near Bamberg, September 21, 1797
Dominic Soto
Dominican, renowned theologian, b. at Segovia, 1494; d. at Salamanca, Nov. 15, 1560
Dominic Vallarsi
An Italian priest, b. at Verona, Nov. 13, 1702; d. there, Aug. 14, 1771
Dominic, Saint
Founder of the Order of Preachers, commonly known as the Dominican Order; b. at Calaroga, in Old Castile, c. 1170; d. August 6, 1221
Dominical Letter
A device adopted from the Romans by the old chronologers to aid them in finding the day of the week corresponding to any given date, and indirectly to facilitate the adjustment of the 'Proprium de Tempore' to the 'Proprium Sanetorum' when constructing the
Dominican Republic, The
The eastern, and much the larger, political division of the island now comprehensively known as Haiti, which is the second in size of the Greater Antilles
Dominique Bouhours
French Jesuit author (1632-1702)
Dominique Parrenin
Jesuit b. at Russey, near Besancon, Sept. 1, 1665; d. at Pekin, Sept. 29, 1741
Dominique-Jean Larrey
Baron, French military surgeon, b. at Baudean, Hautes-Pyrenees, July, 1766; d. at Lyons, July 25, 1842
Dominus Vobiscum
Ancient form of devout salutation, incorporated in the liturgy of the Church
Domitian
Roman emperor and persecutor of the Church and successor of the Emperor Titus; b. Oct. 24, A.D. 51
Domitiopolis
Titular see of Isauria in Asia Minor
Domnus Apostolicus
Title applied to the pope used between the sixth and the eleventh centuries
Don Isaac Abrabanel
Jewish statesman, apologist and exegete, b. in Lisbon, 1437; d. in Venice, 1508
Donatello
Great Tuscan sculptor of the Renaissance, b. at Florence, c. 1386; d. there Dec. 13, 1466
Donation (in canon law)
Gratuitous transfer to another of some right or thing
Donation (in civil jurisprudence)
Civil Jurisprudence: Gratuitous transfer, or gift of ownership of property
Donation of Constantine
Forged document of Emperor Constantine the Great
Donatists
Donatist schism in Africa began in 311
Donato Bramante
Italian architect and painter (ca. 1444-1514)
Donatus of Fiesole
Irish teacher and poet, Bishop of Fiesole about 829-876
Dongan
Second Earl of Limerick, b. 1634 d. 1715
Donnan, Saint
Three or four saints of this name flourished about the seventh century
Donogh Mor O'Daly
A celebrated Irish poet, d. 1244
Dora
Ttitular see of Palaestina Prima
Dorothea, Saint
Virgin and martyr, suffered during the persecution of Diocletian, Feb. 6, 311, at Caesarea in Cappadocia
Dorylaeum
Titular see of Phrygia Salutaris, in Asia Minor
Dositheans
Followers of Dositheus, a Samaritan
Douai
Town and University of Douai, in the department of Nord, France
Douay Bible
Original Douay Version of Bible
Double Monasteries
Religious houses comprising communities of both men and women, dwelling in contiguous establishments, united under the rule of one superior, and using one church in common for their liturgical offices
Doubt
State in which the mind is suspended between two contradictory propositions and unable to assent to either of them
Dove
Dove appears as a symbol and as a Eucharistic vessel
Dower
Provision for support during life accorded by law to a wife surviving her husband
Down and Connor
Diocese in Ireland
Downside Abbey
Founded in 1605 by the Venerable John Roberts at Douai, Flanders
Doxology
Short verse praising God and beginning, as a rule, with the Greek word Doxa
Drachma
Greek silver coin
Dracontius, Blossius Aemilius
Christian poet of the fifth century
Dresden
Capital of the Kingdom of Saxony and the residence of the royal family
Drevet Family
Leading portrait engravers of France for over a hundred years
Droit de Regale
Originally denoted those rights that belonged exclusively to the king
Drostan, Saint
Scottish abbot who flourished about A.D. 600
Druidism
Priests of the god or gods identified with the oak
Drusilla
Daughter of Herod Agrippa I
Drusipara
Titular see in Thracia Prima
Druzes
Small Mohammedan sect in Syria, notorious for their opposition to the Lebanese Maronites
Dryburgh Abbey
Dryburgh Abbey
Dualism
Philosophical terms, employed in different meanings by different schools
Dubric, Saint
Bishop and confessor, one of the greatest of Welsh saints; d. 612
Duccio di Buoninsegna
Painter, and founder of the Sienese School, b. about 1255 or 1260, place not known; d. August 3, 1319
Duchess of Aiguillon
Niece of Cardinal Richelieu, b. 1604; d. at Paris, 1675
Duckett, Venerable
Two English martyrs for the faith during 17th century, Venerable James and Venerable John
Duel
Contest with deadly weapons by agreement between two persons on account of some private quarrel
Duke of Bavaria Wilhelm V
Son of Duke Albrecht V, b. at Munich, September 29, 1548; d. at Schleissheim, February 7, 1626
Duke of La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt
Devoted to scientific agriculture, founded the first model technical school in France b. at La Roche-Guyon, January 11, 1747; d. at Paris, March 27, 1827
Dulia
Theological term signifying the honour paid to the saints
Dunchadh, Saint
Confessor, Abbot of Iona; date of b. unknown, d. in 717
Dungal
Irish monk, teacher, astronomer, and poet
Dunstan, Saint
Archbishop and confessor, one of the greatest saints of the Anglo-Saxon Church
Durand Ursin
Benedictine of the Maurist Congregation, b. May 20, 1682, d. Aug. 31, 1771
Durandus of Saint-Pourcain
Philosopher and theologian, b. at Saint-Pourcain, Auvergne, France; d. September 13, 1332
Durandus of Troarn
French Benedictine and ecclesiastical writer, b. about 1012, d. 1089
Durham Rite
Earliest document giving an account of liturgical services in the Diocese of Durham
Duties of Relatives
The general precept of charity obliging us to love our neighbor as ourselves is of course applicable to our relatives.
Duty
Something that is due; obligatory service
Dympna, Saint
Virgin and martyr, invoked as patroness against insanity
Dynamism
General name for a group of philosophical views concerning the nature of matter
Eadmer
Precentor of Canterbury and historian, b. 1064 (?); d. 1124 (?)
Eanbald
Name of two Archbishops of York
Early African Church
Name given to the Christian communities inhabiting the region known politically as Roman Africa
Early Christian Lamps
Small clay lamps adorned with Christian symbols
Early Christian Representations of Angels
Angels were seldom represented in Christian art before Constantine
Early Symbols of the Eucharist
Among the symbols employed by the Christians of the first ages in decorating their tombs, those which relate to the Eucharist hold a place of the first importance
East Syrian Rite
Also known as the Chaldean, Assyrian, or Persian Rite
Easter
Principal feast of the ecclesiastical year
Eastern Churches
Detailed article on the Eastern Churches
Eastern Schism
Detailed article on the history of the separation of the vast majority of Eastern Christians from union with the Catholic Church
Easterwine
Abbot of Wearmouth, appointed by St. Benedict Biscop; b. 650, d. March 7, 686
Eata, Saint
Second Bishop of Hexham; date of birth unknown; d. October 26, 686
Ebbo
Archbishop of Reims, b. towards the end of the eighth century; d. March 20, 851
Eberhard Billick
German theologian (ca. 1499-1557)
Eberhard of Ratisbon
German chronicler about the beginning of the fourteenth century
Eberhard Wachter
Painter, b. at Stuttgart, February 29, 1762; d. at Stuttgart, August 14, 1852
Ebionites
One or more early Christian sects infected with Judaistic errors
Ebner
Name of two unrelated German mystics
Ecclesiastes
Name given to the book of Holy Scripture which usually follows the Proverbs
Ecclesiastical Abbreviations
The words most commonly abbreviated at all times are proper names, titles (official or customary), of persons or corporations, and words of frequent occurrence
Ecclesiastical Addresses
Forms of addressing churchmen in correspondence and speech
Ecclesiastical and Religious Vocation
The special gift of those who, in the Church of God, follow with a pure intention the ecclesiastical profession or the evangelical counsels
Ecclesiastical Annals
Historical literature of the Middle Ages
Ecclesiastical Archives
Collection of documents, etc. pertaining to the origin, history, rights, privileges, and constitutions of a diocese, parish, monastery, or religious community
Ecclesiastical Art
Detailed article on the developments of Christian art from the beginning down to the present day
Ecclesiastical Buildings
This term comprehends all constructions erected for the celebration of liturgical acts
Ecclesiastical Canons
Rules or norms of conduct or belief prescribed by the Church
Ecclesiastical Censures
Medicinal and spiritual punishments imposed by the Church on a baptized, delinquent, and contumacious person
Ecclesiastical Commissions
Bodies of ecclesiastics juridically established and to whom are committed certain specified functions or charges
Ecclesiastical Conferences
Meetings of clerics for the purpose of discussing matters pertaining to their state of life, particularly, questions of moral theology and liturgy
Ecclesiastical Constitutions
Enactments, ordinances, and laws
Ecclesiastical Courts
Judicial power of the Church exercised over her members without interference on the part of civil society
Ecclesiastical Dignitary
A member of a chapter, cathedral or collegiate, possessed not only of a foremost place, but also of a certain jurisdiction
Ecclesiastical Discipline
The word discipline signifies the formation of one who places himself at school and under the direction of a master
Ecclesiastical Emancipation
Process of law by which a slave released from the control of his master, or a son liberated from the authority of his father, was declared legally independent
Ecclesiastical Feasts
Days which are celebrated in commemoration of the sacred mysteries and events recorded in the history of our redemption, in memory of the Virgin Mother of Christ, or of His apostles, martyrs, and saints, by special services and rest from work
Ecclesiastical Forum
The Church of Christ has judicial and coercive power
Ecclesiastical Heraldry
The study of heraldry as used by Church and religious bodies and individuals
Ecclesiastical History
The history of the Church
Ecclesiastical Judge
Person who possesses ecclesiastical jurisdiction in general or in strict sense
Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction
Right to guide and rule the Church of God
Ecclesiastical Latin
Refers to the Latin we find in the official textbooks of the Church (the Bible and the Liturgy), including the works of those Christian writers of the West who expound or defend Christian beliefs
Ecclesiastical Letters
Publications or announcements of the organs of ecclesiastical authority
Ecclesiastical Music
Music employed in connection with Divine service to promote the glorification of God and the edification of the faithful
Ecclesiastical Pension
The right to a certain sum of money to be paid yearly out of the revenues of a church or benefice to a cleric, on account of just reasons approved by an ecclesiastical superior
Ecclesiastical Person
Person whom a special tie connects with the Church
Ecclesiastical Prisons
The Church has claimed and exercised the right, belonging to a perfect and visible society, of protecting its members by condemning the guilty to imprisonment
Ecclesiastical Privileges
Exceptions to the law made in favor of the clergy or in favor of consecrated and sacred objects and places
Ecclesiastical Property
The Church has the right to acquire and possess temporal goods
Ecclesiastical Property in the United States
The Third Plenary Council of Baltimore decreed (tit. IX cap. i, n. 264):
Ecclesiastical Province
The name given to an ecclesiastical administrative district under the jurisdiction of an archbishop
Ecclesiastical Province of the Upper Rhine
Includes the Archdiocese of Freiburg and the suffragan Dioceses of Fulda, Mainz, Limburg, and Rottenburg
Ecclesiastical Residence
A remaining or abiding where one's duties lie or where one's occupation is properly carried on, as the presence of a bishop in his diocese, a rector or incumbent in his benefice, a canon in his cathedral or collegiate church: opposed to non-residence or a
Ecclesiastical Seminary
Reserved to schools instituted for the training of the Catholic diocesan clergy
Ecclesiastical Statistics
History of the methods used for the collection and tabulation of ecclesiastical statistics
Ecclesiastical Tenure
Granting of an estate to a person by ecclesiastical authority
Ecclesiastical use of Basin
Early use in Christian churches for ablutions and to receive lamp-drippings
Ecclesiasticus
Longest of the deuterocanonical books of Holy Writ
Echinus
Titular see of Thessaly, Greece
Eckebert
Abbot of Schonau b. in the early part of the twelfth century; d. March 28, 1184
Eclecticism
System in philosophy which seeks the solution of its fundamental problems by selecting and uniting what it regards as true in the various philosophical schools
Ecstasy
Supernatural state that includes two elements: the one, interior and invisible
Ecuador
Republic and independent state of South America
Edda
Applies to two different collections of old Norse literature, poetical and prose
Edelinck
Family name of four engravers
Edesius and Frumentius
Tyrian Greeks of the fourth century, probably brothers, who introduced Christianity into Abyssinia
Edessa
Titular archiepiscopal see in that part of Mesopotamia formerly known as Osrhoene
Edinburgh
Capital of Scotland
Editions of the Bible
Printed reproductions of its original texts
Edme Mariotte
French physicist, b. about 1620; d. May 12, 1684
Edmond Auger
French Jesuit who was regarded as one of the most eloquent men of his time (1530-1591)
Edmond Jeaurat
French engraver (1688-1738)
Edmond Martene
Historian and liturgist, b. December 22, 1654; d. June 20, 1739
Edmond Reusens
Archaeologist and historian, b. at Wijneghem (Antwerp), April 25, 1831; d. at Louvain, Dec. 24, 1903
Edmond-Frederic Le Blant
French archaeologist and historian, b. August 12, 1818; d. July 5, 1897 at Paris
Edmund and John Gennings
The first, a martyr for the Catholic Faith, and the second, the restorer of the English province of Franciscan friars, were brothers and converts to the Church. Edmund Gennings was born at Lichfield in 1567; died in London, Dec. 10, 1591. John was b. abou
Edmund Arrowsmith, Venerable
English martyr, b. in 1585 at Haddock; executed at Lancaster, Aug. 23, 1628
Edmund Bailey O'Callaghan
Physician, publicist, and historian, b. at Mallow, Cork, Feb. 29, 1797; d. at New York, May 29, 1880
Edmund Bolton
Historian and poet (ca. 1575 - ca. 1633)
Edmund Bonner
Bishop of London (1500-1569)
Edmund Brindholm, Venerable
Martyr and parish priest of Our Lady's Church at Calais (d. 1540)
Edmund Burke
First Vicar Apostolic of Nova Scotia, b. in the parish of Maryborough, County Kildare, Ireland, in 1753; d. at Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1820
Edmund Campion, Blessed
English Jesuit and martyr; b. Jan. 25, 1540; executed at Tyburn, Dec. 1, 1581
Edmund Catherick
English priest and martyr, b. probably in Lancashire about 1605; executed at York, April 13, 1642
Edmund Cosin
Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University, England
Edmund Ignatius Rice
Founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, b. at Callan, Co. Kilkenny, 1762; d. at Waterford, 1844
Edmund Neville
Jesuit, b. at Hopcut, Lancashire, 1605; d. in England, July 18, 1847
Edmund O'Donnell
The first Jesuit executed by the English government; b. at Limerick in 1542, executed at Cork, March 16, 1575
Edmund O'Reilly
Theologian, b. in London, April 30, 1811; d. at Dublin, November 10, 1878
Edmund O'Reilly (Archbishop of Armagh)
Archbishop of Armagh, b. at Dublin, 1616; d. at Saumur, France, 1669, was educated in Dublin and ordained there in 1629
Edmund Plowden
B. 1517-8; d. in London, Feb. 6, 1584-5
Edmund Rich, Saint
Archbishop of Canterbury, England, b. November 20, 1180, d. Nov. 16, 1240
Edmund Sykes
B. at Leeds; martyred at York Tyburn March 23, 1586-1587
Edmund Tanner
Bishop of Cork and Cloyne, Ireland, b. about 1526; d. 1579
Edmund the Martyr, Saint
King of East Anglia, b. about 840; d. at Hoxne, Suffolk, November 20, 870
Edouard Branly
French physicist and inventor (nineteenth century)
Eduard Heis
German astronomer, b. at Cologne, February 18, 1806; d. at Munster, Westphalia, June 30, 1877
Eduard von Steinle
Historical painter, b. at Vienna, July 2, 1810; d. at Frankfort, Sept. 19, 1886
Education
Details on the development of the learning process and on various institutions of learning
Education of the Blind
History and statistics on educating the blind
Education of the Deaf
Historical and educational information on the education of the deaf
Edward Ambrose Barlow, Venerable
Benedictine priest and martyr (1585-1641)
Edward Ambrose Burgis
Dominican historian and theologian, b. in England c. 1673; d. in Brussels, April 27, 1747
Edward Anthony Hatton
Dominican, apologist; b. in 1701; d. at Stourton Lodge, near Leeds, Yorkshire, October 23, 1783
Edward Arden
English Catholic, executed during the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1542-1583)
Edward Bamber, Venerable
Priest and martyr (d.1646)
Edward Barron
Missionary, b. at Waterford, Ireland, 1801; d. at Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A., Sept. 12, 1854
Edward Bellasis
English convert (1800-1873)
Edward Bocking
English Benedictine (d. 1534)
Edward Bradshaigh
English Carmelite friar (d. 1652)
Edward Caswall
Oratorian and poet, b. July 15, 1814, d. at the Oratory, Birmingham, January 2, 1878
Edward Coffin
English Jesuit and missionary (1570-1626)
Edward Coleman
Controversialist politician, and secretary of the Duchess of York (executed 1678)
Edward Dicconson
Titular Bishop of Malla, or Mallus, Vicar Apostolic of the English Northern District; b. Nov. 30, 1670; d. May 5, 1752
Edward Genicot
Moral theologian, b. at Antwerp, Belgium, June 18, 1856; d. at Louvain, February 21, 1900
Edward Hawarden
Theologian and controversialist, b. in Lancashire, England, April 9, 1662; d. in London, April 23, 1735
Edward III
King of England, b. at Windsor Castle Nov. 13, 1312; d. at Sheen, June 21, 137
Edward Jones, Venerable
Priest, martyr (d. 1590)
Edward Kavanagh
American statesman, diplomat (1795-1844)
Edward Maginn
Coadjutor Bishop of Derry, b. at Fintona, Ireland, Dec. 16, 1802; d. at Derry, January 17, 1849
Edward Mayhew
B. in 1569; d. Sept. 14, 1625
Edward McCabe
Cardinal, b. in Dublin, 1816; d. at Kingstown, Feb. 11, 1885
Edward Meredith
English Catholic controversialist, b. in 1648, year of his death is uncertain
Edward Metcalfe
Linguist, martyr, b. in Yorkshire, 1792; d. Leeds, May 7, 1847
Edward Michelis
Theologian, b. Feb. 6, 1813; d. June 8, 1855
Edward Morgan, Venerable
Welsh priest-martyr, b. at Bettisfield, Hanmer, Flintshire, execute at Tyburn, London, April 26, 1642
Edward Oldcorne, Venerable
Martyr, b. 1561; d. 1606
Edward Osbaldeston
English martyr, b. about 1560; hanged, drawn, and quartered at York, November 16, 1594
Edward Patrick Allen
Fifth Bishop of Mobile, Alabama, U.S., b. at Lowell, Mass., 17 March, 1853
Edward Rishton
Priest, published a chart of ecclesiastical history, b. in Lancashire, 1550; d. at Sainte-Menehould, Lorraine, June 29, 1585
Edward Sheldon
Translator, b. at Beoley, April 23, 1599; d. in London, March 27, 1687
Edward Sorin
Founder of Notre Dame, Indiana; b. Feb. 6, 1814, at Ahuille, near Laval, France; d. Oct. 31, 1893, at Notre Dame, U.S.A.
Edward Stransham
English martyr, b. at Oxford about 1554; suffered at Tyburn, January 21, 1586
Edward the Confessor, Saint
King of England, b. in 1003; d. January 5, 1066
Edward the Martyr, Saint
King of England, martyred by assassin, b. about 962; d. March 18, 979
Edward Walsh
Irish poet, b. at Derry in 1805; d. at Cork, August 6, 1850
Edward Waterson, Venerable
B. at London; martyred at Newcastle-on-Tyne, Jan. 7, 1594 (1593 old style)
Edward Worsley
B. in Lancashire, England, 1605; d. at Antwerp, Sept. 2, 1676
Edwin, Saint
First Christian King of Northumbria, b. about 585,d. October 12, 633
Edwy
King of the English, eldest son of Edmund and St. Aelfgifu, b. about 940; d. 959
Egbert
Self-styled King of England, d. A.D. 839
Egbert (Archbishop of Trier)
Archbishop of Trier, d. 8 or December 9, 993
Egbert (Archbishop of York)
Archbishop of York, England, reformer and strict disciplinarian, date of birth unknown; d. November 19, 766
Egbert, Saint
Northumbrian monk, induced Iona monks to stop their schismatic practice b. 639; d. 729.
