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Martina, Saint

Roman virgin, martyred in 228

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* Published by Encyclopedia Press, 1913.


Martina, Saint, Roman virgin, martyred in 226, according to some authorities, more probably in 228, under the pontificate of Saint Urban I, according to others. The daughter of an ex-consul and left an orphan at an early age she so openly testified to her Christian faith that she could not escape the persecution under Alexander Severus. Arrested and commanded to return to idolatry, she courageously refused, whereupon she was subjected to various tortures, and was finally beheaded. The accounts of her martyrdom which we possess belong to a late period and as usual contain many amplifications which have not, as Baronius has already observed, any historical value. The relics of Saint Martina were discovered on October 25, 1634, in the crypt of an ancient church situated near the Mamertine prison and dedicated to the saint. Urban VIII who occupied the Holy See at that time, had the church repaired and, it would seem, composed the hymns which are sung at the office of the noble martyr, January 30.

LEON CLUGNET


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