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Congregations of Mount Calvary

Consists of two congregations, one for sisters the other for secular priests

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Errata* for Congregations of Mount Calvary:

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* Published by Encyclopedia Press, 1913.

Mount Calvary, Conregation of I. daughters of mount calvary, founded in 1619 by Virginia Centurione (d. 1651), daughter of the Doge of Genoa and wife of Gasparo Grimaldi Bracelli (d. 1625), who during a time of famine gathered a number of abandoned children into a home, which she called Santa Maria del Refugio dei Tribolati in Monte Calvario. Under her inspiration those associated with her in the work decided to lead a common life, follow the rule of St. Francis, and pledge themselves to the service of the poor and sick. They bound themselves, however by no vows, but by a solemn promise of perseverance. Among the prominent Genoese who promoted the work of the sisters was the Marquess Emmanuele Brignole, through whose munificence a second house was founded, in 1641, after which the sisters were often called "le suore Brignole". The congregation soon spread through northern Italy. In 1815 Pius VII invited the sister to Rome, and in 1833 Gregory XVI assigned them a house on the Esquiline, near the church of St. Norbert, now the chief house of the institute.

II. Missionary Society of Mount Calvary, a congregation of secular priests, formed in 1633 by Hubert Charpentier to honor the Sacred Passion and to spread and maintain the Faith especially in regions Betharram in the Diocese of Lescar and at Notre Dame de Ceraison in the Diocese of Auch. United with a similar association formed by the Cappuchin, Pere Hyacinthe, at the instance of Louis XIII, on Mont Valerien near Paris, the congregation received royal confirmation in 1650. Later the pastors of Paris were admitted to membership, and during Holy Week pilgrimages were made from different parashis of Paris to Mount Valerien. The society did not survive the Revolution.


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