Egfrid
King of Northumbria, b. 650; d. 685
Egidio Colonna
Augustinian; Scholastic philosopher and theologian (c. 1247-1316)
Egidio Forcellini
Latin lexicographer, b. at Fener, near Treviso, Italy, Aug. 26, 1688; d. at Padua, April 4, 1768
Egoism
Ethical systems which hold self-love to be the source of all rational action and the determinant of moral conduct
Egwin, Saint
Third Bishop of Worcester, founder of the great Abbey of Evesham; date of birth unknown; d. December 20, 720
Egypt
Detailed article on ancient Egyptian history, religion, literary monuments, Coptic Church
Egyptian Church Ordinance
Early Christian collection of thirty-one canons regulating ordinations, the liturgy, and other main features of church life
Eimhin, Saint
Abbot and Bishop of Ros-mic-Truin (Ireland), probably in the sixth century
Einhard
Historian, born c. 770; d. March 14, 840,
Eithene, Saint
Sixth-century virgin, visionary
Eithne, Saint
Baptized by St. Patrick, is commemorated in the Irish martyrologies under the 11th of January
Ekkehard
Detailed article on five monks of the (Swiss) Abbey of St. Gall from the tenth to the thirteenth century
Ekkehard of Aura
Benedictine monk and chronicler, took part in the Council of Guastalla, b. about 1050; d. after 1125.
El Cid
Great popular hero of the chivalrous age of Spain (c. 1040-1099)
Elaea
Titular see of Asia Minor, founded by Menestheus
Elba
Largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago
Elcesaites
Sect of Gnostic Ebionites
Eleazar
Detailed article on the family of Eleazar
Elect
Theological term equivalent to 'chosen as the object of mercy or Divine favour, as set apart for eternal life'
Election
Juridical concept, form and method of ecclesiastical elections
Elena Lucrezia Piscopia Cornaro
Learned Italian woman of noble descent (1646-1684)
Eleutherius, Saint
Sixth-century Bishop of Tournai
Eleutheropolis
Titular see in Palstina Prima
Elevation
Showing the consecrated Host to the people
Elias
Important Old Testament Prophet
Elias of Cortona
Minister General of the Friars Minor, b. 1180; d. April 22, 1253
Elias of Jerusalem
Resisted the attempt of Emperor Anastasius I to abolish the Council of Chalcedon, d. 518
Eligius, Saint
Bishop of Noyon-Tournai, b. 590, d. December 1, 660
Elined, Saint
Virgin and martyr, flourished c. 490
Eliseus
Prophet of Israel (Elisha)
Elisha John Durbin
Missionary, called the patriarch-priest of Kentucky, b. Feb. 1, 1800, d.in 1887
Elishe
Famous Armenian historian of the fifth century, place and date of birth unknown, d. 480
Eliza Allen Starr
Writer, b. at Deerfield, Massachusetts, Aug. 29, 1824; d. at Durand, Illinois, Sept. 8, 1901
Elizabeth
Zachary's wife, John the Baptist's mother, and Mary's kinswoman
Elizabeth Ann Seton, Saint
Foundress and first superior of the Sisters of Charity in the United States, b. in New York City, Aug. 28, 1774, of non-Catholic parents of high position; d. at Emmitsburg, Maryland, Jan. 4, 1821
Elizabeth Associations
Charitable associations of women in Germany who minister to sick and poor
Elizabeth Barton
Nun and visionary, whose prophecies led to her execution under Henry VIII
Elizabeth Cellier
A noted London midwife, who came into prominence through the pretended Meal-Tub Plot of 1680
Elizabeth Galitzin
Princess, religious of the Sacred Heart; b. at St. Petersburg, February 22, 1797; d. in Louisiana, December 8, 1843
Elizabeth inchbald
Novelist, dramatist, and actress; b. Oct. 15, 1753; d. Aug. 1, 1821
Elizabeth of Hungary, Saint
Cared for sick and poor, abbess of the convent of Aldenburg near Wetzlar, b. 1207; d. November 17, 1231
Elizabeth of Portugal, Saint
Queen who was devoted to the poor and sick b. in 1271; d. in 1336
Elizabeth of Reute, Blessed
Third Order of St. Francis, b. Nov. 25, 1386, d. Nov. 25, 1420
Elizabeth of Schönau, Saint
Benedictine nun, visionary, b. about 1129; d. June 18, 1165
Ellakim Parker Scammon
Educator, b. at Whitefield, Maine, U.S.A., Dec. 27, 1816; d. at New York, Dec. 7, 1894
Ellen Whitty
In religion Mary Vincent, b. at Pouldarrig near Oylgate, a village seven miles from the town of Wexford, March 1, 1819; d. at Brisbane, Queensland, March, 1892
Ellwangen Abbey
Earliest Benedictine monastery established in the Duchy of Wurtemberg
Elohim
Common name for God
Elphege, Saint
Archbishop of Canterbury, Martyr b. 954; d. 1012
Elusa
Titular see of Palaestina Tertia, suffragan of Petra
Elzear of Sabran, Saint
Third Order of St. Francis, ambassador to France, b. 1285; d. September 27, 1323
Elzear-Alexandre Taschereau
Archbishop of Quebec and first Canadian cardinal, b. February 17, 1820; d. 1898
Emanationism
Doctrine that emanation is the mode by which all things are derived from the First Reality, or Principle
Ember Days
Days at the beginning of the seasons ordered by the Church as days of fast and abstinence
Embolism
Means an insertion, addition or interpretation. Article gives two specific uses of this word in the language of the Church
Embroidery
Needlework used from early times to ornament vestments
Emerentiana, Saint
Virgin and martyr, d. at Rome in the third century
Emesa
Ttitular see of Phoenicia Secunda, suffragan of Damascus, and the seat of two Uniat archdioceses
Emigrant Aid Societies
Organizations that care for immigrants
Emile Gebhart
A French professor and writer, b. July 19, 1839, at Nancy; d. April 22, 1908, in Paris
Emile Paul-Constant-Ange Le Camus
Preacher, theologian, scripturist, Bishop of La Rochelle and Saintes, b. at Paraza, France, August 24, 1839; d. at Malvisade, near Castelnaudary, France, September 28, 1906
Emmanuel
Signifies God with us, name of the child predicted in Is., vii, 14
Emmanuel Maignan
French physicist and theologian; b. at Toulouse, July 17, 1601; d. at Toulouse, October 29, 1676
Emmanuel Schelstrate
Theologian, b. at Antwerp, 1649; d. at Rome, April 6, 1692
Emmanuel Theodore de la Tour d'Auvergne Cardinal de Bouillon
French prelate and diplomat (1643-1715)
Emmanuel-Henri-Dieudonne Domenech
Abbe, missionary and author, b. at Lyons, France, November 4, 1826; d. m France, June, 1886
Emmaus
Titular see in Palaestina Prima, suffragan of Caesarea
Emmeram, Saint
Bishop of Poitiers, missionary to Bavaria, b. first half of seventh century; martyred at end of same century
Emperor Charles V
Charles I, King of Spain (1500-1558)
Empiricism
Signifies the theory that the phenomena of consciousness are simply the product of sensuous experience
Encolpion
Name given in early Christian times to a species of reliquary worn round the neck
Encratites
Literally, abstainers, because they refrained from the use of wine, animal food, and marriage
Encyclical
Certain papal documents explicitly addressed to the patriarchs, primates, archbishops, and bishops of the Universal Church in communion with the Apostolic See
Encyclopedia
Abridgment of human knowledge in a systematized summary
Encyclopedists
Writers of the eighteenth century who edited or contributed articles to the Encyclopedia
Endowment
Property, fund, or revenue permanently appropriated for the support of any person, institution, or object
Enemond Massé
One of the first Jesuits sent to New France; b. at Lyons, 1574; d. at Sillery, May 12, 1646
Engaddi
Name of a warm spring near the center of the Dead Sea, and also of a town situated in the same place
Engelbert
Abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Admont in Styria, b. 1250; d. May 12, 1331
Engelbert Muhlbacher
Historian, b. at Gresten, Austria, Oct. 4, 1843; d. at Vienna, July 17, 1903
Engelbert of Cologne, Saint
Archbishop, martyr, b. about 1185; d. November 7, 1225
England
History of England in its relations with the Catholic Church
English College in Rome
History and scholastic status of college
English Confessors and Martyrs
Cause of the beatification of the English Martyrs (1534-1729)
English Hierarchy, Reorganization of the
On Sept. 29, 1850, by the Bull 'Universalis Ecclesiae', Pius IX restored the Catholic hierarchy in England which had become extinct with the death of the last Marian bishop in the reign of Elizabeth.
