Apologetics is a theological science which has for its purpose the explanation and defense of the Christian religion
NOTE: This is not an article from the Catholic Encyclopedia. It is provided here for the benefit of those interested in pursuing additional studies in this area.
I - Apologetics
In the following article note the origin of the word, equivalent terms, divisions of the subject, and its history in four periods.
- Apologetics - overview
II - Religion
The apologist first inquires into the nature of religion, its universality and man's natural capacity to acquire religious ideas.
A - Overview
B - Various manifestations
- Religion - nature and origins
See also various Indian Tribes for additional variations.
- Avesta - sacred books of ancient Persia
- Parsis - Zoroastrianism in India
- Mithraism - cult of ancient Indo-Persia
These various forms, while showing the universality of religion, also show the errors into which the human mind may fall.
III - Foundations
There now follows a study of the foundations of true religion:
A - Supreme Being
B - Key attributes
- God - Existence and attributes
IV - Higher Truths
While the basic truths of religion may be discovered by human reason, God has made known a higher order of truths to be accepted by man.
A - Revelation
V - Temporal Manifestation
A - Establishment
In order to continue the work of redemption, Jesus Christ established a temporal authority for all of mankind.
The Church of Christ is recognized by certain marks or notes which are found in the Catholic Church alone.
C - Deposit of Faith
To this Church He entrusted the deposit of Faith:
Jesus Christ gave the Church a visible organization:
As the ordinary means of grace He instituted the Sacraments.
VI - Divisions
In the course of time, divisions arose among men; hence a number of Christian bodies separated from the Church:
VII - Temporal Activity
In spite of these defections, the Church continues her activity for the good of mankind: