Catholic Answers

Search Articles


Navigation

Search Scans
Scans by volume
Random Article
Login - advanced access

Collections

1,001 Saints
List of Popes
Art Gallery
Map Room
RSS Feeds RSS

Curricula

Apologetics
Art
Catechetics
Christology
Church Hierarchy
Church History - to 1517 A.D.
Education
Ethics
Hagiography - saints
Homiletics - sermons
Mariology - on Mary
Patrology
Philosophy
Religious Orders
Sacred Scripture
Science

Front Matter — Vol I

Title Page
Copyright & Imprimatur
To the Knights of Columbus
Preface
Contributors
Tables of Abbreviations

Site Status

Articles:11,552
Images:42,348
Links:183,872
Updated:  Aug 12, 2013
prev: Pierre Mignard Pierre Mignard Migration next: Migration

Jacques-Paul Migne

Priest, and publisher of theological works, b. at Saint-Flour, October 25, 1800; d. at Paris, October 24, 1875

High Resolution Scan ———————————

Login or register to access high resolution scans and other advanced features.

Registration is Free!

Errata* for Jacques-Paul Migne:
———————————

Login or register to access the errata and other advanced features.

Registration is Free!


————
* Published by Encyclopedia Press, 1913.


Migne, JACQUES-PAUL, priest, and publisher of theological works, b. at Saint-Flour, October 25, 1800; d. at Paris, October 24, 1875. After completing his college courses, he devoted himself to the study of theology in Orleans, and while a student there filled, for a time, the position of professor in the fourth class of the college of Chateaudun. He was ordained priest in 1824, and in the following year was made pastor of Puiseaux, in the Diocese of Orleans. He published a pamphlet: "De la liberte", which brought him into conflict with his bishop, Brunault de Beauregard, in consequence of which he resigned his parish, and went to Paris, where, in the same year, he founded "L'Univers Religieux", later "L'Univers" a journal intended by him to be free from any political tendency, and concerned with Catholic interests alone. He edited this paper until 1836, and contributed to it a very great number of articles. Meanwhile, he had conceived the plan of publishing for the use of the clergy a series of important, older and newer, theological works, at so moderate a price that they might meet with a wide circulation, and thus further an earnest and scientific study in ecclesiastical circles. For this purpose he founded in the suburb Petit-Montrouge a large printing house, with all the necessary departments, the Imprimerie Catholique, where he employed more than three hundred workmen. From 1836 he devoted his energies exclusively to this great and important undertaking, which made him universally known. Within a relatively short time he succeeded in publishing many volumes of the older theological literature, and partly because of the moderate cost, he obtained for them a wide circulation. We may mention here: "Scripturae Sacrie Cursus Completus" (28 vols., 1840-45), with excellent commentaries of older and newer writers on each of the Books of Scripture; "Theologise Cursus Completus" (28 vols., 1840-45), with treatises of many earlier writers supplementing the main articles; "Demonstrations Evangeliques" (20 vols., 1842-53), in which are gathered together the apologetic writings of over one hundred authors from every epoch of church history; "Collection Integrale et Universelle des Orateurs Sacres" in two series (102 vols., 1844-66), containing the works of the best pulpit orators of the preceding centuries; "Summa Aurea de Laudibus Beatae Marisa Virginis, coll. J. J. Bourasse" (13 vols., 1866-68); "Encyclopedia Theologique", an extensive collection of works of reference, alphabetically arranged, and not confined to theological matters alone, but including a number of auxiliary sciences, such as philosophy, geography, history, natural history, bibliography, three series, containing altogether 171 vols., 1844-66. Several of the dictionaries of the collection are of unequal value, and may be considered as out of date.

The most important and meritorious of his publications is the "Patrologia", in two collections: "Patrologiae Latinae Cursus Completus", in two series (217 vols. in all, 1844-55), with four volumes of indexes (vols. 218-221, 1862-64), and "Patrologiae Graecae Cursus Completus", of which one series contains only Latin translations of the originals (81 vols., 1856-61). The second series contains the Greek text with a Latin translation (166 vols., 1857-66). To the Greek Patrology there was no index, but a Greek, D. Scholarios, added a list of the authors and subjects, (Athens, 1879) and began a complete table of contents (Athens, 1883). The Patrologia Latina contains all the attainable published writings of Latin ecclesiastical authors from the earliest known to Pope Innocent III (d. 1216). The Patrologia Graeca includes the printed works of Greek Christian writers down to the Council of Florence (1438-39). The intention was to choose for the new issues the best editions of each author, with suitable introductions and critical additions, which plan, unfortunately, was not always realized. The printing, too, was frequently unsatisfactory, and in most of the Migne reprints we find a number of misprints and errata. The great value of the collection lies in the fact that at a moderate cost and in a handy form a great work of reference was produced, and a whole series of rare and scattered writings were gathered together, and made easily accessible to the learned world. The collections had a large circulation, and are widely used as works of reference. Besides these great collections, Migne printed a large number of the writings of single important theological authors, in complete editions, e.g. Saint Thomas Aquinas, Saint Teresa, Cardinal Berulle; the great pulpit orators Bourdaloue, Bossuet, Massillon, Flechier; the writers Lefranc de Pompignan, de Pressy, Regnier, Thiebault, du Voisin, de Maistre, and others. Up to 1856, Migne was also proprietor of a journal "La Verite", which gathered articles from papers of every tendency, and republished them as aids to a comprehensive induction on current ideas and facts. In connection with his Imprimerie Catholique were established workshops for the production of religious objects, such as pictures, statues, and organs. In 1868 a great conflagration broke out in the printing house, which extended to the entire Montrouge establishment, destroying almost entirely the work of years, and the valuable stereotype plates of the Patrologia. The loss was over six million francs, but Migne did not lose courage, and began at once to rebuild. But difficulties accumulated. The Archbishop of Paris was averse to the commercial elements in the work, forbade the continuance of the business, and, finally, suspended the publisher from his priestly functions. The Franco-German war of 1870 inflicted great losses; then from Rome came a decree condemning the misuse of Mass stipends for the purchase of books, and Migne was especially named in connection with this abuse. He died without ever having regained his former prosperity, and his business passed into the hands of Garnier Freres.

J. P. KINSCX


discuss this article | send to a friend

Discussion on 'Jacques-Paul Migne'











prev: Pierre Mignard Pierre Mignard Migration next: Migration

Report translation problem

*Description: Copy and paste the phrase with the problem or describe how the trascription can be fixed.
  * denotes required field
Severity:

Featured

Art Gallery
Art Gallery

Catholic Q & A


Popular Subjects
Top 20 Questions

Ask A Faith Question

Quotable Catholics RSS

"Build schoolhouses then for the religious education of your children as the best protest against a system of education from which religion has been excluded by law."
-- Bernard J. McQuaid, Bishop of the Diocese of Rochester; in firm command to his flock, after the failure of the State to remedy the injustice to Catholic parents who were forced to pay education taxes to support public schools detrimental to their faith.

Donations

Latest OCE Discussion



Your usage constitutes agreement with User License :: Permissions :: Copyright © 2014, Catholic Answers.
Site last updated Aug 12, 2013