English Post-Reformation Oaths
The English Reformation having been imposed by the Crown, it was natural that submission to the essential points of its formularies should have been exacted with some solemnity, by oath, test, or formal declaration, and that these should change with the v
English Revolution
Detailed article on how the history of the Revolution resolves itself into a catalogue of various ill-judged measures which alienated the support of the Established Church
Enguerrand de Monstrelet
French chronicler, b. about 1390 or 1395; d. in July, 1453
Enrico Dandolo
Doge of Venice from 1192 to 1205; d., aged about a hundred years, in 1205
Enrico Martin
Date and place of birth unknown; d. in Mexico in 1632. According to some he was of Spanish descent; Humboldt says that he was either a German or Dutchman, and according to others a Mexican educated in Spain
Enrique Florez
Spanish theologian, archeologist, and historian; b. at Valladolid, February 14, 1701; d. at Madrid, August 20, 1773
Enrique Henriquez
A noted Jesuit theologian, b. at Oporto, 1536; d. at Tivoli, January 28, 1608
Entablature
Superstructure which lies horizontally upon the columns in classic architecture
Enthronization
Greek word meaning to place on a throne
Eoghan, Saints
Brief descriptions of the lives of five Irish saints
Epact
Surplus days of the solar over the lunar year
Eparchy
Originally the name of one of the divisions of the Roman Empire
Ephesus
Titular archiepiscopal see in Asia Minor
Ephod
Type of garment mentioned in the Old Testament, which differed according to its use
Ephraem, Saint
Famous for his exegetical and poetical writings b.early in the fourth century d. June, 373
Ephraim of Antioch
Defender of the Faith against the Monophysites, b. at Amida in Mesopotamia; d. in 545
Epicureanism
Signifies a philosophical system, which includes a theory of conduct, of nature, and of mind
Epiklesis
Name of a prayer that occurs in all Eastern liturgies after the words of Institution
Epiphania
Titular see in Cilicia Secunda, in Asia Minor, suffragan of Anazar
Epiphanius
Sixth-century translator of various Greek works
Epiphanius of Constantinople
Succeeded John II as Patriarch of Constantinople
Epiphanius of Salamis
Monk and bishop, b. at Besanduk, near Eleutheropolis, in Judea, after 310; d. in 403
Epiphany
Detailed history on the Feast of Epiphany
Episcopal and Pontifical Capitulations
Agreements by which those taking part in the election of a bishop or pope imposed special conditions upon the candidate to be fulfilled by him after his election
Episcopal Gloves
Liturgical gloves for bishops and cardinals
Episcopal intercession
The right to intercede for criminals, which was granted by the secular power to the bishops of the Early Church
Episcopal Oeconomus
One who is charged with the care of a house, an administrator
Episcopal Sandals
Form of low shoes, and resemble slippers
Episcopal Subsidies
Contributions made to a diocese
Epistemology
Branch of philosophy which is concerned with the value of human knowledge
Epistle
Article discusses Old and New Testament concepts of Biblical epistles
Epistle of Barnabas
Authorities for the Text and Editions and history of document
Epistle of Saint James
Letter attributed to saint commonly identified with the Lord's brother
Epistle of Saint Jude
Letter attributed to the brother of James
Epistle to Diognetus
Beautiful little apology for Christianity is cited by no ancient or medieval writer, and came down to us in a single MS. which perished in the siege of Strasburg (1870)
Epistle to the Colossians
One of the four Captivity Epistles written by St. Paul during his first imprisonment in Rome
Epistle to the Ephesians
Detailed analysis of St. Paul's letter to the Ephesians
Epistle to the Galatians
New Testament book
Epistle to the Hebrews
(I) Argument; (II) Doctrinal Contents; (III) Language and Style; (IV) Distinctive Characteristics; (V) Readers to Whom it was Addressed; (VI) Author; (VII) Circumstances of the Composition; (VIII) Importance
Epistle to the Philippians
An epistle by St. Paul
Epistle to the Romans
Detailed article on the history and theological content of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans
Epistles of Saint John
Three canonical books of the New Testament written by the Apostle St. John
Epistles of Saint Peter
Study of the apostle's two Epistles
Epistles to the Corinthians
St. Paul's epistle
Epistles to the Thessalonians
Two of the canonical Epistles of St. Paul
Epistles to Timothy and Titus
Treatment of the New Testament books
Epistles to Timothy and Titus (Biblical Commission)
Pastoral letters of Paul to two disciples
Erasmus Darwin Keyes
Soldier, convert (1810-1895)
Erastus and Erastianism
Short account of the life and works of Erastus, b. September 7, 1524; and died December 31, 1583
Ercole Consalvi
Cardinal and statesman (1757-1824)
Ercole Gonzaga
Cardinal; b. 1505; d. 1563.
Erconwald, Saint
Bishop of London, founded two monasteries, d. about 690.
Erdington Abbey
Benedictine abbey, situated in Warwickshire, England
Erhard of Ratisbon, Saint
Seventh-century Bishop of Ratisbon
Ermland
District of East Prussia and an exempt bishopric
Ernan
Name of four Irish saints
Ernest Hello
French philosopher and essayist, b. at Lorient, Brittany, Nov. 4, 1828; d. at Keroman, near Lorient, July 14, 1885
Ernest Meissonier
French painter, b. at Lyons February 21, 1815; d. at Paris, January 31, 1891
Ernest-Francois Mallard
French mineralogist, b. February 4, 1833; d. July 6, 1894
Ernricus Pirhing
Jesuit; b. at Sigarthin, near Passau, 1606; d. between 1678 and 1681
Ernst Deger
Historical painter, b. in Bockenem, Hanover, April 15, 1809; d. in Dusseldorf, Jan. 27, 1885
Ernst Friedrich Zwirner
Architect, b. at Jakobswalde in Silesia in 1802; d. at Cologne in 1861
Ernst Maria Lieber
Principal leader of the center Party in the German Imperial Parliament and the Prussian Diet, b. Nov. 16, 1838; d. March 31, 1902
Ernst of Hesse-Rheinfels
Co-founded the collateral lines of Hesse-Rheinfels and Hesse-Rotenburg., b. Dec. 9, 1623, d. May 12, 1693
Ernst von Lasaulx
Scholar and philosopher, b. at Coblenz, March 16, 1805; d. at Munich, May 9, 1861
Ernulf
Architect, b. at Beauvais, France, in 1040 d. 1124
Error
Mental judgment, by which something false is held to be true, or something true avouched to be false.
Erwin of Steinbach
One of the architects of the Strasburg cathedral, date of birth unknown; d. at Strasburg, January 17, 1318
Erycius Puteanus
B. at Venloo, in Dutch Limbourg, Nov. 4, 1574; d. at Louvain, Sept. 17, 1646; a Belgian humanist and philologist
Erythrae
Titular see in Asia Minor
Esau
Eldest son of Isaac and Rebecca, the twin-brother of Jacob
Eschatology
Branch of systematic theology which deals with the doctrines of the last things
Escorial
Remarkable building in Spain situated on the south-eastern slope of the Sierra Guadarrama near Madrid.
Esdras
Famous priest and scribe connected with Israel's restoration after the Exile
Eskil
Archbishop of Lund, Skane, Sweden; prominent prince of the Church in Scandinavia b. about 1100; d. 6 (7?) Sept., 1181
Eskimo
Littoral race occupying the entire Arctic coast and outlying islands of America, a distance of more than five thousand miles
Espousals
Contract of future marriage between a man and a woman, who are thereby affianced
Espousals of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Feast of the Latin Church in honor of the espousals of Mary
Esprit Flechier
Bishop; b. at Pernes, France, 1632; died at Montpellier, 1710
Essence and Existence
Essence is properly described as that whereby a thing is what it is. Existence is that whereby the essence is an actuality in the line of being
Essenes
One of three leading Jewish sects mentioned by Josephus as flourishing in the second century B.C.
Established Church of Scotland
Religious organization which has for three centuries and a half claimed the adherence of the majority of the inhabitants of Scotland
Establishment
Union of Church and State setting up a definite and distinctive relation between the two
Estaing, Comte d'
French admiral, b. November 28, 1729; d. at Paris, April 28, 1794.
Esteban Tapis
B. Aug. 25, 1754; d. Nov. 3, 1825
Estevan Cabrillo
Portuguese in the naval service of Spain, date and place of birth unknown; d. on the island of San Bernardo, 3 Jan., 1543
Esther
Queen of Persia and wife of Assuerus, Jewess of the tribe of Benjamin
Eternity
Defined by Boetius as possession, without succession and perfect, of interminable life
Ethelbert
Archbishop of York, England, date of birth uncertain; d. Nov. 8, 781 or 782
Ethelbert, Saint
King of the East Angles date of birth unknown; d. 794;
Ethelbert, Saint (King of Kent)
King of Kent, convert b. 552; d. February 24, 616
Etheldreda, Saint
Queen of Northumbria, b. about 630; d. at Ely, June 23, 679
Ethelhard
Fourteenth Archbishop of Canterbury, England, date of birth unknown; d. May 12, 805
Ethelred Taunton
Writer, b. Oct. 17, 1857; d. May 9, 1907
Ethelwold, Saint
Bishop of Winchester b. early tenth century; d. Aug. 1, 984
Ethical Aspect of Slavery
Discussion of the ethical aspects of slavery
Ethics
Scientific treatment of the moral order, article defines and discusses philosophical ethics and moral philosophy
Ethiopia
History and geography of this region of Africa
Etienne Agard de Champs
Jesuit theologian and author (1613-1701)
Etienne Baluze
French scholar and historian (1630-1718)
Etienne Bauny
Jesuit theologian (1564-1649)
Etienne Binet
Jesuit author (1569-1639)
Etienne Bonnot de Condillac
Abbe of Mureaux; French philosopher (1715-1780)
Etienne de Carheil
French missionary among the Indians of Canada, b. at Carentoir, France, Nov., 1633; d. at Quebec, July 27, 1726
Etienne Le Camus
French cardinal, b. at Paris, 1632; d. at Grenoble, 1707
Etienne-Alexandre Bernier
French bishop (1762-1806)
Etienne-Antoine Boulogne
French bishop (1747-1825)
Etienne-Charles Lomenie de Brienne
French cardinal and statesman, b. at Paris, 1727; d. at Sens, 1794
Etienne-Francois Duc de Choiseul
French statesman (1719-1785)
Etienne-Michel Faillon
Historian, b. at Tarascon, France, 3-Jan:, 1800. d. at Paris, Oct. 25, 1870
Etienne-Pascal Tache
Statesman, b. Sept. 5, 1795; d. July 30, 1865
