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Updated:  Aug 12, 2013

Curricula: Apologetics

Apologetics is a theological science which has for its purpose the explanation and defense of the Christian religion

NOTE: This is not an article from the Catholic Encyclopedia. It is provided here for the benefit of those interested in pursuing additional studies in this area.


I - Apologetics

In the following article note the origin of the word, equivalent terms, divisions of the subject, and its history in four periods.

II - Religion

The apologist first inquires into the nature of religion, its universality and man's natural capacity to acquire religious ideas.

A - Overview B - Various manifestations C - Key civilizational developments See also various Indian Tribes for additional variations.

These various forms, while showing the universality of religion, also show the errors into which the human mind may fall.

III - Foundations

There now follows a study of the foundations of true religion:

A - Supreme Being
  • God - Existence and attributes
B - Key attributes C - Opposing beliefs or theories D - Modern Conflicts

IV - Higher Truths

While the basic truths of religion may be discovered by human reason, God has made known a higher order of truths to be accepted by man.

A - Revelation B - Errors C - Revealed Truths The revelation begun in the Old Testament and accepted by the Jews is completed in the New Testament, the basis of the Christian religion.

V - Temporal Manifestation

A - Establishment
In order to continue the work of redemption, Jesus Christ established a temporal authority for all of mankind. B - Four Marks
The Church of Christ is recognized by certain marks or notes which are found in the Catholic Church alone. Note the identity of the foregoing with the ancient creeds: "one, holy, catholic, and apostolic"

C - Deposit of Faith
To this Church He entrusted the deposit of Faith: D - Visible organization
Jesus Christ gave the Church a visible organization: E - Means of Grace
As the ordinary means of grace He instituted the Sacraments.

VI - Divisions

In the course of time, divisions arose among men; hence a number of Christian bodies separated from the Church:

VII - Temporal Activity

In spite of these defections, the Church continues her activity for the good of mankind:

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