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Front Matter — Vol I

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To the Knights of Columbus
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Updated:  Aug 12, 2013

Curricula: Law (Civil)

Curricula: Law (Civil)

CIVIL LAW AND GOVERNMENT

Law is "a regulation in accordance with reason, promulgated by the head of a community for the sake of the common welfare " (St. Thomas I-II, xc, 4). A civil law may therefore be defined as a rule of civil action dictated by reason, the aim of which is the common good, having the authority of the supreme power in the State, and duly promulgated.

NOTE: This is not an article from the Catholic Encyclopedia. It is provided here for the benefit of those interested in pursuing additional studies in this area.

Contents

I. LAW IN GENERAL

II. NATURAL LAW

Natural law is the body of rules directive of human action, which reason itself teaches as founded in the nature of things and binding on all men.

III. CIVIL AUTHORITY

CONTRACTS In English and American law a contract is an agreement between two or more parties, based upon sufficient consideration, by which one promises to do or not to do something he might otherwise legally do or refrain from doing.

IV. CORPORATIONS

V. CRIMINAL LAW

VI. DOMESTIC RELATIONS

PARTNERSHIP

PROPERTY

VII. LEGAL SYSTEMS

Note: United States. In the articles dealing with the separate States of the Union will be found an account of the State's legislation on matters of Catholic concern: divorce; schools; church property; seal of confession, etc.

VIII. BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES


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"The [secular] sense of right and wrong is so delicate, so fitful, so easily puzzled, obscured, perverted, so subtle in its argumentative methods, so impressionable by education, so biased by pride and passion, so unsteady in its course, that in the struggle for existence amid the various exercises and triumphs of the human intellect, the sense is at once the highest of all teachers yet the least luminous."
-- John Henry Newman, "Letter to the Duke of Norfolk", from the article on Morality by G. H. Joyce.

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