Etschmiadzin
Famous Armenian monastery
Euaria
Titular see of Phoenicia Secunda or Libanensis, in Palestine
Eucarpia
Titular see of Phrygia Salutaris in Asia Minor
Eucharist
Name given to the Blessed Sacrament of the Altar under its twofold aspect of sacrament and Sacrifice of the Mass
Eucharistic Congresses
Gatherings of ecclesiastics and laymen for the purpose of celebrating and glorifying the Holy Eucharist and of seeking the best means to spread its knowledge and love throughout the world
Eucharius, Saint
First Bishop of Trier in the second half of the third century
Eucherius of Lyons, Saint
Bishop of Lyons, theologian, b. in the latter half of the fourth century; d. about 449
Euchologion
Name of one of the chief service-books of the Byzantine Church
Eudists
Society of Jesus and Mary, an ecclesiastical society instituted at Caen, France, March 25, 1643, by the Venerable Jean Eudes
Eudocia
Wife of Theodosius II; died c. 460
Eudoxias
Titular see of Galatia Secunda in Asia Minor
Eugendus, Saint
Fourth Abbot of Condat (Jura), b. about 449, d. Jan. 1, 510, at Condat
Eugene Bore
Orientalist, b. at Angers, Aug. 15, 1809; d. at Paris, May 3, 1878
Eugene Fromentin
French writer and artist; b. at La Rochelle, October 24, 1820; d. at Saint-Maurice, near La Rochelle, August 26, 1876
Eugene Muntz
French savant and historian; b. at Soulz-sous-Forets, near Mulhausen, Alsace, June 11, 1845; d. at Paris, November 2, 1902
Eugene O'Curry
Irish scholar, b. at Dunaha near Carrigaholt, Co. Clare, 1796; d. 1862
Eugene O'Growney
Priest, patriot, and scholar, b. August 25, 1863, at County Meath; d. at Los Angeles, Oct. 18, 1899
Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-Le-Duc
Architect, archeologist, and author, b. in Paris, January 27, 1814; d. at Lausanne, September 17, 1879
Eugenics and the Church
Eugenics literally means 'good breeding'
Eugenie de Gramont
Religious of the Society of the Sacred Heart; b. 1788; d. 1846
Eugenius
Name of two archbishops of Toledo during the 7th century
Eugenius, Saint
Bishop of Carthage in 480, d. July 13, 505
Eulalia of Barcelona, Saint
Spanish martyr patron of the cathedral and city of Barcelona, also of sailors
Eulogia
Term has been applied in ecclesiastical usage to the object blessed
Eulogius of Alexandria, Saint
Patriarch of that see from 580 to 607; successful combatant of the heretical errors of Monophysitism
Eulogius of Cordova, Saint
Spanish martyr and writer, b. unknown, d. March 11, 859
Eumenia
Queen of Northumbria, b. (probably) about 630; d. at Ely, June 23, 679
Eunomianism
Phase of extreme Arianism prevalent among a section of Eastern churchmen from about 350 until 381
Euphemius of Constantinople
Succeeded as patriarch Flavitas
Euphrasia, Saint
Virgin b. in 380; d. after 410
Euphrosyne, Saint
According to legend, in order to lead the life of celibacy and asceticism she entered a male monastery disguised as a man
Euroea
Titular see of Epirus Vetus in Greece, suffragan of Nicopolis
Europe
Detailed information on the continent of Europe
Europus
Titular see in Provincia Euphratensis, suffragan of Hierapolis
Eusebius Amort
Philosopher and theologian (1692-1775)
Eusebius Bruno
Bishop of Angers, b. in the early part of the eleventh century; d. at Angers, August 29, 1081
Eusebius Kino
Jesuit missionary (1644-1711)
Eusebius of Alexandria
Important ecclesiastical writer and author
Eusebius of Caesarea
Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine the Father of Church History; b. about 260; d. before 341
Eusebius of Dorylaeum
Bishop of Dorylaeum in Asia Minor, prime defender of the faith against the heresies of Nestorius and Eutyches
Eusebius of Laodicea
Bishop of Laodicea in Syria, date of birth uncertain; d. about 268
Eusebius of Nicomedia
Bishop, leader of the heresy of Arianism, place and date of birth unknown; d. 341
Eusebius Renaudot
An apologetical writer and Orientalist, b. at Paris, July 22, 1648; d. there, Sept. 1, 1720
Eusebius, Saint
Roman presbyter and patrician; date of birth unknown; d. 357(?)
Eusebius, Saint (Bishop of Samosata)
Bishop of Samosata in Syria; date of birth unknown; d. in 379 or 380
Eusebius, Saint (Bishop of Vercelli)
Bishop of Vercelli, b. 283; d. August 1, 371
Eustace White, Venerable
Martyr, b. at Louth, Lincolnshire, in 1560; suffered at the London Tyburn, December 10, 1591
Eustace, Saint
Second abbot of the Irish monastery of Luxeuil in France, date of birth unknown, d. March 29, 625
Eustache Deschamps
Courtier, moralist; b. at Vertus in Champagne between 1338 and 1340; d. about 1410
Eustache Mercadé
French dramatic poet of the fifteenth century. The dates of his birth and death are not known
Eustachius and Companions, Saints
Martyrs under the Emperor Hadrian, in the year 118
Eustathius
Greek savant and defender of monasticism, Archbishop of Thessalonica b. early part of the twelfth century; d. 1194
Eustathius of Sebaste
One of the chief founders of monasticism in Asia Minor, b. about 300; died about 377
Eustathius, Saint
Bishop of Antioch, prominent opponent of Arianism b. 270; d.most probably in 360
Eustochium Julia, Saint
Virgin, b. at Rome c. 368; d. at Bethlehem, Sept. 28, 419 or 420
Euthalius
Fifth-century deacon of Alexandria and later Bishop of Sulca
Euthanasia
Death artificially brought about by the employment of anaesthetics
Euthymius, Saint
Abbot in Palestine; b. A.D. 377; d. A.D. 473
Eutropius of Valencia
Spanish bishop; d. about 610
Eutyches
Heresiarch of the fifth century who asserted that Christ has but one nature after the Incarnation
Eutychianism
Heresy that rejected the orthodox expression two natures of Christ
Eutychius
Melchite Patriarch of Alexandria, author of a history of the world, b. 876, d. May 11, 940
Eutychius I
Monk and then archimandrite at Amasea, in Pontus, b. about 512, in Phrygia; d. Easter Day, April 5, 582,
Evagrius Ponticus
Important ascetical writer of the fourth century. b. about 345, d. 399
Evagrius Scholasticus
Ecclesiastical historian and last of the continuators of Eusebius of Csarea, b. 536 at Epiphania in Coele-Syria; d. after 594, date unknown
Evangeliaria
Liturgical books containing those portions of the Gospels which are read during Mass or in the public offices of the Church
Evangelical Alliance
Association of Protestants belonging to various denominations who promote unity in certain points of belief
Evangelical Church
Sixteenth-century Reformers who designated themselves as followers of the pure Gospel
Evangelical Counsels
Certain rules of life and conduct, set forth by Christ in the Gospels, as necessary conditions for attaining everlasting life
Evangelist
Preacher of the Gospel
Evangelista Torricelli
Italian mathematician and physicist, b. Oct. 15, 1608; d. Oct. 25, 1647
Evariste Regis Huc
French Lazarist missionary and traveller; b. at Caylus (Tarn-et-Garonne), June 1, 1813; d. at Paris, March 26, 1860
Eve
Name of the first woman, the wife of Adam, the mother of Cain, Abel, and Seth
Eve of a Feast
Night before every feast, a vigil was kept in the place or church where the feast was to be celebrated
Everard Hanse, Blessed
English martyr; b. in Northamptonshire; executed July 31, 1581. He was educated at Cambridge, and was soon presented to a good living
Evesham Abbey
Founded by St. Egwin about 701, in Worcestershire, England, and dedicated to the Blessed Virgin
Evil
Sum of the opposition which experience shows to exist in the universe, to the desires and needs of individuals, whence arises, among human beings at least, the suffering in which life abounds
Evodius
First Bishop of Antioch after St. Peter. Eusebius
Evolution
Theory that seeks to determine the historical succession of the various species of plants and of animals on our earth
Ewald, Saints
Two English priests and martyrs of the same name in Old Saxony about 695
Ex Cathedra
Literally
Examination
Process prescribed or assigned for testing qualification; an investigation, inquiry
Examination of Conscience
Review of one's past thoughts, words, and actions for the purpose of ascertaining their conformity with, or difformity from, the moral law
Exarch
Title used in various senses both civilly and ecclesiastically
Excommunication
Medicinal, spiritual penalty that deprives the guilty Christian of all participation in the common blessings of ecclesiastical society
Exedra
Semicircular stone or marble seat; or a portico
Exemption
Whole or partial release of an ecclesiastical person, corporation, or institution from the authority of the ecclesiastical superior next higher in rank
Exequatur
Faculty which civil rulers impart to a Bull, papal Brief, or other ecclesiastical enactment in order to give it binding force in their respective territories
Exodus
Second Book of the Pentateuch,
Exorcism
Act of driving out, or warding off, demons, or evil spirits, from persons, places, or things
Exorcist
One who exorcises or professes to exorcise demons; in particular, one ordained by a bishop for this office
Expectation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Feast formerly celebrated on December 18
Expectative
Anticipatory grant of an ecclesiastical benefice, not vacant at the moment but which will become so on the death of its present incumbent
Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament
Manner of honoring the Holy Eucharist, by exposing It, with proper solemnity, to the view of the faithful in order that they may pay their devotions before It
Extension
Material substance is not perfectly continuous in its structure, as it appears to our gross senses
Extravagantes
Word is employed to designate some papal decretals not contained in certain canonical collections which possess a special authority
Extreme Unction
Sacrament instituted by Christ to give spiritual aid and comfort and perfect spiritual health, including, if need be, the remission of sins, and also, conditionally, to restore bodily health, to Christians who are seriously ill
Exul Hibernicus
Name given to an Irish stranger on the Continent of Europe in the time of Charles the Great, who wrote poems in Latin
Exultet
Hymn in praise of the paschal candle sung by the deacon, in the liturgy of Holy Saturday
Exuperius, Saint
Fifth-century Bishop of Toulouse; place and date of birth unascertained; d. after 410
Ezechias
King of Juda, son and successor of Achaz
Ezechiel
Old Testament prophet called to foretell God's faithfulness in the midst of trials, as well as in the fulfillment of His promises
Eznik
Writer of the fifth century
Ezzo
Priest of Bamberg in the eleventh century, author of a famous poem
Fabian Birkowski
Polish preacher (1566-1636)
Fabiola, Saint
Roman matron of rank, d. December 27, 399 or 400
Fabius Claudius Gordianus Fulgentius, Saint
Bishop of Ruspe b. 468; d. 533
Fabrica Ecclesiae
A Latin term, meaning, etymologically, the construction of a church, but in a broader sense the funds necessary for such construction
Facade
The face or front of any building
Faculties of the Soul
Meaning and classification
Faculty of Arts
One of four medieval teaching divisions of the university
Facundus of Hermiane
A sixth-century Christian author, Bishop of Hermiane in Africa, about whose career very little is known
Faith
Objectively, it stands for the sum of truths revealed by God in Scripture and tradition, and which the Church (see [[Rule of Faith]]) presents to us in a brief form in her creeds; subjectively, faith stands for the habit or virtue by which we assent to th
Faith, Hope, and Charity, Saints
The names of two groups of Roman martyrs around whom a considerable amount of legendary lore has gathered; though the extent of sound historical data possessed concerning them is so slight, that until very recent times the most eminent scholars failed to
Faithful, The
Those who have bound themselves to a religious association, whose doctrine they accept, and into whose rites they have been initiated
Fajardo Diego de Saavedra
Statesman and author (1584-1648)
Faldstool
A movable folding chair used in pontifical functions by the bishop outside of his cathedral, or within it if he is not at his throne or cathedra
False Decretals
Certain apocryphal papal letters contained in a collection of canon laws composed about the middle of the ninth century by an author who uses the pseudonym of Isidore Mercator, in the opening preface to the collection
Falsity
A perversion of truth originating in the deceitfulness of one party, and culminating in the damage of another party
Faltonia Proba
Christian poetess of the fourth century
Famagusta
A titular see in the Island of Cyprus
Familiars
Seculars subject to a master's authority and maintained at his expense
Family
That fundamental social group formed by the more or less permanent union of one man with one woman, or of one or more men with one or more women, and their children
Family of D'Ailleboust
Prominent French Canadian family of the 1600s
Family of Harlay
An important family of parliamentarians and bishops, who deserve a place in religious history
Family of Lamoignon
Illustrious family in the history of the old magistracy, originally from Nivernais
Family of Lefevre
Tapestry weavers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
Family of Petre
One of those staunch and constant families, which have played a great part in the preservation of the Catholic Faith in England
Family of Rueckers
Famous organ and piano-forte builders of Antwerp
Fanon
A shoulder-cape worn by the pope alone, consisting of two pieces of white silk ornamented with narrow woven stripes of red and gold; the pieces are nearly circular in shape but somewhat unequal in size and the smaller is laid on and fastened to the larger
Faroe Islands
Group of Danish islands rising from the sea some four hundred miles west of Norway and almost as far south of Iceland
Fast
In general abstinence from food or drink
Fatalism
The view which holds that all events in the history of the world, and, in particular, the actions and incidents which make up the story of each individual life, are determined by fate
Fate
This word is almost redundant in the vocabulary of a Catholic as such, for its meaning as the prime cause of events is better expressed by the term Divine Providence, while, as a constant force at work in the physical universe, it is nothing more nor less
Father Damien
Missionary priest, b. at Tremeloo, Belgium, January 3, 1840; d. at Molokai, Hawaii, April 15, 1888
Father Prout
The name by which the Rev. Francis Sylvester Mahony (O'Mahony) is generally known, b. at Cork, Dec. 31, 1804; d. in Paris, May 18, 1866
Fathers of Mercy, The
A congregation of missionary priests first established at Lyons, France, in 1808, and later at Paris, in 1814, and finally approved by Pope Gregory XVI, February 18, 1834
Fathers of the Church
The Fathers of the whole Church are especially the earlier teachers, who instructed her in the teaching of the Apostles, during her infancy and first growth
Fathers of the Holy Sepulchre
Group of Franciscan Fathers keep watch over the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem
Faustino Arevalo
Jesuit hymnographer and patrologist (1747-1824)
Faustinus and Jovita, Saints
Martyrs
Fausto de Elhuyar y de Suvisa
Mineralogist and chemist, b. at Logrono, Castile, Oct. 11, 1755; d. Feb. 6, 1833
Faustus of Riez
Bishop of Riez
Faversham Abbey
Former Benedictine monastery
Favius Julius Constantius
Roman emperor (337-361), b. in Illyria, Aug. 7, 317; d. at the Springs of Mopsus (Mopsokrene near Tarsus), Nov. 3, 361
Fear (from Moral Standpoint)
An unsettlement of soul consequent upon the apprehension of some present or future danger
Fear (in Canon Law)
A mental disturbance caused by the perception of instant or future danger
Feast of Asses
Dramatized sermon on the role of Balaam and the Ass
Feast of Corpus Christi
Celebrated in the Latin Church on the Thursday after Trinity Sunday to solemnly commemorate the institution of the Holy Eucharist
Feast of Fools
A celebration marked by much licence and buffoonery, which in many parts of Europe, and particularly in France, during the later middle ages took place every year on or about the feast of the Circumcision (Jan. 1)
Feast of Guardian Angels
Treatment of the liturgical feast day
Feast of Orthodoxy
The first Sunday of the Great Forty days (Lent) in the Byzantine Calendar (sixth Sunday before Easter)
Feast of Our Lady Mount Carmel
Carmelite feast to celebrate the victory in obtaining the approbation of its name and constitution from Honorius III on Jan. 30, 1226
Feast of Our Lady of Good Counsel
Records date from the reign of Paul II (1464-71)
Feast of Our Lady of Ransom
Sept. 24, a double major, commemorates the foundation of the Mercedarians
Feast of Our Lady of the Snow
A feast celebrated on August 5 to commemorate the dedication of the church of Santa Maria Maggiore on the Esquiline Hill in Rome
Feast of Our Lady of Victory
There are several feasts, in various churches, celebrated under this title.
Feast of Our Lady, Help of Christians
The invocation Auxilium Christianorum (Help of Christians) originated in the sixteenth century.
Feast of Pentecost
The second in importance of the great Jewish feasts
Feast of Tabernacles
One of the three great feasts of the Hebrew liturgical calendar
Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, The
First mentioned in the Sacramentarium of Pope Gelasius
Feast of the Ascension
Fortieth day after Easter Sunday commemorating the Ascension of Christ into heaven
Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Principal feast of the Blessed Virgin
Feast of the Circumcision
Christ was circumcised on the eighth day
Feast of the Crown of Thorns
The first feast in honour of the Crown of Thorns
Feast of the Dedication
Instituted by Judas Machabeus
Feast of the Holy Name
Feast celebrated on the second Sunday after Epiphany
Feast of the Holy Name of Mary
Commemorates all the privileges given to Mary by God and all the graces we have received through her intercession and mediation
Feast of the Holy Winding Sheet of Christ
In 1206 one of the (supposed) Winding Sheets used at the burial of Christ was brought to Besancon by Otto de La Roche, and the feast of its arrival (Susceptio) was ordered to be kept on July 11
Feast of the Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Feast is commemorateing the dignity of Mary as Mother of God.
Feast of the Most Holy Redeemer
The feast is found only in the special calendar of some dioceses and religious orders, and is celebrated with proper Mass and Office either on the third Sunday of July or on October 23
Feast of the Most Pure Heart of Mary
Commemorates the joys and sorrows of the Mother of God, her virtues and perfections, her love for God and her Divine Son, and her compassionate love for mankind
Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Earliest document commemorating this feast comes from the sixth century
Feast of the Patronage of Our Lady
First permitted by Decree of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, May 6, 1679
Feast of the Prayer of Christ
Occurs on the Tuesday after Septuagesima
Feast of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Mary, at the age of three, was brought by her parents to the Temple, in fulfilment of a vow, there to be educated
Feast of Transfiguration of Christ
Celebrated to commemorate the manifestation of the Divine glory recorded by St. Matthew (xvii)
Feast of Trumpets
The first day of Tishri (October), the seventh month of the Hebrew year
Feasts of the Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Object of these feasts is the spiritual martyrdom of the Mother of God and her compassion with the sufferings of her Divine Son
Febronianism
The politico-ecclesiastical system outlined by Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, Auxiliary Bishop of Trier, under the pseudonym Justinus Febronius
Federico Borromeo
Cardinal and Archbishop of Milan (1564-1631)
Federigo Baroccio
Distinguished painter and engraver (1528-1612)
Federigo Fregoso
Cardinal; b. at Genoa, about 1480; d. July 22, 1541
Felice Anerio
Roman composer (1560-1630)
Felice Cavagnis
Canonist, b. in Bordogna, Diocese of Bergamo, Italy, January 13, 1841; d. at Rome, December 29, 1906
Felice Fontana
Italian naturalist and physiologist, b. at Pomarolo in the Tyrol, April 15, 1730; d. at Florence, January 11, 1805
Felician Sisters
Founded November 21, 1855, at Warsaw, Poland, by Mother Mary Angela, under the direction of Father Honorat, O. M. Cap.
Felicissimus
Deacon of Carthage who, in the middle of the third century, headed a short-lived but dangerous schism
Felicitas and Perpetua, Saints
Martyrs, suffered at Carthage, March 7, 203, together with three companions, Revocatus, Saturus, and Saturninus
Felicitas, Saint
Martyr; mother of seven martyrs
Felicite Robert de Lamennais
Leading nineteenth century French apologist, fought against Gallicanism, but died outside the Church, b. at Saint Malo, June 29, 1782; d. at Paris, February 27, 1854
Felino Maria Sandeo
Italian canonist of the fifteenth century, b. at Felina, Diocese of Reggio, in 1444; d. at Lucca, October, 1503
Felix and Adauctus, Saints
Martyrs at Rome, 303, under Diocletian and Maximian
Felix de Andreis
Lazarist superior (1778-1820)
Felix Englefield
Franciscan friar, d. 1767
Felix Faber
German writer, master of sacred theology, b. about 1441, d. in 1502
Felix Filliucius
Italian humanist, a philosopher, and theologian of note, was b. at Siena about the year 1525; supposed to have d. at Florence c. 1590
Felix Hemmerlin
Provost at Solothurn, in Switzerland, b. at Zurich, in 1388 or 1389; d. about 1460
Felix Lope de Vega Carpio
Poet and dramatist, b. at Madrid, 1562; d. Aug. 23, 1635
Felix Martin
Antiquary, historiographer, architect, educationist, b. October 4, 1804; d. November 25, 1886
Felix of Cantalice, Saint
Capuchin friar, b. at Cantalice, on the north-western border of the Abruzzi; d. at Rome, May 18, 1587
Felix of Nola, Saint
B. at Nola, near Naples, and lived in the third century
Felix of Valois, Saint
B. in 1127; d. at Cerfroi, November 4, 1212
Felix V
Antipope (1440-1449), b. Dec. 4, 1383; d. at Ripaille, Jan. 7, 1451
Felix-Antoine-Philibert Dupanloup
Bishop of Orleans, France, b. June 2, 1802; d. October 11, 1878
Felix-Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Neve
Orientalist and philologist, b. at Ath, Belgium, June 13, 1816; d. at Louvain, May 23, 1893
Felix-Joseph Barbelin
Styled the the 'apostle of Philadelphia', b. 30 May, 1808; d. 8 June, 1869
Feliz de Azara
Spanish naturalist (1746-1811)
Ferdinand Brunetiere
French critic and professor, b. at Toulon, July 19, 1849; d. at Paris, December 9, 1906
Ferdinand de Geramb
Frencch Trappist abbot; b. 1772; 1848
Ferdinand II
Emperor, eldest son of Archduke Karl and the Bavarian Princess Maria, b. 1578; d. February 15, 1637
Ferdinand III, Saint
King of Leon and Castile, member of the Third Order of St. Francis, b. in 1198 near Salamanca; d. at Seville, May 30, 1252
Ferdinand Konsag
German Jesuit missionary (1703-1758)
Ferdinand Magellan
The first circumnavigator of the world; b. about 1480; d. during his voyage in 1521
Ferdinand Steinmeyer
Jesuit missionary, b. in Swabia, Germany, Oct. 13, 1720; d. at Philadelphia, Aug. 17, 1786. He entered the Society of Jesus at Landsberg in Sept., 1743
Ferdinand Verbiest
Missionary and astronomer, b. at Pitthem near Courtrai, Belgium, Oct. 9, 1623; d. at Peking, January 28, 1688
Ferdinand von Miller
Labored for the development of the bronze founders' craft and the uplifting of the artistic profession,b. at Furstenfeldbruck, 1813; d. at Munich, 1887
Ferdinand Walter
Jurist, b. at Wetzlar, Nov. 30, 1794; d. at Bonn, Dec. 13, 1879
Ferdinand, Blessed
Prince of Portugal, b. in Portugal, September 29, 1402; d. at Fez, in Morocco, June 5, 1443
Ferdinand-Francois-Auguste Donnet
French cardinal, b. at Bourg-Argental (Loire), 1795; d. at Bordeaux, 1882
Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix
French painter, b. at Charenton-St-Maurice, near Paris, April 26, 1798; d. August 13, 1863
Ferdinando D'Adda
Cardinal and Papal Legate, b. at Milan, 1649; d. at Rome, 1719
Ferdinando Ughelli
Historian, b. at Florence March 21, 1595; d. May 19, 1670
Fergus, Saints
Known in the Irish martyrologies as St. Fergus Cruithneach, or the Pict.; d. about 730
Feria
A day on which the people, especially the slaves, were not obliged to work, and on which there were no court sessions
Fernan Caballero
Noted Spanish novelist, b. at Merges, a small town in Switzerland, December 25, 1796; d. at Seville, April 7, 1877
Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva
Warrior and statesman (1508-1582)
Fernando Avendano
Priest and investigator of primitive rites and customs of the Peruvian Indians (d. 1665)
Fernando Castro Palao
Spanish theologian, b. at Leon in 1581; d. at Medina, 1 Dec., 1633
Fernando de Alba Ixtlilxochitl
Native Mexican historian (1568-1648)
Fernando de Herrera
Spanish lyric poet; b. 1537; d. 1597
Fernao Mendes Pinto
Portuguese traveller, b. at Montemor-o-Velho near Coimbra, c. 1509; d. at Almada near Lisbon, July 8, 1583
Fetishism
The religion of the fetish
Feudalism
The progressive development of European organization during seven centuries
Feuillants
An off-shoot of the Cistercians from the Abbey Notre-Dame des Feuillans
Feval, Paul-Henri-Corentin
Novelist, b. at Rennes, 27 September, 1817; d. in Paris, 8 March 1887
Fiacc, Saint
Poet, chief bishop of Leinster, and founder of two churches (about 415-520)
Fiacre, Saint
Abbot, b. in Ireland about the end of the sixth century; d. August 18, 670
Fideism
Philosophical term meaning a system of philosophy or an attitude of mind, which, denying the power of unaided human reason to reach certitude, affirms that the fundamental act of human knowledge consists in an act of faith, and the supreme criterion of ce
Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Saint
B. in 1577, at Sigmaringen, Prussia of which town his father Johannes Rey was burgomaster; d. at Sevis, April 24, 1622
Filial Church
A church to which is annexed the cure of souls, but which remains dependent on another church
Filioque
Theological formula of great dogmatic and historical importance
Filippino Lippi
Italian painter, son of Filippo Lippi, b. at Prato, in 1458; d. at Florence, April 18, 1515
Filippo Anfossi
Italian Dominican (d. 1825)
Filippo Archinto
Bishop, Italian theologian, diplomatist (1500-1558)
Filippo Brunellesco
Architect and sculptor, b. at Florence, 1377; d. there April 16, 1446
Filippo Lippi
Italian painter, b. at Florence about 1406; d. at Spoleto, October 9, 1409
Filippo Parlatore
Italian botanist, b. at Palermo, Aug. 8, 1816; d. at Florence, Sept. 9, 1877
Filippo Scannabecchi
Bolognese painter, b. about 1360; d. about 1410
Final Perseverance
The preservation of the state of grace till the end of life
Finan, Saint
Second Bishop of Lindisfarne; d. February 9, 661
Finbarr, Saint
Bishop and patron of Cork, b. near Bandon, about 550, d. at Cloyne, Sept. 25, 623
Finnian of Moville, Saint
Founder of a famous school about the year 540; b. about 495; d. 589
Fintan Mundwiler
Abbot of the Benedictine monastery of St. Meinrad, Indiana, b. at Dietikon in Switzerland, July 12, 1835; d. at St. Meinrads Abbey, February 14, 1898
Fintan, Saints
Fintan of Clonenagh; a Leinster saint, b. about 524; d. February 17, probably 594, or at least before 597. Fintan of Taghmon; an Ulster saint, d. at Taghmon, 636
Fioretti di S. Francesco d'Assisi
The name given to a classic collection of popular legends about the life of St. Francis of Assisi and his early companions as they appeared to the Italian people at the beginning of the fourteenth century
Firmament
The sky
Firmicus Maternus
Christian author of the fourth century, wrote a work 'De errore profanarum religionum'
Firmilian
Bishop of Cesarea in Cappadocia, died c. 269
First and Second Books of Kings
Two books of the Old Testament (also known and First and Second Samuel)
First Born
The word, though casually taken in Holy Writ in a metaphorical sense, is most generally used by the sacred writers to designate the first male child in a family
First Fruits
The practice of consecrating first-fruits to the Deity is not a distinctly Jewish one
Fiscal Procurator
The duties of the fiscal procurator consist in preventing crime and safeguarding ecclesiastical law
Five Sacred Wounds, The
The Wounds in His Sacred Hands, Feet, and Side
Flabellum
In liturgical use a fan made of leather, silk, parchment, or feathers intended to keep away insects from the Sacred Species and from the priest
Flagellants
A fanatical and heretical sect that flourished in the thirteenth and succeeding centuries
Flagellation
The history of the whip, rod, and stick, as instruments of punishment and of voluntary penance, is a long and interesting one
Flaminius Annibali de Latera
Historian, b. at Latera, near Viterbo, Nov. 23, 1733; d. at Viterbo, Feb. 27, 1813
Flanders
Designated in the eighth century a small territory around Bruges; it became later the name of the country bounded by the North Sea, the Scheldt, and the Canche
Flathead Indians
A name used in both Americas, without special ethnologic significance, to designate tribes practising the custom of compressing the skull in infancy by artificial means
Flavia Domitilla
A Christian Roman matron of the imperial family who lived towards the close of the first century
Flavian, Saint
Bishop of Constantinople, date of birth unknown; d. at Hypaepa in Lydia, August, 449
Flavias
A titular see of Cilicia Secunda
Flavio Biondo
Italian archaeologist and historian (1388-1463)
Flaviopolis
A titular see in the province of Honorias
Flavius Claudius Jovianus
Roman Emperor (fourth century)
Flavius Honorius
Roman Emperor, d. August 26, 423
Flavius Josephus
Jewish historian (37 - ca. 101)
Flavius Marcellinus
Date of birth unknown; d. September 12, 413. He was a high official at the court of Emperor Honorius
Flavius Rusticius Helpidius
The name of several Latin writers
Flavius Valens
Emperor of the East, b. in Pannonia (now Hungary) c. 328; d. near Adrianople, in Thrace, August, 378
Flodoard
French historian and chronicler, b. at Epernay in 894; d. in 966
Florence
Florence
Florence Conry
Archbishop of Tuam, patriot, theologian, and founder of the Irish (Franciscan) College of St. Anthony at Louvain (1560-1629)
Florence Marryat
Novelist and actress, b. July 9, 1838; d. October 27, 1899
Florence of Worcester
English chronicler
Florens Radewyns
Co-founder of the Brethren of the Common Life, b. at Leyderdam, near Utrecht, about 1350; d. at Deventer, March 25, 1400
Florentina, Saint
Virgin; b. towards the middle of the sixth century; d. about 612
Florians, The
An altogether independent order, and not, as some consider, a branch of the Cistercians
Florida
The Peninsular or Everglade State
Florilegia
Systematic collections of excerpts (more or less cor ethical purposesopious) from the works of the Fathers and other ecclesiastical writers of the early period, compiled with a view to serve dogmatic or ethical purposes
Florus
A deacon of Lyons, ecclesiastical writer in the first half of the ninth century
Foillan, Saint
Represented in iconography with a crown at his feet to show that he despised the honours of the world
Folkestone Abbey
Situated in the east division of Kent about thirty-seven miles from Maidstone
Fonte-Avellana
A suppressed order of hermits, which takes its name from their first hermitage in the Apennines
Forgery, Forger
The deliberate untruthfulness of an assertion, or in the deceitful presentation of an object, and is based on an intention to deceive and to injure while using the externals of honesty
Form
The original meaning of the term form, both in Greek and Latin, was and is that in common use
Formularies
Medieval collections of models for the execution of documents (acta), public or private; a space being left for the insertion of names, dates, and circumstances peculiar to each case
Fort Augustus Abbey
St. Benedict's Abbey, at Fort Augustus, Invernessshire
Fortitude
One of the gifts from the Holy Ghost; a supernatural virtue
Fortunato of Brescia
Morphologist and Minorite of the Reform of Lombardy; b. at Brescia, 1701; d. at Madrid, 1754
Fortunatus Hueber
Franciscan historian and theologian, b. at Neustadt on the Danube; d. 12 Feb 1706
Forty Hours' Devotion
A devotion in which continuous prayer is made for forty hours before the Blessed Sacrament exposed
Forty Martyrs
A party of soldiers who suffered a cruel death for their faith, near Sebaste, in Lesser Armenia, victims of the persecution of Licinius, who, after the year 316, persecuted the Christians of the East
Fossors
Grave diggers in the Roman catacombs in the first three or four centuries of the Christian Era
Fothad, Saint
Became bard, counsellor, and tutor to Aedh Oirnidh (the dignified), Ard Righ (Head King) of Ireland
Foulque de Neuilly
A popular Crusade preacher; d. March, 1202
Foundation
An ecclesiastical foundation is the making over of temporal goods to an ecclesiastical corporation or individual, either by gift during life or by will after death, on the condition of some spiritual work being done either in perpetuity or for a long time
Foundling Asylums
All institutions which take charge of infants whose parents or guardians are unable or unwilling to care for them
Fountains Abbey
A monastery of the Cistercian Order situated on the banks of the Skell about two and a half miles from Ripon in Yorkshire, was established by thirteen Benedictine monks of St. Mary's Abbey, York
Four Crowned Martyrs
Several martyrs
Foxe's Book of Martyrs
Canon of Protestant martyrs compiled by Protestant controversialist John Foxe (1516-1587)
Fra Angelico
Dominican painter (1387-1455)
Fra Bartolommeo
Italian painter and a member of the Dominican Order (1475-1517)
Fractio Panis
The name given to a fresco in the so-called 'Capella Greca' in the catacomb of St. Priscilla situated on the Via Salaria Nova
France
The fifth in size (usually reckoned the fourth) of the great divisions of Europe
Frances Allen
First woman of New England birth to become a nun, b. 13 Nov., 1784, at Sunderland, Vt.; d. 10 Sept., 1819, at Montreal
Frances Bedingfeld
Superioress of the English Institute of Mary (1616-1704)
Frances D'amboise, Blessed
Duchess of Brittany, afterwards Carmelite nun; b. 1427; d. at Nantes, Nov. 4, 1485
Frances Margaret Taylor
Superior General, and foundress of the Poor Servants of the Mother of God, b. Jan. 20, 1832; d. June 9, 1900
Frances of Rome, Saint
One of the greatest mystics of the fifteenth century; b. at Rome, of a noble family, in 1384; d. there, March 9, 1440
Francesco Accursius
One of two Medieval Italian legal experts
Francesco Alnico
Jesuit theologian (b. 1578)
Francesco Angiolini
Jesuit scholar (1750-1788)
Francesco Antonio Begnudelli-Basso
Canonist (d. 1713)
Francesco Antonio Zaccaria
Theologian, historian, and prolific writer, b. at Venice, March 27, 1714; d. in Rome, October 10, 1795
Francesco Bartolozzi
Engraver, etcher, and painter (1727-1815)
Francesco Berni
Italian poet (ca. 1497-1535)
Francesco Bianchini
Student of natural sciences, historian (1662-1729)
Francesco Borromini
Architect and sculptor (1599-1667)
Francesco Brancati
Jesuit missionary (1607-1671)
Francesco Castracane degli Antelminelli
Naturalist, b. at Fano, Italy, July 19, 1817; d. at Rome March 27, 1899
Francesco Chieregati
Papal nuncio (1479-1539)
Francesco Cossa
Italian painter of the School of Ferrara, b. about 1430; d. probably at Ferrara, 1485
Francesco Degli Angeli (or Angelis)
Jesuit missionary to Ethiopia (1567-1628)
Francesco della Rossa Bartholi
Friar Minor and chronicler (d. 1272)
Francesco Denza
Italian meteorologist and astronomer, b. at Naples, June 7, 1834; d. at Rome, December 14, 1894
Francesco Faa di Bruno
Italian mathematician and priest, b. at Alessandria, March 7, 1825; d. at Turin, March 26, 1888
Francesco Filelfo
Humanist, b. at Tolentino, July 25, 1398; d. at Florence, July 31, 1481
Francesco Giuseppe Bressani
Indian missionary (1612-1672)
Francesco Guardi
Venetian painter; b. 1712; d. 1793
Francesco Guicciardini
Historian and statesman; b. 1483; d. May 23, 1540
Francesco Lana
Mathematician and naturalist, he was also the scientific founder of aeronautics, b. Dec. 10, 1631, at Brescia in Italy; d. in the same place, Feb. 22, 1687
Francesco Lorenzo Brancati di Lauria
Cardinal, Minor Conventual, and theologian (1612-1693)
Francesco Maffei
Italian painter, b. at Vicenza; d. at Padua, 1660
Francesco Maria Grimaldi
Italian physicist, b. April 2, 1613; d. Dec. 28, 1663
Francesco Melzi
Friend of Leonardo da Vinci, b. at Milan, about 1490; d. 1568
Francesco Panigarola
Preacher and controversialist, Bishop of Asti, b. at Milan, Feb. 6, 1548; d. at Asti, May 31, 1594
Francesco Petrarch
Italian poet and humanist, b. at Arezzo, July 20, 1304; d. at Arqua, July 19,1374
Francesco Redi
Italian poet, b. at Arent), February 18, 1626; d. at Pisa March 1, 1698
Francesco Satolli
Theologian, cardinal, first Apostolic delegate to the United States, b. July 21, 1839, at Marsciano near Perugia; d. Jan. 8, 1910, at Rome
Francesco Torbido
Often called Il Moro (The Moor), Veronese painter and engraver, b. about 1486; the date after 1546
Francesco Vanni
Painter, b. at Siena, 1565; d. there, 1609
Francesco Zabarella
Cardinal, celebrated canonist, b. at Padua, August 10, 1360; d. at Constance, September 26, 1417
Francesco Zantedeschi
Priest and physicist, b. 1797; d. at Padua, March 29, 1873
Francescoe Vico
Astronomer, b. at Macerata, States of the Church, May 19, 1805; d. at London, England, Nov. 15, 1848
Francia
A famous Bolognese goldsmith, engraver, and artist, b. about 1450; d. in 1517
Francis a Paula Triesnecker
Jesuit; astronomer, b. at Kirchberg on the Wagram, in Lower Austria, April 2, 1745; d. at Vienna, January 29, 1817
Francis Adorno
Celebrated Italian preacher, b. 1531; d. at Genoa, 13 January, 1586
Francis Anthony Drexel
Banker, b. at Philadelphia, U.S.A., June 20, 1824; d. there Feb. 15, 1885
Francis Arias
Jesuit, writer of ascetical treatises (1533-1605)
Francis Asbury Baker
Priest of the Congregation of St. Paul the Apostle b. March 30, 1820; d. April 4, 1865
Francis Baldwin
Celebrated jurist, and prolific writer on juridical and ecclesiastical topics (1520-1573)
Francis Bennon Ducrue
Jesuit missionary in Mexico, b. June 10, 1721; d. March 30, 1779
Francis Blyth
English Carmelite, Scripture scholar (ca. 1705-1772)
Francis Borgia, Saint
B. October 28, 1510, was the son of Juan Borgia, third Duke of Gandia, and of Juana of Aragon; d. September 30, 1572
Francis Britius
Orientalist, Capuchin missionary (seventeenth century)
Francis Caracciolo, Saint
Co-founder with John Augustine Adorno of the Congregation of the Minor Clerks Regular; b. in Villa Santa Maria, in the Abruzzo (Italy), October 13, 1563; d. at Agnone, June 4, 1608
Francis Coster
Theologian, b. at Mechlin, June 16, 1532 (1531); d. at Brussels, December 16, 1619
Francis de Geronimo, Saint
B. December 17, 1642; d. May 11, 1716
Francis de Sales Brunner
Founder of the American Congregation of the Precious Blood, b. January 10, 1795, at Muemliswil, Switzerland; d. Lichtenstein, December 29, 1859
Francis de Sales, Saint
Bishop of Geneva, Doctor of the Universal Church; b. at Thorens, in the Duchy of Savoy, August 21, 1567; d. at Lyons, December 28, 1622
Francis Harold
Irish Franciscan and historical writer, d. at Rome, March 18, 1685
Francis I
King of France; b. at Cognac, September 12, 1494; d. at Rambouillet, March 31, 1547
Francis Ingleby, Venerable
English martyr, b. about 1551; suffered at York on Friday, June 3, 1586 (old style)
Francis Kernan
Lawyer, statesman (1816-1892)
Francis Kerril Amherst
Bishop of Northampton (1819-1883)
Francis Marion Crawford
Novelist, b. of American parents at Bagni di Lucca, Italy, Aug. 2, 1854; d. at his home near Sorrento, Italy, April 9, 1909
Francis Mary Paul Libermann, Venerable
Founder of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, b. April 12, 1804; and he died at Paris, February 2, 1852
Francis Mayron
B. about 1280
Francis Molloy
Theologian, grammarian, b. in King's County, Ireland, at the beginning of the seventeenth century; d. at St. Isidore's, Rome, about 1684
Francis Moylan
Bishop of Cork, b. at Cork, 1739; d. in 1815
Francis Nepveu
Writer on ascetical subjects, b. at St. Malo, April 29, 1639; entered the novitiate of the Society of Jesus October 12, 1654, when but fifteen years old
Francis Nicholson
A controversial writer; b. at Manchester, 1650 (baptized Oct. 27); d. at Lisbon, Aug. 13